Western European Union

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European Communities
European Coal and Steel Community
European Economic Community
European Atomic Energy Community
European Community
Justice and Home Affairs
Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters
Common Foreign and Security Policy pillar

The Western European Union (WEU; French: Union de l'Europe occidentale, UEO) is an international organisation tasked with implementing the Modified Treaty of Brussels (1954), an amended version of the original 1948 Treaty of Brussels. The WEU was established by seven Western European nations during the Cold War.

Since the end of the Cold War, WEU tasks and institutions have been transferred to the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) which is being framed for the geographically bigger and more comprehensive European Union (EU). This process was completed in 2009, when a solidarity clause between the member states of the European Union which was similar (but not identical) to the WEU's mutual defense clause, entered into force with the Treaty of Lisbon. The states party to the Modified Treaty of Brussels consequently decided to terminate that treaty on 31 March 2010, and the WEU's activities were decided to cease by July 2011.[1]


Participating states

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