Westmoreland, New Hampshire

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Westmoreland is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,747 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 1,896.[1] Westmoreland is historically an agricultural town, with much arable farmland.

Contents

History

Once known as Great Meadow, this town was first granted in 1735 by Governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts as Number 2, second in a line of Connecticut River fort towns designed to protect the colonies from Indian attack. This part of the river was a favorite Indian campsite, and the settlers who came beginning in 1741 were several times victims of attack. When New Hampshire became an independent province, the town was regranted in 1752 by Governor Benning Wentworth as Westmoreland, named for John Fane, 7th Earl of Westmorland. [2]

The Park Hill Meetinghouse, built in 1762, has a Paul Revere bell. Considered one of the most beautiful churches in New England, it was moved to its present site by oxen in 1779, and renovated in 1826. [3]

Westmoreland was home to Mary Josephine Ray (1895 - 2010), who was the second-oldest person in the world at the time of her death.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.9 square miles (95.6 km2), of which 35.9 sq mi (93.0 km2) is land and 1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2), or 2.71%, is water. Westmoreland is bounded on the west by the Connecticut River. Hyland Hill, elevation 1,510 feet (460 m) above sea level and the highest point in town, is on the eastern border and although it is now private land, it is a local hiking and hunting destination.

Westmoreland is served by state routes 12 and 63.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,747 people, 576 households, and 445 families residing in the town. The population density was 48.7 people per square mile (18.8/km²). There were 618 housing units at an average density of 17.2/sq mi (6.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.82% White, 0.34% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.34% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.92% of the population.

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