Wheatland, Missouri

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Wheatland is a city in Hickory County, Missouri, United States. The population was 388 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Wheatland is located at 37°56′36″N 93°24′11″W / 37.94333°N 93.40306°W / 37.94333; -93.40306 (37.943450, -93.403097)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 388 people, 192 households, and 105 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,093.8 people per square mile (428.0/km²). There were 226 housing units at an average density of 637.1/sq mi (249.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.97% White, 0.52% Native American, 0.26% Asian, and 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.26% of the population.

There were 192 households out of which 22.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.0% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% were non-families. 42.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 30.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02 and the average family size was 2.75.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 19.1% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 26.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 79.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 65.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $17,500, and the median income for a family was $27,596. Males had a median income of $23,393 versus $14,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,025. About 20.0% of families and 28.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.5% of those under age 18 and 29.8% of those age 65 or over.

Wheatland's historical importance lies in the fact that it was the community studied by Carl Withers, an anthropology graduate student from Columbia University, and described pseudonymously in his book "Plainville U.S.A." (written under the name "James West"). Although the study was an important achievement for its time (roughly during World War II) the book offended many residents of the community due to its tactless reference to them as "hillbillies" and its discussion of their hygiene, etc. A later study, "Plainville Fifteen Years Later," by anthropologist Art Gallaher, was far more tactful and sensitive in its portrayal of the village's residents, and created essentially no negative response. Numerous communities in the United States have been studied and the results published under false names, but in each case the actual community has been identified fairly quickly (e.g., "Middletown" was Muncie, Indiana).

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