White Pine County, Nevada

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White Pine County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nevada. The 2000 census recorded its population to be 9,181; a 2006 estimate placed its population at 9,542. Its county seat is Ely[1]. It is the home of Great Basin National Park. The name "White Pine" is an old name for the Limber Pine, a common tree in the county's mountains.



White Pine County was created in 1869 out of eastern Lander County and was named for the heavy growth of pine trees in the area, thought to be white pine. Hamilton was the first county seat from 1869 to 1887 when it was replaced after a fire by Ely.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 8,897 square miles (23,042 km²), of which 8,876 square miles (22,989 km²) is land and 21 square miles (53 km²) (0.23%) is water.

Several sections of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest exist within the county, within the Snake Range, Egan Range, White Pine Range, Ruby Mountains, and Schell Creek Range. The county also contains Ward Charcoal Ovens State Historical Park.

In the southeastern part of the county is Great Basin National Park and Wheeler Peak, the tallest mountain wholly within Nevada.


White Pine County is home to a number of designated wilderness areas. They were created on December 20, 2006, by the "White Pine County Conservation, Recreation, and Development Act of 2006."[2]

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