The white perch, Morone americana, is not a true perch but is, rather, a fish of the temperate bass family Moronidae, notable as a food and game fish in eastern North America.
The name "white perch" is sometimes erroneously applied to the white crappie.
Generally silvery-white in colour, hence the name, it has been reported up to 49.5 cm (19.5 in.) in length and weighing 2.2 kg (4.8 lbs.).
Although favouring brackish waters, it is also found in fresh water and coastal areas from the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario south to the Pee Dee River and in Guysborough County , Nova Scotia.
Chesapeake Bay. The raw meat is of a somewhat pinkish hue but, when cooked, it is white and flaky. At times a parasite known as Lironeca ovalis is located in the gills. They are only known to reduce the growing rate of white perch.
Diet: White perch are known to eat the eggs of many species native to the Great Lakes, such as walleye and other true perches. At times, fish eggs are 100% of its diet. They love to eat small minnows like mud minnows and fat head minnows.
Reproduction: White perch are a prolific species. The female can deposit over 140,000 eggs in a spawning session, lasting just over a week. Several males will often attend a spawning female, and each may fertilize a portion of her eggs. The young hatch within one to six days of fertilization.
Fishing For White Perch: As for fishing, these fish put up a great fight for their size. They can be caught with blood worms, night crawlers, mackerel, on small hooks, on double rigs. White perch also have a hard scaly body that along with their sharp fins protects them from predators. When holding a white perch wear gloves for safety reasons.
The white perch is currently recovering from loss of population in the Hudson River from factors of change that go in its favor.
Aquatic Nuisance Species: Some states consider the white perch to be a nuisance species due to its ability to destroy fisheries. They have been associated with the declines in both walleye and white bass populations because they feed heavily on baitfish utilized by those species and out-compete them for food and space. Many states have enacted laws forbidding possession of live white perch. Additionally, these states recommend not releasing captured white perch back into the water in order to help control the spread of this species.
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