William Joyce

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American [1] British

William Joyce (April 24, 1906 – January 3, 1946), nicknamed Lord Haw-Haw, was an American-born fascist politician and Nazi propaganda broadcaster to the United Kingdom during the Second World War. He was hanged for treason by the British as a result of his wartime activities.

Contents

Early life

Joyce was born on Herkimer Street in Brooklyn, New York [2] to a Protestant mother and an Irish Catholic father who had taken United States citizenship. A few years after his birth the family returned to Galway, Ireland. He attended the Jesuit St Ignatius College in Galway from 1915 to 1921. Unusually for Irish Roman Catholics, both Joyce and his father were strongly Unionist. Joyce later said that he aided the Black and Tans during the Irish War for Independence and became a target of the Irish Republican Army.[3][4]

Following what he alleged to be an assassination attempt in 1921, (which supposedly failed because he took a different route home from school) he left for England where he briefly attended King's College School, Wimbledon on a foreign exchange, followed two years later by his family. Joyce had relatives who lived in Birkenhead, Merseyside, whom he visited on a few occasions. He joined the Royal Worcester Regiment in 1921 but was discharged when it was discovered that he had lied about his age.[5] He then applied to Birkbeck College of the University of London and to enter the Officer Training Corps. At Birkbeck he worked hard and obtained a First Class degree.[6] He also developed an interest in fascism, and he worked with (but never joined) the British Fascisti of Rotha Lintorn-Orman.

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