William Tecumseh Sherman

related topics
{war, force, army}
{son, year, death}
{work, book, publish}
{government, party, election}
{service, military, aircraft}
{black, white, people}
{land, century, early}
{build, building, house}
{theory, work, human}
{law, state, case}
{god, call, give}
{church, century, christian}
{line, north, south}
{ship, engine, design}
{city, population, household}
{rate, high, increase}
{day, year, event}
{film, series, show}
{acid, form, water}
{town, population, incorporate}

American Civil War

William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65), for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States.[1] Military historian B. H. Liddell Hart famously declared that Sherman was "the first modern general."[2]

Sherman served under General Ulysses S. Grant in 1862 and 1863 during the campaigns that led to the fall of the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg on the Mississippi River and culminated with the routing of the Confederate armies in the state of Tennessee. In 1864, Sherman succeeded Grant as the Union commander in the western theater of the war. He proceeded to lead his troops to the capture of the city of Atlanta, a military success that contributed to the re-election of President Abraham Lincoln. Sherman's subsequent march through Georgia and the Carolinas further undermined the Confederacy's ability to continue fighting. He accepted the surrender of all the Confederate armies in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida in April 1865.

When Grant assumed the U.S. presidency in 1869, Sherman succeeded him as Commanding General of the Army (1869–83). As such, he was responsible for the U.S. Army conduct in the Indian Wars over the next 15 years, in the western United States. He steadfastly refused to be drawn into politics and in 1875 published his Memoirs, one of the best-known firsthand accounts of the Civil War.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Napoleon I of France
Maximian
Ulysses S. Grant
Isaac Brock
Robert E. Lee
Roman Empire
Stonewall Jackson
Shivaji
Bohdan Khmelnytsky
Thirteen Years' War
Ahmad Shah Massoud
First Battle of El Alamein
Austro-Prussian War
Battle of Tannenberg (1914)
Battle of Vienna
Kit Carson
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Crimean War
Battle of Panipat (1761)
Battle of Marston Moor
Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Austerlitz
Mao Zedong
Battle of Culloden
Mexican–American War
Battle of Okinawa
Chinese Civil War
Battle of Iwo Jima
Cuban Missile Crisis
French Resistance