Wounded Knee, South Dakota

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Wounded Knee (Lakhota Cankpe Opi) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Shannon County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 328 at the 2000 census.

The town is named for the Wounded Knee Creek which runs through the region. The bones and heart of the Sioux chief Crazy Horse were reputedly buried along this creek by his family following his death in 1877. The town lies within the Pine Ridge Reservation, occupied by the Oglala Lakota (Sioux).

Contents

History

On December 29, 1890, in the same area, the United States 7th Cavalry killed more than 300 men, women and children who were being relocated to the Sioux reservation at Pine Ridge (see: Wounded Knee Massacre).

In 1973 the American Indian Movement (AIM) occupied the Pine Ridge Reservation near Wounded Knee in protest against the federal government and its policies related to Native Americans. They began the occupation on February 27. A 71-day standoff between federal authorities and the AIM ensued. The militants surrendered on May 8. (see: Wounded Knee Incident)

Geography

Wounded Knee is located at 43°8′38″N 102°22′4″W / 43.14389°N 102.36778°W / 43.14389; -102.36778 (43.144002, -102.367712)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km²), all of it land.

Wounded Knee has been assigned the ZIP code 57794.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 328 people, 54 households, and 52 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 306.0 people per square mile (118.4/km²). There were 56 housing units at an average density of 52.2/sq mi (20.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.78% Native American and 1.22% White. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 0.91% of the population.

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