Yarmouth, Massachusetts

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Yarmouth is a New England town in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States, Barnstable County being coextensive with Cape Cod. The population was 24,807 at the 2000 census.

The town itself is made up of three major villages: South Yarmouth, West Yarmouth, and Yarmouth Port.



Yarmouth was organized and named in 1639 by John Crowe (later Crowell) and Thomas Howes. It originally included what is now the town of Dennis, which separated in 1793. The town is named after Great Yarmouth, a town in the county of Norfolk, on the east coast of England, which is itself at the mouth of the river Yare.

Today the town is mostly known for its tourist industry and shopping, as it is the home of the original Christmas Tree Shops on Route 6A in the village of Yarmouthport[1] (though the location now sits vacant).[citation needed]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.2 square miles (73.1 km²), of which, 24.2 square miles (62.8 km²) of it is land and 4.0 square miles (10.3 km²) of it (14.07%) is water. Yarmouth is bordered by Cape Cod Bay to the north, Dennis to the east, Nantucket Sound to the south, and Barnstable to the west. Yarmouth is approximately seventy-five miles southeast of Boston.

The Bass River and its tributaries make up the majority of the town's border with Dennis. There are also several smaller ponds throughout the town. The Cape Cod Bay shore is marshy, with several creeks flowing into it. The town's southern shore is known for its beaches, from the west jetty of the Bass River to Great Island, on the east and south sides of Hyannis Harbor. The town has no state forests or wildlife management areas, although there are many such natural, unprotected areas in town. The town is also the site of four golf courses, a rod and gun club, and a Boy Scout camp.

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