Yugoslavia

related topics
{government, party, election}
{war, force, army}
{country, population, people}
{area, part, region}
{law, state, case}
{company, market, business}
{language, word, form}
{black, white, people}
{service, military, aircraft}
{car, race, vehicle}

Yugoslavia (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene: Jugoslavija; Cyrillic: Југославија) is a term that describes three political entities that existed successively on the western part of the Balkans, during most of the 20th century.

The first country to be known by this name was the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which before 3 October 1929 was known as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. It was established on 1 December 1918 by the union of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and the Kingdom of Serbia (to which the Kingdom of Montenegro was annexed on 13 November 1918, and the Conference of Ambassadors in Paris gave international recognition to the union on 13 July 1922).[1] The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was invaded by the Axis powers in 1941, and because of the events that followed, was officially abolished in 1943 and 1945.

The second country with this name was the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, proclaimed in 1943 by the Yugoslav Partisans resistance movement in World War II. It was renamed to the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia in 1946, when a communist government was established. In 1963, it was renamed again to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). This was the largest Yugoslav state, as Istria and Rijeka were added to the new Yugoslavia after the end of World War II.

The constituent six Socialist Republics and two Socialist Autonomous Provinces that made up the country, were: SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SR Croatia, SR Macedonia, SR Montenegro, SR Slovenia and SR Serbia (including the autonomous provinces of SAP Vojvodina and SAP Kosovo who after 1974 were largely equal to the other members of the federation[2][3]).

Starting in 1991, the SFRY disintegrated in the Yugoslav Wars which followed the secession of most of the country's constituent entities. The next Yugoslavia, known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, existed until 2003, when it was renamed Serbia and Montenegro.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
History of Finland
History of Bangladesh
Georgia (country)
History of Somalia
Rwanda
History of Nigeria
Sudan
History of Bhutan
Cultural Revolution
Foreign relations of Pakistan
History of Ireland
Zbigniew Brzezinski
Irish Civil War
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Batavian Republic
Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
History of Ukraine
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Michael Collins (Irish leader)
Slobodan Milošević
History of the United Kingdom
History of Spain
Burma
Foreign relations of Israel
History of Portugal
History of Taiwan
Ferdinand Marcos
History of Austria
Serbia
Politics of Belgium