Zabrze

related topics
{utc_offset, utc_offset_dst, timezone}
{area, part, region}
{city, large, area}
{land, century, early}
{build, building, house}
{church, century, christian}
{town, population, incorporate}

Zabrze [ˈzabʐɛ] ( listen) (German: 1915-1945: Hindenburg O.S., full form: Hindenburg in Oberschlesien, 1905-1915: Zabrze, Silesian: Zobrze) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. The west district of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union is a metropolis with a population of around 2 million. It is located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Bytomka river, a tributary of the Oder.

Zabrze is situated in the Silesian Voivodeship which was reformulated in 1999, previously it was in Katowice Voivodeship. It is one of the cities within the 2,7 million conurbation - Katowice urban area and in a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people[1]. The population of Zabrze as of June 2009, is 188,122[2].

Contents

History

Early History

Biskupice (Biskupitz), which is now a subdivision of Zabrze, was first mentioned in 1243 as Biscupici dicitur cirka Bitom. Alt-Zabrze was mentioned in 1295-1305 as Sadbre sive Cunczindorf (sive = or). In the Late Middle Ages, the local Silesian Piast dukes invited German settlers into the territory resulting in increasing German settlement. Zabrze became part of the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria in 1526, and was later annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the Silesian Wars. In 1774, the Dorotheendorf settlement was founded. When the first mine in Zabrze became operational in 1790, the town became an important mining center.

Full article ▸

related documents
Kościerzyna
Kartuzy
Starogard Gdański
Lubin
Wieliczka
Dąbrowa Górnicza
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska
Włocławek
Prabuty
Tychy
Chojnów
Hardenberg
Terneuzen
Hardinxveld-Giessendam
Pajala Municipality
Boden Municipality
Beverwijk
Sandringham, Norfolk
Aveyron
Welney
Zeewolde
Kitchener-Waterloo
Hallstahammar Municipality
Moerdijk
Haut-Rhin
Pudsey
Appingedam
Steenwijkerland
Zaltbommel
Lilla Edet Municipality