Zevenaar

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Ltspkr.pngZevenaar is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, by the border with Germany.

Population centres

The municipality Zevenaar lies in the province Gelderland, in the east of the Netherlands.

In 700 B.C there was already a small colonisation of the area that today is Zevenaar. In 1049 the Emperor Hendrik III donated a large amount of land to 5 warlords of which the leader was named Bartholomeus II of Sevenaer. They founded a castle to protect the old roman colonisations from the Germans.

In 1487 the duke of Cleves, a nearby town in Germany, gave Sevenaer City rights. Sevenaer had an important strategic point on the border of Gelderland and Germany. When Sevenaer got city rights it had the monopoly on markets and on sale of bread and beer with the surrounding towns. Also the jurisdiction in Sevenaer was founded, the town government was charging taxes so that the town could build roads, railways and public buildings. For the 500 inhabitants that was a heavy tax. Because of the plundering of several armies there were not enough supplies and money to build anything. Also contagious sicknesses ensured much embarrassment. In that time not the citizens but some well-to-do families got the right to participation in policy and government. Sevenaer then experienced a financially well period. In 1793 there were 900 inhabitants.

In 1816, Sevenaer became added to the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Two years later the old spelling of Sevenaer was changed to the current name: Zevenaar. The municipality then had 2564 inhabitants. The 19th century was a century of poverty, bad harvests, sicknesses and hunger. There was hardly trade and work. Many people lived by agriculture or from charity. In 1856, Zevenaar got a connection on the European Railroad system, which (just some decades later) led to the increase in workforce. In 1920, the cigarette factory Turmac came which insured much employment.

After the second World War, which caused a lot of damage, people started to rebuild and there arose new residential areas around the old core. For fifty years approximately 10,000 people lived in Zevenaar. By 2005, that number had more than doubled to 22,500 inhabitants. The municipality of Zevenaar exists from the following cores: Angerlo, Babberich, Giesbeek, Lathum, Ooy, Old Zevenaar, and Zevenaar, which all together have 31.840 inhabitants in January 2007.(source: CBS)

People born or lived in Zevenaar

External links

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