Ziad Jarrah

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Ziad Samir Jarrah (Arabic: زياد سمير جراح‎, Zīād Samīr Jarrāḥ) (May 11, 1975 – September 11, 2001) was one of the masterminds of the September 11 attacks and the hijacker-pilot in control of United Airlines Flight 93 as it crashed into a field in a rural area near Shanksville, as part of the coordinated attacks.[a]

After a wealthy and secular upbringing, Jarrah moved to Germany in 1996. He became involved in the planning of the September 11 attacks while attending a technical school in the late 1990s, meeting Mohamed Atta, Marwan al-Shehhi and Ramzi Binalshibh, forming in 1998, what is now known as the Hamburg cell. Jarrah was recruited by Osama bin Laden for the attacks in 1999. Unique among the hijackers, he was close to his family and girlfriend.

Jarrah arrived in the United States in June 2000, he trained at Florida Flight Training Center from June 2000 to January 2001, after relocating to Florida from New Jersey.

On September 7, 2001, Jarrah flew from Fort Lauderdale to Newark. On September 11, Jarrah boarded United 93, and he is believed to have taken over as the pilot of the aircraft along with his team of hijackers, which included Saeed al-Ghamdi, Ahmed al-Nami and Ahmed al-Haznawi who together made an unsuccessful attempt to crash the plane into the U.S. Capitol or the White House.[b]



There are many variations on his name, including "Ziad Samir Al-Jarrah", "Zaid Jarrahi", "Ziad Jarrah Jarrat", and "Ziyad Samir Jarrah".


Early life

Jarrah was born in Mazraa, Lebanon, to a wealthy family. His parents were nominally Muslim Sunnis, although they lived a secular lifestyle. When he was seven years old, Israel invaded southern Lebanon, a fact he referred to later in life. His parents sent him to a Catholic school in Beirut, La Sagesse, where he volunteered at a camp for disabled children and helped run an anti-drug program. Later on, he served a nearby church helping orphaned children there. His academic success to this point was mediocre, and his parents arranged for private tutors in mathematics, physics and chemistry.

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