Zielona Góra

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Zielona Góra [ʑeˈlɔna ˈɡura] ( listen) (German: Grünberg in Schlesien) is a city in Lubusz Voivodeship, in western Poland, with 117,557 inhabitants within the city limits (June 2009) and 294,000 inhabitants within the metropolitan area, including three neighbouring counties (2005).

Zielona Góra has been in Lubusz Voivodeship since 1999, prior to which it was the capital of Zielona Góra Voivodeship from 1950–98. It is the seat of Lubusz Voivodeship's elected assembly (sejmik) and executive (the seat of the centrally-appointed governor or voivode being Gorzów Wielkopolski). The city's name, in both Polish and German, means "green mountain".

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History

The first settlement in the area of Zielona Góra was built in the valley near the Złota Łącza stream during the reign of Mieszko I.[1] The oldest settlement was agricultural and later developed into a trading point along routes from Poznań to Żagań and further to Łużyce.[1] The written records of the Slavic settlement date to 1222 and an increase of its population by Henryk Brodaty.[1] Other documents date the settlement to 1302.[2]

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