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Zoutpansberg was the north-eastern division of the Transvaal, South Africa. This was the district to which Louis Trichardt and Jan van Rensburg, the forerunners of the Great Trek, journeyed in 1835. In 1845 Hendrik Potgieter, a prominent leader of the Voortrekkers, moved there. The Zoutpansberg Boers formed a semi-independent community, and in 1857 Stephanus Schoeman, their commandant-general, sided against Marthinus Pretorius and Paul Kruger when they invaded the Orange Free State. It was not until 1864 that Zoutpansberg was definitely incorporated in the South African Republic.

Trichard and his companions had been shown gold workings by the natives, and it was in this district in 1867-70, and in the neighbouring region of Lydenburg, that gold mines were first worked by Europeans south of the Limpopo. The white settlers in Zoutpansberg had for many years a reputation for lawlessness, and were later regarded as typical "back velt Boers". Zoutpansberg contained a larger native population than any other region of the Transvaal.

It is a highly mineralized area; next to gold, copper, found near the Limpopo River (where the Messina mine is located) is also extracted here. The chief towns are Pietersburg and Leydsdorp.

See also


Flag of the Netherlands.svg Swellendam  · Flag of the Netherlands.svg Graaff-Reinet  · Voortrekker Flag.png Zoutpansberg  · Voortrekker Flag.png Winburg  · Burgers flag.svg Potchefstroom  · Burgers flag.svg Winburg-Potchefstroom  · Flag of the Netherlands.svg Lydenburg Republic
Bandera Goshen.svg Goshen  ·
FlagGriekwalandEast.svg Griqualand East  · Griqualand West  · Flag of Klein Vrystaat.svg Little Republic  · Flag of Natalia Republic.svg Natalia Republic  · Flag of Nieuwe Republiek.svg New Republic  · Flag of the Orange Free State.svg Orange Free State  · Philippolis / Adam Kok's Land
Flag of Stellaland (early 1883).svg Stellaland  ·
Flag of Transvaal.svg Transvaal / South African Republic  · Flag of Stellaland (1883-5).svg United States of Stellaland  · Flag of the Netherlands.svg Utrecht Republic  · Waterboer's Land

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