Zweibrücken

related topics
{city, large, area}
{area, part, region}
{war, force, army}
{service, military, aircraft}
{rate, high, increase}
{area, community, home}
{work, book, publish}
{day, year, event}

Zweibrücken is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, on the Schwarzbach river.

Contents

Name

Zweibrücken appears in Latin texts as Geminus Pons and Bipontum, in French texts as Deux-Ponts. The name derives from Middle High German Zweinbrücken (literally twin-bridge, double-bridge, two bridges). In modern German the name means two-bridges.

History

The town was the capital of the former Palatinate-Zweibrücken. The ducal castle is now occupied by the chief court of the Palatinate (Oberlandesgericht). There is a fine Gothic Protestant church, the Alexander-Kirche, founded in 1493.

Since the end of the 12th century, Zweibrücken was seat of the County of Zweibrücken, the counts being descended from Henry I (Heinrich I.), youngest son of Simon I, count of Saarbrücken (d. 1182). The line became extinct on the death of Count Eberhard II (1394), who in 1385 had sold half his territory to the count palatine of the Rhine, and held the other half as his feudatory. Louis (d. 1489), son of Stephen, founded the line of the count palatines of Zweibrücken (Pfalz-Zweibrücken). In 1533, the Count palatines converted Pfalz-Zweibrücken to the new Protestant faith. In 1559, a member of the line, Duke Wolfgang, founded the earliest grammar school of the town (Herzog-Wolfgang-Gymnasium), which existed until 1987.

After Charles X Gustav, the son of John Casimir, count palatine of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, succeeded his cousin Queen Christina of Sweden on the Swedish throne, Pfalz-Zweibrücken was in personal union with Sweden until 1718.

In 1731, Pfalz-Zweibrücken passed to the Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Zweibrücken branch of the count palatines, whence it came under the sway of Bavaria in 1799. At the Peace of Lunéville in 1801 Zweibrücken was ceded to France; on its reunion with Germany in 1814 the greater part of the territory was given to Bavaria, the remainder to Oldenburg and Kingdom of Prussia. The city of Zweibrücken became part of the Palatine region of the Kingdom of Bavaria.

Full article ▸

related documents
Alphen aan den Rijn
County Cork
Landau
Suva
Abertillery
London Borough of Islington
Giza
Padua
Norbiton
List of planned cities
Westminster
Aveiro
St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda
Niamey
Loire-Atlantique
Place de l'Étoile
Sydenham
Finchley
Saarbrücken
Alexandria, West Dunbartonshire
Dover
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
Harlesden
Transport in Haiti
Brest, France
Gorleston
Cotswolds
Kingsbury
Waddon
Tate Modern