Curator of Numismatics
One Washington Road
Princeton, NJ, 08544
The American Numismatic Society, Curator of Medieval Coins and of Medals, 1980 - 2000
Università di Venezia, Visiting Professor, 1987-88
University of Notre Dame, Visiting Professor, summer 2002
Co-Director, Michael of Rhodes Project, The Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology at MIT, 2002 to present
Curator of Numismatics,
Lecturer, Departments of Art
and Archaeology, Classics, and History,
University of California, Berkeley: B.A., Phi Beta Kappa, 1968
University of Pennsylvania: M.A. in History, 1973, Ph.D. in History, 1977
Research Grants, Fellowships and Awards
Centre de Recherches Archéologiques Médiévales (Caen), 1974
American Numismatic Society, Summer Seminar Fellowship, 1975
Gladys K. Delmas Foundation, Grant for Research, 1981, 1983, 1985
Dumbarton Oaks Research Center and Istituto Ellenico di Venezia, Research
Association of American Publishers' Professional/Scholarly Publishing
Award in Economics, 2001, for Zecca
The National Endowment for the Humanities, Principal Investigator, grant for the publication of the Michael of Rhodes manuscript, 2003-2006
The National Science Foundation, Principal Investigator, grant for the publication of the Michael of Rhodes manuscript, 2003-2006
The John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, Fellow, 2008
S. Ferguson Prize of the Society for the History of Technology, 2009, for The Book of Michael of
The Royal Numismatic Society, Medal, 2010
The J. Franklin Jameson Award of the American Historical Association, 2011, for The Book of Michael of Rhodes
The Merovingian Coinage of the Region of Metz, Publications d'histoire de l'art et d'archéologie de l'Université Catholique de Louvain 30, Numismatica Lovaniensia 5 (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1982).
The Venetian Tornesello: A Medieval Colonial Coinage, American Numismatic Society, Numismatic Notes and Monographs 163 (New York, 1985).
The Medal in America, editor, Coinage of the Americas Conference, Proceedings 4 (New York, 1988).
Mérovingiens et royaumes barbares, Collections Numismatiques, Fonds Bourgey (Paris:Errance, 1994).
The Medal in America, Vol. 2, editor, Coinage of the Americas Conference, Proceedings 13 (New York. 1999).
The Documents of Angelo de Cartura and Donato
Fontanella; Venetian Notaries in Fourteenth-Century
editor, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection (
Zecca; The Mint of
translation by Julian Scudder (
of Antiquity: Numismatics, Archaeology, and Classical Studies in the Culture of
the Renaissance, editor, also
published as Princeton University Library
Chronicle, 79, 2 (Winter, 2008) (
The Book of Michael of Rhodes, ed. with Pamela O. Long
and David McGee, 3 vols. (
Money on Paper, Bank Notes
and Related Graphic Arts from the Collections of Vsevolod Onyshkevych and
From a Thankful Nation: Latin American Orders and Medals from the Robert L. Ross Collection at Princeton University, with Robert L. Ross (Princeton: Princeton University Library, 2014).
Medieval European Coinage, Vol.
Social Mobility in Medieval Venice: The Condulmer Family in the Century after the Black Death (in preparation).
"The Merovingian CA Coinage of Austrasia,"American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 21 (1976), 129-51.
"A Numerical Taxonomy of Merovingian Coins,"Computers and the Humanities, 12, 1-2 (1978), 201-14.
"The Melgorian Penny," Medieval Coins, 16 (1978), 3-4.
"La médaille de l'industrie américaine," in Médailles: XIX Congrès de la Fédération Internationale de la Médaille (Florence, 1983), pp. 121-24.
"The Grasis Coinage of the Grand Duchy of
"Numerical Taxonomy and
Medieval Coinage," in Problems of
Medieval Coinage in the Iberian Area, ed. M. G. Marques (
"The American Industrial Medal," The Numismatist, 97, 10 (Oct. 1984), 2066-73. Recipient of special Heath Literary Award of the ANA.
"Three Parcels of Venetian Grossi in the ANS Collection," Rivista Italiana di Numismatica, 86 (1984), 181-96.
"Lauffer's Medal Cabinet," Medallic Sculpture, 1 (1985), 9-13.
"The Circulation of European Coinage in the Crusader States," in The Meeting of Two Worlds, ed. V. Goss, Medieval Institute, Studies in Medieval Culture 21 (Kalamazoo, 1986), pp. 85-102.
"Groat," Dictionary of the Middle Ages, 5:679-80 (New York, 1985).
"Venetian Coinage in Medieval Greece," in Économies
méditerranéenes, équilibres et intercommunications,
Actes du IIe Colloque International d'Histoire, ed. L. Droulia
"A Fourteenth-Century Venetian Coin Portrait," American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 30 (1985), 211-14.
"Mints and Money,
Numismatic Society and the Beaux-Arts Medal," in The Beaux-Arts Medal in
"Venetian Coinage: Variations in Production," in Rythmes de la production monétaire de l'antiquité à nos jours, ed G. Depeyrot, T. Hackens, and G. Moucharte, Numisatica Lovaniensia 7 (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1987), pp. 467-81.
"The Mint of
"The Analysis of a
Hoard of Venetian Torneselli," with Peter P.
Gaspar and Mary F. Striegel, in Metallurgy in Numismatics, Vol. 2, ed. W. A. Oddy
"Monastic Minting in the Middle Ages," in Medieval Monasticism, ed. A. MacLeish (Minneapolis, 1988), pp. 64-69.
"A Hoard of Medieval Pennies from Arezzo," Rivista Italiana di Numismatica, 90 (1988), 483-93.
Medieval Archaeology," in Medieval
Archaeology, ed. C. Redman (
"Italian Sources for the Coinage of Cilician Armenia," in Essays Dedicated in Honor of Paul Z. Bedoukian, ed. Y. T. Nercessian, Armenian Numismatic Journal, 15 (1989), 59-66.
"The Black Death and the Mint of Venice," Festskrift till Lars O. Lagerqvist, Numismatiska Meddelanden, 37 (1989), 391-97.
"European Coinage in Greece after the Fourth Crusade," Mediterranean Historical Review, 4 (1989), 356-63.
"Coinage in the Name of Medieval Women," in Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History, ed. J. Rosenthal (Athens, GA,1990), pp. 321-41.
"FIDEM '90 .... Biennial of the Medal," Sculpture Review, 39, 3 (1990), 16-17.
"Indian Peace Medals, Official and Unofficial," Médailles: XXIIème Congrès de la Fédération Internationale de la Médaille (Helsinki, 1990), pp. 38-48.
"Marcel Jovine," in Sculpture Review, 41,1 (1992), 16-18.
"American Indian Peace
Medals of the Colonial Period," in Money
"American Indian Peace
Medals of the Colonial Period in the Collection of the American Numismatic
Society," with William Scully, in Money
"History of the New York Numismatic Club, 1908-1991" (New York, 1992), editor of revised edition.
"The Nature of the Sutton Hoo Coin Parcel," in Voyage to the Other World: The Legacy of Sutton Hoo, ed. C. Kendall and P. Wells, Medieval Studies at Minnesota 5, (Minneapolis, 1992), pp. 3-14.
"The Date of the Sutton Hoo Coins," with W. A. Oddy, in Sutton Hoo: Fifty Years After, ed. R. Farrell and C. N. de Vegvar, American Early Medieval Studies 2 (Oxford, OH, 1992), 129-47.
"The First Coins in the
"The First Coins in the New World: Coins from the Excavations at La Isabela, República Dominicana," Boletín de Arqueología Medieval, 6 (1992), 93-100.
"White-Faced Greenbacks," The New York Times, 11 December 1992, p. A-39.
"Addendum" to Medieval Coins in the Christian J. Thomsen Collection, with Allen G. Berman, rev. and trans. ed., South Salem, NY:Attic Books, 1992, pp. 324-341.
"Mint Masters and Mint Marks in the Middle Ages," Revue Belge de Numismatique, 138 (1992), xcvii-cii.
"A Fourteenth-Century Venetian Coin Pattern," in Moneta e Non Moneta, Rivista Italiana di Numismatica, 95 (1993), 587-604.
"Unknown Artist with
the Initials HG (?), Martin Luther," in The Currency of Fame; Portrait Medals of the Renaissance, ed Stephen K. Scher (New York: Abrams, 1994), pp.240-41,
#101a; "Hans Kels (?), Barbara Reihing," ibid,
p.244, #102; "French
"Office Holding and the
Mint in Early Renaissance
"The Earliest Known Medalists: The Sesto Brothers of Venice," with Louis Waldman, American Journal of Numismatics, NS 5-6 (1993-4), 167-88.
"Coins from the
Excavations at La Isabela, D.R., the First European Colony in the
"Cast or Struck: A Medallic Option," Proceedings of the XXIV Congress of
the Fédération Internationale
de la Médaille,
"Monete dei Gonzaga nella Collezione della American Numismatic Society," in I Gonzaga; Monete Arte Storia , ed. S. Balbi de Caro (Milan, 1995), pp. 339-44.
"The Deathbed Oration
of Doge Mocenigo and the Mint of
"Medals of the Comitia Americana Series in the Collections of the American Numismatic Society and other Public Institutions," in Coinage of America in the Period of Confederation, ed. Philip L. Mossman, Coinage of the Americas Conference Proceedings 9 (New York, 1996), pp. 261-346.
"Victor D. Brenner and the American Numismatic Society," in Italiam Fato Profugi; Numismatic Studies Dedicated to Vladimir and Elvira Eliza Clain-Stefanelli , Numismatics Lovaniensia 12 (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1996), pp. 317-26.
"Minting and Money,"
Latin Studies: An Introduction and Bibliographical Guide , ed. F. A. C. Mantello and A. G. Rigg (
"USA, Canada, Central and South America [Medals and Tokens]" in A Survey of Numismatic Research, 1990-1995 (Berlin, 1997), p. 705-15.
"Coins and Coinage" and "Mints and Minting" in Medieval England: An Encyclopedia, (New York and London, 1998), pp. 201-3 and 517-8.
"The Coinage of
"The Circulation of Medieval Venetian Coinages," in Lucia Travaini, ed., Moneta locale, moneta straniera: Italia ed Europa XI-XV secolo, Società Numismatica Italiana, Collana di Numismatica e Scienze Affini 2 (Milan, 1999), pp. 87-111.
"The Grosso of Enrico Dandolo," in Mélanges Tony Hackens, Revue Belge de Numismatique, 145, (1999), 261-68.
"Mint and Medal in the
Renaissance," in Perspectives on the
Renaissance Medal, Stephen K. Scher, ed.,
"Coinage" in Medieval Archaeology, An Encyclopedia, ed. Pam J. Crabtree (
"The Orte Hoard of Tuscan Grossi,"
in Proceedings of the XIIth
International Numismatic Congress (
"A Prosopography of Venetian Mint Officials," Medieval Prosopography, 21 (2000), 41-131.
"The Venetian Mint in the Age of the Black Death," in Material Culture and Cultural Materialisms in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, ed. Curtis Perry, Arizona Studies in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance 5 (Turnhout (Belgium), 2001), pp. 41-57.
"Numismatic Portraiture in Renaissance Venice," Quaderni Ticinesi di Numismatica e Antichità Classiche, 30 (2001), 305-12.
e Venezia, La moneta dal XII al XIV secolo," in Genova, Venezia, il levante nei secoli XII-XIV, ed. G. Ortalli and D. Puncuh (
"Coinage and Money in the Latin Empire of Constantinople," Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 55 (2001), 197-206.
"Venetian Commerce in
the Later Middle Ages: Feast or Famine?," in Medieval Cultures in Contact, ed. Richard F. Gyug
"Ducat," and "Money Changing," in The
"Coinage," in "Origins of the European Economy: a Debate with Michael McCormick," ed. E. James, Early Medieval Europe, 12, 3 (2003), 293-99.
"Coins and Mints" in Medieval Italy; An Encyclopedia, (New York, 2004), 1, 235-8.
"Technological Innovation and Control at the Medieval Venetian Mint," in Villard’s Legacy: Studies in medieval technology, science and art in memory of Jean Gimpel, ed. M.-T. Zenner (Aldershot UK and Burlington VT, 2004), 189-96.
"The Princeton University Library Numismatic Collection," with Brooks E. Levy, Comte rendu de la Commission Internationale de Numismatique, 51 (2004), 20-24.
"The Diplomatic Medal,"
"Devoted to Dogs," The Numismatist, 118, 8 (August 2005), 34-37.
Medal Discovered at
"Introduction," Corpus Numismatum Omnium Romanorum Pontificum, ed. Adolfo Modesti, 4 (Rome, 2006), pp. 6-9.
"Coinage," Women and
Gender in Medieval Europe, ed. Susan Stuard, Margaret Schaus and
Thomas Izbicki (
"Vattemare and Numismatics" in The Extravagant Ambassador: The True Story of Alexandre Vattemare, the French Ventriloquist Who Changed the World, ed. Earle Havens and Pierre-Alain Tilliette (Boston: Boston Public Library, 2007), pp. 200-05.
"Mashiko: The Medallist as Sculptor, Teacher and Marketer," The Medal, 51 (Autumn, 2007), 33-37.
"European Minting and the Balance of Payments
with the Islamic World
in the Later Middle Ages," in Relazione economiche tra Europa e mondo islamico, secc. XIII-XVIII, ed. Simonetta Cavaciocchi, Istituto Francesco Datini, Settimane di Studi 37 (Prato, 2007), pp. 889-904.
"Coins for Trade and
for Wages; The Development of Coinage Systems in Medieval
"Coin and Punishment in
"Rome during Avignon, The Silver Coinage of Rome in the Fourteenth Century," in M. Asolati and G. Gorini, eds., I ritrovamenti monetali e i processi inflativi nel mondo antico e medievale, Numismatica Patavina 9 (Padua, 2008), pp. 151-69.
"The Venetian Mint
after the Black Death," in Medieval
"The Origins of the Struck Medal," in Médailles, Proceedings of the XXX FIDEM Congress (Helsinki, 2009).
"Numismatics in the Renaissance," in Alan M.
Stahl, ed., The Rebirth of Antiquity: Numismatics,
Archaeology, and Classical Studies in the Culture of the Renaissance,
editor, also published as Princeton
University Library Chronicle, 79, 2 (Winter, 2008) (
"USA and Canada [medals]," in A Survey of Numismatic Research, 2002-2007, ed. Donal Bateson and Michel Amandry (Glasgow, 2009), pp. 701-5.
"Michael of Rhodes, Mariner in Service to Medieval Venice," in The Book of
3 vols. (Cambridge MA, MIT Press, 2009), 2, 35-98.
"Michael of Rhodes and the Birth of the Mariner’s Manual," The Social History of the Sea, special issue of The Journal of Early Modern History 14, 1-2 (2010), 151-63.
"Money and Coinage,"
and 10 other articles in The Oxford
Dictionary of the Middle Ages, ed. R. E. Bjork (
"Bowls and Cups: Concave Coins in Medieval Italy and in Byzantium," in Mélanges Cécile Morrisson, Collège de France – CNRS, Centre de recherche d'histoire et civilization de Byzance, Travaux et Mémoires 16 (Paris, 2010), pp. 813-20.
"Zecca di Venezia," with Comillo Tonini in Le Zecche Italiane fino all'Unità, ed. L. Travaini, 2 vols. (Rome: Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, 2011), pp. 1217-24.
Catalogue entries for Transition to Christianity, exhibit of the Onassis Cultural Center, 2011-2012 (New York, 2011).
"Coinage and money in late medieval Europe,"
in Martin Carver and Jan Klapste, eds., The
Archaeology of Medieval Europe, 2 Twelfth to Sixteenth Centuries (Aarhus.
"A Perplexing Hoard of Lusignan Coins from Polis, Cyprus," with Gerald Poirier and Yan Nao, in Proceedings of the XIV International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009, ed. by Nicholas Holmes (Glasgow, 2011), pp. 1625-31.
"The Book of Michael of Rhodes and the Merchant Manual Tradition," in Revue Numismatique, 167 (2011), 201-10.
"Learning from the Zecca: The Medieval Mint of Venice as a Model of Pre-Modern Minting," in The Numismatic Chronicle, 171 (2011), 347-54.
"The Transformation of the West," in The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman
Coinage, ed. by W. E. Metcalf (
"The Making of a Gold Standard – the Ducat and its Offspring from 1285 to 2001," in Money in the Pre-Industrial World: Bullion, Debasements and Coin Substitutes, ed. by John H. Monroe (London, 2012), pp. 45-61.
"Image and Art on Medieval Coinage," in From Minor to Major: The Minor Arts in Medieval Art History, ed. by Colum Hourihane (Princeton, 2012), pp. 217-27.
Catalogue entries for City of Gold: The Archaeology of Polis Chryrsochous, Cyprus, ed. by William A. P. Childs, et al. (Princeton, 2012).
"The Mediterranean Melting Pot: Monetary Crosscurrents of the Twelfth through Fifteenth Centuries," in Renaissance Encounters: Greek East and Latin West, ed. by Marina S. Brownlee and Dimitri H. Gondicas (Leiden, 2013), pp. 241-62.
"Roman Imperial Coins as an Inspiration for Renaissance Numismatic Imagery," in "Translatio Nummorum : Römische Kaiser in der Renaissance, ed. by Ulrike Peter and Bernhard Weisser, Cyriacus, Studien zur Rezeption der Ankike 3 (Berlin, 2013), pp. 201-06.
"Coinage and Money in the Morea after the Fourth Crusade," with Julian Baker, in Viewing the Morea; Land and People in the Late Medieval Peloponnese, ed. by Sharon J. Gerstel, Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Symposia and Colloquia (Washington, 2013), pp. 152-84.
"The Classical Program of the Medallic Series of Louis XIV," Princeton University Library Chronicle, 76, 1&2 (Autumn 2014-Winter 2015), 266-87.
"Ancient and Modern in the Medallic Series of Louis XIV," The Medal, 67 (Autumn, 2015), 4-11.
"USA and Canada [coins]," and "USA and Canada [medals],"in A Survey of Numismatic Research, 2008-2013, ed. by Julio Torres and Tuukka Talvio (forthcoming, 2015), 607-10; 725-27.
"Ingots and the Venetian Mint in the Later Middle Ages: The Accounts of Guglielmo Condulmer," in Studies in Honor of Peter Spufford, ed. by Nicholas Mayhew (forthcoming, 2016).
"The Denier Outremer,” in The French of Outremer, ed. by Laura Morreale and Nicholas Paul (forthcoming, 2016).
"New Archaeology from Old Coins: Antioch Re-Examined," in European Archaeology as Anthropology: Essays in Memory of Bernard Wailes, ed. by Peter Bogucki and Pamela Crabtree (forthcoming, 2016)
"Coinage and the Crusades," in The Cambridge History of the Crusades, ed. by Jonathan Phillips and Thomas Madden (forthcoming, 2016)
"The Mint of Venice in the Face of the Great Bullion Famine," in Le crisi finanziarie: gestione, implicazioni sociali e conseguenze nell'età preindustriale, ed. Giampiero Nigro, Istituto Francesco Datini, Settimane di Studi 37 (forthcoming, 2016)
Bisson, Thomas N., Conservation of Coinage , in Speculum, 57 (1982), 121-23.
Tzamalis, Anastasios, Ta Nomismata tes Phragkokratias, 1184-1566, in Numismatics International, 16 (1982), 126-27.
Spaulding, James E., Coins of the Realm, in Speculum, 60 (1985), 1065-66.
Pastoureau, Michel, Jetons, méreaux, médailles, in M Speculum, 62 (1987), 514.
Witthöft, Harald, Münzfuss, Kleingewichte, pondus Karoli und die Grundlegung des nordeuropäischen Mass- und Gewichtswesens in fränkischer Zeit, in Speculum, 62 (1987), 754-56.
Il "Capitolar dalle Broche" della Zecca di Venezia, ed. G. Bonfiglio Dosio, and Frederic C. Lane and Reinhold C. Mueller, Money and Banking in Medieval and Renaissance Venice, in Numismatic Chronicle, 147 (1987), 194-96.
Balard, Michel, et al., Les Italiens à Byzance, in American Historical Review, 93 (1988), 1313-14.
Grierson, Philip and
Spufford, Peter, Money and its Use in Medieval Europe, in Speculum, 65 (1990), 497-99.
Kovács, Laszló, Münzen aus der Ungarischen Landnahmezeit, in American Journal of Numismatics, Ser. 2, 2 (1990), 186-89.
Cipolla, Carlo, Il fiorino e il quattrino, La moneta a Milano nel Quattrocento, and La moneta a Firenze nel Cinquecento, in American Journal of Numismatics, Ser. 2, 3-4 (1992), 252-55.
Gemmill, Elizabeth and Mayhew, Nicholas, Changing Values in Medieval Scotland; A Study of Prices, Money, and Weights and Measures in Speculum, 72, 3 (1997), 825-6.
Harl, Kenneth W., Coinage in the Roman Economy, 300 B.C. to A.D. 700 in Speculum, 74, 2 (1999), 423-4.
Grierson, Philip and Lucia
Travaini, Medieval European Coinage,
Cunnally, John. Images of the Illustrious; The Numismatic Presence in the Renaissance in Renaissance Quarterly, 53, 3 (2000), 893-4.
Potin, V.M., Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles, 50, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, in The Medieval Review [online]. http://www.hti.umich.edu/t/tmr/ 01.02.03.
Kohl, Benjamin G., ed. The Records of the Venetian Senate on Disk, 1335-1400, in The Medieval Review [online].http://www.hti.umich.edu/t/tmr/ 02.11.06.
Gannon, Anna, The Iconography of Early Anglo-Saxon Coinage, in The Medieval Review [online], http://www.hti.umich.edu/t/tmr/ 04.02.21.
Gillett, Andrew, ed., On Barbarian Identity: Critical Approaches to Ethnicity in the Early Middle Ages in Speculum, 79, 4 (2004), 1075-78.
Wood, Diana, ed., Medieval Money Matters, in The Medieval Review [online], http://www.hti.umich.edu/t/tmr/ 05.08.15.
Metlich, Michael Andreas, The
Coinage of Ostrogothic
Falchetta, Piero, ed., Fra Mauro’s World Map in Speculum, 83 (2008), 432-33.
Kamp, Norbert, Moneta Regis: Königliche Münzstätten und königliche Münzpolitik in der Stauferzeit, in Speculum, 83 (2008), 713-15.
Baldassarri, Monica, Zecca e monete del Comune di Pisa; Dalle origini alla Seconda Repubblica, and Vanni, Franca Maria, Pisa gloriosa: Le monete della Zecca di Pisa, in Revue Numismatique 169 (2012), 473-75.
Papers and Lectures
American Medallic Sculpture Association (1988), (1989), (1992), (1997), (1998), (1999)
American Numismatic Association, Numismatic Theatre (1991), (1997), (2010), (Sundman Lecture, 2011), (2012)
American Numismatic Society, Stack Memorial Lecture (1983)
American Schools of Oriental Research (2015)
Archivio di Stato Venezia, Scuola Archivistica (1988)
Benjamin Franklin Coin Club,
Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften (2011)
Center for Early Modern and
Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, Binghamton University (1980), (1983), (2010)
Center for Medieval Studies, Fordham University (1983), (1986), (1996), (2014)
Center for Neo-Hellenic
Centre National de Recherches Scientifiques, Orléans (2004)
Centre National de Recherches Scientifiques, Paris (1986)
Centro Internazionale d'Arte e di Cultura di Palazzo Te, Mantua (1995)
Charles Homer Haskins Society (2005)
Circolo Italo-Britannico di Venezia (1981), (1984), (1986), (1988), (1992)
Circolo Numismatico di Padova (1986)
Classical Numismatic Society of the Delaware Valley (1995)
Department of History,
Department of History,
Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology at M.I.T. (2005)
Economic History Association (1982), (1984)
Economic History Seminar, Columbia University (1996)
Fédération Internationale de la Médaille (1983), (1990), (1994), (2007)
Great Eastern Numismatic Association (1981)
Greek, Roman and Byzantine
Index of Christian Art,
Institut Supérieur d'Archéologie et d'Histoire de l'Art, Université Catholique de Louvain (1981)
Institute on Anglo-Saxon
Instituto Politécnico de Santarém (1984)
International Congress on Byzantine Studies (2006)
International Congress on Medieval Studies, Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University (1977), (1978), (1981), (1982), (1985), (1987), (1988), (1989), (1991), (1995), (1997), (Loew Lecturer, 1999), (2000), (2002), (2003), (2004), (2005), (2007), (2008), (Plenary lecturer, 2009), (2010), (2011), (2012), (2013), (2014), (2015)
International Institute for
International Medieval Congress, Leeds (Plenary lecturer, 2012)
International Numismatic Congress (1986), (1991), (1997), (2009), (2015)
Istituto di Archeologia, Università di Padova (1981), (1994)
Istituto Francesco Datini, Prato (2006, 2015)
Italian Embassy Symposium on
Lithuanian Numismatic Association (1983)
Medal Collectors of America (2013)
Medieval Club of
Medieval Studies Colloquium,
Medieval Studies Group,
Medieval Studies Conference,
Medieval Studies Seminar, Columbia University (1981), (1984), (1995), (2004), (2013)
Metropolitan Token and Medal Society (1983)
Musée du Louvre, Paris (2012)
National Sculpture Society (1989)
New York Numismatic Club (1976), (1980), (1985), (1988), (1989), (1995), (1997), (1999 - 1st Grunthal Lecture), (2002), (2006)
Pen and Brush Club (1991)
Program in Hellenic Studies, Princeton University (2005), (2007), (2015)
Program in Medieval Studies, Princeton University (2014), (2015)
Program in Renaissance Studies, Princeton University (2013)
Renaissance Society of America (2001), (2009), (2010), (2012), (2014)
Research Group on Manuscript Evidence (2013)
Royal Numismatic Society (2011)
Save Venice, New York (2011)
Società Italiana di Numismatica (1988)
Società Ligure di Storia Patria – Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (2000)
Société Américaine pour l'Étude de la Numismatique Française (1990), (2011)
Society for Medieval Numismatics (1980), (1988), (1992)
Society for American Archaeology (2013)
Society for the Medieval
Society for the Study of the Crusades (1988)
Symposium on Medieval
Trout Run Medals Camp (1997), (1999)
Università di Padova, Economic History Conference (2007)
University of Minnesota, James Ford Bell Library (2013)
University of Tokyo, Workshop in Monetary History (2009)
University of Uppsala, "Money Talks" series (2015)
World Economic History Congress (2009)
American Historical Association
American Medallic Sculpture Association (President 1984-88; Board of Directors, 1988-present)
American Numismatic Association
American Schools of Oriental Research
Archaeological Institute of America (President of the Princeton Society, 2008-2012)
Ateneo Veneto, Socio Straniero
AVISTA (Association Villard de Honnecourt for the Interdisciplinary Study of Medieval Technology, Science and Art) (Board of Directors 1995-present)
Columbia University Medieval Studies Seminar
Fédération Internationale de la Médaille (U.S.A. Delegate, 1987-2000, member of Comité Exécutif, 1989-2000)
Framing the Late Antique and Early Medieval Economy Project (Chair, 2013-present)
Historic Preservation Commission, Village of Ossining, NY (2007 to present)
Italian Art Society
Jug Tavern of Sparta, Inc. (President, 1999-present)
National Sculpture Society (Councillor 1991-96; 1998-2001)
Renaissance Society of America
Società Numismatica Italiana (Consiglio Direttivo, 2011-present)
Society for American Archaeology
Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East
Exhibitions organized and curated
"American Numismatic Design, 1892-1922," permanent exhibit, American Numismatic Society (1990)
"The Beaux-Arts Medal
Saltus Award winners for lifetime achievement in the art of the medal, one-artist shows, ANS (1983), (1984), (1986), (1987), (1988), (1990), (1991), (1992), (1993), (1994), (1995), (1996), (1997), (1998), (1999)
"Biennial of the Medal," Fédération Internationale de la Médaille (1985), (1987), (1990), (1992), (1994), (1996), (1998)
"First AMSA Exhibition," American Medallic Sculpture Association (1984)
"The Medals of the American Revolution," ANS (1991)
"Coinage of the
"The Medals of the Columbian Exposition," ANS (1992)
"The Medals of
Literary and Literal," Medieval
"The Medals of the
"The Medals of Victor D. Brenner," ANS (1995)
"The English Medal," ANS (1996)
"American Women Medallists," ANS (1996)
"The American Medal, 1793 to 1848," ANS (1996)
"Coinage in the Age of Innocent III,"
"The Henry Lee Medal," The Lure of the Library, Firestone Library (2005-6)
"The mint of Antioch from Seleucid to Roman rule," Association of Ancient Historians (2007)
"Numismatics in the Renaissance," Firestone Library, Princeton University (2007-8)
"Imitation and Appropriation: Coinage in the Age
of the Crusades," Firestone Library,
"Money on Paper," Firestone Library,
“The Medieval Melting Pot,” A Fine Addition, Firestone Library, Princeton University (2012)
"Capping Liberty: The Invention of a Numismatic Iconography for the New American Republic," Firestone Library, Princeton University (2012)
"From a Thankful Nation: Latin American Medals and Orders from the Robert L. Ross Collection, Princeton University," Firestone Library, Princeton University (2014)