Alan M. Stahl

Curator of Numismatics

Princeton University

One Washington Road

Princeton, NJ, 08544

(609) 258-9127


Professional Positions

Rutgers University, Newark, Adjunct Instructor, l977-78

The American Numismatic Society, Curator of Medieval Coins and of Medals, 1980 - 2000

Università di Venezia, Visiting Professor, 1987-88

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Visiting Professor, 2000-2001

Rice University, Visiting Professor, 2001-2002

University of Notre Dame, Visiting Professor, summer 2002

Co-Director, Michael of Rhodes Project, The Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology at MIT, 2002 to present

Curator of Numismatics, Princeton University, 2004 to present

Lecturer, Departments of Art and Archaeology, Classics, and History, Princeton University, 2007 to present



University of California, Berkeley: B.A., Phi Beta Kappa, 1968

University of Pennsylvania: M.A. in History, 1973, Ph.D. in History, 1977


Research Grants, Fellowships and Awards

Centre de Recherches Archéologiques Médiévales (Caen), 1974

American Numismatic Society, Summer Seminar Fellowship, 1975

Gladys K. Delmas Foundation, Grant for Research, 1981, 1983, 1985, 2016-17

Robinson-Kraay Fellow, Oxford University, 1994

Dumbarton Oaks Research Center and Istituto Ellenico di Venezia, Research

Grant, 1997

Association of American Publishers' Professional/Scholarly Publishing

Award in Economics, 2001, for Zecca

The National Endowment for the Humanities, Principal Investigator, grant for the publication of the Michael of Rhodes manuscript, 2003-2006

The National Science Foundation, Principal Investigator, grant for the publication of the Michael of Rhodes manuscript, 2003-2006

The John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, Fellow, 2008

Eugene S. Ferguson Prize of the Society for the History of Technology, 2009, for The Book of Michael of Rhodes

The Royal Numismatic Society, Medal, 2010

The J. Franklin Jameson Award of the American Historical Association, 2011, for The Book of Michael of Rhodes




The Merovingian Coinage of the Region of Metz, Publications d'histoire de l'art et d'archéologie de l'Université Catholique de Louvain 30, Numismatica Lovaniensia 5 (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1982).

The Venetian Tornesello: A Medieval Colonial Coinage, American Numismatic Society, Numismatic Notes and Monographs 163 (New York, 1985).

The Medal in America, editor, Coinage of the Americas Conference, Proceedings 4 (New York, 1988).

Mérovingiens et royaumes barbares, Collections Numismatiques, Fonds Bourgey (Paris:Errance, 1994).

The Medal in America, Vol. 2, editor, Coinage of the Americas Conference, Proceedings 13 (New York. 1999).

The Documents of Angelo de Cartura and Donato Fontanella; Venetian Notaries in Fourteenth-Century Crete, editor, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection (Washington DC, 2000).

Zecca; The Mint of Venice in the Middle Ages (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000). Recipient of Association of American Publishers' Professional/Scholarly Publishing Award in Economics, 2001.

Zecca, Italian translation by Julian Scudder (Rome: Il Veltro, 2008).

The Rebirth of Antiquity: Numismatics, Archaeology, and Classical Studies in the Culture of the Renaissance, editor, also published as Princeton University Library Chronicle, 79, 2 (Winter, 2008) (Princeton: Princeton University Library, 2009).

The Book of Michael of Rhodes, ed. with Pamela O. Long and David McGee, 3 vols. (Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 2009). Recipient of the 2009 Eugene S. Ferguson Prize of the Society for the History of Technology; 2011 J. Franklin Jameson Award of the American Historical Association.

Money on Paper, Bank Notes and Related Graphic Arts from the Collections of Vsevolod Onyshkevych and Princeton University (Princeton: Princeton University Library, 2010).

From a Thankful Nation: Latin American Orders and Medals from the Robert L. Ross Collection at Princeton University, with Robert L. Ross (Princeton: Princeton University Library, 2014).

Social Mobility in Medieval Venice: The Condulmer Family in the Century after the Black Death (in preparation).



"The Merovingian CA Coinage of Austrasia,"American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 21 (1976), 129-51.

"A Numerical Taxonomy of Merovingian Coins,"Computers and the Humanities, 12, 1-2 (1978), 201-14.

"The Melgorian Penny," Medieval Coins, 16 (1978), 3-4.

"La médaille de l'industrie américaine," in Médailles: XIX Congrès de la Fédération Internationale de la Médaille (Florence, 1983), pp. 121-24.

"The Grasis Coinage of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania," The Knight, 6, 5 (Feb. 1984), 1-8.

"Numerical Taxonomy and Medieval Coinage," in Problems of Medieval Coinage in the Iberian Area, ed. M. G. Marques (Santarem, 1984), pp. 71-80.

"The American Industrial Medal," The Numismatist, 97, 10 (Oct. 1984), 2066-73. Recipient of special Heath Literary Award of the ANA.

"Three Parcels of Venetian Grossi in the ANS Collection," Rivista Italiana di Numismatica, 86 (1984), 181-96.

"Lauffer's Medal Cabinet," Medallic Sculpture, 1 (1985), 9-13.

"The Circulation of European Coinage in the Crusader States," in The Meeting of Two Worlds, ed. V. Goss, Medieval Institute, Studies in Medieval Culture 21 (Kalamazoo, 1986), pp. 85-102.

"Groat," Dictionary of the Middle Ages, 5:679-80 (New York, 1985).

"Venetian Coinage in Medieval Greece," in Économies méditerranéenes, équilibres et intercommunications, Actes du IIe Colloque International d'Histoire, ed. L. Droulia (Athens, 1985), pp. 365-73.

"A Fourteenth-Century Venetian Coin Portrait," American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 30 (1985), 211-14.

"Coins/Monnaies", in Canada Collects the Middle Ages, Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery (Regina, 1986), pp. 60-72, 193-206.

"Mints and Money, Western Europe," Dictionary of the Middle Ages, 8:427-31 (New York, 1987).

"The American Numismatic Society and the Beaux-Arts Medal," in The Beaux-Arts Medal in America, by Barbara A. Baxter (New York, 1987), pp. 86-89.

"Venetian Coinage: Variations in Production," in Rythmes de la production monétaire de l'antiquité  à nos jours, ed G. Depeyrot, T. Hackens, and G. Moucharte, Numisatica Lovaniensia 7 (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1987), pp. 467-81.

"The Mint of Venice in the Thirteenth Century," in Later Medieval Mints: Organisation, Administration and Techniques, ed. N. Mayhew and P. Spufford, BAR International Series 389 (Oxford, 1988), pp. 97-127.

"The Analysis of a Hoard of Venetian Torneselli," with Peter P. Gaspar and Mary F. Striegel, in Metallurgy in Numismatics, Vol. 2, ed. W. A. Oddy (London, 1988), pp. 87-93.

"Monastic Minting in the Middle Ages," in Medieval Monasticism, ed. A. MacLeish (Minneapolis, 1988), pp. 64-69.

"A Hoard of Medieval Pennies from Arezzo," Rivista Italiana di Numismatica, 90 (1988), 483-93.

"Numismatics and Medieval Archaeology," in Medieval Archaeology, ed. C. Redman (Binghamton, 1989), pp. 119-26.

"Italian Sources for the Coinage of Cilician Armenia," in Essays Dedicated in Honor of Paul Z. Bedoukian, ed. Y. T. Nercessian, Armenian Numismatic Journal, 15 (1989), 59-66.

"The Black Death and the Mint of Venice," Festskrift till Lars O. Lagerqvist, Numismatiska Meddelanden, 37 (1989), 391-97.

"European Coinage in Greece after the Fourth Crusade," Mediterranean Historical Review, 4 (1989), 356-63.

"Coinage in the Name of Medieval Women," in Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History, ed. J. Rosenthal (Athens, GA,1990), pp. 321-41.

"FIDEM '90 .... Biennial of the Medal," Sculpture Review, 39, 3 (1990), 16-17.

"Indian Peace Medals, Official and Unofficial," Médailles: XXIIème Congrès de la Fédération Internationale de la Médaille (Helsinki, 1990), pp. 38-48.

"Marcel Jovine," in Sculpture Review, 41,1 (1992), 16-18.

"American Indian Peace Medals of the Colonial Period," in Money of Pre-Federal America, ed. J. Kleeberg, Coinage of the Americas Conference 7 (New York, 1992), pp. 159-180.

"American Indian Peace Medals of the Colonial Period in the Collection of the American Numismatic Society," with William Scully, in Money of Pre-Federal America, ed. J. Kleeberg, Coinage of the Americas Conference 7 (New York, 1992), pp. 215-53.

"History of the New York Numismatic Club, 1908-1991" (New York, 1992), editor of revised edition.

"The Nature of the Sutton Hoo Coin Parcel," in Voyage to the Other World: The Legacy of Sutton Hoo, ed. C. Kendall and P. Wells, Medieval Studies at Minnesota 5, (Minneapolis, 1992), pp. 3-14.

"The Date of the Sutton Hoo Coins," with W. A. Oddy, in Sutton Hoo: Fifty Years After, ed. R. Farrell and C. N. de Vegvar, American Early Medieval Studies 2 (Oxford, OH, 1992), 129-47.

"The First Coins in the New World," The Numismatist, 105 (1992), 1399-1402. Recipient of bronze Heath Literary Award from the ANA.

"The First Coins in the New World: Coins from the Excavations at La Isabela, República Dominicana," Boletín de Arqueología Medieval, 6 (1992), 93-100.

"White-Faced Greenbacks," The New York Times, 11 December 1992, p. A-39.

"Addendum" to Medieval Coins in the Christian J. Thomsen Collection, with Allen G. Berman, rev. and trans. ed., South Salem, NY:Attic Books, 1992, pp. 324-341.

"Mint Masters and Mint Marks in the Middle Ages," Revue Belge de Numismatique, 138 (1992), xcvii-cii.

"A Fourteenth-Century Venetian Coin Pattern," in Moneta e Non Moneta,  Rivista Italiana di Numismatica, 95 (1993), 587-604.

"Unknown Artist with the Initials HG (?), Martin Luther," in The Currency of Fame; Portrait Medals of the Renaissance, ed Stephen K. Scher (New York: Abrams, 1994), pp.240-41, #101a; "Hans Kels (?), Barbara Reihing," ibid, p.244, #102; "French School, Henry IV," ibid, p.343, #155.

"The Cephalonia Hoard of Venetian and Hungarian Coins," Nomismatika Chronika, 13 (1994), 85-102.

"Office Holding and the Mint in Early Renaissance Venice," Renaissance Studies, 8,4 (1994),404-15.

"The Earliest Known Medalists: The Sesto Brothers of Venice," with Louis Waldman, American Journal of Numismatics, NS 5-6 (1993-4), 167-88.

"Coins from the Excavations at La Isabela, D.R., the First European Colony in the New World," American Journal of Numismatics, NS 5-6 (1993-4), 189-207.

"Cast or Struck: A Medallic Option," Proceedings of the XXIV Congress of the Fédération Internationale de la Médaille, Budapest, 1994, Médailles, 24 (1995), 25-31.

"Monete dei Gonzaga nella Collezione della American Numismatic Society," in  I Gonzaga; Monete Arte Storia , ed. S. Balbi de Caro (Milan, 1995), pp. 339-44.

"The Deathbed Oration of Doge Mocenigo and the Mint of Venice," in  Inter-Cultural Contacts in the Medieval Mediterranean, Essays in Honor of David Jacoby, ed.  Benjamin Arbel, in  Mediterranean Historical Review , 10 (1996), 284-301.

"Medals of the Comitia Americana  Series in the Collections of the American Numismatic Society and other Public Institutions," in   Coinage of America in the Period of Confederation, ed. Philip L. Mossman, Coinage of the Americas Conference Proceedings 9 (New York, 1996), pp. 261-346.

"Victor D. Brenner and the American Numismatic Society," in Italiam Fato Profugi; Numismatic Studies Dedicated to Vladimir and Elvira Eliza Clain-Stefanelli , Numismatics Lovaniensia 12 (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1996), pp. 317-26.

"Minting and Money," in  Medieval Latin Studies: An Introduction and Bibliographical Guide , ed. F. A. C. Mantello and A. G. Rigg (Washington, 1996), pp. 492-96.

"USA, Canada, Central and South America [Medals and Tokens]" in A Survey of Numismatic Research, 1990-1995 (Berlin, 1997), p. 705-15.

"Coins and Coinage" and "Mints and Minting" in  Medieval England: An Encyclopedia, (New York and London, 1998), pp. 201-3 and 517-8.

"The Coinage of Venice in the Age of Enrico Dandolo," in Medieval and Renaissance Venice, ed. Ellen E. Kittel and Thomas F. Madden (Urbana and Chicago, 1999), pp. 124-40.

"The Circulation of Medieval Venetian Coinages," in Lucia Travaini, ed., Moneta locale, moneta straniera: Italia ed Europa XI-XV secolo, Società Numismatica Italiana, Collana di Numismatica e Scienze Affini 2 (Milan, 1999), pp. 87-111.

"The Grosso of Enrico Dandolo," in Mélanges Tony Hackens, Revue Belge de Numismatique, 145, (1999), 261-68.

"Mint and Medal in the Renaissance," in Perspectives on the Renaissance Medal, Stephen K. Scher, ed., Garland Studies in the Renaissance (New York: Garland, 2000), 137-47.

"Coinage" in Medieval Archaeology, An Encyclopedia, ed. Pam J. Crabtree (New York, 2000), pp. 62-65.

"The Orte Hoard of Tuscan Grossi," in Proceedings of the XIIth International Numismatic Congress (Berlin, 2000), vol. 2, 1085-90.

"A Prosopography of Venetian Mint Officials," Medieval Prosopography, 21 (2000), 41-131.

"The Venetian Mint in the Age of the Black Death," in Material Culture and Cultural Materialisms in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, ed. Curtis Perry, Arizona Studies in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance 5 (Turnhout (Belgium), 2001), pp. 41-57.

"Numismatic Portraiture in Renaissance Venice," Quaderni Ticinesi di Numismatica e Antichità Classiche, 30 (2001), 305-12.

"Genova e Venezia, La moneta dal XII al XIV secolo," in Genova, Venezia, il levante nei secoli XII-XIV, ed. G. Ortalli and D. Puncuh (Venice, 2001), pp. 319-34.

"Coinage and Money in the Latin Empire of Constantinople," Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 55 (2001), 197-206.

"Venetian Commerce in the Later Middle Ages: Feast or Famine?," in Medieval Cultures in Contact, ed. Richard F. Gyug (New York, 2003), pp. 139-59.

"Ducat," and  "Money Changing," in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History (Oxford and New York, 2003).

"Coinage," in "Origins of the European Economy: a Debate with Michael McCormick," ed. E. James, Early Medieval Europe, 12, 3 (2003), 293-99.

"Coins and Mints" in Medieval Italy; An Encyclopedia, (New York, 2004), 1, 235-8.

"Technological Innovation and Control at the Medieval Venetian Mint," in Villard’s Legacy: Studies in medieval technology, science and art in memory of Jean Gimpel, ed. M.-T. Zenner (Aldershot UK and Burlington VT, 2004), 189-96.

"The Venetian Ducat in India," in David W. MacDowall and Amiteshwar Jha, eds., Foreign Coins found in the Indian Sub-Continent: 8th-10th January, 1995, 4th International Colloquium (Mumbai, 2004).

"The Princeton University Library Numismatic Collection," with Brooks E. Levy, Comte rendu de la Commission Internationale de Numismatique, 51 (2004), 20-24.

"The Diplomatic Medal," Princeton University Library Chronicle, 66, 1 (Autumn, 2004), 196-99.

"Devoted to Dogs," The Numismatist, 118, 8 (August 2005), 34-37.

"Revolutionary War Medal Discovered at Princeton," The MCA Advisory, 8, 12 (Dec. 2005), 12-15.

"Introduction," Corpus Numismatum Omnium Romanorum Pontificum, ed. Adolfo Modesti, 4 (Rome, 2006), pp. 6-9.

"Coinage," Women and Gender in Medieval Europe, ed. Susan Stuard, Margaret Schaus and Thomas Izbicki (New York, 2006), pp. 154-55.

"The Sterling Abroad," in The Haskins Society Journal 18 (2006), 132-39.

"Vattemare and Numismatics" in The Extravagant Ambassador: The True Story of Alexandre Vattemare, the French Ventriloquist Who Changed the World, ed. Earle Havens and Pierre-Alain Tilliette (Boston: Boston Public Library, 2007), pp. 200-05.

"Mashiko: The Medallist as Sculptor, Teacher and Marketer," The Medal, 51 (Autumn, 2007), 33-37.

"European Minting and the Balance of Payments with the Islamic World
in the Later Middle Ages," in Relazione economiche tra Europa e mondo islamico, secc.
XIII-XVIII, ed. Simonetta Cavaciocchi, Istituto Francesco Datini, Settimane di Studi 37 (Prato, 2007), pp. 889-904.

"Coins for Trade and for Wages; The Development of Coinage Systems in Medieval Venice," in Wages and Currency: Global and Historical Comparisons from Antiquity to the Twentieth Century, ed. J. Lucassen and A. Pol (Bern: Peter Lang, 2007), pp. 193-209.

"Coin and Punishment in Medieval Venice," in Law and the Illicit in Medieval Society, ed. Ruth Mazo Karras, Joel Kaye, Ann Matter (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008), pp. 164-79.

"Rome during Avignon, The Silver Coinage of Rome in the Fourteenth Century," in M. Asolati and G. Gorini, eds., I ritrovamenti monetali e i processi inflativi nel mondo antico e medievale, Numismatica Patavina 9 (Padua, 2008), pp. 151-69.

"The Venetian Mint after the Black Death," in Medieval Italy: A Documentary History, ed. K. Jansen et al. (Philadelphia, 2009), pp. 87-90.

"The Origins of the Struck Medal," in Médailles, Proceedings of the XXX FIDEM Congress (Helsinki, 2009).

"Numismatics in the Renaissance," in Alan M. Stahl, ed., The Rebirth of Antiquity: Numismatics, Archaeology, and Classical Studies in the Culture of the Renaissance, editor, also published as Princeton University Library Chronicle, 79, 2 (Winter, 2008) (Princeton: Princeton University Library, 2009), pp. 3-26.

"USA and Canada [medals]," in A Survey of Numismatic Research, 2002-2007, ed. Donal Bateson and Michel Amandry (Glasgow, 2009), pp. 701-5.

"Michael of Rhodes, A Venetian Seafarer and his Book," Avista Forum Journal, 19 (2009), 49-56.

"Michael of Rhodes, Mariner in Service to Medieval Venice," in The Book of

Michael of Rhodes, ed. Pamela O. Long, David McGee and Alan M. Stahl,

3 vols. (Cambridge MA, MIT Press, 2009), 2, 35-98.

"Michael of Rhodes and the Birth of the Mariner’s Manual," The Social History of the Sea, special issue of The Journal of Early Modern History 14, 1-2 (2010), 151-63.

"Money and Coinage," and 10 other articles in The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages, ed. R. E. Bjork (Oxford and New York, 2010).

"Coins," Oxford Bibliographies Online: Medieval Studies (2010).

"Bowls and Cups: Concave Coins in Medieval Italy and in Byzantium," in Mélanges Cécile Morrisson, Collège de France – CNRS, Centre de recherche d'histoire et civilization de Byzance, Travaux et Mémoires 16 (Paris, 2010), pp. 813-20.

"Zecca di Venezia," with Comillo Tonini in Le Zecche Italiane fino all'Unità, ed. L. Travaini, 2 vols. (Rome: Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, 2011), pp. 1217-24.

Catalogue entries for Transition to Christianity, exhibit of the Onassis Cultural Center, 2011-2012 (New York, 2011).

"Coinage and money in late medieval Europe," in Martin Carver and Jan Klapste, eds., The Archaeology of Medieval Europe, 2 Twelfth to Sixteenth Centuries (Aarhus. Aarhus University Press, 2011), pp. 351-54.

"A Perplexing Hoard of Lusignan Coins from Polis, Cyprus," with Gerald Poirier and Yan Nao, in Proceedings of the XIV International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009, ed. by Nicholas Holmes (Glasgow, 2011), pp. 1625-31.

"The Book of Michael of Rhodes and the Merchant Manual Tradition," in Revue Numismatique, 167 (2011), 201-10.

"Learning from the Zecca: The Medieval Mint of Venice as a Model of Pre-Modern Minting," in The Numismatic Chronicle, 171 (2011), 347-54.

"The Transformation of the West," in The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage, ed. by W. E. Metcalf (Oxford and New York, 2012), pp. 633-54.

"The Making of a Gold Standard – the Ducat and its Offspring from 1285 to 2001," in Money in the Pre-Industrial World: Bullion, Debasements and Coin Substitutes, ed. by John H. Monroe (London, 2012), pp. 45-61.

"Image and Art on Medieval Coinage," in From Minor to Major: The Minor Arts  in Medieval Art History, ed. by Colum Hourihane (Princeton, 2012), pp. 217-27.

Catalogue entries for City of Gold: The Archaeology of Polis Chryrsochous, Cyprus, ed. by William A. P. Childs, et al. (Princeton, 2012).

"The Mediterranean Melting Pot: Monetary Crosscurrents of the Twelfth through Fifteenth Centuries," in Renaissance Encounters: Greek East and Latin West, ed. by Marina S. Brownlee and Dimitri H. Gondicas (Leiden, 2013), pp. 241-62.

"Roman Imperial Coins as an Inspiration for Renaissance Numismatic Imagery," in "Translatio Nummorum : Römische Kaiser in der Renaissance, ed. by Ulrike Peter and Bernhard Weisser, Cyriacus, Studien zur Rezeption der Ankike 3 (Berlin, 2013), pp. 201-06.

"Coinage and Money in the Morea after the Fourth Crusade," with Julian Baker, in Viewing the Morea; Land and People in the Late Medieval Peloponnese, ed. by Sharon J. Gerstel, Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Symposia and Colloquia (Washington, 2013), pp. 152-84.

"The Classical Program of the Medallic Series of Louis XIV," Princeton University Library Chronicle, 76, 1&2 (Autumn 2014-Winter 2015), 266-87.

"Ancient and Modern in the Medallic Series of Louis XIV," The Medal, 67 (Autumn, 2015), 4-11.

"USA and Canada [coins]," and "USA and Canada [medals]," in A Survey of Numismatic Research, 2008-2013, ed. by Julio Torres and Tuukka Talvio (Taormina, 2015), 607-10; 725-27.

"Late Antique and Medieval Numismatics at Princeton," Princeton Studies in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages 1 (2016), 163-65.

"The Mint of Venice in the Face of the Great Bullion Famine," in Le crisi finanziarie: gestione, implicazioni sociali e conseguenze nell'età preindustriale, ed. Giampiero Nigro, Istituto Francesco Datini, Settimane di Studi 47 (Florence, 2016), pp. 223-37.

"Venetian Coinage and Money of Account: An Introduction for Researchers," News on the Rialto (2016).

"New Archaeology from Old Coins: Antioch Re-Examined," in European Archaeology as Anthropology:  Essays in Memory of Bernard Wailes, ed. by Peter Bogucki and Pamela Crabtree (Philadelphia, 2017), pp. 225-44.

"Medieval Pottery and Coins," with Camilla MacKay, in Ayia Sotira: A Mycenaean Chamber Tomb Cemetery in the Nemea Valley, Greece, ed. by R. Angus K. Smith, et al. (Philadelphia, 2017), pp. 183-84.

"Ingots and the Venetian Mint in the Later Middle Ages: The Accounts of Guglielmo Condulmer," in Money and its Use in Medieval Europe Three Decades On: Essays Honour of Professor Peter Spufford, ed. by Martin Allen and Nicholas Mayhew, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publications 52 (London, 2017), pp. 75-84.

"The Denier Outremer,” in The French of Outremer, ed. by Laura K. Morreale and Nicholas L. Paul (New York, 2018), pp. 30-43.

"Allegorical Representations of America on European and American Medals, The MCA Advisory, 21,4 (Winter 2018), 29-48.

"Where the Silk Road Met the Wool Trade: Venetian and Muslim Merchants in Tana in the Late Middle Ages," in Crusading and Trading between West and East; Studies in Honour of David Jacoby, ed. by Sophia Menache, et al., Crusades – Subsidia 12 (London and New York, 2018), pp. 351-64.

"The Coins," in Archaeology and Urban Settlement in Late Roman and Byzantine Anatolia, ed. by John Haldon et al. (Cambridge and New York, 2018), pp. 269-73.

"Archaeological Finds of Medieval Coinage in the Northeastern Mediterranean: Implications for the Study of Circulation and Site History," in Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the History of Money and Numismatics in the Mediterranean World (Antalya, 2018), pp. 575-85.

"The Fourteenth-Century Ducats of the Emirs of Aydin," in Port Cities of the Aegean World: Coins, Seals And Weights, ed. by Ceren Ünal et al. (Manisa, 2018), pp. 303-12.

"A Hoard of Venetian Coinage of Doge Antonio Venier from Emet in Kütahya, with Zeliha Demirel Gökalp, in Port Cities of the Aegean World: Coins, Seals And Weights, ed. by Ceren Ünal et al. (Manisa, 2018), pp. 99-110.

"A Double-Obverse Bronze of the Constantinian Period from the Antioch Excavations, with Rafail Zoulis, in Concordia Disciplinarum: Essays on Ancient Coinage, History, and Archaeology in Honor of William E. Metcalf, ed by Nathan T. Elkins and Jane DeRose Evans, ANS Numismatic Studies 38 (New York, 2018), pp. 257-65.





In Press

"Coinage and the Crusades," in The Cambridge History of the Crusades, ed. by Jonathan Phillips and Thomas Madden (forthcoming, 2018).

"Late Antique and Early Medieval Imitations and the FLAME database," with Lee Mordechai, in Early Medieval Imitational Coinages, ed. Cecilia von Heijne (forthcoming, 2018).




Bisson, Thomas N., Conservation of Coinage , in  Speculum, 57 (1982), 121-23.

Tzamalis, Anastasios,  Ta Nomismata tes Phragkokratias, 1184-1566, in  Numismatics International, 16 (1982), 126-27.

Spaulding, James E., Coins of the Realm, in  Speculum, 60 (1985), 1065-66.

Pastoureau, Michel,  Jetons, méreaux, médailles, in M Speculum, 62 (1987), 514.

Witthöft, Harald, Münzfuss, Kleingewichte, pondus Karoli und die Grundlegung des nordeuropäischen Mass- und Gewichtswesens in fränkischer Zeit, in  Speculum, 62 (1987), 754-56.

Il "Capitolar dalle Broche" della Zecca di Venezia, ed. G. Bonfiglio Dosio, and Frederic C. Lane and Reinhold C. Mueller, Money and Banking in Medieval and Renaissance Venice, in Numismatic Chronicle, 147 (1987), 194-96.

Balard, Michel, et al., Les Italiens  à Byzance, in American Historical Review, 93 (1988), 1313-14.

Grierson, Philip and Mark Blackburn, Medieval European Coinage, 1 The Early Middle Ages, in Speculum, 63 (1988), 933-35.

Spufford, Peter, Money and its Use in Medieval Europe, in Speculum, 65 (1990), 497-99.

Kovács, Laszló, Münzen aus der Ungarischen Landnahmezeit, in American Journal of Numismatics, Ser. 2, 2 (1990), 186-89.

Cipolla, Carlo,  Il fiorino e il quattrino, La moneta a Milano nel  Quattrocento, and La moneta a Firenze nel Cinquecento, in American Journal of Numismatics, Ser. 2, 3-4 (1992), 252-55.

Gemmill, Elizabeth and Mayhew, Nicholas, Changing Values in Medieval Scotland; A Study of Prices, Money, and Weights and Measures in Speculum, 72, 3 (1997), 825-6.

Harl, Kenneth W., Coinage in the Roman Economy, 300 B.C. to A.D. 700 in Speculum, 74, 2 (1999), 423-4.

Grierson, Philip and Lucia Travaini, Medieval European Coinage, Vol 14, Italy (III) (South Italy, Sicily, Sardinia), in The Journal of European Economic History, 28 (1999), 437-40.

Cunnally, John. Images of the Illustrious; The Numismatic Presence in the Renaissance in Renaissance Quarterly, 53, 3 (2000), 893-4.

Potin, V.M., Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles, 50, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, in The Medieval Review [online]. 01.02.03.

Kohl, Benjamin G., ed. The Records of the Venetian Senate on Disk, 1335-1400, in The Medieval Review [online]. 02.11.06.

Gannon, Anna,  The Iconography of Early Anglo-Saxon Coinage, in The Medieval Review [online], 04.02.21.

Gillett, Andrew, ed., On Barbarian Identity: Critical Approaches to Ethnicity in the Early Middle Ages in Speculum, 79, 4 (2004), 1075-78.

Wood, Diana, ed., Medieval Money Matters, in The Medieval Review [online], 05.08.15.

Metlich, Michael Andreas, The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy in Journal of Roman Archeolology 18 (2005), 753-55.

Falchetta, Piero, ed., Fra Mauro’s World Map in Speculum, 83 (2008), 432-33.

Kamp, Norbert, Moneta Regis: Königliche Münzstätten und königliche Münzpolitik in der Stauferzeit, in Speculum, 83 (2008), 713-15.

Baldassarri, Monica,  Zecca e monete del Comune di Pisa; Dalle origini alla Seconda Repubblica, and Vanni, Franca Maria, Pisa gloriosa: Le monete della Zecca di Pisa, in Revue Numismatique 169 (2012), 473-75.

Rory Naismith, Martin Allen , and Elina Screen , eds. Early Medieval Monetary History: Studies in Memory of Mark Blackburn, in Enterprise and Society (2016).

Roman Zaoral, ed., Money and Finance in Central Europe during the Later Middle Ages. Palgrave Studies in the History of Finance. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. In Speculum, 92/3 (July 2017), pp. 911-12.


Papers and Lectures

AKMED International Congress on the History of Money and Numismatics in the Mediterranean World (2017)

American Medallic Sculpture Association (1988), (1989), (1992), (1997), (1998), (1999)

American Numismatic Association, Numismatic Theatre (1991), (1997), (2010), (Sundman Lecture, 2011), (2012)

American Numismatic Society, Stack Memorial Lecture (1983)

American Schools of Oriental Research (2015, 2016)

Archaeological Institute of America, North New Jersey Chapter (1993)

Archivio di Stato Venezia, Scuola Archivistica (1988)

Benjamin Franklin Coin Club, Philadelphia (2011)

Bergen County Coin Club (1995)

Berkshire Conference on Women's History (1987)

Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften (2011)

British Museum and Royal Numismatic Society Symposium (1984)

Cambridge University Symposium on Medieval Coinage (1997), (2005), (2007), (2010)

Center for Early Modern and Renaissance Studies, University of Minnesota (2008)

Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, Binghamton University (1980), (1983), (2010)

Center for Medieval Studies, Fordham University (1983), (1986), (1996), (2014)

Center for Neo-Hellenic Research, Athens (1983)

Centre National de Recherches Scientifiques, Orléans (2004)

Centre National de Recherches Scientifiques, Paris (1986)

Centro Internazionale d'Arte e di Cultura di Palazzo Te, Mantua (1995)

Charles Homer Haskins Society (2005)

Circolo Italo-Britannico di Venezia (1981), (1984), (1986), (1988), (1992)

Circolo Numismatico di Padova (1986)

Classical Numismatic Society of the Delaware Valley (1995)

Delaware Valley Medieval Association (2005)

Department of History, Princeton University (2007)

Department of History, University of Michigan, Faculty Colloquium (2000)

Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology at M.I.T. (2005)

Dumbarton Oaks Research Center (1999), (2009), (2010)

Economic History Association (1982), (1984)

Economic History Seminar, Columbia University (1996)

Fédération Internationale de la Médaille (1983), (1990), (1994), (2007)

Flushing Coin Club (1992), (1996)

Graduate School and University Center, CUNY (1989)

Great Eastern Numismatic Association (1981)

Great Valley Coin Club (1991), (1996)

Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies Conference, Briarcliff College (1978)

Harvard University, Institute for Global Law and Policy (2010)

Harvard University, Program in Medieval Material Culture (2018)

Hudson River Museum, Yonkers (1995)

Index of Christian Art, Princeton University (2011)

Institut Supérieur d'Archéologie et d'Histoire de l'Art, Université Catholique de Louvain (1981)

Institute of Fine Arts, New York University (1992)

Institute on Anglo-Saxon England, SUNY Binghamton (1985)

Instituto Politécnico de Santarém (1984)

International Congress on Byzantine Studies (2006)

International Congress on Medieval Studies, Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University (1977), (1978), (1981), (1982), (1985), (1987), (1988), (1989), (1991), (1995), (1997), (Loew Lecturer, 1999), (2000), (2002), (2003), (2004), (2005), (2007), (2008), (Plenary lecturer, 2009), (2010), (2011), (2012), (2013), (2014), (2015), (2016), (2017)

International Institute for Social History, Amsterdam (2002)

International Medieval Congress, Leeds (Plenary lecturer, 2012)

International Numismatic Congress (1986), (1991), (1997), (2009), (2015)

International Symposium on the Port Cities of the Aegean World: Coins, Seals, and Weights, Smyrna, 2017.

Istituto di Archeologia, Università di Padova (1981), (1994)

Istituto Francesco Datini, Prato (2006), (2015)

Italian Embassy Symposium on Renaissance Venice, Washington DC (2006)

Kelsey Museum of Archaeology (2001)

Lithuanian Numismatic Association (1983)

Medal Collectors of America (2013)

Medieval Academy of America (2003)

Medieval Club of New York (1981), (1994)

Medieval Institute, University of Notre Dame (2001), (2016)

Medieval Studies Colloquium, Rice University (2001)

Medieval Studies Group, University of Pennsylvania (1984)

Medieval Studies Conference, University of Minnesota (1985), (1989)

Medieval Studies Seminar, Columbia University (1981), (1984), (1995), (2004), (2013)

Metropolitan New York Numismatic Convention (1990)

Metropolitan Token and Medal Society (1983)

Musée du Louvre, Paris (2012)

National Sculpture Society (1989)

New York International Numismatic Convention (2010)

New York Numismatic Club (1976), (1980), (1985), (1988), (1989), (1995), (1997), (1999 - 1st Grunthal Lecture), (2002), (2006), (2017)

Pen and Brush Club (1991)

Program in Hellenic Studies, Princeton University (2005), (2007), (2015), (2017)

Program in Medieval Studies, Princeton University (2014), (2015)

Program in Renaissance Studies, Princeton University (2013)

Oxford Symposium on Coinage and Monetary History (1985), (2005)

Renaissance Society of America (2001), (2009), (2010), (2012), (2014)

Research Group on Manuscript Evidence (2013), (2016)

Royal Numismatic Society (2011)

Save Venice, New York (2011)

Società Italiana di Numismatica (1988)

Società Ligure di Storia Patria – Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (2000)

Société Américaine pour l'Étude de la Numismatique Française (1990), (2011)

Society for Medieval Numismatics (1980), (1988), (1992)

Society for American Archaeology (2013)

Society for the Medieval Mediterranean (2011)

Society for the Study of the Crusades (1988)

Symposium on Medieval Rhodes, Rhodes (2008)

Trout Run Medals Camp (1997), (1999)

Tulane University (1999)

Università di Padova, Economic History Conference (2007)

University of Cyprus, Department of History (2009)

University of Minnesota, James Ford Bell Library (2013)

University of Tokyo, Workshop in Monetary History (2009)

University of Uppsala, "Money Talks" series (2015)

Warwick University, Venice Graduate Program (1994)

World Economic History Congress (2009)


Professional Organizations

American Historical Association

American Medallic Sculpture Association (President 1984-88; Board of Directors, 1988-2013)

American Numismatic Association

American Schools of Oriental Research

Archaeological Institute of America (President of the Princeton Society, 2008-2012)

Ateneo Veneto, Socio Straniero

AVISTA (Association Villard de Honnecourt for the Interdisciplinary Study of Medieval Technology, Science and Art) (Board of Directors 1995-present)

Columbia University Medieval Studies Seminar (1982-present)

Fédération Internationale de la Médaille (U.S.A. Delegate, 1987-2000, member of Comité Exécutif, 1989-2000)

Framing the Late Antique and Early Medieval Economy Project (Chair, 2013-present)

Historic Preservation Commission, Village of Ossining, NY (2007 to present)

Italian Art Society

Jug Tavern of Sparta, Inc. (President, 1999-2013)

Medieval Academy of America (Nominating Committee, 2011)

National Sculpture Society (Councillor 1991-96; 1998-2001)

New York Numismatic Club (President 1986-87; Historian 1990-2008)

Renaissance Society of America

Società Numismatica Italiana (Consiglio Direttivo, 2011-present)

Society for American Archaeology

Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East


Exhibitions organized and curated

"American Numismatic Design, 1892-1922," permanent exhibit, American Numismatic Society (1990)

"The Beaux-Arts Medal in America," guest curator Barbara Baxter, ANS (1987)

Saltus Award winners for lifetime achievement in the art of the medal, one-artist shows, ANS (1983), (1984), (1986), (1987), (1988), (1990), (1991), (1992), (1993), (1994), (1995), (1996), (1997), (1998), (1999)

"Biennial of the Medal," Fédération Internationale de la Médaille (1985), (1987), (1990), (1992), (1994), (1996), (1998)

 "First AMSA Exhibition," American Medallic Sculpture Association (1984)

"The Medals of the American Revolution," ANS (1991)

"Coinage of the Crusades," Syracuse University (1991)

"The Medals of the Columbian Exposition," ANS (1992)

"The Medals of Poland," ANS (1993)

"Medieval Coinage, Literary and Literal," Medieval Academy of America (1993)

"The Medals of the Netherlands," ANS (1994)

"The Medals of Victor D. Brenner," ANS (1995)

"The English Medal," ANS (1996)

"American Women Medallists," ANS (1996)

"The American Medal, 1793 to 1848," ANS (1996)

"Medieval Trade Coinages," Medieval Academy of America (1997)

"Coinage in the Age of Innocent III," Hofstra University (1997)

"Recent Acquisitions," Princeton University Numismatic Collection (2005, 2007, 2009)

"The Henry Lee Medal," The Lure of the Library, Firestone Library (2005-6)

"The mint of Antioch from Seleucid to Roman rule," Association of Ancient Historians (2007)

 "Numismatics in the Renaissance," Firestone Library, Princeton University (2007-8)

"Imitation and Appropriation: Coinage in the Age of the Crusades," Firestone Library, Princeton University (2009)"

"Money on Paper," Firestone Library, Princeton University (2010-11)

“The Medieval Melting Pot,” A Fine Addition, Firestone Library, Princeton University (2012)

"Capping Liberty: The Invention of a Numismatic Iconography for the New American Republic," Firestone Library, Princeton University (2012)

"From a Thankful Nation: Latin American Medals and Orders from the Robert L. Ross Collection, Princeton University," Firestone Library, Princeton University (2014)

"Ancient and Medieval Coinage," Princeton University Art Museum (2016)