Neolithic manufacture of antler axes at Brzesc Kujawski, Poland

Archaeomaterials 4(1): 67-76 (1990) by Ryszard Grygiel and Peter Bogucki

ABSTRACT: Antler axes, sometimes referred to as "T-axes", appear on Neolithic sites across north-central Europe. These axes are normally found as finished products in burials or without provenience. Pits excavated in 1982 at Brzesc Kujawski, Poland, yielded manufacturing scrap and semi-finished antler axes that permitted the reconstruction of the manufacturing sequence of these artifacts. The location and context of these finds have also led to reflections about the role of antler axes in Neolithic economy and society in north-central Europe.