April 13: Transitional Justice
Priscila Haynor, Unspeakable Truths: Transitional Justice and the Challenge of Truth Commissions (2010)
Louis Bickford, "Human Rights Archives and Research on Historical Memory: Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay," Latin American Research Review 35.2 (2000): 160-182. (BLACKBOARD)
Greg Grandin, " The Instruction of Great Catastrophe: Truth Commissions, National History, and State Formation in Argentina, Chile, and Guatemala," American Historical Review, Vol. 110, No. 1 (Feb 2005).
Jacqueline Rose, "Apathy and Accountability: South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission," Raritan, Vol. 21, No. 4 (2002), 175-195 (BLACKBOARD)
Joseph Nevins, "The Making of "Ground Zero" in East Timor in 1999: An Analysis of International Complicity in Indonesia's Crimes," Asian Survey, Vol. 42, No. 4, The Legacy of Violence in Indonesia. (Jul. - Aug., 2002), pp. 623-641
FOLKS: for this week I would like you to focus on at least one specific country in your readings so that everyone is coming to class with background on a specific case of transitional justice. So, please read one or two of the more general articles on accountability (Mendez, Osiel, Gibson) and read up on a particular country from the Resources links and/or the Grandin, Rose articles etc.
Among the countries that could be covered: Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, the former Yugoslavia, South Africa, East Timor, Guatemala, Argentina, Chile, El Salvador, Peru, and the US. The International Center for Transitional Justice website has information on most of these cases and think pieces on more general aspects as well. Think about the lessons that the case(s) you choose to look at holds.
Things to think about:
What are the different possible models for securing justice and accountability (Truth Commissions, tribunals, the ICC) ? What are the benefits and drawbacks of different models?
What exactly does justice and accountability mean for perpetrators and victims of human rights abuses, and for the societies in which they take place? What is the short and long term result?
What are the national and international conditions which make possible successful (however we define it) justice and accountability processes?
The International Center for Transitional Justice The International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) assists countries pursuing accountability for past mass atrocity or human rights abuse. An excellent resource whose publications page has analyses of most transitional justice initiatives and truth commissions over the last twenty years.
International Criminal Court and Justice Links from Human Rights Watch
Report Documents 18 Years of "Dirty War" in Mexico Special Prosecutor: State Responsible for Hundreds of Killings, Disappearances
The Search for Truth
The declassified record on human rights abuses in Peru
East Timor truth commission finds U.S. "political and military support were fundamental to the Indonesian invasion and occupation"
"Responsibility" chapter published on Web by National Security Archive
The Trials of Chile's General Augusto Pinochet Human Rights Watch reports
The end of impunity in Argentina - Human Rights Watch reports on the trials of Argentina's former military junta
Genocide Studies Program at Yale University is the world's leading research institute for the study of mass violence. Has research and documentation on many cases of twentieth century mass violence
International Commission of Jurists, Assessing Damage, Urging Action: Report of the Eminent Jurists Panel on Terrorism, Counter-terrorism and Human Rights (2009)
Human Rights First Assessing the Obama Administration’s Record of Compliance with the Rule of Law and Human Rights in National Security Policy (2011)
Journal of Transitional Justice