Sections from German Literature to Illustrated Books


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PRINCETON UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

Guide to Selected Special Collections

Sections from German Literature to Illustrated Books


GERMAN LITERATURE


Goethe by J. L. Sebbers,
1826. Gift of
G. A. Armour, Class of 1877.

Listed below are some special collections in this field. See also entries for GOERTZ, GOETHE, and MANN as well as the INDEX to this Guide.

Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Germanic Collection

"Through the generosity of Carl Otto v. Kienbusch '06, the Library has established the Kretzschmar v. Kienbusch Germanic Collection, the nucleus of which was obtained by the purchase of the entire stock of the late Theo Feldman, ...." [Victor Lange, "The Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Germanic Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XIX, 1 (Autumn, 1957) p. 56]. According to the New York Times, for March 5, 1957, Theo Feldman "of 609 West 114th Street [was] a book dealer ... and specialist in rare books and autographs in the field of foreign literature. [He] died ... at his home after a brief illness .., [at] 66 years old."

There are many volumes in this collection, alone, which supplements the Germanic collection in the general collections at Princeton. A rewarding collection in the fields of cultural history, political science, music, and fine arts and, of course, literature. Numerous first editions of the 1920's and 1930's, especially the major figures of expressionist poetry and drama, of the George group, of the Viennese and Prague writers, and of the theater from Brahm and Reinhardt to Piscator.

Naturalism: represented by a great number of plays, fiction from the turn of the century and dramaturgy and stagecraft of the 1890s.

Austria: popular Viennese playwrights of the early 19th century (Gewey, A. Von Schaden, V. Puchler, C.C. Martin.) Also literature dealing with the chief actors and producers in Vienna and Berlin between 1850 and 1900.

Important first editions for almost all writers of the romantic period. Also a considerable group of almanacs, anthologies, and journals of the Goethe period.

The collection includes an unusually extensive body of 17th-century poets: Moscherosch, Fleming, Gryphius, Hoffmannswaldau, Picander, and Christian Gunther in notable editions.

For particulars refer to: Victor Lange, "The Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Germanic Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XIX, 1 (Autumn, 1957) pp. 56-58 [full text] .

Luther Collection

In 1970, 300 volumes, including first and other early editions by Luther, Erasmus, Melancthon and other leading figures of the period of the Reformation, were presented to the Library by Bernhard K. Schaefer '20. See details under LUTHER in this Guide.

Blau Memorial Collection

"The most notable addition to the Library during the year resulted from the purchase of the collection of Dr. Alfred Weiske [of Leipzig], a German bibliophile. For many years he collected first editions and editions deluxe of all the important literary figures of the last half-century, as well as of many of those of secondary rank. He subscribed for a large number of literary periodicals, including many ephemeral in character issued by the expressionists and dadaists. He was a member of all the important printing clubs and he purchased all of the books printed by many of the private presses. He was an extensive buyer of books on modern German art. I very much doubt if in any public institution in the world, possibly excepting the Deutsche Bücherei, there is so rich a collection in this particular field.
     When the opportunity to purchase the library came to us, it seemed so important to the Germanic section that they agreed to devote the entire income from the Class of 1891 fund during ten years to a partial amortization of the special appropriation very generously made by the Board for this purpose.
     On the recommendation of the Germanic section, this collection is to be called the Blau Memorial Collection, in honor of the late Professor Max Blau. " -- James Thayer Gerould in his annual report as librarian for 1923-24, page 3-4

"The results of [Weiske's collecting] appear in a catalogue of 621 closely typewritten leaves representing over 20,000 volumes, and as many as two or three thousand authors. The extraordinary value of the collection lies in its comprehensiveness and comparative completeness. It contains, for example, poems and dramas and novels and essays by all the well known contemporary German authors: Gerhart Hauptmann (46 titles), Sudermann (25), Schnitzler (30), Hermann Bahr (66), Bierbaum (32), Schlaf (50), Wasserman (19), Wedekind (43), Ricarda Huch (26), Thomas Mann (22), Hesse (30), Georg Hirschfeld (39), Handel-Mazzetti (23), Walter Hasenclever (12). Among these are first editions which have already become rare: Hauptmann's Und Pippa Tanzt, and Der Apostel and Bahnwärter Thiel, Sudermann's Geschwister, and Das Glück im Winkel, and Schnitzler's Die Hirtenflöte" -- Prof. George M. Priest, Princeton Class of 1894. "A Valuable Collection of German Books" Princeton Alumni Weekly, February 20, 1924, p. 401.

The Weiske collection was purchased in 1924 for about $13,000 by a special appropriation of the Board of Trustees to be a memorial to Dr. Max Blau, Professor of German, who died on November 23, 1923. The purchase was announced in the New York Times on April 20, 1924.

In the University Archives at Mudd Library, there is a separate accession book for this collection. It covers accession numbers 540,000 to 555,549 and greatly details the particular contents of the collection. Full citation for the volume is AC123, Princeton University Library Records, Series 5: Catalogues and Technical Records, Subseries 5B, Early Catalogues, Shelflists, and Accession Books, Accession Books, Volume Accession Book 96, Weike Collection. Also available is a listing titled The Blau Memorial Collection: originally collected by Dr. Alfred Weiske. This is a typewritten listing of 621 leaves evidently compiled by Alfred Weiske himself. A PDF of this catalouge is availalble at this link.

For bindings in the Blau Collection, see Binders File under the individual names of various German binders. Virtually all books specially bound have imprint dates from 1890-1920.

Priebsch-Closs Collection

Purchased in May, 1969 from Traugott, the collection consists of 273 titles published in German or in Germany during the 16th century. All have been catalogued. See the Collections File for a checklist of the collection; list is also available as a color, 145 MB PDF file. The collection is named after Robert Priebsch (1866-1935), Professor of German in the University of London, and his son-in-law August Closs (1898-1990), Professor of German at the University of Bristol, England. Evidently 'Traugott' refers to Elizabeth Closs Traugott, August Closs's daughter, however this fact needs to be confirmed by further searching in Library records.

Tarnschriften

Princeton has 45 political Tarnschriften in a scrapbook inscribed: "To Professor H. [i.e. Hyman?] Levy with sincere thanks for much help. The German Freedom Station [Deutscher Freiheitssender] and the Committee of Action [Aktionsausschuss Deutscher Oppositioneller] (Heinrich Mann) November 7, 1939." It is unknown if it was Professor Levy who gave Mann's scrapbook to Princeton, but apparently the scrapbook entered the collections within the last forty years. The scrapbook was catalogued in 2005. [Call number (Ex) Oversize 2005-0251Q]. All 45 pieces are anti-Nazi propaganda disguised as ordinary ephemeral publications. The dated ones are all from 1938 or 1939. They include a promotional brochure for a health resort, a copy of Hitler's most recent birthday speech, an envelope of canceled postage stamps for beginning collectors, an instructional leaflet from the Reichsluftschutzbund on the correct use of a gas mask, an envelope of Agfa photographic paper, and a package of 10 or 20 grams of Lyons' Tea containing, besides the loose tea, a 10-cm. high, 31-page anthology of anti-Nazi articles by Heinrich Mann, Thomas Mann, and seven other members of the resistance. One interesting piece, which masquerades as a brochure on German Olympic gymnasts, is boldly signed on p. 18: "Sozialistische Arbeiterjugend, Erwin Sander; Kommunistischer Jugendverband, Kurt Kunert; Sozialistischer Jugendverband, Willi Brandt."

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GOERTZ COLLECTION


Bookplate of the Goertz family,
17th-18th cent.

Bibliographical citations for book in hand.
Virtually all titles have such ms. notes.


Location designator: Goertz

The collection consists of part of the library of Goertz, an old German noble family. About 3800 volumes, half of which has been separately classed and arranged, while the other half has been distributed in various other classifications throughout the Library. All are catalogued in the public catalogue. As well, all are listed on pp. 3461-3512 of the Princeton University Library Classed List Vol. 6 (Special Collections) of 1920. [(ExB) 0639.7373.5 vol. 6]. [full text] Warning: The 1920 list does not always give current call numbers for the Goertz books, because sometime between 1920 and 1970 the collection was reclassified and recatalogued. At that time many Goertz books were given Richardson call numbers and moved to the open stacks.

Purchased 1907-08 by the Librarian, Ernest Cushing Richardson, for $1000. Original collection consisted of about 12,000 volumes, the rest of which are now mostly in the Royal Library of Berlin. Nearly all Princeton copies are bound in vellum labeled or stamped uniformly, with armorial book plates on the front pastedown. Bindings seem to be 18th century. The books were published in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. They divide into the following categories: 10% - 16th century; 70% - 17th century; 20% - 18th century. Only 15 titles of the 3,800 are published later than 1750.

Best represented categories are biography, history, geography, bibliography, and humanistic rhetoric. Mostly Latin, German, Italian, and French. Few in English.

Richardson says in his 1908 Annual Report: "The [Goertz] collection consists of about 3800 or (if separate works bound in the same volume are counted) 4,000 volumes printed in the 16, 17, 18th centuries, in admirable condition. They represent that part of an excellent library, collected in the 18th century, which was not wanted by the Berlin Royal Library simply because it already had the books. They represent, therefore, books which had already been deemed worth adquiring (sic) for the Berlin Library and presumably thus form on the whole the more immediately useful, if less rare portion of the library. We paid less that $750 from them on the spot or perhaps .18 a volume. The bulk was so disproportionate to price however that they had cost over $1,000 when laid down here, although the expenses of packing and transportation were reduced to the lowest terms."

For particulars refer to: James H. Hanford, "The Goertz Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XVII, 1 (Autumn, 1955) pp. 40-45 [full text] . Also see special file of Goertz correspondence in Collections File.

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GOETHE, JOHANN WOLFGANG VON (1749-1832)

For particulars refer to: Walter Silz, "The Library's Goethe Exhibition" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle X, 4 (June, 1949) pp. 193-196 [full text] , as well as his "A Recent Gift of Goetheana" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XIII, 3 (Spring, 1952) pp. 165-167 [full text] .

This outstanding collection includes all early editions of Goethe's collected works which were issued during his lifetime. Besides these authentic editions, several pirated editions are in the collection.

Of special interest are the various editions of Die Leiden des jungen Werthers, along with editions of many Werther imitations, parodies, and counterfeits.

There are over 200 volumes of Faust, including many translations of that work. Two early, fragmentary editions of Faust (Leipzig, 1787 and 1790) are included. All has been catalogued and most has been classed under the number (Ex) 3445.357 and following.

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GOSSE, SIR EDMUND (1849-1928)

More than 80 books and pamphlets by or about Edmund Gosse, poet and literary critic in England. Knighted in 1925. Material is catalogued and classed so as to form part of the General Rare Books Collection (Ex).

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GRABHORN PRESS

Transfered by Mrs. Isabel Shaw Slocum to the Library in 1980, as a bequest from her husband, Miles Standish Slocum, Class of 1909. Collection includes a virtually complete set of the books issued by the Press. The imprints are divided between the Western Americana and Graphic Arts Collections, according to subject matter. See: Alfred Bush, "Recent Acquisitions--Western Americana" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XLV, 1 (Autumn, 1983) pp. 97-99 [full text] .

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GRAHAM, SHEILAH

   See: COLLEGE OF ONE
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GRAPHIC ARTS COLLECTION


Thomas Rowlandson. Caricature Shop.
[Above the door: P. Roberts. Publisher]
Etching. GC112.
Gift of Dickson Q. Brown, class of 1895.


Location designator: GA, GARF and GAX
For access, see the Special Collections office in Firestone Library.

Established in 1940, the Graphic Arts Collection is founded on the collection of Elmer Adler. Included are about 20,000 books about paper making, printing, binding, and other aspects of the book arts. As well, there are over 10,000 prints and drawings (European and American); 4,000 photographs; 300 books illustrated with photographs. Special areas: artists' books; private press book; (Kelmscott, Baskerville, Grabhorn, et al); children's books.

Also includes the Sinclair Hamilton Collection of American Illustrated Books. (See entry for ILLUSTRATED BOOKS)

For particulars refer to: American Graphic Arts special issue of the Princeton University Library Chronicle (Winter, 1981) [full text] . For details about how the Collection started and came to Princeton see: Lawrance Thompson. Elmer Adler at Princeton. (Princeton, 1952) [(GA) LD4606.A3 E453 1952]. For details about Gillett Griffin, successor to Elmer Adler, see the illustrated article "Thereby Hangs A Mouse's Tale: Gillett Griffin and the Graphic Arts" by Rebecca Warren Davidson in the Princeton University Art Museum Record, volume 64, 2005, pp. 21-25.

Some particulars about 13 gatherings of book and non-book materials held in the Graphic Arts Collection:

1) Prints and drawings. The Graphic Arts Dept. indexes its holdings in the Visuals Database. It is searchable by artist, printmaker, publisher, subject, medium, size, reference to printed source, subject, dates, and other selections. Exhibition catalogs are a good source of additional information about GA holdings in prints and drawings--two in particular: American Graphic Arts (1981 exhibition; revised and enlarged in 1990) and European Graphic Arts (1986 exhibition) The Marquand Library of Art and Architecture also holds an extensive print collection.

2) Iconographic materials in B-floor vault. Topics include: Aeronautical prints & drawings (McCormick Coll.); Alpine views (Thorington Coll.); Angling (Kienbusch Coll.); Artist's portraits; Author's portraits in original paintings, drawings & prints; City views (Milberg Gift); College views, including much on Princeton; Costume prints (Theatre Collection also); Historical prints including the John Douglas Gordon Collection of 17th Cent. portraits; Natural history; Trades (E. Adler); Women (Holden Collection)

3) Printed catalogs and examples of fine printing. Approx. 1000 items in vertical files, manuscript boxes, and mats.

4) Ephemera in vertical file and boxes. Arranged in categories.

5) Bookplate collections. Arranged in categories.

6) Caricatures in prints and drawings. Approx. 5000 items in print boxes, vertical files, map case drawers. Arranged by country and artist.

7) Poster collection. Arranged in map case drawers. Mainly World War I (in 1920 nearly 2000 posters; much reduced because of deaccessioning; currently about 50+ items) but also art and topography. See printed catalogue of the posters prepared by the Library ca. 1920: War Posters in the Princeton University Library. [(GA)NC1830.xP7]. [full text] "In the 1960s it [the Smithsonian Institution] acquired some ten thousand World War I and II posters from Princeton University Library." (S. Lubar and K. Kendrick, Legacies: Collecting America's History at the Smithsonian [Washington, D.C., 2001] p. 166). (Further details are here.) A remnant remain in GA's plan cases, flat storage, marked GC156.

8) "Artists'" books. Approx. 300, arranged alphabetically by artist in Hollinger boxes, some of which are in C Mss ca. Range 40.

9) Iconography--Topography. Arranged in framed prints, vertical file, map drawers. Pride of Place: early American views from the collection of Leonard L. Milberg '53; by Dale Roylance and Nancy Finlay. the catalogue of a 1983 Graphic Arts exhibition, serves as a good information source for these holdings [(GA) NE505 .R67 and (GARF) NE505 .R67].

10) Iconography--Portraits. Arranged in print boxes, map case drawers, vertical file.

11) Paper collection. Antique papers, decorative papers, watermarks, Dard Hunter archive.

12) Printing artifacts. A miscellaneous object collection ranging from engraved copper plates and wood blocks to an entire press room.

13) Women printers, binders, and book designers. See the online exhibition "Unseen Hands."

See also: Dale Roylance, "The Graphic Arts Collection and Gallery at Princeton University Library" in Edward Ripley-Duggan (ed.), Book Arts Collections: A Representative Selection (New York: Haworth Press, 1988).

There are many early 20th century American prints in the collection, resulting from Elmer Adler's personal collecting in this field.

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GREEK LITERATURE AND HISTORY


Panorama of Athens by Félix Bonfils, made by digitally combining three separate photographs

At the urging of the University's Program in Hellenic Studies, the Department is stepping up efforts to acquire research materials in the field of modern Greek literature and history. Recently acquired printed materials include the poetry library of the translator Kimon Friar, and several runs of newspapers from the 1940's (purchased from a different source.) These items supplement the regular buying of modern Greek books being done for the open stacks as well as manuscript material being purchased, such as the papers of Kimon Friar, the papers of Margarita Papandreou, the records of the Constantinople Metochi of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem for the 1820's, or the Bunbury letters relating to Greece, Malta, and elsewhere in the Mediterranean.

In recent years, several collections of pamphlets, flyers, and similar materials have been added. Most of these concern 20th century Greek politics, such as the collections formed by Nancy Crawshaw [(MSS) C0881 and (at ReCAP for use in RBSC) JQ1811.A58 C72q], Antonio Solaro [(Ex) DF853 .C65q], Kostas Semites (Constantine Simitis) [(Ex) DF853 .C64q] and Adamantia Pollis [(at ReCAP for use in RBSC) C0797 and (at ReCAP for use in RBSC) DF853 .C63q]. Another series consists of Greek playbills dating from 1940's to 1970's [(at ReCAP for use in RBSC) PN2664 .M62]. During October 1996, the Library acquired books from the library of George Seferis, consisting of ca. 270 books: 55+ editions of his works in Greek, 80 titles about Seferis, 95 books which are translations into many languages of works by Seferis, and 17 books by Odysseus Elytes inscribed to Seferis.

In 2001, Van Coufoudakis donated his papers, which includes periodicals, newsletters, and government pamphlets relating to the political situation in Cyprus, Turkish Cypriot issues, and Greek junta and anti-junta concerns. The materials have been organized and cataloged as a collection [(at ReCAP for use in RBSC) DS54.9 C68 1964q].

In 2002, Professor Edmund Keeley donated a group of 61 titles, into which he had written their publishing and editorial history, providing a window into the complicated world of translation and publication. Keeley collaborated with many others on his projects, and the manuscript notes are included in the Library online catalogue records.

The Diamantides Collection on Aristides Phoutrides consists of materials by and about Phoutrides, including correspondence, published papers and newspaper clippings, and research materials gathered by Diamantides on Aristides Phoutrides.

In the area of periodicals, (MSS) C0907 consists of business records of Atlantis, a Greek language American newspaper published in New York City. Included are minutes of annual meetings of the Board of Directors (1920-1948); correspondence, particularly of Helene and Marie Vlasto; some photographs of its founder, Solon J. Vlasto; some issues of the newspaper; stock ledgers; and several issues of its offshoot magazine, the Monthly Illustrated Atlantis.

The most recent, comprehensive survey is that published by Rebeka Lindau, "The Modern Greek Collections at Princeton University," in Journal of Modern Greek Studies (May 2008), 1-17. (Requires access to Project Muse to view on-line)

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GRYPHIUS, SEBASTIAN (1493-1556)

Sebastian Gryphius Imprints Collection. (About 200 volumes, separately classed and arranged).
Location designator: GRY

Sebastian Gryphius was an early printer in Lyons, France who lived from 1493-1556. He seems to have begun printing in 1524. Upon his death, the press was continued by Françoise Miraillet and Antoine Gryphius until 1564. The 200 Princeton volumes are all printed in Latin. The books were evidently purchased from Libreria Cecchi in Florence and catalogued by the Library in April, 1912. The majority of the books come from the collection of Petrus Franciscus Manetti, Canonica Poenitentialis of Ravenna (cf. GRY 529. 01)

There is a printed list of the books in the collection on pp. 3403 to 3406 of Princeton University Library Classed List vol. 6 (Special Collections) (Princeton, 1920) [(ExB) 0639.7373.5 vol. 6]. [full text] The books are listed chronologically by date of imprint.

See also: Henri Louis & Jules Baudrier. Bibliographie Lyonnaise. (Lyon: Librairie ancienne d'Auguste Brun, 1895-1921) [(F) Z145.L9 B3].

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HAGGARD, H. RIDER (1856-1925)

About 200 volumes by and about Haggard, including first editions and presentation copies. Material has been catalogued and forms part of the General Rare Books Collection (Ex). For particulars refer to: Carlos Baker, "A Great Rider Haggard Accession" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XVII, 4 (Summer, 1956) pp. 272-273 [full text] .

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HANDEL, GEORG FRIEDRICH (1685-1759)

Location designator: (Ex) XB83.0001 to 0500 (approximately).


George Frederick Handel 1749.
Mezzotint mounted on endpaper at
front of Alexander Balus:
an oratorio
[manuscript,ca. 1748]

In London, during the 1850s, Richard Wagner noted British esteem for Handel: "...the feeling among the audience that an evening spent in listening to an oratorio may be regarded as a sort of service, and is almost as good as going to chuch. Every one in the audience holds a Handel piano score in the same way as one holds a prayer book in church."

In 1974 Princeton was able to purchase the James S. Hall Handel collection, which consists of 325 contemporary music scores as well as 43 librettos and related material, about half of which are contemporary with Handel himself. Various books, prints, and music are also included. It was one of the finest private collections of Handel, and one of the last of its kind available for sale. Dr. Frederick James Simkin Hall, OBE,(1899-1975) was a surgeon, founder of the Deal and Walmer Handelian Society, scholar and collector. For an obituary see The Times (London), February 18, 1975 (Issue 59323), page 16.

The great value of the Hall Collection resides primarily in its large number of 18th-century printed editions of Handel's music. Practically everything of Handel that was ever printed at that time is included. Only the British Library, the Gerald Coke Collection in England, and the Schoelcher Collection in the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris rival the collection.

The catalogue records for the printed materials do give citations to the Handel bibliography by W.C. Smith listed below, thus referring the reader to further particulars about the item described. See: Smith, William C. assisted by Charles Humphries. Handel: A Descriptive Catalogue of The Early Editions. London, Cassell & Co., 1960 [(ExB) ML410.H2 S6]. A note by Hall on half-title: "A first proof, corrected by the author and very kindly presented a long time in advance of publication. ... July 1960." Several pages of corrections are laid-in, and this copy was marked by Hall for his holdings.

The Manuscripts Division holds a portion of the collection, the James S. Hall Collection of George Frideric Handel [(MSS) C0640], which includes eighteen volumes of musical manuscripts of Handel by various 18th-century copyists, mainly anonymous but some identified. Other manuscripts include a volume of operatic arias (ca. 1738-1743) containing music of Handel and other composers; and a folio manuscript book including two Handel pieces. In addition, the papers of James S. Hall are comprised of correspondence, including letters by Benjamin Britten, counter-tenor Alfred Deller, harpsichordist Thurston Dart, Handel collectors Sir Newman Flower and William Charles Smith, and various other composers, performers, scholars and collectors, as well as subject files, including articles by Hall and material relating to Handel festivals and societies, especially the Deal and Walmer Handelian Society which he founded in 1946.

For particulars refer to: J. Merrill Knapp, "The Hall Handel Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXXVI, 1 (Autumn, 1974) pp. 3-18 [full text] . This article gives a fair amount of detail concerning some high points in the collection. These volumes enhance Princeton's ability to be a center for early English 18th century musical study.

Also see J. Merrill Knapp, "The Hall Collection" in the Handel Collections and their History edited by Terence Best (Oxford; Clarendon Press, 1993) pp. 171-183. The article has a short-title list of the contents of the collection starting on page 179.

Prior to receipt of the Hall Collection, the Library acquired a first edition of Handel's Messiah, a gift of William H. Scheide '36 in 1955-56.

Notes on Handel's life notated with call numbers for examples at Princeton of major works, see http://libweb5.princeton.edu/visual_materials/Misc/Hall-Handel-notes.pdf

Portions of the collection are available as part of the Library's Digital Collections. See this URL: http://pudl.princeton.edu/collections/pudl0021

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HEARN, LAFCADIO (1850-1904)


Chin Chin Kobakama
rendered into English by Lafcadio Hearn
(Ex)3777.5.325

A collection of more than 70 books by and about Hearn was given by Clifton Waller Barrett in 1958-59. For holdings of Hearn see pp. 229-234 (section on Hearn) in Merle Johnson's American First Editions (4th ed.) New York, 1942 [(ExB) 04703.501.22]

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HEMINGWAY, ERNEST (1899-1961)

Princeton received a gift of a virtually complete set of Hemingway first editions in 1974, from Archibald S. Alexander '28.

There is a total of some 150 volumes by and about Hemingway in the General Rare Books Collection (Ex) as well as in the Gallery. Besides monographs the Library has periodicals, magazines, and journals to which Hemingway contributed.

The Alexander collection is catalogued and shelved in the Gallery; records for them are in the Library's online catalogue.

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HERO FICTION

The Stanley Lieberman Memorial Collection and the Mary Robinson Memorial Collection of Hero Fiction complement each other in the Princeton Library to form a fine collection of Hero Fiction.

As well, there is also the John Murray Reynolds '22 Collection. It consists of 111 issues of various boys, dime-novel, mystery, and other such pulp magazines published in the United States between 1925 and 1947. Each issue contains a story or contribution by John Murray Reynolds of the Class of 1922. A checklist [full text] of the collection was compiled by Bruce Jay Wasser in 1968 and lists the collection contents by subject and periodical. Both collection and checklist are catalogued and are located at call number [stored at ReCAP as of December 2002] (Ex) PS3535.E957 .xA6 1925.

Mary Robinson Memorial Collection of Hero Fiction : this portion of the Hero Fiction collection is composed exclusively of paperback volumes which appeared in series. Besides various short runs, the collection includes the following:

Horatio Alger series: 84 volumes
Beadle's Frontier series: 80 volumes
Buffalo Bill Border Stories: 130 volumes
Burt L. Standish Library (Frank Merriwell): 18 volumes
Deadwood Dick Library: 63 volumes
Great Western Library: 90 volumes
Liberty Boys of '76: 200 volumes
Merriwell Series: 14 volumes
New Magnet Library (Nick Carter): 35 volumes
Pluck and Luck: 100 volumes
Round the World Library: 20 volumes
Wild West Library: 30 volumes

There are therefore almost 900 paperback hero fiction books. The Mary Robinson volumes are in ReCAP , also shelved together, in boxes. The volumes are arranged according to authors and series. Call number for the entire collection is [ReCAP] (Ex) PS648.D5 M37. Refer to: An Informal Inventory of the Mary Robinson Memorial Collection of Hero Fiction. (Princeton, 1969).

The above inventory lists the contents of the collection according to the boxes in which the collection is housed. The checklist is available in the Munger (Kane) Room, as well as at call number (Ex) PS648.D5 M37. (Box 1 also has checklist.)

The Stanley Lieberman Memorial Collection includes largely, though not exclusively, hardbound volumes. Four authors are especially well represented:

Horatio Alger: 200 volumes
Oliver Optic (pseudonym for William Taylor Adams): 80 volumes
Burt L. Standish (pseudonym for William Gilbert Pattern): 70 volumes
Bracebridge Hemyng: 30 volumes

Other authors are represented in small quantities. The two collections make a total of about 1,300 volumes of hero fiction.

The Lieberman volumes are shelved together in the Rare Books Department, and have the separate location designator of: Lieb. For particulars refer to: Bruce Jay Wasser, compiler. The Stanley Lieberman Memorial Collection of American Juvenile Literature Checklist. (Princeton, 1969) [(Ex) Z1038.P7 .xP7 1969].

Further general discussion of Hero Fiction: Ralph D. Gardner, "Alger Heroes, the Merriwells, et al!" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXX, 2 (Winter, 1969) pp. 103-109 [full text] .

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HISTORY OF EDUCATION

   See: EDUCATION, HISTORY OF
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HOLDEN WOMEN'S COLLECTION

   See: WOMEN, HISTORY OF
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HOLLIS, THOMAS (1720-1774)

   See: COLLEGE OF NEW JERSEY
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HOMER, WINSLOW (1836-1910)

For particulars refer to: Frank Jewett Mather Jr., "Winslow Homer as a Book Illustrator" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle I, 1 (November, 1939) pp. 15-32 [full text] . The article briefly describes the 75 books for which Homer provided illustrations. Most are in the Princeton Library, gifts of Mr. Mather, and when not, a private collection is named in which the volume can be found.

See also: David Tatum, "Winslow Homer and the American Poets" in the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society 89: 2 (October, 1979) pp. 241-260.

See also the entries for Homer in the Sinclair Hamilton catalogue, shelved in the Munger (Kane) Room.

   See also the entry: ILLUSTRATED BOOKS in this Guide.

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HORACE

Robert Patterson '76 Collection of Editions of Horace.
Location designator: PTT.

About 1200 volumes, separately classed, arranged, and shelved. For particulars refer to: A Preliminary Catalogue of the Horace Collection Presented to the Library of Princeton University by Robert Wilson Patterson. Class of 1876. (Princeton, 1917) [(PTT) 0461.476.73 ( 93p.; shelved in the Dulles Reading Room)] [full text]. This catalogue has much valuable information about provenance and other copy-specific particulars.

The collection is noteworthy for its extent and variety no less than for the rarity of individual items, and illustrates the history of bookmaking as well as the scholarly study of Horace. It ranges from 15th-century manuscripts to the most recent editions, imitations and translations.

Robert Wilson Patterson (b. December 28, 1850, d. May 30, 1921) practiced law in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Noteworthy incunabula:

1. Milan edition of 1476 by Lavagnia
2. Milan, 1486. Zarotus
3. Florence, 1482. First edition with Landini's commentary.
4. Venice, 1498. One of the earliest containing the four Horatian commentaries.

Specimens from the Italian presses of Manutius, Giunta, and Sessa. From Paris, Colines, Estienne, and Ascensius. From the Low Countries, Plantin, Blaeu, and Elzevir.

In addition to fundamental works there are numerous volumes remarkable for rarity or beauty. Editions with bindings by Simier, Bozerian, Smeers, Zaehnsdorf, Stikeman and Co., etc. Many volumes have personal associations, interesting bookplates, autographs; others are translations, imitations and travesties.

Further reference: Torsten Peterson, "An Exhibition of Horace" in Biblia VII, 1 (February, 1936) pp. 4-6 [full text] . See also: Howard S. Leach, "Princeton Association Horaces" in The American Library Institute Papers & Proceedings, 1917 (Chicago, 1918), pp. 17-18. [full text]

In the introduction to the 1917 catalogue of the Horace collection, Princeton Dean Andrew Fleming West wrote the following:

The Patterson Horaces

When the emperor Augustus sat with Virgil on one side and Horace on the other, the two poetic glories of his reign, and the two writers who were to commend his name to immortality in literature, he little dreamed of the influence their poems were to have on later ages,- Virgil especially in medieval times and Horace as the favorite Latin poet of the modern world. It is fortunate that Princeton possesses the stately collection of Morgan Virgils and the beautiful collection of Patterson Horaces, the latter the gift of Robert W. Patterson of the class of 1876.

Here the lover of Horace may find many a volume of artistic beauty and historical interest. Here he may pick up Wordsworth's copy and recall him saying: "Horace is my great favorite. I love him dearly", or he may read in the copy of Mrs. Browning, or of the poet Gray, or of Gladstone; and if he wishes royal company, he may read in the volumes which belonged to Louis XIV and Louis XV of France, who perhaps admired their copies more than they read them. There are also five manuscripts in the Patterson collection, not of great authority, and yet samples of the way Horace looked to the eyes of a reader in the Middle Ages. A pleasant hour can be spent in such company, and if the visitor who takes one or another copy to inspect can linger long enough to read a little, he will renew his acquaintance with the most human, most winning, and most modern of all the Latin poets.

Andrew F. West
May 24, 1917

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THE HOURS PRESS

This private press existed for three years (1928-1931) in Normandy and Paris, and was owned and run by Nancy Cunard. It published authors such as Norman Douglas, George Moore, Richard Aldington, Alvaro Guevara, Arthur Symons, Ezra Pound, Laura Riding, Samuel Beckett, etc.

Of the 24 volumes which appeared in the three years of operation, the Princeton University Library has 18.

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HUNTING

Laurence Roberts Carton '07 Hunting Collection.
Location designator: ExCarton

Consists of over 1000 volumes (separately classed, arranged and catalogued). See: William Dix, "The Hunting Library of Laurence Roberts Carton '07" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XV, 1 (Autumn, 1953) pp. 43-45 [full text] .

The books are a discriminating and representative collection of the literature of fox hunting and related subjects, particularly in England and America. Works from the 15th century are represented by facsimiles and other modern printed versions. There are a number of first editions of notable 16th, 17th and 18th-century books, especially in English.

The verse and fiction of sport are extensively represented, and biographies of dozens of notable figures and histories of scores of individual packs and hunting territories can be found.

Incidental to the collection is the fine collection of illustrated hunting books. It is rich in examples of the work of the major illustrators of the period who helped make, and in turn were made by, the popularity of the sporting book. Especially notable are the works of Henry Alken.

Notable books in the collection are: 1. The Master of Game. Edward, 2nd Duke of York, written in 1406 - 1413. So-called oldest English hunting book. (The Carton copy is a facsimile published in London in 1904 [ExCARTON SK25 .E25f]). 2. Peter Beckford. Thoughts on Hunting. Sarum, 1781. 3. Nearly complete sets of Nimrod (Charles J. Apperley). 4. Robert S. Surtees. Jorrocks's Jaunts and Jollities. 2nd edition with Alken illustrations.

An exhibition dealing in part with hunting was held at the Library in Winter 1979. See the exhibition catalogue: The Gentleman's Recreation: Sporting Books in the Princeton University Library. (Princeton, 1969). [(ExB) 0639.Z39.No. 39].

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HUTTON, LAURENCE (1843-1904)


From a painting from life by Dora Wheeler Keith

Laurence Hutton Collection.
Location designator: HTN

"The Hutton Memorial Collection, consisting of 801 books, together with autographed portraits, paintings, etc., from the library of the late Laurence Hutton, A.M. This collection was left by Mr. Hutton to trustees to be put in some safe place for a permanent memorial and was presented by them to the University." - Catalogue of Princeton University (1913), p. 290. This is the earliest mention of the collection in the Catalogue of the University. Evidently it took about nine years for the Hutton trustees to resolve disposition of the collection. According to Hutton's will, the trustees were Junius S. Morgan, George Allison Armour, Stephen Palmer (president of N.J. Zinc), and Moses Taylor Pyne.

There are many autographed and inscribed books from his wide acquaintance in the worlds of literature, art and theatre from about 1863 to 1904. A record of the many inscribed volumes in the collection has been made by the Huttons themselves in the following privately printed volume: M.E. Wood, compiler. Laurence and Eleanor Hutton. Their Books of Association. (New York, 1905) [(HTN) 0513.49.4]. More than 10 volumes have presentation inscriptions from Thomas Bailey Aldrich (q.v.). Many volumes have been extra-illustrated by Hutton.

Though the Hutton collection consists largely of 19th-century literary works, there are also large groups of books concerning theatre, history, printing, and art history.

See also the published thesis by Gail Herndon Lawrence. The literary career of Laurence Hutton (Indiana: Univ. of Notre Dame, 1980).

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IBSEN, HENRIK (1828-1906)

A collection of the first editions of the entire works of Ibsen was purchased for the Library in 1967-68. For particulars see the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXX, 2 (Winter, 1968) p. 158 [full text] .

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ILLUSTRATED BOOKS


Schön newes Modelbuch Von 600 ausserwehlten
Kunstlichen, so wol Italianisch en Franzosischen, Niderlandischen,
Engelländischen als Teutchen Mödeln, Allen Näherin Seyden-
strickern, etc., zu nutz.
Getruckt zu Franckfurt am Meyn durch
Sigismundum Latomum, Im Jahr 1606. [(GAX) 2005-0157q ]

After a discussion of general references on the subject, several groupings are then discussed below:
     I. Hamilton II. English III. European IV. Livres d'artistes. V. Pochoir (Stencil art)

General references.
For a list of articles and notes on book illustration in the first 19 volumes of the Chronicle, see the following article: "Articles and Notes in the Princeton University Library Chronicle on Book Illustration" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XX, 1 (Autumn, 1958) pp. 41-44 [full text] .

A good general introduction to the Library's major holdings of illustrated books of European origin is Dale Roylance's European Graphic Arts: The Art of the Book Gutenberg to Picasso. (Princeton, 1986) [(ExB) NE53.P7 .P74 and (F) NE53.P7 .P74] with 17 color plates and 136 black and white illustrations. The text and captions are a virtual "Baedeker" to the major monuments in the field which are held by in the Library. Recommended as the point of departure for beginning any examination of such materials at Princeton. Also to be considered is the exhibition catalogue issued in 1954 which lists and describes some 75 illustrated books. Refer to: The Illustrated Book from the 15th century to the 20th. (Princeton, 1954). [(ExB) 0639.739 no. 13] [full text]..

Also refer to: < href="http://libweb2.princeton.edu/rbsc2/misc/KnowingSeeing.pdf" target="blank"> Knowing through Seeing: Diagrams, Schemata and Tableaux in Early Printed Books, Medieval Manuscripts, and Prints (Princeton, 1987). [(ExB) 0639.739 no. 51]. [full text] .

Records of purchases and gifts of important illustrated books can be found in various issues of the Chronicle. As a point of departure, refer to Princeton University Library Chronicle XXVII, 3 (Spring, 1966) p. 193 [full text]; XXXIV, 3 (Spring, 1973) p. 194-6 [full text], and XXXVI, 1 (Autumn, 1974) p. 78-80 [full text].

Not to be overlooked for general access to American graphic materials is the illustrated catalogue by Dale Roylance: American Graphic Arts: A Chronology to 1900 (Princeton: Princeton University Library, 1990) [(ExB) 0639.739 no.61 and (GARF) NE505 .P54].

I. Sinclair Hamilton Collection of American Illustrated Books 1670-1870

Located in the Graphic Arts Collection.
Location designator: Hamilton

The collection was assembled by Hamilton with the intention of showing the development of early book illustration in the United States. Its main subdivisions are: 17th and 18th century: relief cuts on wood, and engravings on metal; 19th century: main emphasis on wood engraving.

Work of more than 700 illustrators, engravers, and firms are present in the collection, and more than 200 18th-century publications. Hammatt Billings, F.O.C. Darley, Winslow Homer, Augustus Hoppin, John McLelan, Thomas Nast, and David Hunter Strother. Special importance lies in the fact that many forgotten 19th century illustrators are represented. More than 3000 books, broadsides, and other materials.

Published catalogue of the collection: Sinclair Hamilton. Early American Book Illustrators and Wood Engravers 1670-1870. (Princeton, 1958 and 1968). Two volumes. Volume II (1968) indicates that since Volume I (1958) appeared over 700 items, including the work of more than 80 additional illustrators, have been added. Volume III available in typescript.

See also: Howard C. Rice Jr., "Soundings in the Sinclair Hamilton Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XX, 1 (Autumn, 1958) pp. 29-38 [full text] . and Frank Jewett Mather Jr., "A Collection of Early American Illustrated Books" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle VI, 3 (April, 1945) pp. 99-100 [full text] , and Sinclair Hamilton, "Early American Book Illustration " in the Princeton University Library Chronicle VI, 3 (April, 1945) pp. 101-126 [full text] .

Alexander Anderson (1775-1870)

Included in the Hamilton collection of illustrated books are books containing engravings by America's father of wood engraving. Anderson began using wood in about 1793, and until about 1850 he was the country's leading wood engraver.

II. English

The Blake collection, the Beardsley collections and the Metzdorf collection of Victorian Binding (the books of which have interesting decoration within as well) all add to the illustrated book collection.

Of the "100 Outstanding Illustrated Books Published in English between 1790 and 1914" listed in the Appendix to Gordon Ray's Illustrator and the Book in England 1790-1914. (New York, 1976). Princeton Library has almost 80%. A copy of the checklist is kept in the Collections Files.

William E. Fiske Collection (dispersed throughout the General Rare Books Collection).

The collection includes 60 volumes exemplifying English books with colored aquatints from the 19th century. Artists whose works are found in these volumes include Isaac, Robert and George Cruikshank, Henry Alken, J. Clark, and Thomas Rowlandson. The volumes' contents include: books on London, Oxford, Cambridge, the English social scene, English scenery, architecture, and landscaping, travel and foreign scenery, telescopic views and a panorama.

See also entries for CRUIKSHANK and ROWLANDSON.

III. European Illustrated Books

See note above about the exhibition catalogue by Dale Roylance. European Graphic Arts: The Art of the Book Gutenberg to Picasso. (Princeton, 1986) [(ExB) NE53.P7 .P74 and (F) NE53.P7 .P74]

Hamilton Gifts.

Besides the American illustrated books donated by Sinclair Hamilton, the Library has received significant examples of European book illustration from him as well. Sixty-six volumes were given by Mr. Hamilton in 1953 for the general collections. For particulars refer to: "Illustrated Books" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XIV, 2 (Winter, 1953) pp. 102-103 [full text] .

"In addition to the volumes Mr. Hamilton [had] added to his collection of American Illustrated Books, he [had], since 1953, been presenting European illustrated books of the 15th and 16th centuries. Often donations and purchases have added in a variety of ways to the Library's holdings of illustrated books and materials relating to the art of the book." [Earle E. Coleman in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXXII, 1 (Autumn, 1970) pp. 49-50 (full text) ]. Earliest volume in his European illustrated book collection is Boethius' De Consolatione Philosophiae with 70 woodcut illustrations (Strasbourg, 1501)."

Hamilton continued to add to the collection of the 15th and 16th century European illustrated books until his death in 1978.

Chiaroscuro

Acquired in 1984 by the Graphic Arts Collection was a copy of John Baptist Jackson's Opera selectoria...ligno coelata et coloribus adumbrata. Published in Venice in 1745 [(GA) GC171, disbound and matted] Another treasure acquired in 1986 was a partial set of the chiaroscuro woodcuts for Mantegna's Triumph of Julius Caesar issued by the Mantuan publisher Andrea Andreani in 1599.

Kane Collection.

The Kane incunabula are illustrated in many instances and thus represent examples of very early book illustration.

Baroque illustrated books.

Sixty illustrated volumes from the 17th century are described in detail in a catalogue to an exhibition held at Princeton in 1963-1964: John R. Martin. Baroque Art. Illustrated Books of the 17th Century. (Princeton, 1964) [(ExB) 0639.739 no. 33] [full text]..

IV. Livres d'artistes or, Livres des peintres

See in the Graphic Arts Collection the Library's checked copy of: Museum of Fine Arts. The Artist and the Book, 1860-1960, in western Europe and the United States. (Boston, 1961). Also see: "A Year of Contemporary Collecting in Graphic Arts" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXXVIII, 1 (Autumn, 1976) p. 60-64 [full text] .

V. Pochoir (Stencil art)

The Graphic Arts Collection acquired in September 1996, the Charles Rahn Fry '65 Collection of Pochoir. The collection has been catalogued. For particulars about some of the items in the collection see the 1982 exhibition catalogue The Stencil Art of Pochoir: An Exhibition of French Color Prints, 1920-1930 from the Collection of Charles Rahn Fry '65. (Princeton, 1982) [(GA) NK1449.S84] See also Art deco Paris 1900-1925 : pochoir color prints from the Graphic Arts Collection, Leonard L. Milberg Gallery for the Graphic Arts, Princeton University Library, October 15, 2000-April 1, 2001 curated by Dale Roylance. (Princeton, 2000) [(GARF) NK8665.F8 P746 2000].

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Revised May 2007