Sections from Incunabula to John Milton

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Guide to Selected Special Collections

Sections from Incunabula to John Milton


William H. Scheide examines
the Gutenberg Bible.

Location designators: ExI, Kane, GA, WHS, and RHT.

There are three major groupings of incunabula in the Library: I. The General Collection (ExI) II. Kane Collection and III. The Scheide Library. For details about holdings of of incunabula in the Princeton University Library, see the checked copy of Goff's incunabula bibliography. It can be consulted in the Munger (Kane) room of the Library. See: Frederick R. Goff. Incunabula in American Libraries. Third Census. (New York, 1964) [(ExB) 0225.398].

The earliest recorded gift of an incunable to Princeton is inscribed "Presented to the Library of the College of New Jersey. O. Rich. London, Dec 15, 1840." Obadiah Rich (1783-1850), bookseller in London and former U. S. consul in Spain, gave a copy of the Sermones of Petrus de Palude, printed in Basel in 1485 (Goff P-511). The earliest recorded count of incunables at Princeton was reported in 1902. The number given was 88, as compared to 132 at Cornell, 136 at Columbia, and 257 at Harvard. The 1902 report also noted that incunable collections larger than any university collection were found at New York Public, Union Theological Seminary, and the Free Library of Philadelphia. (See: [John Thomson], "Report on Incunabula List," in Papers and Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth General Meeting of the American Library Assocation held at Boston and Magnolia, Mass., June 14-20, 1902, page 153).

The University owns about 500 incunabula (books printed 1450-1500); in addition, there are about 250 in the Scheide Library (privately held but accessible to University and other scholars.) According to Goff, Princeton ranks twenty-fifth among the twenty-five largest collections of incunabula in American libraries. Moreover, "these twenty-five libraries account for almost seventy per cent of the total number recorded in American ownership."

I. General collection of incunabula:

The general collection includes all Vergil and Horace incunables held by the Library, 51 and 11 respectively. The general collection consists mainly of literary, philosophical and religious works; there are five copies of the Nuremberg Chronicle.

Together with the Kane Collection, the general collection has nearly 500 books printed in 36 separate locations. The localities are: Belgium (Antwerp, Brussels); England (London, including Westminster); France (Lyons, Paris, Strasbourg); Germany (Augsburg, Cologne, Freiburg, Hagenau, Heidelberg, Leipzig, Mainz, Memmingen, Nuremberg, Speier, Ulm); Italy (Bologna, Brescia, Ferrara, Florence, Foligno, Messina, Milan, Padua, Parma, Reggio nell' Emilia, Rome, Treviso, Venice, Verona, Vicenza); Netherlands (Deventer); Spain (Salamanca, Seville); Switzerland (Basel).

By far the greatest number of incunabula in the general collection are those printed in Italy. For particulars refer to: Princeton University Library. Early Printing in Italy. . .1469-1517 [with an essay by John F. Peckham]. (Princeton, 1940) [(Ex) P51.74.72 and (F) 0246.737].

Also to be noted: Robert A. Koch, "Florentine Incunabula" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XIV, 3 (Spring, 1953) pp. 157-160 [full text] . Koch describes five Florentine woodcut books printed during the 1490's. The books were presented by a group of 21 Friends of the Library during the academic year 1952-53. Also see study covering provenance and annotations in the Library's incunabula prepared by Sarah Reichart in 1987-88. Copy in Collections File under Incunabula.


II. Kane Collection:

Through the acquisition of the Grenville Kane collection, Princeton University Library has notably strengthened its holdings in printed works of the 15th century. (Princeton was already noted for its rich resources amongst the earliest editions of Vergil and Horace.)

Some of the first illustrated books of the 15th century are included in this collection. The Kane illustrated incunabula are some of the finest of the 15th-century examples of Italian, French, German, and Swiss work. It also includes four tracts printed between 1495 and 1497 in Florence having to do with Savonarola's activities.

Refer to: Curt F. Buhler, "The Incunabula of the Grenville Kane Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XI, 1 (Autumn, 1949) pp. 26-36 [full text] . This article describes in some detail the more significant of the 105 incunabula from Kane's collection, including provenance, dates, and particular titles.

— Note about bindings in the Kane and General collections.
Scott Husby is conducting a census of bindings on incunables held by major libraries in the United States. Mr. Husby reports the following about the bindings on Princeton's incunables in the Kane and General Collections:

        Contemporary    102
        Contemporary interim    4
        Later Significant       71
        Modern Significant      23

Of the contemporary bindings, initial regional identifications are:
        German 74
        Italian 15
        French  3
        English 5
        Spanish 0
        Low Countries 0
        Other 0
        Undetermined 5

III. The Scheide Library:

The Scheide Library has a large (about 150 volumes) collection of 15th century books. These are on deposit in the Princeton University Library and include an important collection of books printed by Johann Gutenberg and his partners. Primary is a copy of the famous Gutenberg Bible. Many voyages and travels were collected, including a facsimile copy of the Columbus letter, one of the first printed accounts of the discovery of America (1493) [(Ex) E116.2 .D1952].

Refer to: Paul Needham, "Incunabula, Bibles and Early Americana in the Scheide Library" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXXVII, 2 (Winter, 1976) pp. 85-108 (esp. 92-101) [full text] .

See also BIBLE entry in this Guide since it describes the Bible incunabula in the Scheide collection.

Among the early printed books in the Scheide collection, there are many famous incunables. For example: Two important block books: First, the Biblia pauperum, made by the woodcutter Hans Sporer of Nuremberg. 1471. Second, the Opera nova contemplative, which is one of only two or three known blockbooks of Italian manufacture, and was made by Giovanni Andrea Vavassore in Venice. The collection also includes important woodcut-illustrated printed books as well as five Caxtons. Paul Needham's article gives detailed descriptions of books falling into the categories mentioned. It also briefly mentions other holdings in the collection.

Scheide incunabula collected during the years 1954 to 2004 are listed in the publication For William H. Scheide: Fifty Years of Collecting, 6 January 2004 (Princeton, 2004) [(ExB)Z989.S35 F67 2004 and (F)Z989.S35 F67 2004].

IV. Graphic Arts and The Taylor Collection.Incunabula once held in those collections are now classed with ExI.

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   See: SEPOY REBELLION, INDIA, 1857-1858
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In July, 1994, Leonard L. Milberg '53 presented the Library with the collection of Lester Conner consisting of about 250 books and pamphlets by Irish poets of the twentieth century. This collection is the basis of an ongoing effort to collect contemporary Irish poets in depth, now amounting to more than 1250 volumes.

See the printed catalogue for the collection, compiled by J. Howard Woolmer. The Leonard L. Milberg Collection of Irish Poetry (Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Library, 1998) [(ExB) Z2039.P6 P74 1998]. (Note: The catalogue states that the collection "... has been given to the Princeton University Library in honor of Richard M. Ludwig."

Details about the celebration of the gifting of this collection are in this article published in the Princeton Weekly Bulletin. See also particulars published in the Princeton University Library Chronicle for Spring 1998 [full text].

The collection is regularly growing and catalogue entries for individual items in it can be retrieved in the main catalog by searching "Milberg Irish Poetry Collection" as a phrase using the Keyword index. (To do this: 1. Go to Guided Search. 2. Put "Milberg Irish Poetry Collection" in the first search box. 3. Select "as a phrase" from the pull down menu. 4. In the next pull down menu at right, select "Keyword Anywhere" 5. Then, click the button labeled "Search")

The 60 poets collected as of February 2009:

Beckett, Samuel,1906-1989,
Berkeley, Sara, 1967-,
Boland, Eavan, 1944-,
Carson, Ciaran, 1948-,
Clarke, Austin, 1896-1974,
Clifton, Harry, 1952-,
Colum, Padraic, 1881-1972,
Cronin, Anthony, 1928-,
Davitt, Michael, 1950-,
Dawe, Gerald, 1952-,
Day Lewis, C. (Cecil), 1904-1972,
Deane, Seamus, 1940-,
Dunne, Sean, 1956-,
Durcan, Paul, 1944-,
Ennis, John, 1944-.
Fallon, Peter, 1951-,
Fiacc, Padraic, 1924-,
Friel, Brian, 1929-,
Grennan, Eamon, 1941-,
Groarke, Vona,
Hartnett, Michael, 1941-,
Heaney, Seamus, 1939-,
Hewitt, John Harold, 1907-,
Hutchinson, Pearse, 1927-,
Jenkinson, Biddy, 1949-,
Kavanagh, Patrick, 1904-1967,
Kennelly, Brendan, 1936-,
Kinsella, Thomas, 1928-,
Longley, Michael, 1939-,
McCarthy, Thomas, 1954-,
McGuckian, Medbh, 1950-,
MacNeice, Louis, 1907-1963,
Mahon, Derek, 1941-,
Mathews, Aidan Carl, 1956-,
Mhac an tSaoi, Maire, 1922-,
Montague, John, 1929-,
Morrissey , Sinead,
Muldoon, Paul, 1951-,
Murphy, Richard, 1927-,
Ni Chuilleanain, Eilian, 1942-,
Ni Dhomhnaill, Nuala, 1952-,
O'Callaghan, Conor,
O Direain, Mairtin, 1910-1988,
O'Donoghue, Dennis,
O'Driscoll, Dennis, 1954-,
O'Grady, Desmond, 1935-,
O Muirthile, Liam, 1950-,
O Riordain, Sean, 1905-1957,
Ormsby, Frank, 1947-,
O'Reilly, Catriona,
O Searcaigh, Cathal, 1956-,
Paulin, Tom, 1949-,
Plunkett, James, 1920-,
Quinn, Justin,
Rodgers, W. R., 1909-1969,
Simmons, James, 1933-,
Sirr, Peter, 1960-,
Stephens, James,
Sweeney, Matthew, 1952-,
Wheatley, David.

The founding collection, that is the Conner collection, has been catalogued for the General Rare Books Collection. The main catalogue guided keyword search for "Milberg Irish Poetry Collection" as a phrase will turn up all books in the overall Milberg Irish poets collection catalogued to date.

For a checklist of the Lester Conner collection, see the Collections File under the heading: Irish Poetry.

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Begun in April 2007, this collection is the newest of Leonard Milberg's endeavors. Given the success of the two previous Irish collections, it was decided to expand collecting into the area of prose writers. As of September 2009, 102 authors had been selected for inclusion in the collection. This list is expected to be revised over the coming year.

In celebration of this project, the Library exhibited selected books, manuscripts, art, and other materials in the collection: The Cracked Lookingglass: Highlights from The Leonard L. Milberg Collection of Irish Prose Writers. Published in connection with the exhibition is a 224 page catalogue. For details, click here.

All accessions to the collection between its inception and 1 April 2010 are in honor of Robert Fagles. On and after 1 April 2010 all accessions are in honor of J. Howard Woolmer.

The collection is regularly growing and catalogue entries for individual items in it can be retrieved in the main catalog by searching "Leonard L. Milberg Collection of Irish Prose" as a phrase using the Keyword index. (To do this: 1. Go to Guided Search. 2. Put "Leonard L. Milberg Collection of Irish Prose" in the first search box. 3. Select "as a phrase" from the pull down menu. 4. In the next pull down menu at right, select "Keyword Anywhere" 5. Then, click the button labeled "Search")

The list as of September 2009
1. Banim, John (1798-1842) Born Kilkenny. Novelist
2. Banim, Michael (1796-1874) Born Kilkenny. Novelist
3. Banville, John (1945-    ) Born Wexford. Novelist, Short Story Writer
4. Barry, Sebastian (1955-    ) Born Dublin Novelist, Playwright
5. Bell, Sam Hanna (1909-1990) Born Glasgow, To Ireland As A Child. Novelist, Short Story Writer
6. Birmingham, George A. (1865-1950) Born Belfast. Novelist
7. Blackwood, Caroline (1931-    ) Born Ulster. Novelist, Short Story Writer
8. Bolger, Dermot (1959-    ) Born Dublin. Novelist, Playwright, Poet, Publisher
9. Bowen, Elizabeth (1899-1973) Born Dublin. Novelist, Short Story Writer
10. Boylan, Clare (1948-    ) Born Dublin. Novelist, Short Story Writer
11. Boyle, Patrick (1905-1982) Born Co. Antrim. Novelist, Short Story Writer
12. Brennan, Maeve (1919-1996) Born Dublin.Novelist, Journalist
13. Browne, Frances (1816-1887) Born Co. Donegal. Novelist, Poet
14. Bullock, Shan F. (1865-1935) Born Co. Fermanship
15. Butler, Hubert (1900-1991) Born Kilkennny, Essayist
16. Cadhain, Mairtin (1907-1970) Born Co. Galway. Writer, Language Activist. Irish
17. Carleton, William (1794-1869) Born Co. Tyrone. Novelist, Short Story Writer
18. Cary, (Arthur) Joyce (Lunel) (1888-1957) Born Derry. Novelist
19. Childers, Robert Erskine (1870-1922) Born London, Raised Ireland. Novelist
20. Conaire, Padraig (1882-1928) Born Galway. Writer. Irish
21. Corkery, Daniel (1878-1964) Born Cork. Playwright
22. Criomhthain, Tomas (1854-1937) Blasket Island Writer. Irish
23. Crohan, Tomas. See; O Criomhthain
24. Donleavy, J.P. (1926-    ) Born Brooklyn. Novelist
25. Donoghue, Emma (1969-    ) Born Dublin. Novelist, Playwright, Short Story Writer
26. Dorcy, Mary (1950-    ) Born Dublin. Novelist, Poet, Short Story Writer
27. Doyle, Lynn (1873-1961) Born Co. Down. Humorist
28. Doyle, Roddy (1958-    ) Born Dublin. Novelist
29. Edgeworth, Maria (1768-1849) Born Oxfordshire, To Ireland As A Child. Writer
30. Farrell, J.G. (1935-1979) No He Was English. Wrote One Novel Abt Ireland
31. Farrell, M.J. See; Molly Keane
Fiannachta, Padraig. See: O Criomhthain
32. Foster, Robert Fitzroy (1949-   ) Historian & writer
33. Gebler, Carlo (1954-    ) Born Dublin. Novelist
34. Griffin, Gerald (1803-1840) Borm Limerick. Novelist, Man Of Letters
35. Hall, Mrs. S.C. (1800-1881) Born Dublin. Novelist, Short Story Writer
36. Hamilton, Hugo (1953-    ) Born Dun Laoghaire. Novelist, Short Story Writer
37. Healy, Dermot (1947-    ) Born Co. Westmeath. Novelist, Short Story Writer
38. Higgins, Aidan (1927-    ) Born Co. Kildare. Novelist, Short Story Writer
39. Hogan, Desmond (1950-    ) Born Co. Galway. Novelist, Short Story Writer
40. Hyde, Douglas (1860-1949) Born Co. Roscommon. Scholar, Cultural Leader, President Of Ireland.
41. Johnston, Jennifer (1930-    ) Born Dublin. Novelist
42. Jordan, Neil (1950-    ) Born Sligo. Novelist, Short Story Writer, Screenwriter
43. Keane, Molly (C. 1904-1996) Born Co. Kildare. Writer
44. Keegan, Claire (1968 -    )
45. Kickham, Charles (1828-1882) Born Co. Tipperary. Writer And Revolionary'
46. Kiely, Benedict (1919-2007) Born Co. Tyrone. Novelist, Short Story Writer
47. Laverty, Maura (1907-1966) Born Co. Kildare. Writer
48. Lavin, Mary (1912-1996) Born Massachussetts, Moved To Ireland As A Child. Novelist, S.S.Writer
49. Lawless, Emily (1845-1913) Born Kildare. Poet, Novelist
50. Le Fanu, Joseph Sheridan (1814-1873) Born Dublin. Novelist, Short Story Writer'
51. Leitch, Maurice (1933-    ) Born Co. Antrim. Novelist
52. Lover, Samuel (1797-1868) Born Dublin. Novelist, Dramatist, Song-Writr
53. Macgrianna, Seamas. Irish
54. Macgrianna, Seosamh (1900-1990) Born Co. Donegal. Writer. Irish
55. Macken, Walter (1915-1967) Born Galway. Novelist, Playwright
56. Maclaverty, Bernard (1942-    ) Born Belfast. Novelist, Short Story Writer
57. Madden, Deidre
58. Martin, Violet (See Violet Ross/Edith Somerville)
59. Maturin, Charles Robert (1780-1824) Born Dublin. Novelist, Playwright
60. Mccabe, Patrick (1955-    ) Born Co. Monaghan. Novelist, Playwright
61. Mccann, Colum (1965-    ) Born Dublin. Novelist Short Story Writer
62. Mcgahern, John (1934-    ) Born Dublin. Novelist, Short Story Witer
63. Mclaverty, Michael (1904-1992) Born Co. Monaghan. Novelist, Short Story Writer
64. Mcnamee, Eoin (1961-    ) Born Co. Down. Fiction Writer
65. Moore, Brian (1921-    ) Born Ulster. Novelist
66. Morgan, Lady (Sydney Owenson) 1776-1859) Writer
67. Murdoch, Iris (1919-1999) Born Dublin. Novelist, Dramatist
68. O'Brien, Conor Cruise (1917-    ) Born Dubin. Man Of Letters
69. O'Brien, Edna (1936-    ) Born Co. Clare. Novilist
70. O'Brien, George (1945-    ) Born Enniscorthy.Memoirist And Critic
71. O'Brien, Kate (1897-1974) Born Limerick. Novelist, Playwright, Critic
72. O'Connor, Frank (1903-1966) Born Cork. Novelist, Short Story Writer
73. O'Connor, Joseph (1963-    ) Born Dublin. Novelist, Short Story Writer
74. O'Doherty, Brian (Patrick Ireland) (1930-    ) Born Co. Roscommon, Artist And Writer
75. O'Donnell, Peadar (1893-1986) Born Co. Donegal.Novelist, Short Story Writer
76. O'Faolain, Julia (1932-    ) Born London. Novelist, Short Story Writer
77. O'Faolain, Sean (1900-1991) Born Cork. Short Story Writer
78. O'Faolain, Nuala
79. O'Flaherty, Liam (1896-1984) Born Inishmore, Aran Islands. Novelist, Short Story Writer
80. O'Grady, Standish (1846-1928) Born Co. Cork. Novelist
81. O'Neill, Jamie
82. O'Neill, Joseph (1878-1953). Born Co. Galway. Novelist
83. O'Toole, Fintan (1958-    ) Born Dublin. Critic
84. Pearse, Patrick (1879-1916) Born Dublin. Writer, Revolutionarry. Irish
85. Plunkett, James (1920-    ) Born Dublin. Novelist, Short Story Writer,
86. Ross, Martin, Pseud Of Violet Martin (1862-1915). Born Co. Galway. (See E.O.Somervillle)
87. Sayers, Peig (1873-1958) Born Co. Kerry. Oral Storyteller. Irish Woman
88. Sheehan, Canon Patrick Augustine (1852-1913) Born Co. Cork. Novelist
89. Somerville, Edith Oenone (1858-1949) Born Corfu. Writer. (See Also Violet Martin)
90. Starkie, Walter (1894-1976) Born Co. Dublin. Writer
91. Stoker, Bram (1847-1912) Born Dublin. Novelist
92. Stuart, Francis (1902-2000) Born Australia
93. Suilleabhain, Muiris (1904-1950) Blasket Island Writer. Irish
94. Toibin, Colm (1955-    ) Born Co. Wexford. Novelist, Journalist
95. Trevor, William (1928-   ) Born Co. Cork. Novelist
96. Tynan, Katharine (1861-1931) Born Co. Dubllin. Novelist, Poet
97. Ua Laoghaire, Peadar (1839-1920) Born Co. Cork. Author And Priest. Irish
98. Ussher, Arland (1899-1980) Born London. Essayist, Critic
99. Wall, Mervyn (1908-1997) Born Dublin. Novelist, Playwright
100. Walsh, Maurice (1879-1964) Born Co. Kerry. Novelist, Short Story Writer
101. West, Anthony C. (1910-1988) Born Co. Down. Novelist, Short Story Writer
102. Wilde, Lady (Speranza) (1821-1896) Born Dublin. Writer, Wit
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Begun in October 2002, this collection is the third of Leonard Milberg's endeavors. Given the success of the Irish poetry collection, it made sense to move on to the next area of literary endeavor distinctive of Irish culture, namely, its theatre. The official name of the collection is the Leonard L. Milberg Irish Theater Collection, given in honor of Paul Muldoon. Moreover, notable authors in the Milberg Irish poetry collection --- Austin Clark, Padraic Colum, Brian Friel, Louis MacNeice, and Tom Paulin - are also playwrights, thus providing a natural linkage between the two collections. In addition, Princeton already had strong collections of such important figures of the Irish literature as G.B. Shaw and W.B.Yeats. Between October 2002 and May 2005, more than 1350 items have been gathered for the collection, now covering more than 70 authors.

For more details, consult the website for the October 2006 events associated with the official receipt of the collection.

See also the printed catalogue for the collection, compiled by J. Howard Woolmer. The Leonard L. Milberg Irish Theater Collection (Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Library, 2006) [(F) Z2039.D7 P75 2006 and (Ex) 2006-3037N].

See also the special issue of the Princeton University Library Chronicle issued on the occasion of the October 2006 events. See the table of contents.

The collection is regularly growing and catalogue entries for individual items in it can be retrieved in the main catalog by searching "Milberg Irish Theater Collection" as a phrase using the Keyword index. (To do this: 1. Go to Guided Search. 2. Put "Milberg Irish Theater Collection" in the first search box. 3. Select "as a phrase" from the pull down menu. 4. In the next pull down menu at right, select "Keyword Anywhere" 5. Then, click the button labeled "Search")

The 103 playwrights and related agencies collected as of February 2009:

Abbey Theatre, Dublin
Sebastian Barry (1955- )
Samuel Beckett (1906-1989)
Brendan Behan (1923-1964
George A. Birmingham (1865-1950)
Dermot Bolger (1959- )
Dion Boucicault (1820-1890)
William Boyle (1853-1922)
Marina Carr (1964- )
Paul Vincent Carroll (1900-1968)
Charabanc Theatre, Belfast, touring theatre company (1983-1995)
Austin Clarke (1896-1974) Included in Irish Poetry Collection
Padraic Colum (1881-1972) Included in Irish Poetry Collection
Daniel Corkery (1878-1964)
James Cousins (1873-1956)
Cyril Cusack (1910-1993)
Louis Lynch D'Alton (1900-1951)
Teresa Deevy (1903-1963)
Anne Devlin (19? - )
Neil Donnelly
Roddy Doyle (1958- )
Druid Theatre, Galway (1975- )
Edward Lord Dunsany (1878-1957)
St. John Ervine (1883-1971)
Bernard Farrell (1941- )
Conor Farrington (1928- )
Field Day, Derry, theatrical company (1980- ) Founded by Brian Friel
Fishamble Pigsback Theatre Company, Dublin
George Fitzmaurice (1877-1963)
Brian Friel (1929- ) [Good collection already in Milberg Irish Poets Collection]
Gaiety Theatre, Dublin (1871) (Theatre only, not a theatrical company)
Patrick Galvin (1927- )
Gate Theatre, Dublin (1928- )
Oliver St. John Gogarty (1878-1957)
Lady Gregory (1852-1932)
Group Theatre, Belfast

Wilson John Haire (1932- )
Ron Hutchinson
Intimate Shakespeare Company (Anew MacMaster) (1925)
Irish Theatre magazine (1998/1999+)
Marie Jones
Denis Johnston (1901-1984)

James Joyce (1882-1941) Exiles only play.  Princeton copy lacks dust jacket.
John B. Keane (1928- )
Thomas Kilroy (1934- )
Hugh Leonard (1926- )
Christine Pakenham, Lady Longford (1900-1980)
Lord Longford (Edward Arthur Henry Pakenham) (1902-1961)

Martin Lynch (1950- )
Lyric Theatre, Belfast (1951)

Eugene McCabe (1930- )
Owen McCafferty (1961- )
Donagh MacDonagh (1912-1968)
John Mac Donagh (? -1961)
Martin McDonagh (1971- )
Frank McGuinness (1953- )
Tom MacIntyre (1931- )
Michal MacLiammoir (1899-1987) Founder of the Dublin Gate Theatre
Anew MacMaster SEE Intimate Shakespeare Company
Brinsley MacNamara (1890-1963)
Gerald MacNamara (1866-1938)
Louis MacNeice (1907-1963) [Included in Milberg Irish Poets Collection]
Conor McPherson (1971- )
Heno Magee (1939- )
Edward Martyn (1859-1923)
Rutherford Mayne (Samuel Waddell) (1978-1967)
Paul Mercier (1958- )
Gary Mitchell
Michael Molloy (1917-1994)

Conal Morrison
Tom Murphy (1935- )
T.C. Murray (1873-1959)

Mairead Ni Ghrada (1899-1971)
Jim Nolan

Eugene O'Brien
Flann O'Brien (1911-1966)
Sean O'Casey (1880-1964)
Hubert O'Grady
Seamus O'Kelly (?1875-1918)
Mark O'Rowe
Eoghan O'Tuairisc (1919-1982)

Stewart Parker (1941-1988)
Passion Machine
Tom Paulin (1949- ) [Included in Milberg Irish Poets Collection]
Peacock Theatre. Experimental annex to the Abbey Theatre
Pigsback Theatre Company SEE  Fishamble Pigsback Theatre Company, Dublin

Pike Theatre, Dublin (1953-1960)

The Queen's Royal Theatre, Dublin (1829-1969?)
Red Kettle of Waterford

Christina Reid (1942- )
Graham Reid (1945- )
Lennox Robinson (1886-1958)
Billy Roche (1949- )

Jim Sheridan (1949- )
Peter Sheridan (1952- )
George Shiels (1886-1949)
J.M. Synge (1871-1909)
Sam Thompson (1916-1965)
Joseph Tomelty (1911-1995)
Samuel Waddell (Rutherford Mayne) (1878-1967)
Enda Walsh
Eugene Watters SEE  Eoghan O'Tuairisc (1919-1982)

Vincent Woods (1960- )
Jack B. Yeats (1871-1957)
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The Library's holdings of rare books in Italian literature include about 1000 volumes in the Richardson classification section of the General Rare Books Collection alone [(Ex) 3110-3139]. Scattered among these thousand and elsewhere are many important early printed books. The Library has the first edition (Strasbourg, 1474-75) of Boccaccio's De casibus virorum illustrium (The Fate of Illustrious Men). The Scheide Library has the first edition of Castiglione's Il libro del cortegiano (Book of the Courtier), published in Venice in 1528. Princeton also has the first edition (Florence, 1481) of Dante's Divina commedia with Landino's commentary as well as its famous illustrations [(ExI) 3127.33.11f]. This incunable augments a strong collection of Dante held by the Library. As well, the Library has a copy of one of the early editions of Torquato Tasso's Gerusalemme liberata published in Ferrara in 1581.

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JAMES, HENRY (1843-1916)

For particulars refer to: Leon Edel and Dan H. Laurence. A Bibliography of Henry James. (London, 1961). A checked copy of the above bibliography is included in the James collection [(Ex) 3799.7.031.1961]. The collection contains many volumes by James, including first editions. Princeton has one of only seven remaining copies of the printed promptbook of the novelist's dramatization of The American.

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Princeton owns over 250 volumes relating to the Japanese war crimes trials conducted by the International Military Tribunal following World War II. The actual transcripts of the trial proceedings, in which 28 high Japanese officials were accused of committing inhumane atrocities against the enemy, make up about one half of the collection. The entire collection is located at (at ReCAP for use in RBSC) 14101.222.491. Summations of the defense and prosecution as well as the analysis of the evidence are also included. Copies of the exhibits used in the trials are available in both Japanese and English. These exhibits consist of letters, official orders, meeting minutes, reports, and many other items, all of which account for over 40 volumes in the collection. Specific witnesses, exhibits, and areas in both the prosecution and defense cases are accessible by means of accompanying indexes.

The Tokyo war crime trial: index and guide annotated, compiled and edited by R. John Pritchard and Sonia Magbanua Zaide. Project director, Donald Cameron Witt. New York: Garland, 1981-1987 [(PITN) JX5438.3 .P744 1981q].

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JARRY, ALFRED (1873-1907)

This collection was received as a gift from Charles K. Warner in 1980. Virtually complete, it includes all numbers of all series published by the 'College de Pataphysique' (over 200 items), and correspondence of Warner's. Catalogued during the summers of 1990 and 1991 by Anna Creese, graduate student in the Department of Romance Languages.

For particulars refer to: Nancy Finlay, "The Charles K. Warner Collection of Jarryana and 'Pataphysics'" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XLII, 3 (Spring, 1981) pp. 208-209 [full text] .

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In June of 1999, the first 350 books of Leonard Milberg's newest donation to the Library arrived. Additions are made regularly. This new collection -- Jewish American Writers -- is being formed in honor of President Harold T. Shapiro.

See the printed catalogue for the collection, compiled by J. Howard Woolmer. The Leonard L. Milberg Collection of Jewish American Writers. (Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Library, 2001) [(ExB) Z1229.J48 P74 2001].

The collection is regularly growing and catalogue entries for individual items in it can be retrieved in the main catalog by searching "Milberg '53 in honor of President Harold T. Shapiro" as a phrase using the Keyword index. (To do this: 1. Go to Guided Search. 2. Put "Milberg '53 in honor of President Harold T. Shapiro" in the first search box. 3. Select "as a phrase" from the pull down menu. 4. In the next pull down menu at right, select "Keyword Anywhere" 5. Then, click the button labeled "Search")

As of the end of 2 March 2013, the following 141 authors are being collected. Note: Asterisk before names indicates that author is part of the Milberg American poetry collection. There are 31 overlapping names.

Samuel Adler
Woody Allen
Many Antin
Max Apple
Hannah Arendt
Sholem Asch
Paul Auster
Saul Bellow
Harold Bloom
Harold Brodsky
*Joseph Brodsky
Melvin Jules Bukiet
Abraham Cahan
Michael Chabon
*Alfred Corn
Edward Dahlberg
E. L. Doctorow
Celia Dropkin
David Einhorn
Will Eisner
Stanley Elkin
Nathan Englander
Leslie Fiedler
Jonathan Safran Foer
Waldo Frank
*Allen Ginsberg
Aaron Glanz-Leyeles
Yankev (Jacob)Glatshteyn
*Louise Gluck
Herbert Gold
Avrom Goldfaden
Allegra Goodman
Jacob Gordin
Chaim Grade
*Jorie Graham
Rebecca Gratz
*Allen Grossman
*Daniel Halpern
Moshe Leyb Halpern
Isaac Harby
*Anthony Hecht
Ben Hecht
Joseph Heller
Lilian Hellman
Mark Helprin
*John Hollander
*Richard Howard
Irving Howe
Rebekah Gumpert Hyneman
*David Ignatow
Alan Isler
Solomon Jackson
Samuel B.H. Judah
Ben Katchor
George S. Kaufman
Alfred Kazin
*Kenneth Koch
Kaufmann Kohler
Nichole Krauss
*Maxine Kumin
*Stanley Kunitz
Tony Kushner
Lucette Lagnado
Emma Lazarus
Isaac Leeser
Mani Leib
H. Leivick
*Denise Levertov
*Philip Levine
Clifton Harby (Levy)
Samuel Yates Levy
Ludwig Lewisohn
Max Lilienthal
Moritz Loth
Norman Mailer
Bernard Malamud
David Mamet
Anna Margolin
Nathan Mayer
Arthur Miller
Penina Moise
Kadia Molodowsky
H.M. Moos
Myer Moses
Octavia Harby Moses
*Howard Nemerov
Mordecai M. Noah
Clifford Odets
Tillie Olsen
Jacqueline Osherow
*Alicia Ostriker
Cynthia Ozick
Grace Paley
Dorothy Parker
S. J. Perelman
Jonas B. Phillips
Naphtali Phillips
Marge Piercy
*Robert Pinsky
Norman Podhoretz
Chaim Potok
Gabriel Preil
Francine Prose
Isaac Raboy
Philip Rahv
Abraham Reisen
*Charles Reznikoff
*Adrienne Rich
Isaac Rosenfeld
Morris Rosenfeld
Henry Roth
Philip Roth
*Jerome Rothenberg
*Muriel Rukeyser
Rose Emma Salaman
Bud Schulberg
*Delmore Schwartz
Gershom M. Seixas
*Karl Shapiro
Lamed Shapiro
Garry Shteyngart
Kate Simon
Neil Simon
*Louis Simpson
I.J. Singer
Isaac Bashevis Singer
Jakob Zevi Sobol
Susan Sontag
Art Spiegelman
*Gerald Stern
*Mark Strand
Lionel Trilling
Malkah H. Tussman
Wendy Wasserstein
Nathaniel West
Elie Wiesel
*Theodore Weiss
*C. K. Williams
Isaac M. Wise
Anzia Yezierska
*Louis Zukofsky.
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JOAN OF ARC (1412-1431)

A collection of 44 volumes and memorabilia was received as a gift from Mrs. John P. Poe. For details refer to the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXVII, 3 (Spring, 1966) p. 194 [full text]. [The donor was Lydia Richmond Poe (1897-1994), a Princeton resident and wife of First National Bank president, John Prentiss Poe II (b. 1900)].

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(Oliver Goldsmith, James Boswell, and Hester Lynch Thrale Piozzi).

The Soule-Miner gift of 1949 included many books (many first editions) by and relating to Johnson, Goldsmith, Boswell, and Mrs. Piozzi. For particulars see: New and notable. Princeton University Library Chronicle X, 4 (June, 1949) pp. 199-200 [full text] . The gift is described briefly, and includes 11 titles by Johnson, 22 by Goldsmith, 11 by Boswell, and two by Mrs. Piozzi.

Another gift, that of Mrs. Wilton Lloyd-Smith, is a collection of volumes having to do with Johnson, Boswell, and Mrs. Piozzi. It contains about 50 volumes.

The Library also has a copy of Mrs. Piozzi's Retrospection (1801) [(Ex) 3891.8.376, copy 3] with her manuscript corrections and annotations. For particulars refer to: Jeremiah S. Finch, "Mrs. Piozzi" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XIV, 3 (Spring, 1953) pp. 161-164 [full text] . As well, it has her copy of The Tatler (London, 1789) with her autograph annotations [(Ex) 3594.895.1789 4 vol.]. Also note that in the Manuscripts Division is a disbound copy of The Intimate Letters of Hester Piozzi and Penelope Pennington 1788-1821 which has been extra-illustrated by the addition of 198 holograph letters of Mrs. Piozzi wholly or partially published in the text as well as a large number of other letters, poems, anagrams, epigrams, and prologues by Mrs. Piozzi. See Hester Piozzi and Penelope Pennington Correspondence [(MSS) C0015].

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JOYCE, JAMES (1882-1941)

For a collection of periodicals in which his works appeared, see the collection entitled Miscellaneous works by James Joyce, 1927-1934, which contains various journal issues [(at ReCAP for use in RBSC) PR6019.O9 A6 1927q].

   See also the entry: BEACH COLLECTION in this Guide.

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Recent gifts of American Judaica from Sidney Lapidus, Class of 1959.

For particulars about other Judaica see Mark Cohen's "Judaica at Princeton" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle L, 1 (Autumn, 1988) pp. 66-69, [ full text] and his catalogue of the 1988 exhibition in the Library entitled Judaica at Princeton [(ExB) 0639.739 no. 54]. [full text]

   See also the entry: JEWISH-AMERICAN AUTHORS in this Guide.

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KAHLER, ERICH (1885-1970)

250+ volumes from Erich Kahler's library, many containing presentation inscriptions from their authors were given to the Department in 1975 by Mrs. Kahler and in subsequent years. Call number for this collection is: Rare Books Off-Site Storage (RCPXR) RCPXR-6962528. Books in this collection are catalogued separately and have call numbers such as this example: RCPXR-6962528, Kahler 225. Works by Kahler published in periodicals have been treated in a collective manner. See this listing.
The books, periodicals and other items are arranged in 11 boxes as follows:
Box 1   Books: Kahler 1-27
Box 2   Books: Kahler 28-61
Box 3   Books: Kahler 62-88
Box 4   Books: Kahler 89-122
Box 5   Books: Kahler 123-152
Box 6   Books: Kahler 153-180
Box 7   Books: Kahler 181-207
Box 8   Books: Kahler 208-234
Box 9   Books: Kahler 235-240 / Periodicals A-H
Box 10   Periodicals I-N PG
Box 11   Periodicals P-Z & ephemera

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KEATS, JOHN (1795-1821)

Included in Archibald S. Alexander's gift of 1974 are pristine copies of the poet's first editions, notably Poems (1817), and a sampling of biographical and critical works. These are now catalogued, separately arranged, and shelved in the main gallery. Location designator: (Ex) Keats.

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Danish existentialist religious philosopher. 459 books, pamphlets, and journals dealing with Kierkegaard, originally in the library of Dr. Walter Lowrie '90. The collection was catalogued during the spring of 1985; records are in the Library's online catalogue.

An index of the Lowrie materials is on cards prepared by Donald Fox. At present, the cards can be found with other special files in the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections (in the cabinet below the Kane Collection).

The strength of the Lowrie Collection is not in first editions. (It has only eight out of a possible 30+ such editions.) The strength of the Collection is in 20th-century material.

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KIPLING, RUDYARD (1865-1936)

For particulars refer to: Howard C. Rice, Jr. "Into the hold of Remembrance" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXII, 3 (Spring, 1961) pp. 105-117 [full text]. This article describes the Kipling material in the Princeton University Library. The Collection first began in 1961 upon presentation of the Frank N. Doubleday and Nelson Doubleday Collection to the Library by the Doubleday family. The Kipling and Doubleday families had been lifelong personal friends.

There was an exhibition of Kipling material held in 1965. See: Something of Kipling. 1865-1965. An Exhibition in the Princeton University Library. (Princeton, 1965) [(ExB) 0639.739 no. 36]. [full text] This catalogue describes over 200 of the volumes in the Doubleday Kipling collection. Listed are many first editions as well as books about Kipling.

Presentation and inscribed copies are described on pp. 86-88 of the Checklist of Rudyard Kipling Letters and Related Materials Forming Part of the Doubleday Collection in the Princeton University Library, compiled by Howard C. Rice (1961, revised in 1964). [Copy in the Manuscripts Division reference collection.]

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LAMB, CHARLES (1775-1834)

Charles Scribner Collection of Charles Lamb
Location designator: ExL

Almost complete, the collection contains such famous rarities as Beauty and the Beast and the corrected Prince Dorus. There are association copies as well.

Princeton has an array of Eliana which is difficult to be equaled. The collection includes books from Lamb's own library, as well as rare editions of his own works. The Library also contains full runs of periodicals in which Lamb's early works are found.

There are about 110 volumes by Lamb in the Scribner collection. For particulars refer to: Jeremiah Finch, "The Scribner Lamb Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle VII, 4 (June, 1946) pp. 133-148 [full text] . And see: Jeremiah Finch, "Charles Lamb's copy of The History of Philip de Commines with autograph notes by Lamb and Coleridge" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XI, 1 (November, 1947) pp. 30-37 [full text] . Also see: Jeremiah Finch, "The Taylor Lamb Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XLVII, 2 (Winter, 1986) pp. 255-261 [full text] , giving details of particular printed books, playbills, and manuscripts in the Taylor Collection.

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Lantern slides are glass slides with the image painted or transferred onto the glass. The Magic Lantern is the forerunner of the modern slide projector, and they were popularly used in the 18th to 19th centuries. Sets of slides could be purchased, often a visual travelogue or a short story, and some elaborate projectors could create the illusion of movement or dissolves.

The following sets of magic lantern slides are available at the Library:

The Wheeler collection of lantern slides [(Thx) TC123]

This collection was formerly held by the Brander Matthews Dramatic Museum. It came to Princeton from Columbia University in 1971, when the Brander Matthews Dramatic Museum (Low Library) was dispersed. Many sets are productions of Shakespeare on stage. Detailed listings by box and by Wheeler slide listing are available in the catalogue record.

Alexander Black. Lantern Slides Collection [(Thx) TC109]

Alexander Black (1859-1940) is best known as an originator of the "picture play," according to Beaumont Newhall in his History of Photography (1964), p. 113-114. He states: "In 1893 [Black] had the idea of telling a story in photographs. He wrote a short comedy, Miss Jerry, about the adventures of a young lady reporter, which actors performed before his camera. The resulting 250 lantern slides he projected to audiences on a screen while he read the dialog. These picture plays of Black's were forerunners in spirit, if not technique, of the moving picture ..."

The collection consists of 144 glass slides (3.5 x 4 inches/10 x 8.5 cm.) made by and/or collected by Alexander Black (1859-1940). It includes slides for the stereopticon picture plays "A Capital Courtship," "Girl and the Guardsman," "Miss America," Miss Jerry," and "Modern Daughters." Also includes a typescript (photocopy) of "Miss Jerry: a picture play," used by Black while presenting his picture play. The identified slides constitute a third of the collection. Of the remaining slides, some are clearly related to the plays, perhaps taken but not used. Others seem completely unrelated to the plays and were perhaps purchased from commercial stock. The slides are stored in Black's original boxes. Some of the slides are hand-tinted.

The Library also owns copies of all the related works, which Black turned into novels and published with illustrations from the lantern slides.

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This list elaborates upon the Department's greatest strengths and identifies areas of research that can be sustained easily. Additional primary sources and extensive secondary sources appear in the Library's general collections. [This text based on the exhibition The Search for Latin America: Sources at Princeton held during February to April 1998.]

The Search for Latin America:
Sources at Princeton

This guide focuses upon major holdings of primary sources available for students and scholars at Princeton. These sources are held in the Rare Books and Special Collections Department of the Princeton University Library, the Art Museum, and the privately owned Scheide Library. They include a broad range of texts essential for understanding the New World in the 16th century as well as an abundance of materials from later centuries that document the evolution of society, government, and economic life. This guide gives details about the strengths of these collections and identifies areas of research that they can support. Additional primary sources and extensive secondary sources are held in the general collections of the Princeton University Library.


Cultural life of the 20th century is best documented in the extensive collections of correspondence held in the Manuscripts Division. Literature, cinema, and translation are the primary topics. All collections are fully cataloged in the Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections (MASC) online database, and also have detailed finding aids. Books reproducing the works of a select group of photographers and on the history of photography are in the Marquand Library of Art and Archaeology, as are books on colonial art and architecture and on Mexican muralists.

Description and Travel

As colonization progressed and the vast mineral and commodity wealth of the Americas reached Europe, Asia, and Africa, interest grew among Europeans in gaining accurate details about the Spanish and Portuguese possessions. From the late 17th century through the 19th century, numerous travelers, government agents, and business entrepreneurs recorded impressions and details that today form the body of a substantial group of publications printed throughout Europe and occasionally in the Americas. These works, widely read and circulated, influenced economic decision-making and provided invaluable information for political and territorial encroachment on the Iberian New World empires. Most of these works are in the Rare Books Division and the Scheide Library.


Economic history and policy topics are addressed in printed and manuscript holdings. Extensive collections of texts from the late 15th century through the 18th century, often accompanied by illustrations, charts, and diagrams of tropical commodities and minerals and their processing, discuss the economic potential and resources of the New World. Reference to labor systems, especially African as well as Indian enslavement and tributary systems, appear in many of these works. Holdings in the Scheide Library and in the Rare Books Division (especially the Grenville Kane Collection) are of major significance. The Iturbe e Iraeta and Prieto-Maíz collections in the Manuscripts Division document commercial activities from the late 18th to the early 20th centuries. The Numismatics Collection holds specie from the colonial period.

Twentieth century economic and development policy, often related to foreign policy, is covered extensively in the Public Policy Papers in the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Of particular interest are the Kemmerer papers, concerning the establishment of central banks and the gold standard in various Latin American states; economic development topics are addressed in the Hirschman Papers.


Spanning the period of initial European contact in the New World through the exploration of coasts and interiors to the ultimate subjugation of indigenous peoples under European imperial systems, the collections include most major texts, often in various editions. Among the authors are conquistadores, representatives of the crown, missionaries, and geographers. These early accounts often mix fact and imagination in text and illustration. Some transcriptions of indigenous and early post-conquest manuscripts are in the Mesoamerican Manuscripts Collection in the Manuscripts Division. As conquest of the region progressed, issues of government and economy joined those of religious conversion and description. Atlases document the development of geographic knowledge and provide information on colonization. The Scheide Library and the Rare Books Division, especially the Grenville Kane Collection, have extensive holdings of these printed materials.

Human Rights

Concerns and discussions over human rights in the Americas begin soon after European contact with indigenous peoples and continue until the present. Works by clerics provide the basis of discussions, with those of Bartolomé de las Casas being the most prominent. Subsequent writings of other clerics, as well as European critics of Spain, document many ethical, legal, and philosophical questions concerning the evolving populations of the New World. Major holdings are in the Scheide Library and the Rare Books Division. For the 20th century, Public Policy Papers at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library reflect official and dissenting views on topics such as censorship and state control. The Rare Books Division holds collections of ephemera on political change in Latin America that contain materials on torture, disappeared persons, and political action. In the Manuscripts Division, the archive of the P. E. N. American Center documents censorship. Correspondence in collections of literary manuscripts covers the issues of state violence since 1945.

Indigenous Peoples

Materials documenting various aspects of life begin with a few pre-Columbian examples, continue through a range of manuscript and printed materials devoted to linguistic and religious topics, and end with contemporary materials on customs and survival strategies. Mesoamerican Manuscripts Collection in the Manuscripts Division contains some originals as well as transcriptions of many 16th- and 17th-century works on land and culture. Printed works from the colonial period and 19th-century travel accounts frequently address topics related to indigenous peoples and are held by the Scheide Library and the Rare Books Division. Contemporary ethnographies and linguistic studies are in the Western Americana Collection.


Through religious texts, grammars, and works created for recording their history, indigenous peoples and those involved with the religious conversion process have created a substantial record of printed items. These documents provide not only a basis for the study of language but an invaluable record of extinct or transformed societies. Most works are in the Scheide Library, the Rare Books Division, and the Western Americana Collection. Facsimiles of pre-Columbian and early post-conquest codices devoted to indigenous themes are found in the Western Americana Collection, the Marquand Library of Art and Archaeology, and the general collections of the Library. Printed works in various Mayan languages are in the Western Americana Collection.


Twentieth-century Latin American fiction holds a prominent position among world literatures. Preeminent collections at Princeton of literary manuscripts and correspondence of major writers include not only drafts of works, but notebooks and diaries recording the genesis of ideas for essays and fiction. Extensive correspondence among prominent writers and intellectuals documents the debates of the day, offers critiques of contemporary culture, and exposes the private lives of the famous and near-famous. The papers of Mario Vargas Llosa, Carlos Fuentes, José Donoso, Guillermo Cabrera Infante, and Reinaldo Arenas are among the holdings that include more than 25 separate collections. Finding aids are available and catalog records are maintained in the MASC database. The Manuscripts Division adds continually to these collections.

Natural History and the Environment

An environmentally focused reading of many traditional texts of discovery, conquest, description and travel, and indigenous life yields new interpretations of Latin American ecologies and how they are affected by human habitation. While these texts are often dispersed amidst other topics, they remain invaluable sources for understanding the flora and fauna as well as the physical environment of the New World. Most materials are in the Rare Books Division and the Scheide Library. Some photographs and manuscripts are also found in the Public Policy Papers.

Politics: Government

With the important exception of Brazil, which first became an empire (1822) and then a republic (1889), most Latin American colonies became republics during the first quarter of the 19th century. Reflecting the strong economic and political interests of the United States, collections of printed materials and manuscripts tend to emphasize those areas, as well as foreign relations. Topics related to the Cold War and Mexico remained prominent for most of the 20th century. Dispersed coverage of Latin America is in the papers of George McGovern, Edwin W. Kemmerer, Allen W. Dulles, Woodrow Wilson, and John Foster Dulles, all held in the Public Policy Papers in the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library.

Politics: Political Parties and Movements

Throughout much of the 20th century, Latin Americans experienced dictatorships, which not infrequently received U. S. government support, along with various forms of opposition to these anti-democratic regimes. With the Cuban Revolution of 1959 and a subsequent array of pro-democracy movements elsewhere in Latin America, a substantial grass-roots documentation appeared in the form of flyers, posters, serials, and similar ephemera, particularly from the popular sectors in urban areas. The Rare Books Division holds extensive coverage for Chile including photographs taken during the Pinochet dictatorship (1973-1990); other countries similarly represented are Uruguay, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru. Some of these materials as well as many not included in these collections have been preserved on microfilm by the Library. Holdings of the Manuscripts Division include the Peruvian Presidential campaign archive of Mario Vargas Llosa, Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement documents in the Carlos Franqui Papers, and correspondence in other collections.

Printing and Publishing

The study of works published in the Americas during the colonial period can provide insights into the diffusion of information as well as the development of intellectual and spiritual life. Many important religious texts as well as works devoted to the administration of the colonies are present, particularly in the Scheide Library. The archives of Charles Scribner's Sons and the correspondence of various writers with their literary agents and publishers provide insights into post-1945 publishing. Extensive documentation on the "Boom" writers of the 1960s covers important aspects of the internationalization of Latin American literature through extensive translation and publication in Europe and the U. S. The archive of the Americas Society's Review covers additional aspects. These collections are in the Manuscripts Division.


Documentation of religious practices, doctrine, and missionary activities is provided by 16th- and 17th-century texts, many of which also provide insights into indigenous spiritual life. Some of these works served Catholics in their daily spiritual observances; others are likely to have been used exclusively by the clergy. The Rare Books Division and the Scheide Library hold most of these imprints. For the study of Protestants in the Americas, the Speer Library of the Princeton Theological Seminary is the principal repository.

Guide compiled in February 1998 by Peter T. Johnson, Bibliographer for Latin America, Spain, and Portugal.

Illustration from a work based on Sir Walter Raleigh's Discoverie of the Large, Rich, and Bevvtifvl Empyre of Gviana (London, 1596), the Kurtze Wunderbare Beschreibung. Deß Goldreichen Königreichs Guianæ im America, oder newen Welt, vnter der Linea AEquinoctiali gelegen ... mit einer Niderländischen erklärung gemacht, Jetzt aber ins Hochteutsch gebracht und auß vnterschietlichen Authoribus erkläret durch Levinum Hulsium (Noribergæ: Impensis Levini Hulsii, 1599). Volume 5 of a series of accounts of voyages selected, edited, and translated by Levinus Hulsius and others, and known as the Erste­[XXVI] Schiffart or the Sammlung von Sechs und Zwanzig Schiffahrten. The Grenville Kane Collection, Rare Books Division.

Between April 21 and July 21, 1985, the Library mounted the exhibition "Princeton and the Iberian World". The show consisted of more than 185 books, manuscripts, prints and maps on Latin American history between the Age of Discovery and the early nineteenth century. The items were grouped according to particular sub-themes such as trade and commerce, missionaries and conquistadors, legal aspects of the Spanish Empire, reform during the eighteenth century, and the governmental crisis in Iberia during the Napoleonic years and the concomitant unrest in America. As a record of the exhibition, the Library published a 31 page illustrated catalogue of the show with text by Patricia Marks and a "Selected Checklist of the Exhibition" (pp. 25-30) [(ExB) Z2709 .P741985].

The Library is also gathering recent and current ephemeral political, constitutional, and electoral material from various Latin American countries. To date, material (stored in archival boxes and given LC call numbers) from the following countries has been added. For details see:
Guide to the Latin American ephemera collections at the Princeton University Library,
This guide lists by country and subject area all of the collections of Latin American ephemera that the Princeton University Library has developed since the late 1960s (approximately 350). A corresponding call number is provided for each collection as well as links to finding aids or to catalog records that for the most part describe in considerable detail the contents of the collections.

See also: Latin America: A Guide to Selected Reference Sources, Bibliographies, and Introductory Texts in the Princeton University Library. Latin America (General). Compiled and annotated by Barbara Hadley Stein, Bibliographer for Latin America. Second Edition revised and corrected by Peter T. Johnson. Princeton University Library. September 1979 [(DR) Z1610 .xP75 1979].

A collection of 700 pamphlets and manuscripts, Spanish and American, assembled by the Duque de Híjar, relating to the war in in Spain and the secessionist movement of the Spanish American colonies, 1808-1823, was purchased in 1960-61. Call number is (Ex) 1526.18.262q. In the Collections File, in a folder headed Híjar is a list of the many items is these bound volumes.

Also see the Spring 1996 issue of the Princeton University Library Chronicle for several articles relating to the Library's Latin American holdings, especially, pp. 442 ff, "Chilean Ephemera and the Politics of Knowledge" by Julia Paley and Juan Carrera. [full text].

In 2004, the Collection of ephemera from the Peruvian insurrection, collected by Gustavo Gorriti Ellenbogen, was opened to the public. It consists of printed documents and other materials authored by the Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path) as well as material related to the Peruvian government's response to its insurrection. Finding aids are available thru the Library's online catalogue.

More about the Library's holdings for Latin America can be obtained from these pages recently posted by Fernando Acosta-Rodríguez, Librarian for Latin American, Iberian and Latino Studies.

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Charles H. McIlwain '94 Collection

Collection of about 4,500 books and pamphlets concerning history and political science. The main portion of the collection is the history of law and the two principal branches are the history of Western political institutions and the history of political theory. The collection was dispersed throughout the Library's general stack and general rare book collections. The collection is distinguished by the large number of early treatises on law. Refer to: Joseph R. Strayer '25. "The McIlwain Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle IX, 4 (June, 1948) pp. 211-214 [full text] . Strayer's article gives more specific information about the collection, especially concerning books published before 1700.

Spanish & Catalan Legal Tracts

The collection, purchased in the winter of 1982, consists of 652 documents stored in 20 grey archival boxes. Library call number for these boxes is (Ex) KJD.A001.1634.collectn. The documents are arranged in two series: 1) dated documents (covering 1634 to 1857, numbers 1 to 478) and 2) mixed documents (having both dated and undated documents intermingled, numbers 479 to 618).

This collection consists of ca. 650 documents chiefly from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries covering litigation in the civil, military and ecclesiastical courts of the Principality of Catalonia and of a few other areas of the Kingdom of Spain. Most of the documents originate in Barcelona, although in subject matter [as a whole] they cover a large portion of the geography of Catalonia, especially the episcopal sees of the Principality (Barcelona, Vic, Girona, La Seu d'Urgell, Solsona, Lleida, Tarragona, Tortosa). Almost all the tracts are printed, and the majority are legal briefs prepared by the plaintiffs or the defendants in a given lawsuit arguing the case for one of the sides, with frequent references to Catalan jurisprudence and legal treatises. There are also a few documents describing a complete court action, sometimes including the court ruling, and public letters to the King or other authorities asking for a special favor or the restoration of past privileges. The main language used is Spanish, although Latin is widely employed as well, particularly when quoting legal treatises and in some ecclesiastical cases. Catalan appears to a minor extent, and it is restricted to the ecclesiastical courts after the Decreto de Nueva Planta of 1715.

A majority of the documents deal with inheritance and with financial matters, such as mortgages and land rents, but enough variety of themes exists to make the collection a good starting point for gaining an insight into life in Catalonia during the period of time covered: the many subjects present cover commerce, marriage problems and the condition of women, rape and murder; banditry and extorsion, taxation, and the universities at Barcelona and Cervera, among many others. Socially, the main group represented is by far the nobility, given that the expenses involved in legal action exceeded the resources of the vast majority of the population. Nevertheless, a good portion of suits involve peasants, tradesmen and above all the clergy.

There is an item-by-item inventory covering the Library's collection. Call number for the catalogue is [shelved at ReCAP as of January 2002] (Ex) KJD .A001 1634 inventory (and it is shelved with the Collection). Note: This inventory is also available as a data file in a PDF document.

The cataloguing has been done by Carlos Rufin '86 under the supervision of Peter Johnson. The original database from which the database was created, preparation by Stephen Ferguson. Data entry by Laura Hollengreen '85 and Barbara Broderick '87.

A companion collection is at the Central Library of Barcelona. For details see: Barcelona. Bibliotheca Central. Catálogo de la colección de folletos Bonsoms, relativos en su mayor parte a historia de Cataluña. Barcelona, 1959-. [(F) DP302.C62 xC3 1981].

See David D. Laitin, et al., "Language and the Construction of States: The Case of Catalonia in Spain" in Politics and Society Vol. 22, no. 1 (March 1994), pp. 5-29 for a study based on the Princeton collection.

Scottish Legal Printed Documents

During 1987 the Library purchased two small gatherings of such documents. The first group is three bound volumes of tracts, comprising 198 individual pieces that are each individually cataloged [(Ex) KDC840.S362q]. The second group contains 90 pieces, rehoused in box/folder arrangement and also individually cataloged [(Ex) KDC840 .S362f]. Note that bound items have a checklist with title: Scottish legal miscellanies : a collection of 198 pamphlets from the library of Ferguson of Raith. (New York : Ximenes Rare Books, 1987) [(Ex) KDC840 .S36 catalog].

"The collection comprises of 198 pieces, small quarto, bound together in three volumes, from the library of Ferguson of Raith. They cover the period of twenty years following the '45 rebellion and the aftermath of that conflict, with its claims for redress and damages, is reflected directly in a number of items. (5,49,73,75,84.) They consist of Petitions, Memorials, Informations and Statements in civil and criminal cases and provide detailed insight into the whole spectrum of the social and economic life of Scotland during the period.

The material can be broken down into various sections. One section concerns domestic troubles and the finances of families: disputed wills; protection and support of orphan children; maintenance of widows. There are cases of murder (160); incest (182) and several cases of adultery (3,4,19,20,65,66,102) including one gross example in which an under-age wife is accused by her husband of adultery with numerous persons, one of whom turns out to be the comedian and theatre-manager John West Digges, "...on every day of the month of the marriage, and every month thereafter, to the very day of executing the divorce..:' There is a small but good section of material relating to the church, church politics and to the stipends and maintenance of university professors-. items 76 and 77 concern the salary of professors at the University of St. Andrews and discussions as to how the funds are to be raised to pay them; item 177 provides much detail on the financial circumstances of Dr. John Johnstone, Professor of Medicine in the University of Glasgow. Items 11,12,13 concern a congregation's attempt to eject their Minister on the grounds that he was too fat; whilst 165 and 166 discuss, in a manner which make them read like the raw material for a chapter by Fielding, clerical misbehavior in the form of the habitual inebriation and licentiousness of one Rev. Anderson, Minister of Glondovan.

Life and commerce in the country regions are reflected in many of the pieces: there are disputes concerning fishing rights (Salmon fishing in North Esk, 50; oyster and muscle beds in the Firth of Forth, 130 and 131); Mines (14, 81); the carriage of coal from the Haddington mines to Edinburgh (86,87,88); maintenance of roads and highways (51,52,86,87,88); sheep- stealing (191); the wintering of cattle (113,114,115,116); the importation of cattle from Ireland (84); moss and peat gathering (148,149,150). Commerce at sea is also represented in a case of shipwreck and salvage (56 and 57); fish-mongering in Edinburgh (135,136) and cases of smuggling (168,169,170) including the case of the illegal importation of brandy from New England via the Isle of Man.

The largest and perhaps most important body of material concerns the economic and social life of the towns, particularly Edinburgh. Items 17 and 18 concern municipal improvements at Brechin which encountered violent opposition; items 6 and 7 the alleged mismanagement of the town's finances by Edinburgh town council and the imposition of a duty on Ale as a means of raising revenue; 63 and 64 concern the prosecution of the unlicensed theatre. Item 175 and others indirectly, concern brewing and 189 the fate of an unfortunate publican "burnt out of his tavern." Item 132 describes a most interesting case of industrial espionage in which a snuff-mill is forcibly entered by rival interests with the purpose of discovering its secret processes. Items 33, 34, 89 and 90 all concern complaints by local residents against William Reach, Class-Grinder and Wright, whose workshop in Carrubber's Close, Edinburgh was the source of a fire which nearly destroyed the neighborhood: the arguments here, discussing how far the magistrates and town council may control the shops and manufactories of the city go a long way towards stating the case for the need for planning permission. Other anticipations of more recent times are to be found in the cases concerning attempts to impose closed-shops or guild monopolies: item 78, the case of the Mantua Makers of Perth, shows a local tailor's guild seeking to eliminate a rather harmless form of opposition in the shape of three young seamstresses and items 126 and 127 show the Shoemakers of Leith up to a similar trick when they face prosecution for sequestering and breaking up the tools of a rival who has recently set up in the town. Item 32, on the other hand, shows the Scots as a whole suffering from an English monopoly. This item, The Memorial for the Booksellers of Edinburgh and Glasgow, is an important early document in the struggle against the claims of perpetual copyright made by the London publishers and imposed by action and threats of action on the Scottish printing trade.

Much of this material is obviously rare; few, if any of the pieces are recorded in E.S.T.C.: there could have been no call for large numbers of copies. But the wealth of material they contain provides a detail to the outline of Scottish economic and social life which historians can surely not afford to ignore. The papers bear the signatures of many of Edinburgh's leading lawyers of the day, most notably that of Alexander Boswell, father of Johnson's biographer. Many are annotated in a contemporary hand, presumably that of Ferguson himself, indicating the outcome of cases and court decisions. The tendency of some bibliographers to ignore legal papers in their lists seems, in the light of this collection, hard to justify especially when the material they contain is so directly informative in the various areas of interest. E.S.T.C. records, for example, a copy of Andrew Chalmer's "An historical account of the city of Edinburgh's duty upon Ale," but neither of the two memorials (items 6 and 7 of the present collection) which provide much additional material and supply us with the correct date of publication. Lowe's bibliography of the Theatre gives various works on Digges but not the Petition (item 65), which accuses him of adultery. The Memorial for the Booksellers of Glasgow and Edinburgh is not in Kress, and so on. There is clearly a good case for stating that material of this kind has previously been significantly underrated."

          --Stephen Weissman, proprietor of Ximenes Rare Books, 1987.

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Location designator: Ex PITN
Pitney Collection on International Law and Diplomacy

About 70 volumes. (This is the rare book section of PITN.)

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In the Spring of 1977, the Library purchased a virtually complete collection (approximately 230 volumes) of the books issued by the Left Book Club between 1936 and 1948. The Library also acquired a complete run of the Left Book Club News. All materials are catalogued.

A checklist of the collection, marked for Princeton holdings, is found in Appendix II of the Dulles Reading Room copy of John Lewis. The Left Book Club: An Historical Record. (London, 1970) [(ExB) Z549.L4L45]. See also: S. Samuels, "The Left Book Club" in the Journal of Contemporary History I (1966) pp. 65-86.

At the same time as the purchase of the Left Book Club collection, the Library acquired a complete collection of the 40 titles issued by the Labour Book Service under the auspices of the British Labour Party between 1936 and 1946. As well, it also acquired a collection of 57 titles issued by the Right Book Club in London under imprint of W. and G. Foyle, Ltd. between 1937 and 1950. Both collections are catalogued.

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In 1986, the Library received a collection of 96 volumes covering editions of Dufresnoy's works. The collection was formed by Manson Milner Brien, Class of 1927,and was received as a gift from his widow. The collection covers many of the titles listed under Lenglet du Fresnoy in Alexandre Cioranescu, Bibliographie de la Litterature Français du dix-huitième siècle (Paris, 1969) [(F) Z2172 .xC54].

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The Library has a few significant pieces of early English libertine literature. First, there is the Princeton manuscript AM 14401. This 17th-century commonplace book "contains versions of the two earliest substantial pieces of pornographic writing in English, the verse play Sodom and a prose translation of part of the Satyra Sotadica of Nicholas Chorier." (p. 359 in A.S.G. Edwards, "Libertine Literature in Restoration England. Princeton MS AM 14401." in The Book Collector Vol. 25, No. 3 [Autumn, 1976].) Second, the Library has several early English pornographic books including the Earl of Rochester's poems (London, 1680), Pretty Little Games illustrated by Rowlandson [(GA) Rowlandson 1845], and Rowlandson's Fünfzig Erotische Grotesken... (Wien, 1907) [(GA) Rowlandson 1907.2f] as well as other books. Note also Edward Howard's Poems (London, 1674) in the Robert H. Taylor Collection.

See: David Foxon. Libertine Literature in England 1660-1745. (New Hyde Park, N.Y.: University Books, 1965) [(F) HQ462.F6].

Also note Venus Miscellany (New York?, 1851) [(Ex) HQ12 .V57] which is said by the historian William Gilmore to be the first American pornographic newspaper.

In the summer of 1993, the Library purchased a collection of 45 printed and manuscript early erotica from Bennett Gilbert. The collection includes the following of note: editions of two of the most important erotic works of the French eighteenth century (Nogaret and Montigny), both with illustrations, first editions of other influential and widely distributed works (Dulaurens, Parny, and La Lyre galliarde), very rare bibliophile reprints of earlier erotica (Birague), many fugitive publications of pornographic and satirical stories, poems, dialogues and narratives, a rare documentary work on prostitution, plus several unusual illustrated rarities, such as Visioni in sogno a Mess. Gio. Boccaccio. [Florence, 1780]. While most of the collection is French, several Italian books are of importance such as Meusnier de Querlon's La cortigiana di Smirne ... tradotto dal greco di Mnaseas (Londra: Appresso Thonson, 1769) which is recorded to have been suppressed in Venice. The manuscripts in the collection include a collection of unpublished pornography on the theme of the infertility of the union of two grand Roman families, bound together with a broadside epithalamion.

For the dealer's listing see the Collections File under the heading Erotica.

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During 1996, Dr. Richard Buenger '44 donated his collection of 170 books of and relating to limericks, including early editions of Edward Lear's A Book of Nonsense. The collection was featured in an exhibition on limericks, Art and Nonsense: The Work and Play of Edward Lear (1812-1888), in the Milberg Gallery in 1997. The collection is catalogued.

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LINCOLN, JOSEPH C. (1870-1944)

A collection of 44 volumes, by the American novelist, mostly presentation copies, was received by the Library in 1961-62 as a gift from Mr. and Mrs. Barton Currie.

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A collection by and about this important political reformer, wood engraver, poet, and printer, who was active both in England and America.

When first received, the collection wass divided into three parts. The first part was a gathering of more than 46 items arranged in three series together in one box and classed under one call number. The series are: I) material patently by W.J. Linton. II) items printed by Linton at his Appledore Press (New Haven, Conn.) and arranged according to the checklist prepared by R. Malcolm Sills in the Yale University Library Gazette, (vol. 12, 1938) and III) miscellaneous items published, distributed, or used by Linton and/or his sympathizers. The material in this box was printed mainly in London or New Haven between 1840 and 1897. Furthermore, its provenance includes ownership by William Wade Linton (son, born 1841) and Emily Wade Linton (wife of W.J.L.).

Second, there were several runs of periodicals with which Linton was associated, such as his Republican Tracts and Occasional Tracts. These serials are separately catalogued.

Finally, there were a group of separately catalogued pamphlets by such figures as Robert de Lamennais, Giuseppe Mazzini, James Watson, Richard Carlile, Julian Hibbert, Thomas Paine, and Thomas Wade. All such figures were associated with Linton as to his political sentiments. Evidently, Linton provided auspices for the publication of some of their works.

The W. J. Linton collection [(MSS) C0174] consists of 36 letters of Linton, with related correspondence and miscellaneous materials.

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Location designator: ExLM

The Library's important collection of literary "Little Magazines" of the early part of this century was completely inventoried, re-catalogued onto the online catalogue, and properly stored and shelved in the Special Collections location (Ex) with call number "LM" during 1987-1989.

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LUTHER, MARTIN (1483-1546)

Presented by Bernhard K. Schaefer '20, the collection includes over 200 Lutheran pamphlets ranging in date from 1518-1560. Pieces represent the full range of Luther's printed works: sermons, devotional tracts, commentaries, controversial writings, and editions of the works of others, and represent over half of Luther's printed output (at least for the early years). For details see: E. Harris Harbison, "Luther Pamphlets" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XVII, 4 (Summer, 1956) pp. 265-267 [full text] .

Later (1967) Schaefer made a further gift of Lutheriana. About 170 items, it contained many highspots of the Schaefer collection.

The Schaefer collection emphasizes three aspects of Luther:

1. Luther's force as disputant, tractarian, and theologian.

2. Luther's importance as a translator of the Bible.

3. Luther's influence beyond central Europe, especially in America.

For further particulars refer to: Paul Wagner, "A Luther Exhibition. Selections from the gift of Bernhard K. Schaefer" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXIX, 1 (Autumn, 1967) pp. 103-106 [full text] .

Benzing's Luther bibliography has been checked against the Princeton holdings; see: Josef Benzing. Lutherbibliographie. Verzeichnis der gedruckten Schriften Martin Luthers bis zu dessen Tod. (Baden-Baden, 1966) [(ExB) 3471.2.016].

Also not to be overlooked are Luther pamphlets mixed in with a collection of Reformation and pre-Reformation pamphlets acquired by the Library in the 1870's as part of the Trendelenburg Collection. A bibliographically detailed listing as well as an historical account of these pamphlets is given in: William Warner Bishop. German Reformation Pamphlets in Princeton University Library (Princeton, 1904) [Ex 1580.152.01]. (Pamphlet is an offprint from the Princeton University Bulletin Vol. XV, No. 3, pp. 183-199.) The Ex copy is annotated with the call numbers of the pamphlets covered by the list. Also, at end, is a list, with call numbers, of 12 pamphlets not on Bishop's printed inventory as well as a list of 4 imperfect pamphlets. Full text of this pamphlet is also available at

Final note: call numbers for many Luther pamphlets are: (Ex) 1580.152 (14 vol.) and (Ex) 3471.2.399 (15 vol.)

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The Princeton University Library holds about 70 books once belonging to this famous English collector, known for inscribing the exact date of publication in his books. William P. Stoneman, former Librarian of the Scheide Library, compiled a list of these books as well as an analysis of the list. A copy of this list is filed under Luttrell in the Collections File.

For the Luttrell holdings at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, see Stephen Parks. The Luttrell file : Narcissus Luttrell's dates on contemporary pamphlets, 1678-1730 (New Haven: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, 1999) [(F) Z2027.P3 P37 1999].

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McCOSH, JAMES (1811-1894)

James McCosh Library. Location designator [obsolete]: ExMc

Small collection of 15 volumes consisting of the remnant of President McCosh's personal library. Transferred to University Archives, Mudd Library in August 1983. Then transferred back to the General Rare Books Division in 1996 and catalogued.

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McCORMICK, CYRUS H. (1859-1936)

Cyrus McCormick Collection of Americana.

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MACHEN, ARTHUR (1863-1947)

Joseph Kelly Vodrey '26 presented his collection of the English novelist and essayist to Princeton. It includes practically all editions of Machen's works, including first editions in their original wrappers and many with lengthy inscriptions by the author and others. The collection also includes magazine issues, some of them representing scarce and highly perishable titles, which contain fugitive pieces by Machen, articles about him and reviews of his works. Added to the Vodrey collection was the Van Patten collection of Arthur Machen. The total of the two was 580+ items.

For particulars refer to: Ian W. Thom, "The Arthur Machen Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXVI, 2 (Winter, 1965) pp. 113-114 [full text].

The Manuscripts Division collection itself [(MSS) C0240] combines the gifts of both Vodrey and van Patten. It consists of manuscripts and correspondence of Machen and an equal amount of manuscripts and correspondence of Machen admirers and collectors, particularly the members of the Machen Society, founded in 1948 after Machen's death. Also included are proofs and manuscripts, various short works, such as introductions and prefaces, address books, and photographs of his residences, 1863-1930.

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   See: FABLES
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The collection was given to Princeton by Frederick L. Arnold in 1965. It includes about 50 volumes, as well as various issues of the Gramophone, which was edited by Mackenzie.

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The nucleus of the Library's special MacLeish material is the Arthur Mizener collection consisting of about 75 titles of limited and first editions. Today the collection numbers more than 85 volumes.

For a collection of periodicals in which his works appeared, see the collection entitled Miscellaneous works by Archibald MacLeish, 1926-1956, which contains various journal issues [(at ReCAP for use in RBSC) PS3525.A27 M57 1926q].

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   See: SHARP, WILLIAM (1855-1905)
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MAGGIN, DANIEL (1899-1982)

Generous donor to the Library for numerous years, Mr. Maggin gave several important gifts. Many of these are recorded in the following exhibition catalogue: Alexander D. Wainwright. Daniel Maggin. An Exhibit of a Small Selection of his Gifts to the Princeton University Library on the Occasion of a Visit to the Firestone Library by Mrs. Daniel Maggin with the Brandeis University National Women's Committee, April 21, 1983. (Princeton: Princeton University Library, 1983) [(ExB) 0639.739 no. 45]. [full text]

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The nucleus of the Library's magic collection is that put together by Carl W. Jones '11 and presented by his wife. As indicated below, the collection is mainly books and is held in the General Rare Book Collection. There is as well in the Theatre Collection a gathering of scrapbooks relating to the performance of magic acts in America. An index is available for these scrapbooks is available in the finding aid.

For particulars regarding the Jones Collection refer to: James Holly Hanford, "The Magic Collection of Carl W. Jones '11." in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XX, 1 (Autumn, 1958) pp. 47-53 [full text] .

Several of the books are of great rarity, the most notable of which is the following: Reginald Scot. The Discouerie of Witchcraft. (London, 1584) [(Ex) GR535 .S41]. Besides books on magic, there are books on card playing, on the laws of chance, and on cryptography.

Also included is: Johann Wier. De Praestigiis Daemonum. (Basel, 1563) [(Ex) R535 .W62]. This is a first edition of one of the great books in the history of witchcraft. The Princeton copy has a presentation inscription by the author and manuscript changes and notations attributed to him.

Checklist of the Jones collection with call numbers for the books is included in the Collections File. See also: Trevor Hall. A Bibliography of Books on Conjuring in English from 1580 to 1850 (Minneapolis, 1957) [(Ex) Z6878.c7 xH2]. The Ex copy has been checked for the Library's holdings.

The International Brotherhood of Magicians published a newsletter for a number of years, entitled The Linking Ring. From May 1949 to December 1966, John Braun's column appeared in that publication, and they have been reprinted in Of legierdemaine and diverse juggling knacks : columns from The Linking Ring, 1949-1966 (Ohio, 1999) [(Ex) 2003-0174Q].

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MANN, THOMAS (1875-1955)

Princeton is becoming a major center for material relating to Thomas Mann. Though the collection is especially strong in letters, there is also a notable collection of books.

Some 350 volumes are in the General Rare Books Collection (Ex). This includes various editions, including many first editions of Mann's works.

An exhibit of Thomas Mann works was held in 1975, in honor of which the Friends of the Library published a volume of essays by Stanley Corngold, Victor Lange, and Theodore Ziolkowski.

Most of the Mann collection is the gift of Miss Caroline Newton. For some details see: "Preface" by Richard M. Ludwig in Thomas Mann 1875-1955 [a collection of essays by Stanley Corngold, Victor Lange, and Theodore Ziolkowski]. (Princeton, 1975). See also: The Letters of Thomas Mann to Caroline Newton with a Foreword by Robert F. Goheen. [(Princeton), 1971].

See also the manuscript holdings of the Library [(MSS) C0295]. This is the link to the finding aid. The collection contains works of Mann including lectures, addresses, radio broadcasts (1942-1943), proofs for Der Erwahlte and a chapter of Lotte in Weimar, and a facsimile of Die Betrogene, as well as correspondence between Mann and many German and American intellectuals, such as Charles Neider, Arthur Hubscher, Hans Hulsen, Erich von Kahler, and Caroline Newton. In addition, there are memorabilia, photographs of Mann and several friends (Arturo Toscanini, Bruno Walter, etc.), and printed matter relating to Mann, as well as articles and essays of which he is the subject.

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   See: ATLASES and MAPS
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John Martin (1789-1854), Jonathan Martin (1792-1838), and William Martin (1772-1851).

In 1969, Robert H. Taylor '30 gave the Library a collection of more than 300 books, pamphlets, and broadsides by or relating to the eccentric Martin brothers: John (1789-1854), the painter and engraver; Jonathan (1792-1838), preacher and pyromaniac (York Minster fire); and William (1772-1851), inventor, "natural philosopher and poet." No full listing of the collection made at the time of gift has been found. Evidently, over the years, the collection was distributed among various units of the Department and catalogued according to procedures of that unit. Consequently, books will be found under these names in both the supplementary card catalog (now digitized) and the online catalog as well as in the card catalog of the Manuscripts Division. Material is also under the heading "York Minster."

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MASEFIELD, JOHN (1878-1967)

A substantial collection of Masefield's poetry in the General Rare Books Collection (Ex) as the result of the gift of John Wood.

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MASTERS, EDGAR LEE (1869-1950)

Of the 111 editions of his works in the Library, 57 are in the General Rare Book Collection (Ex). Several volumes are presentation copies to Gertrude Claytor. For particulars refer to: Gertrude Claytor, "Edgar Lee Masters in the Chelsea Years" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XIV, 1 (Autumn, 1952) pp. 1-29 [full text] .

Also see the Gertrude Claytor collection of Edgar Lee Masters, 1915-1961 [(MSS) C0150], which consists of manuscripts and correspondence of Masters and correspondence, photographs, and printed material relating to him, collected by Gertrude Claytor. The collection contains manuscripts of 48 of his poems, the manuscripts of two articles he wrote on Samuel Clemens and Vachel Lindsay, and approximately 65 of his letters.

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Although a New England family, the Mathers had a descendant who was a prominent member of Princeton in the 20th century. From Frank Jewett Mather came a number of important gifts relating to the Mathers. For details see the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXX, 2 (Winter, 1964) p. 167 [full text] .

The Library has, in the Graphic Arts Department's Hamilton Collection, the woodcut portrait of Richard Mather. See the Hamilton catalogue (1958), number 2. This woodcut, by John Foster in 1670, is the first to be produced in what is now the United States.

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MELVILLE, HERMAN (1819-1891)

The Library possesses many American and English first editions of Melville, as well as a fine group of books on whaling and voyages. The 1951 exhibition of Moby-Dick and related materials gives a catalogue of works on display at that time. Most are from the Princeton University Library holdings. For particulars refer to: "Moby-Dick by Herman Melville. A Century of an American Classic. 1851-1951. Catalogue of an Exhibition. Princeton University Library" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XIII, 2 (Winter, 1952) pp. 63-118 [full text] .

Two interesting Melville association books are his copy of James MacPherson's Fingal (1762) and William Habington's Castara (1812 [first published, 1634]). Both have his notes. Acquired at the end of 1989 was his heavily annotated copy of Milton's works. Call number for this copy is (Ex) PR3551 .M57 1836, vols. 1 and 2. (Melville's King Lear is at Harvard; see R. Stoddard's Marks in Books.)

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MENCKEN, H. L. (1880-1956)

The Library has a set of all of Mencken's works, including many first editions inscribed by Mencken. These are scattered throughout the General Rare Books Collection. See the Association File under Mencken for further particulars. About 40 volumes.

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For a collection of periodicals in which his works appeared, see the collection entitled Miscellaneous works by William Meredith, 1944-1953, which contains various journal issues [(at ReCAP for use in RBSC) PS507 .M473].

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For a collection of periodicals in which his works appeared, see the collection entitled Miscellaneous works by W. S. Merwin, 1948-1969, which contains various journal issues [(at ReCAP for use in RBSC) PS507 .M479].

Also note a large number of his works in the Milberg Collection of American Poetry (ExRML).

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In October 1992, the Library purchased the 250+ volume Frank A. Pattie collection of books by and relating to Franz Anton Mesmer and the notions of "animal magnetism" that became associated with him. Of the 250 titles, about 50 date from the period 1746 to 1800, about 120 date from 1801 to 1900, and the balance consists of twentieth century studies, chiefly of of Mesmer and his original tenets. Some of Mesmer's most important works (according to Robert Darnton in the Dictionary of Scientific Biography) are in the collection, including his Précis historique des faits relatifs au magnétisme animal (London, 1781) and his Mesmerismus oder System der Wechselwirkungen, Theorie, und Anwendung des thierischen Magnetismus als die allegemine Heilkunde zur Erhaltung des Menschen edited by K.C. Wolfart (Berlin, 1814).

For a study concentrating on mesmerism as a movement rather than as a philosophy, see Robert Darnton's Mesmerism and the End of the Enlightenment in France (Cambridge, Mass., 1968).

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For information about some important books on this subject see the catalogue prepared for the following exhibition shown at the Princeton University Library during December 1943: The Art of War. An Exhibition of Books, Maps, Prints and Manuscripts pertaining to Military Strategy. (Princeton, Princeton University Library, 1944) [(ExB) Z6724.S8 P74 1943].

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MILLER, SAMUEL (1769-1850)

Professor of Ecclesiastical History and Church Government at Princeton Theological Seminary from 1813 to 1846. Trustee of Princeton University from 1807 to 1850. Author of A Brief Retrospect of the 18th Century (New York, 1803). See: A Landmark in American Intellectual History: Samuel Miller's 'A Brief Retrospect of the 18th Century' 1803; an Exhibition Commemorating the 150th Anniversary of its Publication. (Princeton: The Library, 1953). Compiled by Howard C. Rice, Jr. and Alexander D. Wainwright. [(ExB) 0639.739 no. 11]. [full text]
    According to the New York Tribune for March 25, 1900, President Patton announced the receipt of the library of Samuel Miller as a gift to the university and the seminary libraries. "The 4,500 volumes will be divided equally between the two libraries. The books treat mainly of themes connected with the history of the Church, and many are of great value." In actuality, this was not the entirety of Miller's library, but the residue held by his heirs after a number of titles had been sold at auction in Philadelphia on December 13, 1898. (See A Description of an Extraordinary Collection of rare Bradford, Zenger, Franklin, Keimer And Other Early American Imprints ... From the Libraries of Dr. Samuel Miller, Dec'd Of Princeton, Jas. A. Bancker, Dec'd of New York and other Sources to be sold on Tuesday, December 13th, 1898. Catalogue compiled and sale conducted by Stan. V. Henkels. [Philadelphia : Davis & Harvey, 1898.]) Evidence in the Miller papers at Princeton Theological Seminary indicates that portions of the library were also handled by Leary's in Philadelphia.

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MILTON, JOHN (1608-1674)

Henry Austin Whitney Collection of Milton (with additions from other sources)

The extensive Milton collection in the Princeton University Library contains many original editions of the books and pamphlets which illustrate the variety of ways in which Milton availed himself of "the freedom of press." Whitney's collection was 254 volumes of first editions and other rare editions of Milton's pamphlets and poetry, and other works of criticism, biography and translation. Refer to: Biblia VII, 1 (February, 1936) pp. [3-4] [full text] .

The Scheide Library includes a first edition of Paradise Lost.

Acquired by Princeton at the end of 1989 was Herman Melville's heavily annotated copy of Milton's works [(Ex) PR3551 .M57 1836].

For details about the Milton collection but mainly for information about the Faithorne "Bayfordbury" portrait of Milton, see: John Martin. The Portrait of John Milton at Princeton and Its Place in Milton Iconography. (Princeton, 1961).

Re: books at Princeton said to be formerly owned by Milton.
1) In the Index of English Literary Manuscripts covering 1625 to 1700, the entry for Milton (p.80) states "An exemplum of William Ames, De conscientia (Amsterdam, 1635) at Princeton bears the inscription in an unidentified hand 'Ex libris Johannis Miltonii,' and might conceivably have an authentic provenance, but there is no sign of Milton's own hand by way of corrobation (LR, I, 292; Boswell, No. 36)." This book is in the library of the Princeton Theological Seminary, call number SCB #1254.
2) Re: Peter Du Moulin, Regii Sanguinis Clamor (Hague, 1652) [Ex 14432.313]
Acquired by the Library before 1884, because it is listed in the printed catalouge published that year, on page 450, col. 2, under Milton, General works. It is also marked with the Library's shelf mark "Art Room B.1.34". (The Art Room was the east wing of Chancellor Green Library. See Bric-a-Brac 1877-78, page 26). A note in pencil on front free end paper "This copy sold in Dawson Turner's sale for 2.2. ..." Turner's books were sold at Sotheby & Wilkinson, London in March 1853. This is lot 549. Princeton's marked copy of the Turner catalogue says that the book was sold to Waller. Waller is either William Waller & Son, "At the Temple Depot" London, or John Waller same address who issued a catalogue in 1873 (Cf. Bloglie).
A note regarding this copy appeared in volume 3, page 245, The Life Records of John Milton (New Brunswick, 1958): "John Milton, August 1652. ... A copy of Regii Sanguinis Clamor, printed by Vlac at The Hague, 1652, now in the library of Princeton University, bears the initials "J. M." on a flyleaf at the back. Under it is the note, perhaps in the hand of Dawson Turner, "Milton's Initials." On a front flyleaf are various signatures and initials, including "Dawson Turner 1845" and "John Phillips." The editors of the "First Supplement to the Columbia 'Milton,' " published in Notes and Queries, CLXXVII (1939), 330, in which this information is set forth, were unable to decide with any assurance whether this book was actually Milton's copy or not. However, Milton certainly must have possessed a copy, as the quotation from Viac's Apology from Milton's Defensio Secunda proves; and this may quite possibly be his. There are no marginal notations in it."
Nicolas Barker examined the book in November, 1976, and judged the initials to be forgeries.

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