Sections from Torrance to the letter Zed

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Guide to Selected Special Collections

Sections from Torrance, Ridgely to the letter Zed

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[(Ex) Item 3375119]
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TORRENCE, RIDGELY, Class of 1897 (1875-1950)

Ridgely Torrence was a poet, a playwright, and editor of The New Republic from 1920-1924.

A checklist of Torrence's works appeared in the Chronicle. For particulars refer to: Willard Thorp, "The Achievement of Ridgely Torrence" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XII, 3 (Spring, 1951) pp. 103-11 [full text] . It lists forty editions of his works in the Library, of which 25 are in the General Rare Books Collection (Ex).

The Manuscripts Division holds a collection [(MSS) C0172] which documents his long literary career. Approximately 10,000 letters between Torrence (Princeton Class of 1897), his family and friends, plus manuscripts of his work and those of his literary friends, exist in the collection. In addition, there are documents, scrapbooks, diaries, report cards from Torrence's Miami College (Oxford) and Princeton University days, daguerreotypes and photographs, memorabilia, and genealogical records, some dating as early as 1833. Represented in his personal and editorial correspondence are most of the important literary figures of his time, including Robert Frost, Vachel Lindsay, William Vaughn Moody, and Edward Arlington Robinson.

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In addition to the Kane and McCormick Collections (see AMERICANA in this Guide), the Library has a substantial number of such accounts, which are classified between Ex 1003 and Ex 1999. The following notes only hint at what the Library has.

The Julian W. Feiss '27 Collection of Africana concentrates on works dealing with African travel experiences of Europeans (19th century). See: Edward A. Tiryakian '52, "An important addition to Princeton's Africana" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXIII, 4 (Summer, 1964) pp. 178-181 [ full text].

A collection purchased from Gilbert Chinard (some 500 volumes) ranges over a very broad area of subjects but includes noteworthy volumes of travel accounts and imaginary voyages. It includes, among others,

1. Anacharsis Brissot de Warvill. Voyage au Guazacoalcos, aux Antilles et aux Etats-Unis (Paris, 1837).

2. Dralsé de Grandpierre. Relation de Divers Voyages Faits dans l'Afrique, dans l'Amérique, & aux Indes Occidentales (Paris, 1718).

3.Relation d'un Voyage du Pole Arctique au Pole Anarctique par le Centre du Monde (Amsterdam, 1723).

4. Simon Tyssot de Patot. La Vie, les Avantures, & le Voyage de Groenland du Révérend Père Cordelier Pierre de Mésange (Amsterdam, 1720).

5. Gabriel de Foigny. Les Aventures de Jacques Sadeur (several editions).

6. Simon Tyssot de Patot. Voyages et Aventures de Jacques Massé (several editions).

The accounts also include, as a gift from Timothy N. Pfeiffer '08, the handsomely printed and illustrated Historiale description de l'Afriqve, published by Jean Temporal at Lyons in 1556 [(Ex) 1804.579.11q]; the first French edition (Paris, 1686) of Exquemelin's famous history of the buccaneers (the fountain-head of all pirate stories) [(Ex) 1330.332.12]; and the author's presentation copy of Claude Le Beau's Avantures du Sr. C. Le Beau, avocat en parlement, ou Voyage curieux et nouveau parmi les Sauvages de l'Amérique Septentrionale (Amsterdam, 1738) [(Ex) 1070.569].

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    See: CLEMENS, SAMUEL LANGHORNE (1835-1910)

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Holden Collection: Gift of Arthur C. Holden.

The entire collection is catalogued and dispersed throughout the General Rare Books Collection (Ex).

Given in 1974, this is a collection of material having to do with Utopias, communist and socialist societies, and attempts to solve the problems of political and social justice.

Collection contains over 200 bound volumes, published from the 16th century to the present. Also many pamphlets and early periodicals, so that the number of individual pieces comes to more than 1000.

Works by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Montesquieu, Saint-Simon, and Etienne Cabet, Bastiat and Condorcet, rounding out the French writers. English social philosophers from Sir Thomas More to Robert Owen. American writers who founded and wrote about such communities as Brook Farm, the Oneida Community, Hopedale Community, and the Society of Separatists of Zoar. Important works by John Humphrey Noyes, Charles Nordhoff, W.A. Hinds, and Adin Ballou, as well as contemporary material on the Shakers.

Most important: Jean Bodin. Les Six Livres de la Republique (Lyons, 1593); Thomas More. Utopia. (London, 1624); Charles Fourier. De l'Anarchie Industrielle (1847); Robert Owen. Report to the County of Lanark of a Plan for Relieving Public Distress ... by Giving ... Employment to the Poor and Working Classes ... (Glasgow, 1821). Inscribed by Owen to the great naturalist Baron Cuvier; Marquis de Mirabeau. L'Ami des Hommes (Hague, 1758-1760) [bound in 10 volumes].

Pamphlets of the Shaker and Oneida Communities, and other similar 19th century American ephemera:


Ballou, Adin (1803-1890) Christian non-resistance ... (1846) [(Ex) 5397.956.143]; History of the Hopedale Community (reprint of the 1897 ed. in the open stacks, HX656.H7 B2 1972).

Hinds, William Alfred. American Communities: brief sketches of Economy, Zoar, Bethel; Aurora, Amana, Icaria, The Shakers, Oneida, Wallingford, and the Brotherhood of the New Life (Oneida: Office of the American Socialist, 1878) [(Ex) HX653 .H58].

More, Sir Thomas, Saint (1478-1535). Habes candide lector opusculum illud ... nova insula Utopia(Paris, 1517) [(Ex) 3865.5.392.129].

Nordhoff, Charles (1830-1901). California: for health, pleasure, residence (1872-74) [Rollins]; The Communistic Societies of the United States (1875) [(ExW) HX653 .N76].

Noyes, John Humphrey (1811-1886). Confessions of John H. Noyes. Part I. Confession of Religious Experience (1849) [(Ex) HX656.O5 N8].

Owen, Robert (1771-1858). The Book of the New Moral World [(Ex) HX696 .09 1842]; Debate on the Evidences of Christianity (1829) [(Ex) 60091.692]; Development of the origin and effects of moral evil ... (1838) [(Ex) 6390.401.692]; Essays on the Formation of the Human Character (1813-1814) [(Ex) HX696 .O9 1813].

Warren, Josiah (known as the first American anarchist). Practical Applications of the Elementary Principles of True Civilization ... (1873) [(Ex) HM101 .W3].


The Phalanx. N.Y. (1843-1845). Continued by The Harbinger. Brook Farm and N.Y. (1845-1848).

Oneida Circular. Oneida, N.Y. Vols. II, III, VI, VIII, and X to XIII (1865-1876).

The Witness (Oneida). Ithaca and Putney. Vol. I Nos. 1-26.

Oneida Community Daily. (1868), Nos. 1-71.

The Perfectionist and Theocratic Watchman, 1837-1846 [(Ex) BX8795.P4 A7f].

Shaker Manifesto, v. 9-16, 1879-1886, (Ex) BX9751 .xS5

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VAN DOREN, CARL (1885-1950)

American historian. Professor at Columbia (1911-34) and literary editor of The Nation (1919-22) and Century (1922-25).

193 editions of his works are in the Library of which 130 are in the General Rare Books Collection (Ex). Many are from Van Doren's personal library. The Van Doren material occupies the Richardson call numbers from Ex 3971.375.1945 to Ex 3971.375.988.

The Manuscripts Division holds the Carl Van Doren papers, 1900-1950 [(MSS) C0072], which illustrate the literary career of Van Doren in typescripts, some with author's corrections, and research notes for his biography of Benjamin Franklin (for which he won the Pulitzer Prize in American biography), and in typescripts for some of his short stories, articles, lectures, poetry, and radio programs ("Words at War") based on his material. In addition, there are 35 volumes of notebooks and diaries (1901-1950) and 17 boxes of correspondence.

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VAN VECHTEN, CARL (1880-1964)

A collection of first or special editions of books written or edited by Carl Van Vechten. Each volume is inscribed. See the Association File under Van Vechten.

After a career as a music critic, journalist, and author, Van Vechten turned to photography. (MSS) C0877 contains 46 postcard-size, black and white photographs of 33 people, including two self-portraits, taken and printed by Van Vechten primarily during the 1930s to 1940s. His subjects in this collection cover a wide range of celebrities in the theatrical and literary world. The Graphic Arts department also holds a collection of his photographs, (GA) GC123.

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Location designator: ExV

About 500 volumes. Covers mainly classical, French and English poetry, in editions published between 1500 and 1900. The collection is mainly noteworthy for its relatively good quality and attractive book bindings of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

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   See: VIRGIL
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The Robert F. Metzdorf Collection
Location designator: ExMe

About 700 volumes, the first gift of which was in 1961-62. For particulars refer to: Robert F. Metzdorf, "Victorian Book Decoration" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXIV, 2 (Winter, 1963) pp. 91-99 [ full text].

Also see: Princeton University Library Chronicle XXXII, 3 (Spring, 1971) p. 187 [full text], describing 25 additional examples of English, Scottish, and American cloth bindings of the latter half of the 19th century added to the collection.

Available [here] is a PDF of 190 pages of handwritten descriptions of the books prepared by Robert Metzdorf.

There are two special card files available for this collection. One lists names of binders and designers whose work is in the collection and the other lists special types of Victorian bindings, such as "papier mâché"

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Morris L. Parrish Collection of Victorian Novelists
Location designators: Parrish and (ExPARRISH)

The Parrish Collection as it looked in his residence Dormy House
in Pine Valley, NJ before it came to Princeton in 1944.
[Photograph: C0171 / Series IV / Box 25 / Folder 2 / Cover of 1936 Christmas card]

The collection contains over 6,500 volumes, as well as many theatre programs, playbills, photographs, clippings, and other miscellanea. Parrish's goal was to assemble in both the English and the American first editions, in the original condition as issued, everything that a given author published. He was also interested in a high standard of condition for his books.

Many additions have been acquired since the M. Parrish collection came to the Library as a bequest in 1944.

Alexander Wainwright's article on the collection published in the Princeton University Library Chronicle for spring 2001 gives remarkable background about the collection.

The collection is an assemblage of author collections, consisting of books by: William Harrison Ainsworth (54+ items) James Matthew Barrie (237+) William Black (17+) The Brontes (198+) (i.e. Anne Bronte, Charlotte Bronte, Emily Jane Bronte, and Patrick Branwell Bronte) William Wilkie Collins (247+) Dinah Mulock Craik (139+) Marie Louise de la Ramee ("Ouida") (43+) Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield (70+) Charles Dickens (567+) Charles Dodgson ("Lewis Carroll") (580+) George du Maurier (50+) "George Eliot" (i.e. Mary Ann Evans) (143+) Elizabeth Gaskell (60+) Thomas Hardy (320+) Thomas Hughes (92+) Charles Kingsley (188+) Charles Lever (73+) Edward George Earle Bulwer-Lytton (289+) Mary Maxwell (28+) George Meredith (150+) Charles Reade (196+) Walter Scott (42+) Robert Louis Stevenson (see separate entry in Guide for this author) William Makepeace Thackeray (320+) Anthony Trollope (399+) Frances Eleanor Trollope (2+) Frances Milton Trollope (23+) Thomas A. Trollope (18+) Ellen Wood (11+) Charlotte Yonge (12+)

For biographical particulars and images of the Parrish authors, see this page.

Catalogues and checklists.

The holdings of the Parrish collection can be discovered in two ways. Each method has its own distinct advantages and disadvantages as summarized in the following table.




PDF files for all printed holdings of all author collections making up the whole Parrish collection

Current only through December 2000. Although it lists all items, it does not give the LC call numbers for those items in the LC call number series.

Online catalogue records

Current through the present but only for those books in the LC call number series (about 20% of the entire collection.) — Call numbers for books assigned such can only be had by consulting the online catalogue record. — LC call numbers are not in the PDF files.



The earliest systematic recordings of the collection date to the checklist of the collection which was compiled in 1944 by Mr. Parrish's librarian entitled The Library of Morris L. Parrish. A Catalogue in Typescript of the Collection as of October 20, 1944. A copy of the checklist has been temporarily catalogued by the Princeton University Library, and a second uncatalogued copy is available in the Munger (Kane) Room. Continuing the 1944 list is Additions to the Morris L. Parrish Collection of Victorian Novelists. Printed Items. Xerox checklist made and bound December 1978. The checklist is available for consultation in the Munger (Kane) Room, as well.

A typescript catalogue of printed material in the collection was prepared between December 1978 and June 1981, the catalogue (1000+ pages) and was scheduled for publication by University Publications of America sometime during the 1980's. Not a bibliography, the catalogue provides readers with descriptive information about holdings in the collection not available in the Public Catalogue. A copy of this typescript catalogue is bound in three volumes and is normally shelved in the Munger (Kane) Room.

Superceding the above mentioned lists is the 'virtual' printed catalogue viewable this URL These PDF pages were prepared by Alexander Wainwright from the pages drafted by an assistant, Sybille Weiner, between 1978 and 1981.

It should also be mentioned that during the years ca 1949 and ca. 1975, Alexander Wainwright prepared catalogue cards for a number of the books, perhaps, as many as 70% up to ca. 1975. These very brief and usually not too informative cards are viewable in the supplementary catalogue here.

General references.

For particulars on the growth of the Collection between 1944 and 1956 refer to: Alexander D. Wainwright, "The Morris L. Parrish Collection of Victorian Novelists: A Summary Report and an Introduction," in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XVII, 2 (Winter, 1956) pp. 59-67 [full text] .

The Princeton University Library Chronicle devoted two entire issues to this collection (VIII, 1, November 1946 [full text] and XVII, 2, Winter 1956 [full text] ). Articles on aspects of Kingsley, Dickens, Hardy, Trollope, etc.

For further particulars refer to: A Victorian Anthology. Books, Manuscripts, and Other Material from the Morris L. Parrish Collection of Victorian Novelists. A Catalogue of an Exhibition in the Princeton University Library. Princeton, 1955. The exhibition featured 20 of the authors within the Parrish collection [(ExB) 0639.739 no. 14] [full text] .

Details of Holdings and References.

1. Ainsworth, William Harrison, (1805-1882)

There are 54+ volumes found within the Parrish Collection. Details about Cruikshank's illustations for Ainsworth can be found in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXXV, 1&2 (Autumn and Winter, 1973-74) pp. 15, 17-19, 24, 83, 108 ff., 144-146, 183 and 221 [full text].

2. Barrie, Sir James Matthew, (1860-1937)

About 250 volumes. Details may be found in: Walter Beinecke Jr., "Barrie in the Parrish Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XVII, 2 (Winter, 1956) pp. 96-98 [full text] .

3. Bronte Family

A sizable section of the Parrish collection, with more than 585 volumes. Ninety-eight volumes are books from the libraries of the Brontes.

See Morris L. Parrish. Victorian Lady Novelists. (London, 1933) (Ex) 04705.692

4. Bulwer-Lytton, Edward (1803-1873)

Included in the Parrish Collection, this gathering of first editions by Bulwer-Lytton and material relating to him, is among the largest and finest known. The collection at Princeton includes all 66 English first editions as well as more than 40 first American editions.

There are about 300 separate items in the collection. Some of the rarer are: 1. Ishmael (1820). A slender pamphlet of his earliest poems published privately by his mother when he was 17. 2. Weeds and Wildflowers (Paris, 1826). Also privately published. 3. Falkland. An excellent copy of the author's first published novel. 4. The Last Days of Pompeii.

For particulars refer to: Sarah Dickson, "The Bulwer-Lytton Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle VIII, 1 (November, 1946) pp. 28-32 [full text] .

5. Carroll, Lewis (1832-1898)

For particulars refer to: Warren Weaver, "The Parrish Collection of Carrolliana" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XVII, 2 (Winter, 1956) pp. 85-91 [full text] . The collection includes some 580 volumes. The collection contains not only the books published under the name Lewis Carroll, but also the more scholarly works and mathematical treatises published under the name Charles L. Dodgson.

See, as well, the following catalogues prepared by Parrish, based on his collection. Morris L. Parrish. List of the Writings of Carroll Collected by Morris L. Parrish (Pine Valley, N.J., 1928) and Supplementary List (Pine Valley, N.J., 1933).

6. Collins, Wilkie (1824-1889)

About 250 volumes. Containing the first English edition of every novel Collins wrote, as well as authorized American first editions. (Pirated American editions are lacking in some cases.) Also rich in posters, cartoons, clippings, pamphlets and offprints.

Refer to: Robert P. Ashley, "The Wilkie Collins Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XVII, 2 (Winter, 1956) pp. 81-84 [full text] .

7. Dickens, Charles (1812-1870)

Includes 600 items. The major novels are present including many sets of the original issues. Very rich in American editions, and also includes books about Dickens.

Refer to: Gordon Hall Gerould, "The Dickens Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle VIII, 1 (November, 1946) pp.21-23 [full text] . Gerould's article gives more detail about the various editions of the works. See also: Morris L. Parrish. A List of the Writings of Charles Dickens. Philadelphia, 1938. See also: "Charles Dickens" [first editions presented to the Library]" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XX, 3 (Summer, 1959) pp. 158-160 [full text] .

8. Eliot, George (1819-1880)

Most of the 150+ volumes both by and relating to George Eliot are catalogued. Also see: Morris L. Parrish. Victorian Lady Novelists (London, 1933) [(Ex) 04705.692].

9. Gaskell, Elizabeth (1810-1865)

About 60 volumes. For particulars refer to: Morris L. Parrish. Victorian Lady Novelists (London, 1933) [(Ex) 04705.692].

10. Hardy, Thomas (1840-1928)

Princeton has a virtually complete set of English and American first editions of the Wessex novels, most of the Hardy serials, & the collected works. More than 300 volumes. The collection is rounded out by bibliographies of Hardy's works and the significant biographical and critical studies.

Refer to: Glenn J. Christensen, "The Thomas Hardy Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle VIII, 1 (November, 1946) pp. 24-27 [full text] .

11. Kingsley, Charles (1819-1875)

The finest collection of the works of Charles Kingsley, including many first editions and first American editions. Almost 200 volumes.

For particulars refer to: Morris L. Parrish and B.K. Mann. Charles Kingsley and Thomas Hughes: First Editions in the Library of Dormy House (Pine Valley, N.J., 1936) as well as Margaret Farrand Thorp, "The Kingsley Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle VIII, 1 (November, 1946) pp. 18-20 [full text] .

12. Reade, Charles (1814-1884)

For particulars refer to: Robert B. Martin, "The Reade Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XVII, 2 (Winter, 1956) pp. 77-80 [full text] . The article describes briefly some of the items in one of the finest Reade collection ever assembled. Almost 200 volumes.

13. Stevenson, Robert Louis (1850-1894)

Almost 700 volumes total. For particulars refer to: [Alexander Wainwright]. Robert Louis Stevenson A Catalogue of the Henry E. Gerstley Stevenson Collection, of the Stevenson Section of the Morris L. Parrish Collection of Victorian Novelists and Items from Other Collections of the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections in the Princeton University Library (Princeton, 1971) [(ExB) Z8843 .P95]. Note that this catalogue is available as a PDF file here.

The Henry van Dyke collection of the Works of Robert Louis Stevenson contributed to the holdings on Stevenson, as well as the first editions received from Henry Gerstley (nearly 70 volumes). For details see: "Robert Louis Stevenson" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XIV, 2 (Winter, 1953) p.105 [full text] . Also see: David A. Randall, "The Stevenson Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXVII, 2 (Winter, 1956) pp. 92-95 [full text] . Article surveys the Stevenson collection in the Parrish collection.

14. Thackeray, William Makepeace (1811-1863)

The Library Company of Philadelphia exhibited a selection of the Parrish material in 1940, at which time a privately printed catalogue was compiled. Over 300 volumes in the collection. The importance of the Parrish Thackeray collection lies in its depth.

Refer to: Robert F. Metzdorf, "M.L. Parrish and William Makepeace Thackeray" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XVII, 2 (Winter, 1956) pp. 68-70 [full text] .

15. Trollope, Anthony (1815-1882)

Collection has virtually every publication; first editions and many variants, English and American. All periodicals that contained stories or articles by Trollope, many of which were never reprinted. More than 400 volumes are catalogued.

For particulars refer to: Robert H. Taylor '30, "The Trollope Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle VIII, 1 (November 1946) pp. 33-37 [full text] .

An exhibition entitled "A Great Victorian: Anthony Trollope, 1815- 1882" was shown in the Gould Gallery of Firestone Library during 1982-83. The gathering of more than 200 items came entirely from the Parrish Collection and that of Robert H. Taylor. (Checklist of the exhibition was prepared by Richard M. Ludwig and Alexander D. Wainwright in December, 1982, [(ExB) 0639.739 no. 42] [full text] .

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In the 1930's, the Library had a steadily growing collection of Victorian poets. See Biblia VI, 2 (June, 1935) p. [16] [full text] and IX, 1 (February, 1938) p. [4] [full text] . The collection included first editions of both outstanding and minor poets of the period including Tennyson, Browning, Rossetti (q.v.), Swinburne, Landor, and others. Over the last 50 years, the collection has grown reasonably, with the lastest increase occuring with the accession of the Rossetti collection from Janet Troxell. See also Verna E. Bayles, "A Sampling of Victorian Poets at Princeton" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle VI, 3 (April, 1945) pp. 127-132 [full text] .

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Junius S. Morgan '88 Collection of Editions of Virgil
Location designator: VRG

Junius Spencer Morgan (photo: Vandyck, London)
Fig. 1, page 136, in Record of the Art Museum,
Princeton University
55:1-2 (1996).
For a detailed biography, see National Cyclopaedia of
American Biography
,vol. 30 (New York, 1943), p. 19-20.

Junius Spencer Morgan (1867-1932), Class of 1888, and A.M. 1896, was a nephew of the celebrated John Pierpont Morgan, the great financier. J. S. Morgan began collecting as a student, and was early attracted to Virgil probably through the influence of Dean West. The gift of the collection, valued at $50,000, was made in December 14 1896 issue of the Daily Princetonian. In each succeeding year until his death, Morgan added volumes to the collection. (His very last gift was "an Aeneid printed by Wolfgang Stoeckel of Leipzig in 1511, which arrived at the Library just three weeks before the donor's death in 1932.") He said of the collection in 1929:

For a book collector, and that is all I pretend to be, you can readily understand that a collection of editions of [Virgil's] work covers a large and interesting field. Everyone who had even a small library would be sure to have a Virgil and the large libraries many different editions. The dilettante, as well as the scholar, would have his copy. The result is that the collector can hope to find Virgils that have belonged to people of importance and interest. The publishers whom I have mentioned, as well as many others, vied with one another in publishing handsome editions, both as to typography and paper; many were printed on vellum. In each period, the services of the best artists have been called in to illustrate the books; the best binders, to bind copies. We thus have in a collection of Virgils an opportunity to gather together books representative of every period in the history of printing, illustration, and binding, since printing was invented. One may realize the truth of what I have said by examining the Virgils in the Treasure Room of Princeton University Library.
[J.S. Morgan, et al., The Tradition of Virgil, (Princeton, 1930), p. 9.]
The Library has continued to expand the collection. Because of the high esteem Virgil held since even before printing began, the collection covers not only early, unusual, or scholarly editions and translations but also outstanding examples in the history of fine printing, book illustration, and book binding. The collection includes the only copy in the United States of the first edition of his Opera (Rome, Sweynheym and Pannarta, 1469), the first Virgil printed in France (Paris, 1470-1472), the important editions of Aldus Manutius, Giunta, Estienne, Plantin, Elzevir, Tonson, Baskerville, Foulis, Heyne, Bodoni, and Didot, as well as a 1541 Aldine Virgil bound for Jean Grolier and the 1524-32 Estienne folio edition of the Opera, which belonged to Philip Melanchthon, with his notes [(VRG) 2945.1532q]. Today, the collection numbers more than 700 titles (ca. 900 volumes). and includes as well 13 manuscripts. The Virgil collection stands among the leading collections in the world for its scope. Included are: 1. 346 editions of the complete works of Virgil, 34 of which are incunabula. 2. Translations of Virgil into: mostly English, French, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, and German, but also Polish, Portuguese, Czech, Greek, Romansch, Hungarian. For a listing of the Virgil holdings complete through 1990, refer to this web-available document. This web-available listing updates a 1956 publication [Shirley Weber. The Vergil Collection in the Princeton University Library: A Checklist and a Descriptive Catalogue. (Princeton, 1956) [(ExB) 2945.073]] to include additions to VRG made between 1956 and 1990. These additions were given "a" numbers, that is, numerations by interpolation between existing numbers in the Weber catalogue, as in the series: 501, 501a, 501b, 502, 503. The incunabula in the Virgil collection are of special importance for North America in light of the following: "Virgil has made more headway among American collectors of the last hundred years, for 84 editions are now found in the USA. [That is, 84 of the over-all 185 incunabular period editions.] The outstanding collection is Princeton University Library, whose Junius Morgan collection of Virgiliana has 46 editions of the poet, 16 of which are the only copies recorded in the country, and three of those are unknown anywhere else. Were it not for Princeton's special strength in this area, the editions at the Huntington Library (26) and indeed at the Pierpont Morgan (13), Harvard and Yale (12 apiece), would assume greater prominence as the considerable feats of collection building that they are. " Martin Davies in his Vergil: A Census of Printed Editions 1469-1500 (London: Bibliographical Society, 1992) No. 7 in their Occasional Papers of the Bibliographical Society.

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Princeton has one of the leading collections of printed books in the fields of the early history and culture of Virginia, including many important rare books. The following article gives details and covers the important McCormick collection of Virginiana numbering 73 items--books and pamphlets--being especially strong in material covering the first century of the colony's existence. See: Louis B. Wright, "Materials for the Study of the Civilization of Virginia" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle X, 1 (November, 1948) pp.3-15 [full text] . For further particulars consult: Howard C. Rice, Jr. Virginia Impartially Examined and Left to Publick View. An Exhibition of Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Maps Relating to the History of Virginia 1584-1800 (Princeton, 1958) [(ExB) 0639.739 no. 24] [full text] . The above catalogue of an exhibition held at Princeton lists and describes some 170 items displayed at that time and pertaining to the history of Virginia. All items displayed are from the Princeton holdings. Another briefer account of the exhibition can be found in: "Virginia impartially examined and left to publick view. . ." in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XIX, 1 (Autumn, 1957) pp. 51-54 [full text] .

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WALPOLE, HORACE (1717-1797)

The Library has a collection of the books printed by Horace Walpole at Strawberry Hill Press which is virtually complete. The collection was formed and given to the Library about 1901 by Junius S. Morgan '88. The Library also has several books from Walpole's own library (see the Association file). For further particulars, refer to: Allen Hazen. A Bibliography of the Strawberry Hill Press (New Haven, 1942) [(ExB) 0241.885.44] p. 289 as well as Biblia VI, 2 (June, 1935), pp. [11-12] [full text] . See in Hazen's index of owners under Morgan, Junius S. for a list of books now in the Library.

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Some 16 items from George Washington's library. Virtually all have Washington's signature and/or bookplate. See: Paul R. Wagner, "Books from the Library of George Washington now in the Princeton University Library" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXXII, 2 (Winter, 1971) pp. 111-115.

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WEEMS, MASON LOCKE (1759-1825)

The Library has an collection of 200 volumes by and about Parson Weems (best known for his George Washington and the cherry tree story). The books were the gift of John S. Williams in 1961 and have been checked by staff for holdings against Paul Leicester Ford. Mason Locke Weems, His Works and Ways: I-A Bibliography (New York, 1929). See also the Scrapbook of book reviews and clippings relating to "Parson" Mason Locke Weems and publication of his book, The life of George Washington, 1919-1946 [(Ex) E302.6.W4 S372e] which contains an array of source materials. The gift of John S. Williams, Princeton Class of 1931.

A detaied checklist of the collection prepared by the donor is available as a PDF as this [ link ].

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WHITMAN, WALT (1819-1892)

For a partial listing of holdings of Whitman see pp. 528 to 532 (section on Whitman) in Merle Johnson's American First Editions (4th ed.) (New York, 1942) [(ExB) 04703.501.22].

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Also known as William of Nassau

For particulars refer to: "A Collection of Books Concerning William of Nassau" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXI, 3 (Spring, 1960) pp. 175-177 [full text]. Nearly 250 books and pamphlets concerning the Glorious Revolution of 1688, which resulted in the accession in 1689 of the Prince and Princess of Orange to the English throne as King William III and Queen Mary. This collection helps to illuminate the background of the founding of Princeton as well as the history of 17th century England. The collection was acquired from the library formed by Prof. William A. Aiken of Lehigh University. A surprising number of imprints bear the imprint date of 1688-89 and cover political events, social history, and belle-lettres. All have been classed for the General Rare Books Collection (Ex) and are distributed throughout the collection.

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A collection of about 40 volumes by N. P. Willis was bequeathed to the Library by M. Halsey Thomas in 1977. Catalogued in 1985; records for them are in the Library's online catalogue.

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WILSON, EDMUND (1895-1972)

A member of the Princeton Class of 1916, Edmund Wilson was an American literary critic and author. The library holds a catalogued collection of about 25 volumes, many of which were bequeathed by M. Halsey Thomas in 1977. For a collection of periodicals in which his works appeared, see the collection entitled Miscellaneous works by Edmund Wilson, 1922-1970, which contains various journal issues [(at ReCAP for use in RBSC) PS3545.I6245 A6 1922q]. In Manuscripts Division is the Edmund Wilson collection, 1917-1971 [(MSS) C0832], a collection of various letters and manuscripts by or about Wilson, spanning the years 1917 to 1971, from just after his graduation from Princeton to a letter written in 1971 to Charles Scribner about F. Scott Fitzgerald.

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WILSON, WOODROW (1856-1924)

Woodrow Wilson Collection
Location designator: WW

About 1000 volumes. Evidently begun in 1924, as a memorial to Wilson after his death. For particulars refer to: Henry W. Bragdon, "The Woodrow Wilson Collection" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle VII, 1 (November, 1946) pp. 7-18 [full text] . The collection includes all of Wilson's major writings, a remarkably complete file of his magazine articles, reports of addresses, and printed public papers. All or nearly all biographies of him in English as well as a number of memoirs of men who knew him. Also a variety of books in which Wilson or the public problems with which he dealt figure prominently. According to the New York Times (29 December 1925, p. 4) the collection was "started by the library authorities shortly after Mr. Wilson's election as Governor of New Jersey...." See also: Alexander P. Clark, "The Woodrow Wilson Collection. A Survey of Additions since 1945" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XVII, 3 (Spring, 1956) pp. 173-182 [full text] . Important additions have been made in all categories: books, pamphlets relating to Wilson, as well as sheet music, campaign literature, cartoons, etc. About 250 Wilson items are described in the catalogue of an exhibition held in 1956: "Woodrow Wilson. Catalogue of an Exhibition in the Princeton University Library Commemorating the Centennial of his Birth" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XVII, 3 (Spring, 1956) pp. 113-162 [full text] . A number of the books in the WW Collection came from the library of Ray Stannard Baker. The Baker papers [(MUDD) MC004] include personal papers of Baker and papers collected at the Peace Conference at Paris, 1918-1919, early printings of the Covenant and Treaty, as well as mimeographed reports, proceedings, and memoranda from the American Commission for Peace.

See also the catalogue: Woodrow Wilson: An Exhibition in the Princeton University Library Commemorating the Cententenial of his Birth (February 18 through April 15, 1956) [(ExB) 0639.739 no. 20] [full text].

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John Witherspoon Library
Location designator: WIT

About 950 volumes, virtually all of which came from his own library. The greater portion of the collection was purchased as a unit from Samuel Stanhope Smith in 1812. Many volumes have his autograph. The collection (WIT) is shelved in the Eighteenth Century Room. For a listing of these books, see the entry for John Witherspoon in "Legacy Libraries: Libraries of Early America" section of, in particular the catalog of his library.
     "...Witherspoon was one of the first residents of Princeton to assemble a sizable private library, but most of his books, along with his papers, were destroyed or scattered when the British occupied Princeton late in 1776. "Old Witherspoon has not excap'd their fury," wrote a friend to Thomas Jefferson on January 2, 1777. "They have burnt his Library. It grieves him much that he has lost his controversial Tracts. He would lay aside the cloth to take revenge of them. I believe he would send them to the Devil if he could." If he was not a 'book collector' in the modern sense, Witherspoon certainly seems to have evinced toward his books the proper attitude of a collector. He assembled a second library, which was inherited by his son-in-law, Samuel Stanhope Smith, from whom it was purchased by the College when Smith resigned as President in 1812. It is this second library, with a few strays from other sources, that forms the Witherspoon Collection in the Eighteenth-Century Room, sentimentally the premier collection of the University Library..." -- Alexander D. Wainwright, "Some Private Libraries in the Town of Princeton," Winter, 1967, Green Pyne Leaf (a publication of the Staff Association, Princeton University Library).
     For particulars about the pamphlets in the collection see: Stewart M. Robinson, "Notes on the Witherspoon Pamphlets" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXVII, 1 (Autumn, 1965) pp. 53-59 full text]. This article gives details about 660 pamphlets dating from 1706 (A summary of acts of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland from 1638-1706) until 1792. These pamphlets reflect controversial questions of the day (often religious and/or political). Some were written by Witherspoon himself. There is a set of folders in the Collections File containing chronologically arranged photocopies of the title pages of these pamphlets. These titlepages are now available as PDF files here.

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WOLFE, THOMAS (1900-1938)

Portrait of Thomas Wolfe,
by Douglas Gorsline, 1937.
Courtesy of Alexander D.
Wainwright '39

American novelist, published by Charles Scribner's Sons (whose papers are in the Library.) The Library has over 62 editions of his works of which 12 are in Ex. Several of these 12 were presented by Albert S. Dashiell '23 in 1959-60. There are many German translations of Wolfe's works in the Library, as well as some in French and Russian. The Library now holds the important collection of Thomas Wolfe formed by the late Alexander D. Wainwright, Class of 1939, and given by him to the Library in 1997. Holdings of the collection are listed here. Particulars about the collection given by the 2000 exhibition are given here.

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Frontispiece to vol. 1 of
Bibliotheque des dames(1716)

Miriam Y. Holden Collection on the History of Women. General collection is in the Holden Room, next to the Scribner Room on B-floor of Firestone Library. (This section has location designator: Holden.) In this room, Mrs. Holden's own card catalogue is available for consultation. The Holden rare books (600+ volumes) are housed in the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections. Location designator: ExHolden. They were catalogued in 1983. A photocopy of the (ExHOLDEN) shelflist is with the reference materials in the Munger (Kane) Room. For particulars refer to: "The Miriam Y. Holden Collection on the History of Women" in the Princeton University Library Chronicle XLI, 2 (Winter, 1980) pp. 163-168 [full text]. Also see the checklist of the Miriam Holden Manuscript Collection in the reference collection of the Manuscripts Division. It lists letters of Miriam Holden with various New York collectors and antiquarian booksellers.

According to the 1954 edition of Private Book Collectors in the United States and Canada, Miriam Holden's collection was titled "Women's Work, Status and Achievements, Their Role in Religious, Cultural and Social Progress." [Note: Editions of Private Book Collectors prior to 1948 do not mention Miriam Holden as a collector of women's history. Among such collectors mentioned prior to 1948 are Hala Jean Hammond (writer, contributor to History of Woman Suffrage in the United States, lived in Muskogee, Oklahoma) , Marguerita Mergentime (artist and textile designer in New York City), and the sociologist A. B. Wolfe.]

In 1961, Miriam Holden published a brief memoir of her life as a collector. See: "Collecting Books on Women" in The Antiquarian Bookman (27 November 1961, pp. 1967-1969). [full text]

Also consult the 1970 Princeton Club of New York exhibition catalogue based on the Holden Collection, Woman's Achievement [(Holden) Z7961 .W55].
Also note: An Informal Display Arranged for members of the Hroswitha Club in the Rare Books Room [at Princeton] 23 October 1968 [(ExB) 0639.739 no. 36bis] [full text] . Since the Club was exclusively women, all items selected for display related in one way or another to women. Needless to say, these items were in the Library before the Holden Collection arrived, so no Holden books are listed in this catalogue. See also the exhibition catalog for "Women and Writing: A Thousand Years" prepared by Jean Preston [(ExB) 0619.739 no. 56]. This exhibition focused on writing by, for and about women, with examples ranging from the earliest writings to the early 20th century. See also the exhibition catalog entitled Gender in the Academy: Women and Learning from Plato to Princeton: An Exhibition celebrating the 20th Anniversary of Undergraduate Coeducation at Princeton University prepared by Natalie Zemon Davis, Stephen Ferguson, Anthony A. Grafton, et al. [full text] [(ExB) 0619.739 no. 60].

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A collection of 21 volumes was obtained in the 1960's and included a copy of Lyrical Ballads (1798) [(Ex) 3997.361.13]. For particulars see the Princeton University Library Chronicle XXV, 2 (Winter, 1964) pp. 171-2 [full text] and XXVIII, 3 (Spring, 1967) p. 198 [full text]. Of particular interest in the Wordsworth holdings is his Poetical Works published by Moxon in 1836-37 [(Ex) 3997.1836a]. This copy has autograph corrections and emendations on page proof and others texts of his poems. This copy as well contained eight original manuscripts of complete poems in Wordsworth's hand. ("A Character," "If thou indeed derive thy light from Heaven," "O flower of all that springs from gentle blood...," "To the Moon," "To the Moon (Rydal)," "True is it that Ambrosio Salinero...," "Upon seeing a colored drawing of the Bird of Paradise in an Album," and "Weep not, beloved friends! Nor let the air . . ." These were removed from the set and put in the holdings of the Manuscript Division where they are shelved in collection number C1295.

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According to the souvenir book prepared by the Library on the occasion of the 1916 visit to Princeton by the American Library Association, the European War Collection consisted of "1,755 books and pamphlets relating to the European War." It was shelved in alcove D of Chancellor Green Library as well as on the tables on the main floor of the Green Library reading room. (Such public presentation suggests that browsing of the WE collection was encouraged.) The Library actively added books and pamphlets, publishing three listings of the collection — two in 1918: European War Collection: Alphabetical Author List (Princeton, 1918) [(Mudd) P51.74.35], European War Classed List (Princeton, 1918) [(Mudd) P51.74.71], and — in 1920 in Princeton University Library Classified List VI (1920) pp. 3585-3608 [(ExB) 0639.7373.5 vol. 6]. [full text]

During the 1920s and later,the bound books in the European War Collection were reclassed for the general stacks. However, hundreds of pamphlets (classed WET) were retained as a separate collection. The pamphlets were recatalogued by the Library during the summers of 1990 and 1991 and are now in the main catalogue. They can be consulted in the Mudd Library. Catalogue records have the location designator 'Mudd' and call numbers beginning 'WET ...' Example: Our Country — An Undefended Treasure Land ... [New York] Munn & Co., Inc., 1915. WET 10.846.

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WYLIE, PHILIP (1902-1971)

American writer, early conservationist, and ecologist. Member of the Class of 1924. The Library has his papers. Of the 56 editions of his works in the Library, 31 are in the General Rare Books Collection (Ex). The Manuscripts Division holds his papers [(MSS) C0059], which consist of manuscripts and correspondence representing the life work of Wylie (Princeton Class of 1924), ranging from his Dormitory ditties, published during his college days (ca. 1920), to The end of the dream, a novel published posthumously in 1972.

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A copy of Wade's bibliography has been checked against Princeton holdings. For particulars refer to: Allan Wade, A Bibliography of the Writings of W.B. Yeats (London, 1951) [(Ex) 2003-1330N]. The check against Wade's bibliography shows a sizable collection of Yeats, lacking less than 1/3 of the books written by Yeats (as of 1957).

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The "yellow-back" was a Victorian innovation, an inexpensive reprint edition of a popular work of the day. It is readily identifiable by its cover, usually of bright yellow glazed paper over boards, with a striking illustration printed on the front and advertisements on the back. The British reading public, greatly expanded by the spread of education, had begun to demand cheap popular literature, and these eye-catching volumes, priced from sixpence to a shilling, satisfied the demand for over sixty years. These books, which are now scarce in fine condition, provide an important research resource in the history of publishing and illustration. Princeton's holdings are scattered in the Parrish Collection and General Rare Books Collection. A collection of 69 volumes came as the gift of Anthony Newnham; all are catalogued and findable under the subject heading "Yellowbacks" in the Library's online catalog. See Chester W. Topp. Victorian Yellowbacks & Paperbacks, 1849-1905 under vol. 1, George Routledge (Denver : Hermitage Antiquarian Bookshop, 1993- ) [(F) Z2014.P79 T66 1993].

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Established as a separate location designator betwee 1965 and 1973, the Zeiss Collection consists of books which "will inspire an interest in, and a desire to restore and conserve, wildlife." Although primarily intended as a browsing collection for undergraduates, it includes a few rare books, such as Edward Lear's Illustrations of the Family of Psittacidae, or Parrots (London, 1832) [an album of 42 colored plates, Ex 88825.569e].These Zeiss rare books are classified as part of the General Rare Books Collection (Ex); there is no special Ex sub-section of Zeiss.

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Revised May 2007