Publications, Preprints & Abstracts

Microgravity Droplet Combustion



Prof. Frederick L. Dryer
Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
D-316 Engineering Quadrangle
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544


  1. Shaw, B. D., Dryer, F. L., Williams, F. A. and Gat, N. (1988). Interactions between Gaseous Electrical Discharges and Single Liquid Droplets, Combustion and Flame 74, pp. 233-254.
  2. Shaw, B.D., Dryer, F.L., Williams, F.A. and Haggard, J.B., Jr. (1988). Sooting and Disruption in Spherically Symmetrical Combustion of Decane Droplets in Air, Acta Astronautica 17, pp. 1195-1202.
  3. Choi, M.Y., Dryer F.L., Haggard, J.B., Jr. and Brace, M. (1988). The Burning of Methanol Droplets in Humid Air, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, December.
  4. Shaw, B.D. (1989). The Ignition and Combustion of Isolated Droplets in a Microgravity Environment", Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton NJ, February.
  5. Choi, M. Y., Dryer, F.L ., Haggard, J. B., Jr., and Brace, M. H. (1989). Some Further Observations on Micro-gravity Droplet Combustion in the NASA-Lewis Drop Tower Facilities: A Digital Processing Technique for Droplet Burning Data, Drops and Bubbles Third International Colloquium, edited by Wang, T. G., American Institute of Physics, Conference Proceedings 197, pp. 338-361.
  6. Choi, M.Y., Cho, S.Y., Dryer, F.L. and Haggard, J.B., Jr. (1989). Some Observations on the Burning of Methanol Droplets in Microgravity Using Various Inert Gases, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, November.
  7. Haggard, J. B., Jr., Brace, M. H., Dryer, F. L., Choi, M. Y., Williams, F. A. and Card, J. (1990). N-Decane-Air Droplet Combustion Experiments in the NASA-Lewis 5 Second Zero-gravity Facility, AIAA Paper No. 90-0649, January.
  8. Cho, S. Y., Yetter, R. A. and Dryer, F. L. (1990). Mathematical Modelling of Liquid Droplet Combustion in Micro gravity, Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Mathematical and Computer Modeling, Math. Comp. Modeling, 14, p. 790.
  9. Stein, Y., Choi, M.Y., Cho, S.Y. and Dryer, F.L. (1990). Absorption of Intermediates in Liquid-Phase Combustion, poster paper, Twenty-Third Symposium (International) on Combustion, Orleans, France, July.
  10. Choi, M. Y., Dryer, F. L., Haggard, J. B., Jr., and Borowski, B. (1990). Observations of a Slow Burning Regime for Hydrocarbon Droplets: n-Heptane/Air Results, Twenty-Third Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA. pp. 1597-1604.
  11. Cho, S. Y., Choi, M. Y. and Dryer, F. L. (1990). Extinction of a Free Methanol Droplet in Microgravity, Twenty-Third Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA. pp. 1611-1617.
  12. Card, J. M. and Choi, M. Y. (1990). Initial Observations on the Burning Rate of n-Heptane Droplets from the NASA-LeRC 5 Second Zero-Gravity Facility, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, December.
  13. Choi, M. Y., Cho, S. Y., Stein, Y. S. and Dryer, F. L. (1990). Absorption of Intermediates and Products in Free-Falling Droplet Combustion, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, December.
  14. Choi, M. Y., Dryer, F. L., Haggard, J. B., Jr., and Borowski, B. (1990). Observations of the Burning Behavior of Hydrocarbon Droplets in Reduced Pressures Environments, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, December.
  15. Haggard, J. B., Jr., Williams, F. A., Card, J., Dryer, F. L., Choi, M. Y. and Cho, S. Y. (1991). N-Decane Droplet Combustion in the NASA Lewis 5 Second Zero-Gravity Facility: Results in Test Gas Environments Other Than Normal Air, AIAA Paper No. 91- 0720, January.
  16. Choi, M.Y., Cho, S.Y., Dryer, F.L., and Haggard, J.B., Jr. (1991). Some Further Observations on Droplet Combustion Characteristics: NASA LeRC/Princeton Results, IKI/AIAA Microgravity Science Symposium, Moscow, May 1221. AIAA Proceedings, H.C. Gatos and L.L. Regal, Chairs, (ISBN 1563470012). p. 294-304.
  17. Cho, S.Y., Yetter, R.A., and Dryer, F.L. (1991). Mathematical Modeling of Droplet Combustion, Fourth International Conference on Numerical Combustion, St. Petersburg, FL December 24.
  18. Choi, M.Y. (1991). Droplet Combustion Characterization under Microgravity and Normal Gravity Conditions, Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, August, 1991, MAE 1937T.
  19. Williams, F.A., Dryer, F.L., and Haggard, J.B., Jr. (1991). Preliminary Science Document for The Droplet Combustion Apparatus, NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH, November 1.
  20. Cho, S.Y., Yetter, R.A. and Dryer, F.L. (1992). A Computer Model for One-Dimensional Mass and Energy Transport in and around Chemically Reacting Particles, Including Complex Gas-Phase Chemistry, Multi-component Molecular Diffusion, Surface Evaporation and Heterogeneous Reaction, Journal of Computational Physics, 102, pp. 160-179.
  21. Choi, M. Yu., Cho, S. Y., Dryer, F. L. and Haggard, J. B., Jr. (1992). Computa-tional/Experimental Basis for Conducting Alkane Droplet Combustion Experiments on Space Platforms, Microgravity Fluid Mechanics, H.J. Rath, ed., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 337.
  22. Choi, M.Y., Dryer, F.A., Card, J.M., Williams, F.A., Haggard, J.B., Jr. and Borowski, B.A. (1992). Microgravity Combustion of Isolated n-Decane and n-Heptane Droplets, AIAA Paper No. 92-0242, January.
  23. Choi, M.Y., Dryer, F.L. and Sangiovanni, J.J. (1992). The Investigation of Sootshell Formation During Microgravity Droplet Combustion, poster paper, Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion, Sydney, Australia, July.
  24. Choi, M.Y., Dryer, F.L., Green, G.J. and Sangiovanni, J.J. (1993). Soot Agglomeration in Isolated, Free Droplet Combustion, AIAA Paper No. 93-0823, January.
  25. Dryer, F.L. (1993). Computation/Experimental Studies of Isolated, Single Component Droplet Combustion, Second International Microgravity Combustion Workshop, NASA Conference Publication 10113, pp. 291-296.
  26. Dryer, F.L., (1993). Scientific Support for a Space Shuttle Droplet Burning Experiment, NASA Contract No. NAS3-24620, March. Final technical summary report.
  27. Lee, J. C., Yetter, R.A., and Dryer, F.L. (1993). Transient Numerical Modeling of Carbon Particle Ignition and Oxidation, MAE Report No. T1980, August.
  28. Lee, J. C., Yetter, R.A., and Dryer, F.L. (1993). Transient Modeling of Carbon Particles Ignition and Oxidation, Joint Central States/Eastern Sectional Meeting of Comb. Inst., New Orleans, LA, March 15-17.
  29. Marchese, A.J., Choi, M.Y., and Dryer, F.L. (1994). Theoretical Basis for Estimated Test Times and Conditions for Drop Tower and Space-Based Droplet Burning Experiments with Methanol and N-Heptane, Princeton University MAE Report 1999, August.
  30. Lee, J. C., Yetter, R.A., and Dryer, F.L. (1994). Numerical Simulation of an Isolated Carbon Particle Ignited in an Electrodynamic Analyzer, Eastern States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute, December.
  31. Marchese, A.J. and Dryer, F.L. (1994). Transient Numerical Modeling of Combustion of Bi-Component Liquid Droplets: Methanol/Water Mixtures, Eastern States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute, December.
  32. Held, T.J., Marchese, A.J., and Dryer, F.L. (1995). A New Reaction mechanism for Higher Normal Alkane Diffusion Flame Studies, CS/WSSCI, April.
  33. Marchese, A.J. and Dryer, F.L. (1995). Transient Numerical Modeling of the Microgravity Combustion of Bi-Component Liquid Droplets: Heptane/Hexadecane Mixtures, CS/WSSCI, April.
  34. Marchese, A.J., Lee, J.C., Held, T.J., and Dryer, F.L. (1995). The Effects of Detailed Chemistry and Transport on Microgravity Droplet Combustion, 3rd International Microgravity Combustion Workshop Proceedings, Cleveland, OH, April.
  35. Lee, J.C., Yetter, R.A., and Dryer, F.L. (1996). Transient Numerical Modeling of Carbon Particle Ignition and Oxidation, Combust. and Flame, 101, 387.
  36. Marchese, A.J. and Dryer, F.L. (1996). Effect of Liquid Mass Transport on the Combustion and Extinction of Bi-Component Liquid Droplets of Methanol and Water, Combust. and Flame, 105, 104.
  37. Lee J.C., Yetter, R.A., and Dryer, F.L. (1996). Numerical Simulation of Laser Ignition of an Isolated Carbon Particle in Quiescent Environment, Combust. and Flame, 105, 591.
  38. Lee, J., Tomboulides, A.G., Orszag, S.A., Yetter, R. A., and Dryer, F.L. (1996). Integrated Asymptotic Analysis and Numerical Simulation of Laminar Flow Reactors, Third Workshop on Modeling of Chemical Reaction Systems, Heidelberg, Germany, July 24-26.
  39. Lee, J.C.Y. (1996). Simulations of Two-Dimensional Chemically Reactive Flows, Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, June. MAE 2063-T.
  40. Marchese, A.J. (1996). Single and Multi-component Liquid Droplet Combustion: Detailed Kinetic Modeling and Microgravity Experiments, Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton , NJ, June. MAE 2081-T.
  41. Marchese, A.J. and Dryer, F.L. (1996). The Effect of Non-Luminous Gas Phase Radiation on the Combustion of Large Droplets in Microgravity, Work-in-Progress Poster Presentation, Twenty-Sixth International Symposium on Combustion, Naples, Italy, July.
  42. Lee, J.C., Tomboulides, A.G., Marchese, A.J., Yetter R.A., Dryer, F.L., and Orszag, S.A. (1996). Droplet Combustion in a low Reynolds Number Flow Environment, Eastern States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute, December. Book of Abstracts, pp. 357-361.
  43. Marchese, A.J. and Dryer, F.L. (1996). Radiative Effects in Space-Based Methanol/Water Droplet Combustion Experiments, Eastern States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute, December. Book of Abstracts, pp. 353-356.
  44. Lee, J., Tomboulides, A.G., Orszag, S.A., Yetter, R. A., and Dryer, F.L. (1997). Transient Two-Dimensional Chemically Reactive Flow Model: Fuel Particle Combustion in a Non-Quiescent Environment, Twenty-Sixth Symposium (Intn'l) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA. pp. 3059.
  45. Marchese, A.J., Nayagam, N.V., Colantonio, R., and Dryer, F.L. (1997). Microgravity Combustion of Methanol and Methanol/Water Droplets: Drop Tower Experiments and Model Predictions, Twenty-Sixth Symposium (Intn'l) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA. pp. 1209
  46. Marchese, A.J., Nayagam, M.V., Colantonio, R. and Dryer, F.L. (1997). Hydroxyl Radical Chemiluminescence Imaging and the Structure of Microgravity Droplet Flames, Twenty-Sixth Symposium (Intn'l) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA. pp. 1219
  47. Dietrich, D.L., Dryer, F.L., Haggard, J.B., Jr., Nayagam, M.V., Shaw, B.D., and Williams. F.A. (1997). Droplet Combustion Experiments in Spacelab, Twenty-Sixth Symposium (Intn'l) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA. pp. 1201.
  48. Marchese, A.J. and Dryer, F.L. (1997). The Effect of Non-luminous Thermal Radiation in Microgravity Droplet Combustion, Combust. Sci. and Tech., 124, 373 (1997).
  49. Held, T.J., Marchese, A.J., and Dryer, F.L. (1997). A Semi-Empirical Reaction Mechanism for n-Heptane Oxidation and Pyrolysis, Combust. Sci. and Tech., 123, 197 (1997).
  50. Dietrich, D.L., Dryer, F.L., Haggard, J.B., Jr., Nayagam, M.V., Shaw, B.D., and Williams F.A. (1997). Fiber Supported Droplet Combustion, L+1 Conference Proceedings for USML-2 Shuttle Mission, National Academy of Sciences, February, 10, 11.
  51. Marchese, A.J. and Dryer, F.L. (1997). Science Support for Space-Based Droplet Combustion: Drop Tower Experiments and Detailed Numerical Modeling, Fourth International Microgravity Conference, Cleveland Ohio, May 21, 1997. Published in the Proceedings, (Downloadable from this Web Site).
  52. Tomboulides, A.G., Lee, J.C.Y., and Orszag, S.A.(1997). Numerical Simulation of Low Mach Number Reactive Flows, J. Sci. Computing, 12, 139.
  53. Marchese, A.J., Dryer, F.L., Colantonio, R.O. (1998). Radiative Effects in Space-Based Methanol/Water Droplet Combustion Experiments, 27th Symposium (Intníl) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA., University of Colorado, Boulder, Aug. 2-5. To be Published in Proceedings.
  54. Nayagam, V., Haggard, J.B. Jr., Colantonio, R.O., Marchese, A.J., Dryer, F.L., Zhang, B.L., and Williams, F.A. (1998). N-Heptane Droplet Combustion in Oxygen Helium Mixtures at Atmospheric Pressure, AIAA Journal, 36: 1369.
  55. Dryer, F.L., Haggard, J.B Jr., Nayagam, V. and Williams, F.A. (1998). Droplet Combustion Experiment, L+1 Conference Proceedings for MSL-1 Shuttle Mission, Marshall Space Flight Center, Hunstville, AL, August 25,26.
  56. Colantonio, R.O., Dryer, F.L., Haggard, J.B. Jr., Nayagam, V., Shaw, B.D., and Williams, F.A.(1998). Fiber Supported Droplet Combustion-2, L+1 Conference Proceedings for MSL-1 Shuttle Mission, Marshall Space Flight Center, Hunstville, AL, August 25,26.
  57. Marchese, A.J., Dryer, F.L., and Nayagam, V. (1999). Numerical Modeling of Isolated n-Alkane Droplet Flames:Initial Comparisons with Ground and Space-based Microgravity Experiments, Combust. and Flame, 116, 432.

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Last updated: November 15, 1998