Graziano Lab

  Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544

Michael Graziano, Phone : (609) 258-7555, Fax : (609)258-1113, Email : graziano@princeton.edu

 

Consciousness Research

Past Research

People

Publications

Novels

Music

Graziano's CV

Psych Home

Neuroscience

at Princeton

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHILDREN'S NOVELS (written under the name B. B. Wurge)
For a "Harry Potter" / "Chronicles of Narnia" age range.


Wurge BB (2010) The Last Notebook of Leonardo. Leapfrog Press, Fredonia NY. [Amazon Paperback] [Amazon Kindle][Reviews/More Info]
Winner of the 2011 Moonbeam Prize for Children's Literature

Wurge BB (2009) Squiggle. Leapfrog Press, Fredonia NY. [Amazon Paperback] [Amazon Kindle][Reviews/More Info]

Wurge BB (2008) Billy and the Birdfrogs. Leapfrog Press, Fredonia NY. [Amazon Paperback] [Amazon Kindle][Reviews/More Info]

BB Wurge TV teaser!


LITERARY NOVELS

Graziano MSA (December 2012) Death My Own Way. Leapfrog Press, Fredonia, NY. [Amazon Paperback]

Graziano MSA (2009) The Divine Farce. Leapfrog Press, Fredonia, NY. [Amazon Paperback][Reviews/More Info]

Graziano MSA (2008) The Love Song of Monkey. Leapfrog Press, Fredonia, NY. [Amazon Paperback] [Amazon Kindle][Reviews/More Info]


MUSIC

I wrote a pile of chamber music that was performed by many people at coffee houses, weddings, restaurants, and so on. This music was meant to be light entertainment. It's mostly in a classical style but sometimes a jazz beat creeps into it (especially in Quartet #8). I've also written some symphonies but they've never been performed.

String Quartet #1 [Listen on Youtube] [Free sheet music]

String Quartet #2 [Listen on Youtube] [Free sheet music]

String Quartet #3 [Listen on Youtube] [Free sheet music]

String Quartet #4 [Listen on Youtube] [Free sheet music]

String Quartet #5 [Listen on Youtube] [Free sheet music]

String Quartet #6 [Listen on Youtube] [Free sheet music]

String Quartet #7 [Listen on Youtube] [Free sheet music]

String Quartet #8 [Listen on Youtube] [Free sheet music]

Symphony #1 [Listen on Youtube] [Free sheet music]

Symphony #2 [Listen on Youtube] [Free sheet music]

Symphony #3 [Listen on Youtube] [Free sheet music]

Five Symphonic Sketches [Listen on Youtube] [Free sheet music]

Graziano MSA (2012) Five String Quartets. Quercus Press [Amazon Paperback]

Graziano MSA (2011) Three Modern Symphonies and Five Character Sketches in Full Score. Quercus Press. [Amazon Paperback]

Graziano MSA (2012) Symphonies 4, 5, and 6. Quercus Press [Amazon Paperback]


ARTICLES IN PUBLIC MEDIA

Graziano MSA (2014) Are We Really Conscious? New York Times, Gray Matter.

Graziano MSA (2014) The First Smile: The evolution of human expression. Aeon Magazine.

Graziano MSA (2014) An inconvenient child. Aeon Magazine.

Graziano MSA (2013) How the light gets out: a new theory of consciousness. Aeon Magazine.

Graziano MSA (2013) Endless fun: will we ever upload our minds to computers? Aeon Magazine.

Graziano MSA (2013) Consciousness and the unashamed rationalist. Huffington Post.

Graziano MSA (2011) The spirit ends when the brain dies. Huffington Post.

Graziano MSA (2011) Is spirituality a byproduct of evolution? Huffington Post.

Graziano MSA (2011) Why is music a religious experience? Huffington Post.

Graziano MSA (2011) The spirit constructed in the brain. Huffington Post.

Graziano MSA (2011) The Darwinian evolution of religion. Huffington Post.



PHYSICS HOBBY

I had some fun inventing fake universes with their own internal mathematical rules and physics.

Quantum gravity in a model universe.

Special relativity in a model universe


TALKS ON NEUROSCIENCE

Consciousness Talk With Ventriloquism.
25 minutes
July 2012, Montreal

BOOKS ON NEUROSCIENCE

Graziano, MSA Consciousness and the Social Brain. Oxford University Press, Oxford UK. [Amazon Harcover] [Amazon Kindle]

Graziano, MSA (September 2010) God, Soul, Mind, Brain: A Neuroscientist's Reflections on the Spirit World. A Leapsci Book, Fredonia, NY. [Amazon Paperback] [Amazon Kindle][Reviews/More Info]

Graziano MSA (2008). The Intelligent Movement Machine: An Ethological Perspective on the Primate Motor System. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.  [Amazon Hardcover] [Amazon Kindle][Reviews/More Info]


PAPERS AND REVIEWS

Graziano MSA (2014, in press) A new view of the motor cortex and its relation to social behavior. In Shared Representations: Sensorimotor Foundations of Social Life. Eds., Obhi and Cross. Cambridge University Press.

Graziano MSA (2014, in press) Cortical action representations. In: Brain Mapping: An Encyclopedic Reference.

Graziano MSA (2014) Speculations on the evolution of awareness. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26, 1300-1304. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Webb TW (2014) A mechanistic theory of consciousness. International Journal of Machine Consciousness, 2, DOI: 10.1142/S1793843014400174. [PDF]

Kelly YT, Webb TW, Meier JD, Arcaro MJ, Graziano MSA (2014) Attributing awareness to oneself and to others. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 111: 5012-5017. [PDF]

Graziano MSA (2011) New insights into motor cortex. Neuron, 71: 387-388. [PDF].

Graziano MSA and Kastner S (2011) Awareness as a perceptual model of attention. Cog. Neurosci., 2: 125-133. [PDF]

Graziano MSA (2011) Cables vs. networks: Old and new views on the function of motor cortex. J. Physiol., 589(Pt 10): 2439.[PDF]

Graziano MSA and Kastner S (2011) Human consciousness and its relationship to social neuroscience: A novel hypothesis. Cog. Neurosci., 2: 98-113. [PDF]

Aflalo TN and Graziano MSA (2011) The organization of the macaque extrastriate visual cortex re-examined using the principle of spatial continuity of function. J. Neurophys., 105: 305-320. [PDF]

Graziano MSA (2010) Ethologically relevant movements mapped onto the motor cortex. In: Primate Neuroethology, Ghazanfar and Platt (Eds.), Oxford University Press, pp. 454-470. [PDF]

Dombeck DA, Graziano MSA and Tank DW (2009) Functional clustering of neurons in motor cortex determined by cellular resolution imaging in awake behaving mice. J. Neurosci., 29: 13751-13760. [PDF]

Macfarlane NBW and Graziano MSA (2009). Diversity of grip in Macaca mulatta. Exp. Brain Res., 197: 255-268. [PDF

Meier JD, Aflalo TN, Kastner S and Graziano MSA (2008) Complex organization of human primary motor cortex: A high-resolution fMRI study. J. Neurophysiol., 100: 1800-1812. [PDF]

Aflalo TN and Graziano MSA (2008). Four dimensional spatial reasoning in humans. J. Exp. Psychol., Human Percept. Perform., 34: 1066-1077. [PDF]

Graziano MSA and Aflalo TN (2007) Mapping behavioral repertoire onto the cortex. Neuron, 56: 239-251. [PDF].

Graziano MSA and Aflalo TN (2007) Rethinking cortical organization: Moving away from discrete areas arranged in hierarchies. The Neuroscientist, 13: 138-147. [PDF]

Aflalo TN & Graziano MSA (2007) Relationship between unconstrained arm movements and single-neuron firing in the macaque motor cortex. J. Neurosci., 27: 2760-2780.[PDF]

Graziano MSA (2006) Feedback remapping and the cortical control of movement. In: Latash (ed.) Motor Control and Learning. Springer, NY, pp. 97-105. [PDF]

Graziano MSA (2006) Progress in understanding spatial coordinate systems in the primate brain. Neuron. 51: 7-9.[PDF

Aflalo TN and Graziano MSA (2006) Possible origins of the complex topographic organization of motor cortex: reduction of a multidimensional space onto a two-dimensional array. J. Neurosci. 26: 6288-6297. [PDF]

Graziano MSA (2006) The organization of behavioral repertoire in motor cortex. Ann. Rev. Neurosci. 29: 105-134. [PDF]

Graziano MSA and Cooke DF (2006) Parieto-frontal interactions, personal space, and defensive behavior. Neuropsychologia 44: 845-859. [PDF

Aflalo T and Graziano MSA (2006) Partial tuning of motor cortex neurons to final posture in a free-moving paradigm. PNAS 103: 2909-2914. [PDF

Graziano MSA, Aflalo TNS, & Cooke DF (2005) Arm Movements Evoked by Electrical Stimulation in the Motor Cortex of Monkeys. J Neurophysiol 94: 4209-4223 [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Taylor CSR, Cooke DF, and Moore T (2005) A map of complex movements in motor cortex of primates. In Humphries and Riddoch (Eds.) Attention in Action. Psychology Press, pp. 211-232. [PDF

Cooke DF & Graziano MSA (2004) Super-flinchers and nerves of steel: Defensive movements altered by chemical manipulation of a cortical motor area. Neuron 43, 585-593. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Patel KT, Taylor CS (2004) Mapping from motor cortex to biceps and triceps altered by elbow angle. J Neurophysiol Feb 25 [PDF]

Cooke DF, Graziano MSA (2004) Sensorimotor integration in the precentral gyrus: Polysensory neurons and defensive movements. J Neurophysiol 91, 1648-1650.  [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Cooke DF, Taylor CSR, and Moore T (2004) Distribution of hand location in monkeys during spontaneous behavior. Exp Brain Res 155, 30-36. [PDF

Graziano MSA, Gross CG, Taylor CSR and Moore T (2004a) A system of multimodal areas in the primate brain. In: Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. Spence and Driver, Eds. Oxford University Press, pp. 51-67. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Gross CG, Taylor CSR and Moore T (2004b) Bimodal neurons for the control of defensive movements . In: The Handbook of Multisensory Processes. Gemma Calvert, Charles Spence and Barry Stein Eds. MIT Press. pp. 443-452. [PDF]

Cooke, D.F., and Graziano, M.S.A (2003) Defensive Movements Evoked by Air Puff in Monkeys. J Neurophysiol 90, 3317-3329. [PDF

Cooke DF, Taylor CSR, Moore T, and Graziano MSA (2003) Complex movements evoked by microstimulation of Area VIP. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100, 6163-6168. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Taylor CSR, Moore T, and Cooke DF (2002) The cortical control of movement revisited. Neuron, 36, 349-362. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Alisharan SA, Hu X, and Gross, CG (2002) The clothing effect: Tactile neurons in the precental gyrus do not respond to the touch of the familiar primate chair. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 99, 11930-11933.[PDF

Graziano MSA, Taylor CSR, and Moore T (2002) Probing cortical function with electrical stimulation. Nat Neurosci 5, 921. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Taylor CSR, Moore T (2002) Complex movements evoked by microstimulation of precentral cortex. Neuron 34, 841-851. [PDF]

Graziano MSA and Botvinick MM (2002) How the brain represents the body: insights from neurophysiology and psychology. In: Common Mechanisms in Perception and Action: Attention and Performance XIX. Eds. W. Prinz and B. Hommel. Oxford University Press, Oxford England, pp. 136-157. [PDF]

Graziano MSA (2001) Is reaching eye-centered, body-centered, hand-centered, or a combination? Reviews in the Neurosciences 12: 175-186. [PDF]

Graziano MSA (2001) A system of multimodal areas in the primate brain. Neuron 29: 4-6. [PDF]

Graziano MSA (2001) An awareness of space. Nature 411, 903-904. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Cooke DF, Taylor CSR (2000) Coding the location of the arm by sight. Science 290: 1782-1786. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Gandhi S (2000) Location of the polysensory zone in the precentral gyrus of anesthetized monkeys. Exp Brain Res 135, 259-266. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Wheeler, ME, Gross CG (2000) From vision to action: How the primate brain encodes and remembers visuomotor space. In: JJ Bolhuis (Ed) Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp.7-15. [PDF]

Graziano MSA (1999) Where is my arm? The relative role of vision and proprioception in the neuronal representation of limb position. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 96: 10418-10421. [PDF]

Gould E, Reeves AJ, Graziano MSA and Gross, CG (1999) Neurogenesis in the neocortex of adult primates. Science, 286: 548-552. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Reiss LAJ, Gross CG (1999) A neuronal representation of the location of nearby sounds. Nature, 397: 428-430. [PDF]

Nakamura K, Chung HH, Graziano MSA and Gross CG (1999) A dynamic representation of eye position in the parieto-occipital sulcus. J. Neurophys. 81: 2374-2385. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Gross CG (1998) Visual responses with and without fixation: Neurons in premotor cortex encode spatial locations independently of eye position. Exp. Brain Res., 118: 373-380. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Gross CG (1998) Spatial maps for the control of movement. Curr. Op. Neurobiol., 8: 195 -201. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Hu XT, Gross CG (1997) Coding the locations of objects in the dark. Science 277: 239-241. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Hu XT, Gross CG (1997) Visuo-spatial properties of ventral premotor cortex. J. Neurophys. 77: 2268-2292. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Gross CG (1997) Vision, Movement, and The Monkey Brain. In: The Association Cortex: Structure and Function. H. Sakata, A. Mikami, and J. Fuster, Eds. (Harwood Academic Publishers, Amserdam): 219-232. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Gross CG (1996) Multiple pathways for processing visual space. In Attention and Performance XVI. Edited by T. Inui and J.L. McClelland. MIT Press, Cambridge MA:181-207. [PDF]

Gross CG, Graziano MSA (1995) Multiple representations of space in the brain. The Neuroscientist 1: 43 -50. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Gross CG (1995) From eye to hand. In: Scale in Conscious Experience: Is the Brain too Important to be Left to Specialists to Study? J. King and K.H. Pribram, (Eds.) Laurence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, N.J., pp. 117-129. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Gross CG (1994) Mapping space with neurons. Curr. Dir. in Psych. Sci., 3: 164-167. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Yap GS, Gross CG (1994) Coding of visual space by pre-motor neurons. Science 266: 1054 -1057. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Andersen RA, Snowden R (1994) Tuning of MST neurons to spiral stimuli. J. Neurosci. 14: 54-67. [PDF]

Colombo M, Graziano MSA (1994) The effects of auditory and visual interference on auditory-visual delayed matching-to-sample in monkeys. Behav. Neurosci. 108: 636-639. [PDF]

Graziano MSA, Gross CG (1994) The representation of extrapersonal space: A possible role for bimodal, visual-tactile neurons, in The Cognitive Neurosciences, M.S. Gazzaniga, Ed. (MIT Press, Cambridge): 1021 -1034.[PDF]

Graziano MSA, Gross CG (1993) A bimodal map of space: somatosensory receptive fields in the macaque putamen with corresponding visual receptive fields. Exp. Brain Res. 97:96-109. [PDF

Graziano MSA, Gross CG (1992) Somatotopically organized maps of near visual space exist. Beh. Brain Sci.15:750. [PDF]

Andersen RA, Treue S, Graziano MSA, Snowden RJ, Quin N (1992) From direction of motion to patterns of motion: Hierarchies of motion analysis in the visual cortex. In: Brain Mechansism of Perception and Memory: From Neuron to Behavior. Ono and Taketoshi, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York).

Andersen RA, Snowden RJ, Treue S, and Graziano MSA (1990) Hierarchical Processing of Motion in the Visual Cortex of Monkey. Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology, Vol. LV, pp. 741-748. [PDF]


ABSTRACTS FROM THE SOCIETY FOR NEUROSCIENCE

Text for all abstracts between 1990 and 2010 can be found here.

Meier J and Graziano MSA (2010). Lust, hunger, and disgust in the human hypothalamus. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 307.7.  

Aflalo T and Graziano MSA (2009). The functional organization of the extrastriate visual cortex evaluated using the principle of local continuity. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 453.10.

Macfarlane N and Graziano MSA (2008). Diversity of Grip in Macaca mulatta. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 77.14.

Meier J and Graziano MSA (2008). Correlations between brain structure and motor skills in humans. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 380.22.

Aflalo T and Graziano MSA (2008). Four dimensional spatial reasoning in humans. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 463.5.

Aflalo TNS and Graziano MSA (2007) An artificial motor cortex and arm. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 818.15.

Meier JD, Aflalo TNS, Kastner S, and Graziano MSA (2007). Complex somatotopic organization in human motor cortex. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 292.22.

Aflalo TNS and Graziano MSA (2006). Possible origins of the complex topographic organization of motor cortex: reduction of a multidimensional space onto a 2-dimensional array. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 255.16.

Graziano MSA and Aflalo TNS (2006). Activity of motor cortex neurons during naturalistic arm movements in monkeys. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 255.15.

Graziano MSA, Aflalo TNS, and Cooke DF (2005). Properties of arm movements evoked by electrical stimulation of monkey motor cortex. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 990.4.

Aflalo TNS, Graziano MSA, and Cooke DF (2005). The relationship between unconstrained arm movements and single neuron firing in the macaque motor cortex. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 990.3.

Cooke DF and Graziano MSA (2004). Superflinchers and nerves of steel: Defensive movements altered by chemical activation or inactivation of a polysensory zone in motor cortex of monkeys. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 177.1.

Cooke DF and Graziano MSA (2003). Defensive movements evoked by air puff in monkeys resemble movements evoked by electrical stimulation in areas VIP and PZ. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 912.5.

Taylor CSR, Cooke DF, and Graziano MSA (2003). The EMG signature of complex movement is evoked within 20 ms by microstimulation of motor cortex. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 708.12.

Cooke DF, Taylor CSR, Moore T, and Graziano MSA (2002). Electrical microstimulation in monkey area VIP evokes defensive movements. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 560.1.

Taylor CSR, Cooke DF, and Graziano MSA (2002). Complex mapping from precentral cortex to muscles. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 61.12.

Graziano MSA and Cooke DF (2002). A manual fovea: distribution of monkey hand use in different regions of space. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 268.9.

Cooke DF and Graziano MSA (2001). Neurons in monkey area 5 are modulated by the position of the eyes, the head and both arms. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 511.22.

Taylor CSR, Moore T, and Graziano MSA (2001). Complex movements evoked by electrical stimulation of motor cortex in monkeys. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 129.7.

Graziano MSA, Taylor CSR, and Moore T (2001). Electrical stimulation of the bimodal, visual-tactile zone in the precentral gyrus evokes defensive movements. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 129.8.

Cooke DF, Taylor CSR and Graziano MSA (2000). Neurons in the monkey parietal lobe code arm position by integrating visual and somatosensory inputs. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 249.4.

Wheeler ME, Sabb FW, Graziano MSA, and Cohen JD (1999). Imagined movement of real objects in space near the body differentially activates frontal and parietal cortex. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts.

Hu X, Graziano MSA, and Gross CG (1998). Spatial coding in area 7b of the macaque. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts.

Graziano MSA, Yin LA, and Gross CG (1997). Trimodal, visual-tactile-auditory neurons in a subregion of ventral premotor cortex of the monkey brain. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts.

Nakamura K, Chung HH, Graziano MSA, and Gross CG (1996). The representation of eye position in the parieto-occipital sulcus in the monkey. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts.

Graziano MSA, Fernandez T, and Gross CG (1996). A comparison of bimodal, visual-tactile neurons in parietal area 7b and ventral premotor cortex of the monkey brain. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts.

Graziano MSA and Gross CG (1995). Effect of attention on visual responses in macaque premotor cortex. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts.

Graziano MSA and Gross CG (1994). Mapping visual space around the arm with bimodal, visual-tactile neurons. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts.

Graziano MSA and Gross CG (1992). Coding of extrapersonal visual space in body-part centered coordinates. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts.

Gross CG and Graziano MSA (1990). Bimodal visual-tactile responses in the macaque putamen. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts.

Graziano MSA, Andersen RA, and Snowden R (1990). Stimulus selectivity of neurons in Macaque MST. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts.

Andersen RA, Graziano MSA, and Snowden R (1990). Translational invariance and attentional modulation of MST cells. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts.