This fresco, painted by Raphael for the Vatican apartments of Pope Julius II, depicts Aristotle as a symbol of the active life and Plato as a symbol of the contemplative life. Aristotle, on the right, carries his Ethics and gestures forward. Plato, on the left, carries the Timaeus and points upwards. Not shown in this detail are practical mathematicicans assembled beneath Aristotle; beneath Plato are gathered the abstract mathematicians.