PRINCETON UNIVERSITY

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY

History 398 - Spring 2001

Technologies and Their Societies: Historical Perspectives

Professor Michael S. Mahoney

I. Structure of the Course

II. Books to be Purchased

All other assignments listed below are contained in a packet of selected readings available at Print-It.

There are some general resources for the course on the World Wide Web. Each week has a link to the sources pertinent to its topics.

III. Lectures and Assignments

 

Week I (5 February)

  • Lecture 1. Introduction 
  • Lecture 2. The Technics of Simple and Compound Machines 
Reading 
Erlande-Brandenburg (begin)
WWW Resources  | Background and Supplementary Reading

Week II (12 February)

  • Lecture 3. Mills and Manors 
  • Lecture 4. Cathedrals and Towns 
Reading 
Erlande-Brandenburg (finish, with emphasis on documents for discussion in precept)
Richard Holt, The Mills of Medieval England, Chaps. 3, 6 
WWW Resources  | Background and Supplementary Reading

Week III (19 February)

  • Lecture 5. Power Machinery 
  • Lecture 6. The Steam Engine 
Reading
Peter Laslett, The World We Have Lost, Chap. 1, "English Society Before and After the Coming of Industry" 
Richard L. Hills, Power in the Industrial Revolution, Chaps. 2, 10, 11 
WWW Resources  | Background and Supplementary Reading

****First paper due****


Week IV (26 February)

  • Lecture 7. The Factory 
  • Lecture 8. The Factory System 
Reading 
Richard Hills, Power in the Industrial Revolution, Chap. 12
J.T. Ward, The Factory System, Vol.I, 16-36, 59-75, Part 3 
Anthony F.C. Wallace, Rockdale, Chapter IV 
WWW Resources  | Background and Supplementary Reading

Week V (5 March)

  • Lecture 9. The New Industrial Worker 
  • Lecture 10. Industrial Ideologies 
Reading 
Karl Marx, Capital, Vol.I, Chap.15 ("Machinery and Large-Scale Industry"), Sect. 1-5, 8 
Charles Babbage, On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures, Chaps. 1, 8, 13, 19, 20 
E.P. Thompson, "Time, Work-Discipline, and Industrial Capitalism", Past and Present 38(1960), 56-97 
WWW Resources  | Background and Supplementary Reading

Week VI (12 March)

  • Lecture 11. The Machine in the Garden 
  • Lecture 12. John H. Hall and the Origins of the "American System" 
Reading
Cowan, Chaps. 1-5
WWW Resources  | Background and Supplementary Reading

********* SPRING BREAK *********


Week VII (26 March)

  • Lecture 13.The Machine in the Home 
  • Lecture 14. Ford's Model T: A $500 Car 
Reading
Cowan, Chaps. 6-9
Nathan Rosenberg, "Technological Change in the Machine Tool Industry, 1840-1910", Journal of Economic History 23(1963), 414-443 [repr. in Rosenberg,Perspectives on Technology (Cambridge U.P., 1976), Chap.1]
WWW Resources  | Background and Supplementary Reading

Week VIII (2 April)

  • Lecture 15. Highland Park and the Assembly Line 
  • Lecture 16. Ford and the $5 Day 
Reading
Henry Ford, "Mass Production", Encyclopedia Britannica, 13th ed. 
Picture tour of the Assembly Line
Stephen Meyer III, The Five Dollar Day: Labor Management and Social Control in the Ford Motor Company, 1908-1921, pp. 9-121
WWW Resources  | Background and Supplementary Reading

****Second Paper Due****


Week IX (9 April)

  • Lecture 17. Taylorism and Fordism: Contrasts and Connections 
  • Lecture 18. Mass Distribution: The Consumer Society 
Reading: 
Cowan, Chaps. 10, 12.
Robert S. and Helen Lynd, Middletown, Chaps. 4-8, 13-14, 17-19, 27-29
WWW Resources  | Background and Supplementary Reading

Week X (16 April)

  • Lecture 19. From the Difference Engine to ENIAC 
  • Lecture 20. From Boole to EDVAC 
Reading
Campbell-Kelly and Aspray, Chaps. 1-6
Borgmann, Chap. 12
WWW Resources  | Background and Supplementary Reading

Week XI (23 April)

  • Lecture 21. In our Own Image: Creating the Computer, 1945-95
  • Lecture 22. The Software Paradox 
Reading 
Campbell-Kelly and Aspray, Chap. 9
Kidder (entire)
WWW Resources  | Background and Supplementary Reading

Week XII (30 April)

  • Lecture 23. Working Toward Choices 
  • Lecture 24. Where Are We Now? 
Reading 
Campbell-Kelly and Aspray, Chaps. 10-12
Langdon Winner, "Do Artifacts Have Politics?" Daedalus(Winter, 1980), 121-136
 
Background and Supplementary Reading
 

Reading Period

Reading 
Borgmann (entire)
Background and Supplementary Reading

FINAL EXERCISE DUE 21 MAY
Review Questions from earlier Final Exercises