Seasonal characteristics of tropospheric ozone production and mixing ratios over East Asia: A global three-dimensional chemical transport model analysis
Denise L. Mauzerall 1, 2, Daiju Narita3, Hajime Akimoto3,
Larry Horowitz2, Stacy Walters2, Didier A. Hauglustaine4, Guy Brasseur2
1 Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey.
2 Previously at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado.
3 Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
4 Service d’Aeronomie du CNRS, Universite de Paris 6, Paris, France.
Submitted to Journal of Geophysical Research –Atmospheres
October 5, 1999
Revised January 21, 2000
We examine seasonal and geographical distributions of tropospheric ozone production and mixing ratios over East Asia with a global three-dimensional chemical transport model called Model of Ozone and Related Tracers, version 1 (MOZART-1). Net ozone production within the East Asian boundary layer exhibits three distinct seasonal cycles depending on region (north of 20ºN, 5-20ºN and south of 5ºN). North of 20°N, net ozone production over East Asia from spring through autumn is found to have a maximum extending from 25°N-40°N and from central eastern China to Japan, resulting from the strong emission and transport of anthropogenic O3 precursors. In winter, maximum O3 production in this region occurs between 20°N and 30°N. This is a region of long-range transport. Over the Indochina peninsula, between 5°N and 20°N, net O3 production is controlled by the seasonal cycle between wet and dry seasons and has a maximum at the end of the dry season due to emissions from biomass burning. South of 5°N, in the true tropics, O3 mixing ratios are relatively constant throughout the year and do not exhibit a seasonal cycle. A spring-summer maximum of net O3 production is found throughout the troposphere in East Asia. We estimate an annual net O3 production in East Asia of 117 Tg/yr. Both model results and analysis of measurements of O3-CO correlations over East Asia and Japan show strong variability as a function of both photochemical activity and seasonal meteorology, and indicate ozone export off the coast of East Asia in spring. An upper estimate of O3 export from East Asia to the Pacific Ocean in the mid-1980s of 3.3 Gmol/day (58 Tg/yr) is obtained.