Unpublished Work

The Decline of Regular Order in Appropriations: Does it Matter?

Complexity, Capacity, and Capture

A Primary Cause of Partisanship? Nomination Systems and Legislator Ideology” (with Eric McGhee, Seth Masket, Boris Shor, and Steve Rogers).

Welfare and Paternalism” (with Stu Jordan).

Selected Published Work

The Ideological Mapping of American Legislatures" (with Boris Shor) 2011. American Political Science Review 105(3):530-551.

Measuring Legislative PreferencesThe Oxford Handbook of the American Congress 2011. eds. Eric Schickler and Frances Lee.

Political Fortunes: On Finance and Its Regulation” (with Keith Poole, Thomas Romer, and Howard Rosenthal) 2010. Daedalus.139(4):61-73,129-130.

A Bridge to Somewhere: Mapping State and Congressional Ideology on a Cross-Institutional Common Space” (with Boris Shor and Christopher Berry) 2010. Legislative Studies Quarterly 35(3): 417448.

Does Gerrymandering Cause Polarization?" (with Keith Poole and Howard Rosenthal) 2009. American Journal of Political Science 53(3):666-680.

Presidential Vetoes in the Early Republic,” 2009. Journal of Politics 71(2): 369-384.

Bureaucratic Capacity, Delegation, and Political Reform,” (with John Huber). 2004.  American Political Science Review 98(3): 481-494.

The Appointments Dilemma,” 2004.  American Journal of Political Science 48(3): 413-428.

Political Resource Allocation: The Benefits and Costs of Voter Initiatives,” (with John G. Matsusaka). 2001. Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization. 17(2): 413-448.

The Hunt for Party Discipline” (with Keith Poole and Howard Rosenthal). 2001.  American Political Science Review. 95(3):673-687.

Cabinet Decision Rules and Political Uncertainty in Parliamentary Bargaining” (with John Huber). 2001. American Political Science Review. 95(2):345-360.

The Politics of Blame:  Bargaining before an Audience,” (with Timothy Groseclose) 2000. American Journal of Political Science. 45(1):100-119.

The Time to Give: PAC Motivations and Electoral Timing,” (with Lawrence Rothenberg). 2000.  Political Analysis. 8(3):230-259.

Coalitional Maintenance: Politicians, Parties, and Organized Groups,” (with Lawrence Rothenberg). 2000.  American Politics Quarterly, 28(3):291-308.

Proposal Rights, Veto Rights, and Political Bargaining.”  2000.  American Journal of Political Science, 44(3):506-522.

Presidential Pork: Executive Veto Power and Distributive Politics.” 2000.  American Political Science Review, 94(1):117-129.

Advice and Consent: Senate Response to Executive Branch Nominations 1885-1996” (with Rose Razaghian). 1999. American Journal of Political Science, 43(3):1122-43.

An Empirical Spatial Model of Congressional Campaigns” (with Keith T. Poole). 1998. Political Analysis, 7(1):1-30.

Presidential Reputation and the Veto.” 1997. Economics and Politics, 9(1):1-26.

Commitment and the Campaign Contribution Contract” (with Lawrence Rothenberg). 1996. American Journal of Political Science, 40(3): 872-904.

Veto Power and Legislation: An Empirical Analysis of Executive-Legislative Bargaining from 1961-1986” (with Keith T. Poole). 1995.  Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization, 11(2):282-312.