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Contact information:

email: osherson@princeton.edu
tel: 609-258-8009

Four essays on inductive logic

Sentential Logic Primer

Selected papers (with various comments)

Recent papers (PDF format):

A Note on PAC-inference of Real Functions

A universal inductive inference machine

Feature Ratings and Empirical Dimension-Specific Similarity

Perception of multi-dimensional regularities is driven by salience

Alternation blindness in the representation of binary sequences
Consistency of the subjective concept of randomness

Robustness of emotional expression recognition under low visibility

Deontic modality based on preference
A longitudinal diffusion tensor imaging study assessing white matter fiber tracts after sports related concussion
Category-based induction from similarity of neural activation
Automated prediction of preferences using facial expressions

Persistent differences in patterns of brain activation after sports related concussion: A longitudinal fMRI study
Perception and identification of random events

Category-based updating
Yes, there is a neural dissociation between language and reasoning (TICS)
Modal logic for preference based on reasons

Accuracy of inferring self- and other-preferences from spontaneous facial expressions
Selectivity for Abstract Visual Structure in Ventral Temporal Cortex

Updating: Learning versus supposing
Notes on random reals
Remarks on Random Sequences
Modal logic for preference based on reasons (abridged version)

Learning stimulus relationships increases control in the flanker task
Logic, Language and the Brain
Improving Aggregated Forecasts of Probability

Thought beyond language: neural dissociation of algebra and natural language

Citizen Forecasts of the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election

An fMRI study of conceptual combination

Inferring the social preferences of others from spontaneous, non-emotional facial expressions
Aggregating Large Sets of Probabilistic Forecasts by Weighted Coherent Adjustment
Preference based on reasons
Descriptive assessment of Jeffrey`s Rule
The neural basis of conceptual combination

Second order probability affects hypothesis confirmation
Detecting deception by loading working memory
On the provenance of judgments of conditional probability

Inductive inference based on probability and similarity
From similarity to inference

Independent Neural Representation of Logical Versus Linguistic Inference

Similarity and Induction
A Partially Truth Functional Approach to Indicative Conditionals
Probabilistic coherence and proper scoring rules
Methods for distance-based judgment aggregation

Formal Learning Theory in Context
Functional Neuroanatomy of Deductive Inference
Recognizing strong random reals
False consensus bias in contract interpretation
Music perception among schizophrenia patients (abstract)
Predicting judged similarity of mammals from their neural representations

Confirmation may depend on more than probability

Aggregating Forecasts of Chance from Incoherent and Abstaining           Experts
Scalable Algorithms for Aggregating Disparate Forecasts of Probability
Elementary proof of a theorem of Jean Ville
Note on an observation by Neil Tennant
Adding Dense, Weighted Connections to WordNet
On Typicality and Vagueness
Real Estate Values and Air Pollution: Measured Levels and Subjective Expectation
Comparison of confirmation measures
Learning to coordinate: A recursion theoretic perspective
From Similarity to Chance
Induction as conditional probability judgment
Order Dependence and Jeffrey Conditionalization
Evidential Diversity and Premise Probability in Young Children's Inductive Judgment
On the Reality of the Conjunction Fallacy
A Different Conjunction Fallacy
Conjunction and the Conjunction Fallacy
Aggregating Disparate Estimates of Chance
A note on concave utility functions
New Evidence for Distinct Right and Left Brain Systems for Deductive versus Probabilistic Reasoning
Distinct brain loci in deductive versus probabilistic reasoning
Notes on Statistical Tests

No method of ampliative inference respects conditionalization
Scientific Discovery from the Perspective of Hypothesis Acceptance
A Note on Superadditive Probability Judgment
Wisdom and Aging

The Relation Between Probability and Evidence Judgment: An Extension of Support Theory
On the Psychology of Vague Predicates
Category Based Induction
Computer Output
New axioms for the Contrast Model of similarity

A note on typicality
Combining prototypes: A selective modification model
Conceptual combination with prototype concepts

Typicality and reasoning fallacies

A reason for theoretical terms
Synthesizing inductive expertise
Aggregating inductive expertise
Relevant consequence and empirical inquiry
Language and the ability to evaluate contradictions and tautologies
Gradedness and conceptual combination

On the psychology of structural simplicity
Social learning and collective choice

Models, rules, and deductive reasoning
Childrens understanding of uniformity in the environment
On the adequacy of Prototype Theory as a theory of concepts
An advantage model of choice

Extrapolating Human Probability Judgment