October 22, 2003: Reading Room
By Louis Jacobson 92
PHOTO: A historian of the Middle East, Michael Oren *86 also wrote Six Days of War, an account of the pivotal war in 1967. (MacAdam/Cage)
As a scholar and writer, Michael Oren *86 has focused intensively on his adopted country, Israel. His most widely read book, Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East (2002), was praised by reviewers as the first comprehensive study of the landmark war. Oren, who moved to Israel after earning a doctorate in Near Eastern studies from Princeton, watched the 1967 war unfold as a youngster growing up in New York and New Jersey. He was alarmed by the attacks by Arab nations, and then felt pride as Israel triumphed and seized new territory. But his subsequent experience as a paratrooper in the Israeli army added complexity to his understanding of that and other wars. The unit he served with in Lebanon was decimated by casualties, says Oren, a senior fellow at the Shalem Center, a think tank based in Jerusalem.
In his first novel, Reunion, published this year by MacAdam/Cage, Oren addresses war and memory but in this case, it is his fathers. The novel is based about 95 percent on actual events that Oren gleaned from his fathers reunions with fellow World War II G.I.s. In 1944, 19-year-old Lester M. Bornstein, Orens father, fought with the U.S. Armys 168th Battalion at the Battle of the Bulge, helping hold despite great losses a ridge for six days against a fierce Nazi offensive. Years later, Bornstein was so assiduous about telling his son stories of his units combat that Oren came to know the stories almost as well as his father did. Talking about his experiences, Oren believes, helped his father come to terms with what he had experienced.
Oren, who hebraized his name, retells his fathers stories in Reunion, using as his conceit the fictionalized reunion of former American servicemen in the village of St. Vith in Belgiums Ardennes forest, 55 years after the fighting ended. In the novel the veterans, like Orens father, had fought the Nazis, holding a ridge outside the village for six days. The reunion is partially about the aftermath of war injuries sustained, post-traumatic stress endured, familial relationships altered, but it is also about grappling with unresolved mysteries and conflicts bodies never located, commanders detested by grunts. It shows how the men come to grips with their war experiences and with the disparate courses of their lives, says Oren. Old grievances are, in the end, resolved, and old secrets revealed. The men can continue with the rest of their lives in companionship and even a measure of peace.
Ironically, Oren says he doesnt like discussing the realities of combat with his own children, saying its too painful. Orens oldest son serves as a commando with the Israeli military. I dont sleep at night because I dont know whats going to happen to him, says Oren, a former aide to the late prime minister Yitzhak Rabin. And my other two kids take municipal buses to school, so theyre at least as much targets for terrorists as my older son. There used to be a distinction between going off to war and staying home, but its not like that anymore.
Louis Jacobson 92 is a staff correspondent at National Journal magazine.
By Jeanne Alnot 04
Southern Excursions: Views on Southern Letters in My Time George Garrett 52 *85, edited by James Conrad McKinley (Louisiana). This compilation is a tribute to Garrett as writer, editor, academic, and critic. Collected here are more than 50 of his best interviews, essays, and reviews about Southern literature and authors. Garrett is a professor of creative writing, emeritus, at the University of Virginia. McKinley is a former student of Garretts.
Kate Remembered A. Scott Berg 71 (Putnam). Both biography and memoir, this book is told by the man Katharine Hepburn chose as her chronicler and who became her close friend during the last two decades of her life. Kate Remembered revisits Hepburns career as an actress and as an icon for the American woman, and includes details about her relationships with Spencer Tracy and Howard Hughes. Berg won the Pulitzer Prize for his biography Lindbergh (1998).
Weapons of Mass Deception: The Uses of Propaganda in Bushs War on Iraq Sheldon Rampton 82 and John Stauber (Penguin). The authors analyze the public relations campaign waged by the Bush administration to sell Operation Iraqi Freedom to the American people. The book discusses the big lie tactic repetition and misinformation and includes a section on how other countries perceive the U.S. Rampton and Stauber write and edit PR Watch: Public Interest Reporting on the PR/Public Affairs Industry.