Web Exclusives: PawPlus

June 7, 2006:

Madeleine Albright's '14 points for the 21st century'

For a story on her speech in the June 7, 2006 PAW, click here.

The following are the principles listed by former Secretary of State Madeline Albright, in her own words, to guide America's efforts to promote democracy abroad. She spoke April 28 during a Princeton colloquium honoring Woodrow Wilson 1879. For a story on her speech in the June 7, 2006 PAW, click here.

1. It is both right and smart for America to assist those who want our help in establishing and strengthening democratic institutions.

2. Democracy must grow from within. … We cannot create the desire or the discipline to establish a durable basis for democratic rule.

3. We should increase our support for building democracy around the world, including in Iraq.

4. Democracy-building is a team exercise. The United States should be working … to bolster the pro-democracy programs of the United Nations and of regional organizations.

5. Building democracy is a bottom-up, not a top-down, proposition.

6. Free elections, while essential, are not sufficient. … [Democracy's] purpose is to create a system in which everyone has a voice, on election day and in between.

7. Democracy must deliver. … A strong economy, like a strong democracy, is built from the ground up.

8. We must recognize what democracy can and cannot do. [Democracy] is not a ticket to some fantasyland where all evil is vanquished and everyone agrees with us.

9. Democracy should be inclusive. No political party should be excluded out of hand, but every party … should be required to refrain from intimidation, embrace constitutional procedures, and respect minority rights.

10. In promoting democracy, we should adopt a global approach. … We cannot expect democracy to gain ground in the Middle East if it is slipping backward in Latin America, Africa, and the former Soviet Union.

11. To support democracy, we must also support those … who have been working to promote democratic norms [such as non-governmental organizations].

12. We must be ourselves true to democratic values. The spectacle of Abu Ghraib, the detention without charge at Guantanamo, the waffling over torture, and the warrantless surveillance of domestic targets have … done great harm to our nation.

13. As America continues to support democracy, we should do so with some degree of introspection.

14. Our promotion of democracy should revolve around a simple and basic idea: that every individual counts. END