Princeton University-Microsoft Intellectual Property Conference

Princeton University Center for Arts and Cultural Policy StudiesMicrosoft


  • The Princeton University Center for Arts and Cultural Policy studies is pleased to welcome all attendees to the Princeton University- Microsoft Intellectual Property Conference.
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Howard Becker

Howard S. Becker is a sociologist known for his work in the sociology of art, qualitative methods, visual sociology, and the practice of research and writing in the social sciences. He is the author of Art Worlds, a seminal text in the sociology of art, as well as Writing for Social Scientists and Tricks of the Trade. His book, Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance, introduced labeling theory as an approach for understanding deviance. He obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago, and in 1965 was appointed Professor of Sociology at Northwestern University, where he remained until 1991. After 1991, he taught at a number of institutions, including the University of Washington in Seattle and the University of California in Santa Barbara. His current work looks at the role of conventions in film, literature, music, dance, visual arts, photography, science and other ways of “telling about society.” An accomplished jazz musician, he lives and works in San Francisco.  [top]

Yochai Benkler

Yochai Benkler is a Professor of Law at Yale Law School. His research focuses on how laws regulating information production and exchange affect the distribution of control over information flows, knowledge, and culture in the digital environment. His particular focus has been on the neglected role of commons-based approaches towards management of resources in the digitally networked environment. He has written about the economics and political theory of rules governing telecommunications infrastructure (with a special emphasis on wireless communications), rules governing private control over information (in particular intellectual property), and relevant aspects of U.S. constitutional law. Prior to joining Yale in 2003, Benkler was Professor of Law at New York University. He served as Law Clerk for the Honorable Stephen G. Breyer, U.S. Supreme Court, in 1995-96. Benkler's just-published book, The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom (2006), looks at how the Internet enables new commons-based methods for producing goods, remaking culture, and participating in public life. He received an LL.B. from Tel-Aviv University in 1991 and a J.D. from Harvard in 1994.   [top]

Mario Biagioli

Mario Biagioli is Professor of the History of Science at Harvard, where he teaches courses on science and intellectual property and scientific misconduct. He is currently working on a book on the sociology and history of scientific authorship from the early modern period to 'big science.' He has published articles on the author function in contemporary science, the patenting of scientific instruments, and plagiarism in science. He has edited (with Peter Galison) Scientific Authorship (Routledge, 2003). His other books include Galileo's Instruments of Credit (Chicago, 2006), Galileo Courtier (Chicago, 1993), and The Science Studies Reader (Routledge, 1998).  [top]

Stephen Burley

Stephen Burley is the Chief Scientific Officer of SGX Pharmaceuticals, Inc., located in San Diego, California. SGX is an oncology-focused drug discovery and development company. Prior to joining SGX, Burley was the Richard M. and Isabel P. Furlaud Professor and Chief Academic Officer at The Rockefeller University, and a full investigator in the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. He has authored or coauthored more than 160 scholarly scientific articles. He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and of the New York Academy of Sciences. Dr. Burley received an M.D. degree from Harvard Medical School in the joint Harvard-MIT Health Sciences and Technology program and, as a Rhodes Scholar, received a D.Phil. in Molecular Biophysics from Oxford University. Burley co-founded Prospect Genomics, Inc., which was subsequently acquired by SGX.  [top]

Wesley Cohen

Wesley Cohen joined the faculty of the Fuqua School of Business after teaching at Carnegie Mellon University for twenty years. He is also a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. Cohen's research has mainly focused on the economics of technological change and R&D. He has examined the links between firm size, market structure and innovation, firm learning, the determinants of innovative activity across industries and firms, the knowledge flows affecting innovation, the means that firms use to protect their intellectual property (especially patents), and the links between university research and industrial R&D. Cohen has published in numerous scholarly journals, including the American Economic Review, the Economic Journal, The Review of Economics and Statistics, the Journal of Industrial Economics, the Administrative Science Quarterly, Management Science, Research Policy and the Strategic Management Journal. He served for five years as a Main Editor for Research Policy and currently serves on the National Academies' Committee on Intellectual Property Rights in the Knowledge-Based Economy.  [top]

Kathleen Denis

Kathleen A. Denis, Ph.D. is Associate Vice President, Technology Transfer at The Rockefeller University, a premier biomedical research institution located in New York City. Managing the intellectual assets of the University, she works with their elite group of researchers to develop and commercialize technologies for the public good. Dr. Denis was formerly a consultant specializing in the management of intellectual assets in the life sciences, Vice President, Technology Development, Allegheny Health, Education and Research Foundation as well as Director, University of Pennsylvania Center for Technology Transfer. Dr. Denis is active in numerous professional organizations and speaks frequently about issues of academic technology transfer. She is Past President of the Licensing Executives Society (LES), and has served on the Board of Directors of the Association of University Technology Managers (AUTM) and the Pennsylvania Biotechnology Association. Dr. Denis holds a Ph.D. in immunology from the University of Pennsylvania, an M.A. in Human Genetics from University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, and an undergraduate degree in genetics from Cornell University.  [top]

Rochelle Dreyfuss

Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss is the Pauline Newman Professor of Law at New York University School of Law. During her time at NYU School of Law, she has served as the director of the Engelberg Center on Innovation Law and Policy and as a member of the New York City Bar Association, the American Law Institute, and BNA's Advisory Board to USPQ. She was a consultant to the Federal Courts Study Committee, to the Presidential Commission on Catastrophic Nuclear Accidents, and to the Federal Trade Commission. She is a past chair of the Intellectual Property Committee of the American Association of Law Schools. Professor Dreyfuss served as a member of two National Academy of Sciences Committees, one on Intellectual Property in Genomic and Protein Research and Innovation, the other on Intellectual Property Rights in the Knowledge-Based Economy. She is currently a Reporter for the American Law Institute Project on Intellectual Property: Principles Governing Jurisdiction, Choice of Law, and Judgments in Transnational Disputes. She has visited at the University of Chicago Law School, University of Washington Law School, and Santa Clara School of Law. In addition to articles in her specialty areas, she has co-authored casebooks on civil procedure and intellectual property law. She holds B.A. and M.S. degrees in Chemistry and spent several years as a research chemist before entering Columbia University School of Law, where she served as Articles and Book Review Editor of the Law Review. After graduating, she was a law clerk to Chief Judge Wilfred Feinberg of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and to Chief Justice Warren E. Burger of the U.S. Supreme Court.  [top]

David Einhorn

David Einhorn is House Counsel for The Jackson Laboratory, the world's largest repository of mouse strains, located in Bar Harbor, Maine. The Laboratory, which he joined in 1989, pioneered the use of the mouse as a model to understand human development and disease, to develop effective cancer treatments, and to explore and advance regenerative medicine. It prepared the world's first mouse genetics databases and provides round-the-clock access to the single largest collection of publicly available information about the laboratory mouse – The Jackson Laboratory's Mouse Genome Informatics web site. Prior to joining the Laboratory, Einhorn practiced law in New York, New Jersey, and Maine. He was Deputy Commissioner of the State of New Jersey Department of Human Services from 1976 to 1979. He received a BSE from the Wharton School of Finance and Commerce at the University of Pennsylvania and an LLB from Georgetown Law School.  [top]

Raymond Gilmartin

Raymond V. Gilmartin joined Merck & Co., Inc., in June 1994 as president and chief executive officer. He was named to the additional post of chairman of the board in November 1994. Having led the company for more than 10 years as chairman, president and chief executive officer, Mr. Gilmartin moved out of that role in May 2005 and currently serves as Special Advisor to the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors. Prior to joining Merck, Mr. Gilmartin was chairman, president and chief executive officer of Becton Dickinson and Company. He joined that company in 1976 as vice president, strategic planning, and took on positions of increasing responsibility over the next 18 years. He joined the Microsoft Board on April 28, 2001. Mr. Gilmartin also serves on the board of directors of General Mills, Inc. He is a director of The College Fund/UNCF, and a member of the Business Roundtable and the Business Council. He was appointed by President Bush in 2003 to serve as a member of the President's Export Council. An active participant in health industry affairs, Mr. Gilmartin is Chairman of the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association. He is a past Chairman of the Healthcare Institute of New Jersey and a past Chairman of the Pharmaceutical Research & Manufacturers of America, now serving on its executive committee. He is a trustee of the Healthcare Leadership Council, a group dedicated to excellence in America 's health care system, and he is a trustee of Valley Health System, Inc. Mr. Gilmartin received a B.S. in electrical engineering from Union College in 1963. He received an MBA from Harvard Business School in 1968.  [top]

Seth Gordon

Seth Lewis Gordon is an honors graduate (architecture) of Yale, with additional training and honors at Oxford and the Harvard School of Design. He has produced and directed documentaries for PBS, the Gates Foundation, and the United Nations. As co-founder of LargeLab, a full service production company, Gordon writes and directs live action and animated projects for clients including The Dixie Chicks, MTV, Nike, Fox and Ford. Three years running Gordon's projects have been selected for the Sundance Film Festival, including New York Doll and two shorts: Fears of a Clown and Squirt. Currently Gordon is 2nd unit director, associate producer, and editor of Cry Wolf, a feature film for Universal slated for release this fall.  [top]

Margaret Hedstrom

Margaret Hedstrom is an Associate Professor at the School of Information, University of Michigan where she teaches in the areas of archives, electronic records management, and digital preservation.  She is also a faculty associate at ICPSR (the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research). Dr. Hedstrom was project director for the CAMiLEON Project, an international research project to investigate the use of emulation as a digital preservation strategy. Her research interests include digital preservation, the impact of electronic communications on organizational memory and documentation, and on-line access to primary sources. Dr. Hedstrom serves on numerous advisory committees including the National Digital Strategy Advisory Board to the Library of Congress, the Advisory Committee on Historical and Diplomatic Documentation to the U.S. Department of State, and the American Council of Learned Societies, Commission on Cyber-Infrastructure for the Humanities and Social Sciences. She earned M.A. degrees in Library and Information Science and in History, and a Ph.D. in History from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She is a fellow of the Society of American Archivists.  [top]

Michael Joyce

Michael Joyce is currently Professor of English and Media Studies at Vassar College. The New York Times termed his afternoon (1987) the granddaddy of hypertext fictions." He has since published numerous hypertext fictions on the web and on disk. More recently he has been collaborating in multimedia work with Venezuelan video artist Anita Pantin and Canadian composer Bruce Pennycook; and, in another project, with LA visual artist Alexandra Grant. His most recent print novel, Liam's Going (2002), was published by McPherson and Company. SUNY Press and Michigan have published collections of his short fictions, prose pieces and essays about technology.  [top]

Sérgio Sá Leitão

Sérgio Sá Leitão is Secretary for Cultural Policies at the Brazilian Ministry of Culture. He is also Professor of Cultural Policies at Universidade Candido Mendes (Rio de Janeiro) and Vice-President of the Inter-American Committee on Culture at the Organization of American States. A journalist, filmmaker, and photographer, he is author of the books Futebol-Arte (with Jair de Souza and Lucia Rito), Marketing Esportivo and Rock dos 80. He was reporter, publisher and columnist for the publications Jornal do Brasil, Folha de S.Paulo, and Jornal dos Sports. He served as communications advisor for ONG Onda Azul, a nongovernmental organization dedicated to the preservation of water resources. He has directed a number of videos and films, including “We Belong – A Diversity Celebration,” that featured interviews with participants at the 2003 World Social Forum. Among his other films are the documentary “Penso Cidade” (2002), about architectural issues in Rio de Janeiro , and the short format video “Hands” (2003). Sr. Leitão received a degree in Journalism from UFRJ (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro).   [top]

Lawrence Lessig

Lawrence Lessig is a Professor of Law at Stanford Law School and founder of the school's Center for Internet and Society. Prior to joining the Stanford faculty, he was the Berkman Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, and a Professor at the University of Chicago. He clerked for Judge Richard Posner on the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals and Justice Antonin Scalia on the United States Supreme Court. Professor Lessig represented web site operator Eric Eldred in the ground-breaking case Eldred v. Ashcroft, a challenge to the 1998 Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act. He has won numerous awards, including the Free Software Foundation's Freedom Award, and was named one of Scientific American's Top 50 Visionaries, for arguing "against interpretations of copyright that could stifle innovation and discourse online." Professor Lessig is the author of Free Culture (2004), The Future of Ideas (2001) and Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace (1999). He chairs the Creative Commons project, and serves on the board of the Free Software Foundation, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, the Public Library of Science, and Public Knowledge. Professor Lessig earned a BA in economics and a BS in management from the University of Pennsylvania, an MA in philosophy from Cambridge, and a JD from Yale. Professor Lessig teaches and writes in the areas of constitutional law, contracts, and the law of cyberspace.  [top]

Daniel Levitin

Daniel Levitin is an Associate Professor of Psychology, Behavioural Neuroscience, and Music at McGill University.  He is the author of the forthcoming This Is Your Brain On Music (Dutton/Penguin, 2006). He has consulted on audio sound source separation for the U.S. Navy, and on audio quality for several rock bands (including the Grateful Dead and Steely Dan), record labels, and served as one of the "Golden Ears" expert listeners in the original Dolby AC3 compression tests. He worked for two years at the Silicon Valley think tank Interval Research Corporation. Dr. Levitin also taught at Stanford University in the Department of Computer Science, the Program in Human-Computer Interaction, and the Departments of Psychology, Anthropology, Computer Music, and History of Science. Dr. Levitin earned his B.A. in Cognitive Psychology and Cognitive Science at Stanford University, and a Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Oregon, researching complex auditory patterns and pattern processing in expert and non-expert populations. He completed post-doctoral training at Stanford University Medical School (in Neuroimaging) and at UC Berkeley (in Cognitive Psychology).  [top]

Jessica Litman

Jessica Litman is Professor of Law at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan, where she teaches courses in copyright law, Internet law, and trademarks and unfair competition.   She is the author of Digital Copyright (Prometheus Books 2001), and the coauthor with Jane Ginsburg and Mary Lou Kevlin of a casebook on Trademarks and Unfair Competition Law (Foundation Press 2001).  She has published many articles on copyright law, trademark law and Internet law, and has testified before Congress and before the White House Information Infrastructure Task Force's Working Group on Intellectual Property. Litman served on the National Research Council's Committee on Partnerships in Weather and Climate Services, the program committee for the 2003 Conference on Computers Freedom & Privacy, and the program committee for the Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. She is a past Chair of the American Association of Law Schools Section on Intellectual Property, a past trustee of the Copyright Society of the USA, and a member of the Intellectual Property and Internet Committee of the ACLU, the Future of Music Coalition Advisory Council, the advisory boards of Public Knowledge and Cyberspace Law Abstracts, the editorial board of I/S Journal of Law & Policy, and the National Writers Union.  [top]

Susan Mann

Susan O. Mann joined Microsoft in April 2002 and serves as Director, Intellectual Property Policy, in the company's Washington, D.C. office. Prior to joining Microsoft, Ms. Mann was a principal in the government relations firm of Griffin, Johnson, Dover, & Stewart, where she represented clients in the music and film industries in a range of legislative and regulatory matters. Ms. Mann has also served as Administrator of the Office of Legislative and International Affairs at the Patent and Trademark Office, U.S. Department of Commerce, and as Attorney-Advisor in the same office. While at the PTO, she participated in numerous multilateral and bilateral intellectual property negotiations and also served as an advisor on legislative and policy initiatives affecting the trade aspects of, and the protection of, intellectual property rights. Ms. Mann has focused on legislative, copyright and other intellectual property matters as an associate of the law firm Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton and Garrison in Washington, D.C. She has also served as a legislative/regulatory analyst with a national trade association and as a congressional staffer.   [top]

Fiona Murray

Fiona E. Murray is Assistant Professor, Management of Technology, Innovation & Entrepreneurship, at MIT's Sloan School of Management. She is also an Affiliate Professor at Harvard-MIT Division of Health Science and Technology and has been a member of MIT's Faculty Committee for Biomedical Enterprise Program since 2002. Dr. Murray studies and teaches innovation and entrepreneurship with an emphasis on the life science sector. She focuses on the academic/industry nexus with a broad research agenda that aims to uncover the relationships and influences that characterize the growing interchange between academic and industry scientists. Her research has two key elements. On the one hand she examines how growing economic incentives, particularly intellectual property rights, influence both the rate and direction of scientific progress among academic scientists. On the other, she studies how new life science businesses build organizations that are both commercially successful and at the forefront of science. Currently, Murray is studying how firms can structure their early relationships with founding scientists, scientific advisory boards, and the scientific community in general. She also works on the optimal organizational modes for transferring life-science technologies from medical schools and major medical research-oriented institutions to the private sector. Murray also studies the differences between U.S. and U.K. experiences in academic life sciences and biotechnology. With a number of students she is starting to explore issues across the academic/industry interface and the role of intellectual property rights at this interface for a more diverse range of countries including China, Singapore and Taiwan. Dr. Murray received a Ph.D. and an A.M. in Applied Sciences from Harvard University, and an M.A. and B.A. in Chemistry from the University of Oxford.   [top]

W. Russell Neuman

W. Russell Neuman is the John Derby Evans Professor of Media Technology in Communication Studies and Research Professor at the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. He recently returned from serving as a Senior Policy Analyst in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy working in the areas of information technology, broadband policy and technologies for border security. His recent books include The Gordian Knot: Political Gridlock on the Information Highway (MIT Press, 1997), and Affective Intelligence (University of Chicago Press, 2000). Dr. Neuman taught at the University of Pennsylvania where he directed the Information and Society Program of the Annenberg Public Policy Center. He also taught at Harvard and Yale and was one of the founding faculty of the MIT Media Laboratory. His Ph.D. in Sociology is from the University of California, Berkeley and his undergraduate degree is from Cornell University. Dr. Neuman has conducted research on a consulting basis for several firms including ABC, AT&T, CBS, GTE Labs, Hughes Network Systems, Kodak, Lucent Technologies, NBC, Salomon Smith Barney-Media Group, Verizon, Washington Post, WorldSpace, and Xerox.  [top]

Siobhán O'Mahony

Siobhán O'Mahony is a sociologist and an Assistant Professor in the Negotiation, Organizations and Markets group at the Harvard Business School. She holds a Ph.D. from Stanford University 's Department of Management Science and Engineering specializing in Organizational Studies, an M.P.A from the Cornell Institute of Public Affairs, and a B.S. in Industrial Labor Relations from Cornell University 's School of Industrial Relations. Professor O'Mahony's research examines the emergence, design and governance of collaborative technical social structures. Her research examines technical communities and their relations with firms; the management of innovation and a technical labor force; the externalization of work; and inter-organizational forms that support cumulative innovation. A pervasive objective is to unpack the types of social structures that emerge when boundaries between organization and markets become blurred and to examine how power differentials contribute to the emergence of negotiated technical orders. Professor O'Mahony's current research project, Competing on a Common Platform , examines how firms negotiate the parameters of common technical platforms while simultaneously identifying sources of differentiation.  [top]

Jill Panetta

ill Panetta is Chief Scientific Officer and one of the founders of InnoCentive, a web-based community that matches top scientists (“Solvers”) to relevant research and development challenges facing leading companies (“Seekers”) around the globe. She heads the InnoCentive Scientific Operations group, which uses its extensive scientific expertise to further the goals of Seeker clients and Solvers. She has created processes for Seeker client companies to frame scientific challenges to succeed in virtual communities. Dr. Panetta also serves as the scientific advisor to all functional groups throughout the company. Dr. Panetta has more than 20 years experience in drug discovery research at Eli Lilly and Company having joined the Lilly Research Laboratories in 1981 as a Senior Organic Chemist in Drug Discovery. Her research efforts have led to the discovery of two clinical candidates: tibenelast for asthma and tazofelone for inflammatory bowel disease. Dr. Panetta is the author of more than 85 publications and abstracts, has given over 45 invited lectures, is co-inventor of 33 granted US patents, and is co-editor of Psychiatric Illness in Women. She serves on advisory boards for a number of scientific journals and biotech companies. She received her Ph.D. in organic chemistry from Dartmouth College, followed by a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of California at Berkeley.  [top]

Imani Perry

Imani Perry is an Assistant Professor at Rutgers Law School in Camden. Her first book, Prophets of the Hood: Politics and Poetics in Hip Hop , was published by Duke University Press in 2004. She is the author of articles in the field of Law and Cultural Studies, with a particular focus on race and the politics of literary production and media. Perry was a Visiting Professor at the University of Pennsylvania Law School in the fall of 2005. She received her Ph.D. from the Harvard University Program in American Civilization, her J.D. from Harvard Law School, and her B.A. from Yale College.  [top]

Michael Roukes

Michael Roukes is Professor of Physics, Applied Physics, and Bioengineering at California Institute of Technology where he has also recently served as the Founding Director of the Kavli Nanoscience Institute (2004-2006).  Professor Roukes received a Ph.D. in Physics from Cornell University in 1985, for research focusing upon electron transport in microstructures at ultralow temperatures under Nobel Laureate Robert C. Richardson. He then joined Bell Communications Research, as a Member of Technical Staff / Principal Investigator in the Quantum Structures Research Group.  In 1992 he joined the tenured faculty at Caltech where he built nanofabrication facilities, an extensive low temperature physics laboratory, and assembled a large nanoscience research group that is now heavily involved in cross-disciplinary collaborations.  Roukes' scientific interests range from fundamental and applied condensed matter physics to electrical engineering and biophysics  with a unifying theme centered upon development, application, and large-scale-integration of complex nanostructures.  [top]

Jule Sigall

Jule L. Sigall is the Associate Register for Policy and International Affairs at the U.S. Copyright Office, where he is the head of the Office of Policy and International Affairs. He regularly represents the Copyright Office in U.S. government delegations to meetings at the World Intellectual Property Organization. He has published several articles on copyright law and is a frequent speaker at national and international conferences on copyright and intellectual property. Mr. Sigall is also an adjunct professor at Duke University School of Law and The Catholic University of America. Before he was appointed Associate Register, Mr. Sigall practiced law in the Intellectual Property and Technology group of Arnold and Porter in Washington, D.C., where he specialized in copyright law and its application to new technologies. Mr. Sigall is a graduate of Duke University and a summa cum laude graduate of The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law, where he served as a Note and Comment Editor of the Catholic University Law Review.   [top]

Anne-Marie Slaughter

Anne-Marie Slaughter is Dean of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and the Bert G. Kerstetter '66 University Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University. Prior to becoming Dean, she was the J. Sinclair Armstrong Professor of International, Foreign and Comparative Law and the Director of Graduate and International Legal Studies at Harvard Law School. She is also the former President of the American Society of International Law. Dean Slaughter is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and serves on the board of the Council on Foreign Relations. Her book, A New World Order, was recently published by Princeton University Press. Dean Slaughter is a frequent commentator on foreign affairs in newspapers, radio, and television and is a contributor to the America Abroad blog on She is currently writing a book on America's founding principles for Basic Books.   [top]

Bradford Smith

Bradford L. Smith is Microsoft's Senior Vice President responsible for the company's government, legal, industry, and community affairs.  He serves as General Counsel, Secretary to the Board of Directors, and as Microsoft's Chief Compliance Officer.  Since assuming this position three years ago, Smith has led Microsoft's efforts to improve its relations with governments around the world and with other companies throughout the information technology industry.  He is responsible for the company's intellectual property practices and policies, including the development and licensing of the company's IP portfolio.  Smith graduated summa cum laude from Princeton University, was a Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar at the Columbia University School of Law, and studied international law and economics at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland.  He has published widely on intellectual property, antitrust, and privacy issues that impact the information technology field, and has been a lecturer at the Hague Academy of International Law.   [top]

Gigi Sohn

Gigi B. Sohn is the President and Co-Founder of Public Knowledge and an internationally known communications policy attorney. From May 1999 to January 2001, Gigi served as a Project Specialist in the Ford Foundation's Media, Arts and Culture unit. In that capacity, she oversaw grantmaking in the Foundation's media policy and technology portfolio, and advised the Foundation on the future direction of the portfolio. While at Ford, Sohn teamed up with her Public Knowledge Co-Founders, Laurie Racine (President of the Center for the Public Domain) and David Bollier in examining the need for a public interest intellectual property rights organization. Prior to joining the Ford Foundation, Sohn served as Executive Director of the Media Access Project (MAP), a Washington, DC-based public interest telecommunications law firm that represents citizens' rights before the Federal Communications Commission and the courts. In recognition of her work at MAP, President Clinton appointed her to serve as a member of his Advisory Committee on the Public Interest Obligations of Digital Television Broadcasters ("Gore Commission") in October 1997. In that same year, she was selected by the American Lawyer magazine as one of the leading public sector lawyers in the country under the age of 45. Sohn is an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University, where she teaches "Music Technology, Copyright and Public Policy." She is also a Senior Fellow at the University of Melbourne Faculty of Law, Graduate Studies Program in Melbourne, Australia. In 2001, she was an Adjunct Professor at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University, in New York City. Gigi holds a B.S. in Broadcasting and Film, Summa Cum Laude, from the Boston University College of Communication and a J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School.   [top]

Christopher Sprigman

Chris Sprigman is a Non Residential Fellow at the Center for Internet and Society. Chris's research focuses on the interplay of competition, technology, and intellectual property law. Before coming to CIS, Chris was a partner in the Washington, D.C. office of King & Spalding LLP, specializing in the areas of antitrust, intellectual property and appellate practice. Prior to joining King & Spalding, Chris served as appellate counsel to the Antitrust Division of the U. S. Department of Justice. While at DOJ, Chris represented the United States in civil and criminal appeals to the U.S. Courts of Appeals, and, in conjunction with the Office of the Solicitor General, handled appeals before the U.S. Supreme Court. He worked extensively on post-trial and appellate briefs in United States v. Microsoft. His responsibilities also included filing amicus briefs in selected private antitrust and intellectual property cases, working with the Assistant Attorney General to help formulate antitrust and competition policy, and representing the United States in court proceedings to review orders of the Federal Communications Commission. Mr, Sprigman received his J.D. with honors from the University of Chicago Law School in 1993. From 1993-1994, he served as a law clerk to the Honorable Stephen Reinhardt of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in Los Angeles, CA. He also served as a law clerk to Justice Lourens Ackermann of the Constitutional Court of South Africa in Johannesburg, South Africa from 1998-1999, and taught comparative law at the University of the Witwatersrand Law School, in Johannesburg.   [top]

Paul Starr

Paul Starr is Professor of Sociology and Public Affairs at Princeton University and co-editor of The American Prospect. At Princeton he holds the Stuart Chair in Communications and Public Affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School. He received the 1984 Pulitzer Prize for Nonfiction and Bancroft Prize in American History for The Social Transformation of American Medicine and the 2005 Goldsmith Book Prize for his most recent book, The Creation of the Media. Professor Starr has written extensively on American society, politics, and both domestic and foreign policy, and he is currently writing a book about the central ideas of liberal political thought. In 1990, with Robert Kuttner and Robert Reich, he co-founded The American Prospect, a liberal magazine about politics, policy, and ideas. Published quarterly in its early years, the magazine now appears monthly and has a print circulation of more than 60,000. A short book by Professor Starr, The Logic of Health-Care Reform (1992, reissued in a revised and expanded edition in 1994) laid out the case for a system of universal health insurance and managed competition. During 1993 he served as a senior advisor at the White House in the formulation of the Clinton health plan. Professor Starr is also president of a small community foundation, Sandra Starr Foundation, named in memory of his first wife, Sandra Starr, who died in 1998.  [top]

Scott Stern

Scott Stern is an Associate Professor in the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, and a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He is also a co-organizer of the Innovation Policy and the Economy Program at the National Bureau of Economic Research, and the Academic Director of the Kellogg Biotechnology Program. He is also an Associate Editor of Management Science, the International Journal of Industrial Organization, and the Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, a Contributing Editor to the Antitrust Law Journal, and serves on the Board of Management of the International Schumpeter Society. In 2005, Stern was awarded the first Ewing Marion Kauffman Prize Medal for Distinguished Research in Entrepreneurship. Stern graduated with a B.A. degree in Economics from New York University. After working for a consulting company in New York, Stern attended Stanford University and received his PhD in Economics in 1996. From 1995-2001, Stern was Assistant Professor of Management at the Sloan School at MIT, and, from 2001-2003, Stern was a Non-Resident Senior Fellow of the Brookings Institution. Stern explores how innovation - the production and distribution of "ideas" - differs from more traditional economic goods, and the implications of these differences for business and public policy.  Often focusing on the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, this research is at the intersection between industrial organization and the economics of technical change.  Recent studies examine the determinants of R&D productivity, the role of incentives and organizational design on the process of innovation, and the drivers of commercialization strategy for technology entrepreneurs.  A key conclusion from this research is that, particularly for start-up innovators, the ability to translate "ideas" into competitive advantage depends on subtle elements of the firm's microeconomic and competitive environment. Effective management of innovation depends on the integration between the firm's commercialization strategy, research organization, and technology development choices.   [top]

Katherine Strandburg

Katherine Strandburg is Associate Professor of Law at DePaul University College of Law, where she teaches patent law, cyberlaw, trademark and copyright law, and information privacy law. In the fall of 2005, she was a visiting professor at the University of Illinois College of Law. Her research interests are in patent law, including the empirical study of the patent citation network using statistical physics techniques; science and technology policy; social norm theory and behavioral law and economics; and information privacy law. Since joining the DePaul faculty in 2002 she has published in the Wisconsin, Connecticut, and Rutgers Law Reviews. She was the recipient of the College of Law 's 2004 Award for Outstanding Achievement in Scholarship. She is co-editor of a recently published volume called Privacy and Technologies of Identity: A Cross-Disciplinary Conversation, based on the DePaul 2004 CIPLIT Symposium, which she organized in collaboration with DePaul's School of Computer Science, Telecommunications, and Information Systems. Professor Strandburg obtained her law degree from the University of Chicago Law School with high honors in 1995 and served as a law clerk to the Honorable Richard D. Cudahy of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. She is an experienced litigator and is licensed to practice before the United States Patent and Trademark Office. During the past year she co-authored two law professor amicus briefs to the Supreme Court on patent issues. She currently serves on the Amicus Committee of the Federal Circuit Bar Association and was a member of the AAAS Working Group on Developing a Research Exemption to Intellectual Property Protections. Prior to her legal career, Professor Strandburg was a research physicist at Argonne National Laboratory, having received her Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1984. She was a visiting faculty member of the physics department at Northwestern University from 1990-1992.   [top]

Shirley Tilghman

Shirley M. Tilghman was elected Princeton University 's 19 th president on May 5, 2001, and assumed office on June 15, 2001. Tilghman, a native of Canada, received her Honors B.Sc. in chemistry from Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario, in 1968. After two years of secondary school teaching in Sierra Leone, West Africa, she obtained her Ph.D. in biochemistry from Temple University in Philadelphia. During postdoctoral studies at the National Institutes of Health, she made a number of groundbreaking discoveries while participating in cloning the first mammalian gene, and then continued to make scientific breakthroughs as an independent investigator at the Institute for Cancer Research in Philadelphia. A member of the National Research Council's committee that set the blueprint for the U.S. effort in the Human Genome Project, Tilghman also was one of the founding members of the National Advisory Council of the Human Genome Project Initiative for the National Institutes of Health.   [top]

Jerry Thursby

Jerry G. Thursby is currently Professor and Chair of the Department of Economics, Emory University. Professor Thursby has received several teaching awards, and he has published extensively in the areas of econometrics, international trade, and the licensing of university technologies. His current research interests include multinational R&D site location decisions and the patent activity of university faculty. He currently serves on the editorial board of The Journal of Technology Transfer and is an associate editor of The Journal of Productivity Analysis. He has published extensively in such journals as Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Economic Review, Journal of Econometrics, The Review of Economics and Statistics, Management Science, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Science and Research Policy. Dr. Thursby received his A.B. (1969) and Ph.D. (1975) in Economics from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Prior appointments have been at Syracuse University (1975-78), Ohio State University (1978-88) and Purdue University (1988-2001).   [top]

Glenn Wharton

Glenn Wharton is a sculpture conservator on faculty at New York University, with a joint appointment at the Institute of Fine Art 's Conservation Center and the Museum Studies program in the Faculty of Arts and Science. His graduate seminars at NYU include The Conservation of Modern and Contemporary Art, The Conservation of Modern Sculpture, and Museum Conservation and Contemporary Culture. In addition to teaching, he conducts research and conservation projects for museums and public art agencies. He is also directing a feasibility study for developing a North American chapter of the International Network for the Conservation of Contemporary Art (INCCA). Wharton began his conservation career as an archaeological and sculpture conservator in 1981. He worked as field conservator for the Sardis Expedition, the Institute of Nautical Archaeology, and the Princeton Cyprus Expedition at Polis. He held the position of Conservation Director at the Turkish Kaman-Kalehöyük excavation for the Middle Eastern Culture Center in Japan for thirteen seasons. From 1986 – 1998 he ran a private practice in sculpture conservation in Southern California. He has served on many professional committees and developed conference sessions for the American Institute for Conservation (AIC), the International Council of Museums – Conservation Committee (ICOM-CC), Heritage Preservation, the American Association of Museums (AAM), and Western Association for Art Conservation (WAAC). He served as WAAC President in 1990-1991, and is currently on the AIC's Publication Committee. He received an M.A. in Conservation from the Cooperstown Graduate Program in 1981 and a Ph.D. from the Institute of Archaeology, University College London in 2005.   [top]

John Wilbanks

John Wilbanks is currently the Executive Director of Science Commons. John was the Berkman Center 's first Assistant Director (from the fall of 1998 to the summer of 2000) and led efforts in Internet-mediated learning and software development. He was also actively involved in the Berkman Center 's work on ICANN (staffing the first eight ICANN meetings). While at the Berkman Center, he founded and served as President & Chief Executive Officer of Incellico, Inc., a semantic database company focused on the pharmaceutical industry (Incellico was acquired in the summer of 2003).  He has also served as a Fellow at the World Wide Web Consortium on Semantic Web for Life Sciences. Prior to joining the Berkman Center, Wilbanks was a research analyst and network engineer for fonix, a company specializing in human-computer interaction products.   From 1994-1997, he worked in politics in Washington, DC, serving on the legislative staff of U.S. Congressman Fortney Stark (CA-13) and as a grassroots coordinator and fundraiser for the American Physical Therapy Association. He attended Tulane University, receiving a bachelor's degree in philosophy in 1994, with a year's study at the Sorbonne in Paris.  [top]

Lynne Zucker

Lynne G. Zucker is Professor of Sociology and Public Policy, and Director of the Center for International Science, Technology, and Cultural Policy at the School of Public Affairs at UCLA. She is also Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research and Fellow, California Council on Science and Technology. Dr. Zucker's current research, joint with Michael Darby, is on basic science and high-technology industries, particularly those using nanotechnology and/or biotechnology. They are developing, a public digital library linking articles, patents, organizations, and scientists. One central research and policy question is the optimal amount of knowledge capture – how much knowledge should a scientist or a company be able to keep private in order to provide sufficient incentives to generate new knowledge. Her teaching focuses on active learning through analysis and small-scale research projects.   [top]