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Publishing History

The Manuscripts Division of the Princeton University Library is noted for its comprehensive archival holdings on American publishers. In addition to complete and selected archives of major publishing companies, the publication process is also richly documented in the Library's archives of journals, literary magazines, and literary agencies, as well as in the papers of authors and editors.

Dates in parentheses indicate the date range of material in the relevant collection.

One of the Manuscripts Division's most extensive and complete modern publishing archives is that of the New York publisher Charles Scribner's Sons (1846-1984) (C0101), comprising virtually all its surviving records. 750 linear feet of material includes editorial correspondence with writers such as F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Edith Wharton, Thomas Wolfe, and some 2,500 other authors, in addition to voluminous business correspondence concerning production, advertising, contracts, copyright, and finances. Largely complete as well are the archives of Henry Holt and Company (1859-1981) (C0100), which include the files of such authors as Robert Frost, William James, H. L. Mencken, Carl Sandburg, and Albert Schweitzer; and the John Day Company (1926-1969) (C0123), with extensive correspondence with Pearl Buck and Yutang Lin.

The Library also holds selected archives of Harper and Brothers (1909-1960)(C0103) (later Harper and Row), containing correspondence with Gwendolyn Brooks, Max Eastman, Adlai Stevenson, and Richard Wright; and Doubleday (bulk 1890s-1940s) (C0162), including manuscripts and galley proofs of works by Joseph Conrad, Rudyard Kipling, T. E. Lawrence, and others, drawings by Kipling and A. B. Frost, and letters from over a hundred other authors. Additionally, the papers of Ellen McCarter Doubleday (1930s-1978) (C0747), who served on Doubleday's board of directors from 1949 to 1965, features publishing material for Daphne Du Maurier and other writers. The selected archives of George Palmer Putnam (1813-1888) (C0685) consists primarily of authors' correspondence, accompanied by related artwork, pertaining to G.P. Putnam & Co.'s publishing enterprise from before the Civil War, and is enhanced by the papers of the son of its founder, George Haven Putnam (1853-1929) (C1350).

The personal archive of Sylvia Beach (1887-1966) (C0108), the American proprietor of the Paris bookshop Shakespeare and Company, includes papers relating to her company's publication of James Joyce's Ulysses in 1922, while the Elmer Adler Papers (bulk 1925-1955) (C0262) includes the business archives of Adler's fine printing company Pynson Printers, founded in 1922. The papers of James P. Walker (1850-1886) (C0356), co-founder of the 1860s Boston publishing firm Walker, Wise, and Co., reflect his efforts to publish liberal Unitarian clergymen and writers.

Other American publishing companies represented in the archives include Princeton University Press (1905-2008) (C0728); George Braziller, Inc. (1960s-1995) (C0795), D. Van Nostrand Company (1834-1969) (C0719), Derrydale Press (1926-1961) (C0070), and Garland Publishing (1969-1991) (C0850).

Collections of British publishing firms include those of the Canadian publisher Hunter, Rose & Company (1871-1879) (C1085) and the London-based Tinsley Brothers (1866-1889) (C0808). The collection of William Isbister (1860-1906) (C0065), British publisher of Good Words and the Sunday Magazine, contains more than a thousand letters from Victorian novelists and other writers.

Virtually complete archives of modern literary journals and magazines include those of Story Magazine and Story Press (1931-1999) (C0104), founded in 1931, with correspondence with writers such as Truman Capote, T. S. Eliot, Langston Hughes, William Faulkner, Robert Frost, Ernest Hemingway, Norman Mailer, John Steinbeck, Tennessee Williams, Richard Wright, and J. D. Salinger, along with manuscripts of Salinger's stories, including the unpublished "Ocean Full of Bowling Balls." The Quarterly Review of Literature Archives (1943-2000) (C0862) encompasses not only the correspondence files of a large number of 20th-century poets, but also many of the manuscripts submitted for publication, including a portion of Ralph Ellison's manuscript for his posthumously published novel Juneteenth. The Hudson Review Archives (bulk 1947-2006) (C1091) features correspondence by several hundred authors, critics, intellectuals, and translators, as well as typescripts, corrected proofs, and galleys for Ezra Pound's Cantos, and the personal and family papers of its principal founding editor, Frederick Morgan (Princeton Class of 1943).

Other 20th-century journals represented in the Library's archives include Publishers' Weekly (1933-1945) (C0609), tracing the efforts of the book publishing industry through World War II; Ralph Ginzburg's letters to Leonard Lyons (1963-1970) (C1338) discussing his obscenity trial for publishing the periodical Eros; the correspondence of Bruce and Beatrice Blackmar Gould (1909-1967) (C0673), co-editors of the Ladies Home Journal; and selected files of Farrar & Rinehart (1932-1952) (C0716), containing selected correspondence with Ezra Pound and Ernest Hemingway.

19th-century American periodicals include the editorial correspondence of the New York weekly The Independent (1882-1899) (C0818), originally founded as a Congregationalist journal; and correspondence and manuscripts pertaining to Mary Mapes Dodge's work as editor of the New York children's magazine St. Nicholas, which can be found in the following collections: the Mary Mapes Dodge Collection (1873-1904) (C1324), St. Nicholas Correspondence of Mary Mapes Dodge (1867-1903) (C0029), and Wilkinson Collection of Mary Mapes Dodge (1703-1955) (C0114).

The publishing efforts of 19th-century British journals are reflected in the business correspondence of George Smith (1862-1891) (C0004) relating to the Cornhill Magazine, which he founded in 1859, and, in the M. L. Parrish Collection of Victorian Novelists (C0171), the Office Book for Charles Dickens' periodical, Household Words, listing titles and authors of all its anonymous contributions during its run from 1850 to 1859.

The papers of Alfred Dashiell (Princeton Class of 1923) (1921-1967) (C0212), an editor at Scribner's and The Reader's Digest, contain several folders of Thomas Wolfe letters, manuscripts, and memorabilia. The Saxe Commins Papers (1930-1973) (C0718), compiled primarily while Commins was chief editor at Random House, includes several boxes of Eugene O'Neill material and a manuscript by Gertrude Stein. Other editors' papers at the Library include those of Dora Marsden (1907-1961) (C0283), suffragist and editor of The Freewoman; Arthur H. Thornhill (Princeton Class of 1946) (1950s-1990s) (C0882), tracing his career at Little, Brown and Company as an editor, executive, and CEO; Richard Schechner (1943-2007) (TC071), editor of the academic journal The Drama Review; Samuel Putnam (1927-1933) (C0111), editor of The New Review; Harold Loeb (Princeton Class of 1913) (1920-1956) (C0110), editor of Broom; T. S. Matthews (Princeton Class of 1922) (1910-1991) (C1131) and Louis Kronenberger (1939-1980) (C1406) of Time; John Lehmann (bulk 1930-1975) (C0746); and Edward T. Chase (Princeton Class of 1941) (1904-2002) (C1348).

Authors' papers offer further perspective on the process of preparing work for publication and translation. The T. S. Eliot Collection (1929-1962) (C0896) contains corrected proofs as well as over twenty letters from Eliot to Luigi Berti concerning Berti's Italian translations of Eliot's works, while the papers of Nobel Prize winner Miguel Angel Asturias (1964-1969) (C0624) comprise primarily letters concerning English translations of his works and their publication in the United States and abroad. Galley proofs and correspondence with publishers and literary agents can also be found in the Budd Schulberg Papers (1936-1967) (C0340), Guillermo Cabrera Infante Papers (1962-1988) (C0272), Carlos Fuentes Papers (bulk 1950-1993) (C0790) , Stanley Kunitz Papers (1919-2005) (C0837), and Conrad Richter Papers (1911-1972) (C0216), which include Richter's correspondence with his publisher Alfred Knopf and his agent Paul R. Reynolds.

Among authors' papers, moreover, are publishing-related materials from as early as the 18th century. The Robert H. Taylor (Princeton Class of 1930) Collection of English and American Literature (RTC01) contains correspondence between poet and novelist Charlotte Turner Smith and her publisher Cadell and Davies from 1788 to 1804. Researchers interested in 19th-century authors may wish to consult the M. L. Parrish Collection of Victorian Novelists (C0171), which includes hundreds of letters between Wilkie Collins and the publishing firms Harper and Brothers, Richard Bentley, Chatto and Windus, and Hunter, Rose & Company. Other 19th-century publishing correspondence held at the Library includes letters by Otto von Corvin (1867-1880) (C1368) to his publisher Richard Bentley, seven letter s from John Ruskin (1840s-1933) (C0196) to his publisher George Allen, about a hundred letters from Sir Walter Besant (1876-1901) (C0708) to his publisher Chatto and Windus, and over a hundred letters by English novelist and editor James Payn (1864-1898) (C1156) to his literary agent William Morris Colles. Proofs and publishing correspondence related to Dante Gabriel Rossetti and other members of the Pre-Raphaelite circle can be found in the Jane Camp Troxell Collection of Rossetti Manuscripts (1832-1965) (C0189).

Further documentation on publishing can be found in the papers of literary agencies, such as that of Harold Ober Associates (1913-1999) (C0129); David Lloyd Agency Records on Pearl S. Buck (1928-1958) (C0060); Brandt and Brandt Contract Files (1912-1995) (C0732), which contain an extended amount of material pertaining to Carlos Fuentes; and the H. N. Swanson Files on F. Scott Fitzgerald (1934-1956) (C1089), consisting of correspondence between Fitzgerald's literary agent Harold Ober and his Hollywood agent H. N. Swanson regarding the sale and licensing of his works. The files of Laurence Pollinger Ltd. (1931-1979) (C0956), executor of D. H. Lawrence's literary estate, contain manuscripts of Lady Chatterley's Lover as well as correspondence regarding the contentious publication of that work's first unexpurgated American edition in 1959.

The correspondence and committee files, records of grants, and author manuscripts in the archives of P.E.N. American Center (1922-2008) (C0760) trace the center's advocacy efforts regarding literacy, literary achievement, and freedom of expression. For the American Civil Liberties Union Records (1947-1995) (MC001.2), which contain materials on obscenity, libel, and other cases involving freedom of the press, and the Council on Books in Wartime Records (1942-1947) (MC038), documenting the work of publishers and other literary professionals to promote books and reading as part of the war effort, please contact the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library.

For further details about Princeton University Library's holdings, and to search the collections electronically, please consult the Finding Aids website. Collection-level bibliographic records are available in the Main Catalog.

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