F. Scott Fitzgerald Papers

(C0187)



Introduction


Range of Collection Dates:    1897-1944

Size:   25.65 cubic ft. (57 boxes, 8 flat cases)

Provenance:

Restrictions: All of Fitzgerald's manuscripts and letters may be seen, as of Nov. 1, 1992. To protect certain originals from overuse, microfilm or other copy is used in the Reading Room. Fitzgerald's manuscripts and letters may be copied.

Photocopying, literary rights, and citation:    All F. Scott Fitzgerald (and Zelda Fitzgerald) papers that were formerly closed are open now but may not be copied until further notice. No photocopies may be made from photocopies (Xeroxes, photostats) of material in the collection where Princeton University Library does not own the originals. The Library defers question about Fitzgerald literary rights to Harold Ober Associates, 40 E 49th St., NYC, 10017, who also gives permission for publication of photographs. Requests to publish material from the collection also must be made to the Curator of Manuscripts. Citations should be as follows: F. Scott Fitzgerald Papers, Box #, used by permission of the Princeton University Libraries.


Biographical Sketch


F(rancis) Scott (Key) Fitzgerald (1896-1940), novelist, poet, playwright, screenwriter, author of short stories, was born in St. Paul, Minnesota. He entered Princeton University in 1913 as an undergraduate, and joined the famous Princeton Triangle Club, for which he wrote the scripts and lyrics for various shows. However, he withdrew from Princeton in January, 1916, ostensibly because of his health, though actually for bad grades. He returned to the University in 1917, but never graduated, opting to serve in the army to fight in World War I, from 1917-1919. During this time, while stationed at Camp Sheridan in Montgomery, Alabama, he met Zelda Sayre, a writer, artist, and dancer. They married on April 3, 1920, a week after Fitzgerald's first novel, This Side of Paradise, was published.

Fitzgerald went on to publish three more novels in his lifetime: The Beautiful and the Damned (1922), The Great Gatsby (1925), and Tender Is the Night: A Romance (1934). His last, and unfinished, novel, The Last Tycoon, was published posthumously in 1941. Besides his novels, Fitzgerald also wrote numerous articles and short stories, which were published in such magazines as The Saturday Evening Post and Esquire. He also worked as a screenwriter in Hollywood, first with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (he had a hand in writing the script for Gone with the Wind), then as a freelancer for other studios. In Hollywood, he met Sheilah Graham, a film columnist, with whom he had a relationship which was at times stormy due to Fitzgerald's alcohol-abuse problem. He died at her apartment in Hollywood of a sudden heart attack on December 21, 1940.

F. Scott Fitzgerald Chronology

1896    Born on September 24 in St. Paul, Minnesota

1913    Entered Princeton University as an undergraduate student

1916    Withdrew from Princeton University

1917    Re-entered Princeton but did not graduate
            Entered army; October - appointed second lieutenant

1918    Met Zelda Sayre in Montgomery, Alabama

1919    Discharged from army

            Worked for a New York advertising agency

1920    March - published This Side of Paradise

            April 3 - married Zelda Sayre

            September - published Flappers and Philosophers (stories)

1921    October - daughter Frances Scott Fitzgerald ("Scottie") born

1922    March - published The Beautiful and the Damned

            September - published Tales of the Jazz Age (stories)

1925    March - published The Great Gatsby

1925-1926    Met Ernest Hemingway in Paris

1926    February - published All the Sad Young Men (stories)

1927    Met Irving Thalberg, producer of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios (later the primary model for the hero of The Last Tycoon)

1930    Zelda had breakdown, hospitalized at a sanatorium in Switzland

1931    Zelda released from sanatorium

1933    Zelda had two more breakdowns, entered various asylums

1934    April - published Tender Is the Night

1935    Published Taps at Reveille (stories)

1937    July - went to Hollywood, California, to work as a screenwriter at MGM studios

            Met Sheilah Graham

1940    December 21 - died of sudden heart attack in Hollywood

1941    The Last Tycoon (unfinished) published posthumously


Collection Description

Consists of manuscripts of all of the major literary efforts of Fitzgerald (Princeton Class of 1917), as well as related documents and correspondence, thus providing a comprehensive record of America's best-known writer of the "Jazz Age": novels, short stories, tear sheets, articles, drama scripts, motion picture scripts, radio scripts, and poems; letters sent and received; photographs, drawings, and cartoons; clippings; memorabilia; scrapbooks; tape recordings; family papers; and papers of persons other than Fitzgerald.

Included are the autograph manuscript of The Great Gatsby and autograph and typewritten manuscripts (with the author's corrections) of The Beautiful and the Damned, The Last Tycoon, Tender Is the Night, and This Side of Paradise. Among those well-represented in the correspondence are John Peale Bishop, Arnold Gingrich, Ernest Hemingway, Ring Lardner, Shane Leslie, H. L. Mencken, Harold Ober (the literary agent), Maxwell Perkins, Andrew Turnbull, and Edmund Wilson; Scott's correspondence with Zelda, his wife, is extensive.

Arrangement

The collection has been organized into the following series: I. Works (arranged by genre, then alphabetically by title), II. Correspondence (arranged alphabetically; letters received and sent are interfiled), III. Documents, IV. F. Scott Fitzgerald as a Subject, V. Photographs, Drawings, and Cartoons, VI. Clippings, VII. Memorabilia, VIII. Family Papers, and IX. Papers of Persons Other Than F. Scott Fitzgerald.

Added Entries

The following added entries have been assigned to this collection to highlight significant sources (other than the main entry), subjects, and forms of the collection's materials. Where possible Library of Congress Subject Headings have been used, and the forms of names reflect international cataloging standards. As a result, all of these entries may be searched in the Department's database (MASC), in the Library's online catalog, and the public card catalog to find other related material.

    People: Fitzgerald, Zelda, 1900-1948

    Subject Headings (in uppercase) / Form Headings (in upper and lower case):

        American fiction--20th century
        Fitzgerald, F. Scott (Francis Scott), 1896-1940--Photographs
        Fitzgerald, Zelda, 1900-1948--Photographs
        Great Gatsby / F. Scott Fitzgerald
        Last tycoon / F. Scott Fitzgerald
        Motion picture plays--United States
        Novelists, American--20th century--Correspondence
        Novelists, American--20th century--Scrapbooks
        Novelists, American--20th century--Works
        Phonotapes
        Princeton University--Alumni (Class of 1917)--Correspondence
        Princeton University--Alumni (Class of1917)--Works
        Radio scripts--United States
        Romantic egoist / F. Scott Fitzgerald
        Scrapbooks, American--20th century
        Short stories, American--20th century
        Tender is the night / F. Scott Fitzgerald


Collection Series


I. Works

    A. Novels
    B. Short Stories
    C. Tearsheets
    D. Articles
    E. Drama Scripts
    F. Moving Picture Scripts
    G. Poems
    H. Radio Scripts
    I. Television
    J. Ballet
    K. Book Reviews (See: FSF Additional Papers)
    L. Burlesque (See: FSF Additional Papers)
    M. Biographical Material (See also: IX. Scrapbooks)
    N. Notes
    O. Lists

[Pictures File - See: Correspondence, box 51, "Pictures" folder

II. Correspondence

    A. Letters sent by F. Scott Fitzgerald
    B. Letters received by F. Scott Fitzgerald

III. Documents

IV. Photographs, Drawings and Cartoons (& recordings)

V. Clippings

VI. Memorabilia

VII. Family Papers

VIII. Papers of Persons Other Than F. Scott Fitzgerald

IX. Scrapbooks

Appendix (formerly restricted material)

Fitzgerald's Princeton (archival records)

Guide to Microfilm of FSF & ZF papers


Box/Folder Listing

I. Works

A. Novels

B. Short Stories

C. Tearsheets

D. Articles

E. Drama Scripts

F. Moving Picture Scripts

G. Poems  A-S  T-Z

H. Radio Scripts

I. Television

J. Ballet

K. Book Reviews (See: FSF Additional Papers)

L. Burlesque (See: FSF Additional Papers)

M. Biographical Material (See also: IX. Scrapbooks)

N. Notes

O. Lists

[Pictures File - See: Correspondence, box 51, "Pictures" folder
 

II. Correspondence   (see also Appendix)

    A. Letters sent by F. Scott Fitzgerald    A to F   G to Z

    B. Letters received by F. Scott Fitzgerald   A to F   F to M   M to Z

 III. Documents

  IV. Photographs, Drawings and Cartoons (& recordings)

 V. Clippings

 VI. Memorabilia

 VII. Family Papers

 VIII. Papers of Persons Other Than F. Scott Fitzgerald

 IX. Scrapbooks

 Appendix (formerly restricted material)

Fitzgerald's Princeton (archival records)