The following project-derived publications were all made possible through support by the John Templeton Foundation:

Journal articles:

Ascoli, G., Botvinick, M., Heuer, D., & Battacharyya, R. (2014).  Neurocognitive models of sensemaking. Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures, 8, 82-89.

Bornstein, A. M., Shenhav, A., Miller, K. J. (2015). Walking bundles of habits (and response-outcome associations). [Commentary] European Journal of Neuroscience, 41, 1356-1357.  

Botvinick, M. (2012).  Hierarchical reinforcement learning and decision making.  Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 22, 956-962.

Botvinick, M. &  Braver, T. (2015). Motivation and cognitive control: From behavior to neural mechanisms. Annual Review of Psychology, 66, 83-113.

Botvinick, M. M., & Cohen, J. D. (2014). The computational and neural basis of cognitive control: charted territory and new frontiers. Cognitive Science, 38(6), 1249–1285.

Botvinick, M. & Weinstein, A.  (2014).  The power of jumping to conclusions: model-based hierarchical reinforcement learning and human action control. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: Series B, 369, 20130480.

Botvinick, M., Weinstein, A., Solway, A., & Barto, A. (2015). Reinforcement learning, efficient coding, and the statistics of natural tasks. Current Opinion in Behavioral Science, 5, 71-77.

Braver, T., [...] Botvinick, M., et al. (2014).  Mechanisms of motivation-cognition interaction: Challenges and opportunities.  Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 14, 443-472.

deBettencourt, M. T., Cohen, J. D., Lee, R. F., Norman, K. A., & Turk-Browne, N. B. (2015).  Closed-loop training of attention with real-time brain imaging. Nature Neuroscience, 18, 470–475.

Diuk, C., Tsai, K., Wallis, J., Botvinick, M. & Niv, Y. (2013). Hierarchical learning induces two simultaneous, but separable, prediction errors in human basal ganglia. Journal of Neuroscience, 33(13), 5797-5805.

Eldar, E., & Niv, Y. (2015). Interaction between emotional state and learning underlies mood instability. Nature Communications, 6:6149.

Feng, S. F., Schwemmer, M., Gershman, S. J., & Cohen, J. D. (2014). Multitasking versus multiplexing: Toward a normative account of limitations in the simultaneous execution of control-demanding behaviors. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 14, 129–146.

Field, B. A., Buck, C. L., McClure, S. M., Nystrom, L. E., Kahneman, D., & Cohen, J. D.  (2015). Attentional modulation of brain responses to primary appetitive and aversive stimuli. PLOS ONE, 10:e0130880, 1-13.

Gershman, S.J., Radulescu, A., Norman, K.A., & Niv., Y. (2014). Statistical computations underlying the dynamics of memory. PLoS Computational Biology, 10(11), e1003939.

Gold, J. M., Kool, W., Botvinick, M. M., Hubzin, L., August, S., & Waltz, J. A. (2015). Cognitive effort avoidance and detection in people with schizophrenia. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 15, 145–154.

Kool, W. & Botvinick, M. (2013). The intrinsic cost of cognitive control. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 697-698.

Kool, W. & Botvinick, M. (2014).  A labor-leisure tradeoff in cognitive control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 131-141.

Kool, W., McGuire, J., Wang, G., & Botvinick, M. (2013). Neural and behavioral evidence for an intrinsic cost of self-control. PLoS ONE, 8(8):e72626.

Marzilli Ericson, K. M., White, J. M., Laibson, D. & Cohen, J. D. (2015). Money earlier or later?  Simple heuristics explain intertemporal choices about money better than delay discounting.  Psychological Science, 26, 826–833.

Schapiro, A. C., Rogers, T. T., Cordova, N. I., Turk-Browne, N. B., & Botvinick, M. M. (2013). Neural representations of events arise from temporal community structure.  Nature Neuroscience, 16, 486–492.

Schnyer, D. M., Beevers, C. G., deBettencourt, M. T., Sherman, S. M., Cohen, J. D., Norman, K. A., & Turk-Browne, N. B. (2015). Neurocognitive therapeutics: from concept to application in the treatment of negative attention bias. Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders, 5, 1.

Shenhav, A. & Botvinick, M. (2015). Uncovering a missing link in anterior cingulate research. [Commentary]. Neuron, 85, 455-457.

Shenhav, A., Botvinick, M. M., & Cohen, J. D. (2013). The expected value of control: An integrative theory of anterior cingulate cortex function.  Neuron, 279, 217-240.

Shenhav, A., Straccia, M. A., Botvinick, M. M. & Cohen, J. D. (2014).  Anterior cingulate engagement in a foraging context reflects choice difficulty rather than foraging value. Nature Neuroscience, 17(9), 1249–1254.

Solway, A., Diuk, C., Cordova, N., Yee, D., Barto, Niv, Y. & Botvinick, M. (2014). Optimal behavioral hierarchy.  PLOS Computational Biology, 10, e1003779.

Solway, A. & Botvinick, M. (2015).  Evidence integration in goal-directed tree-search. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 112, 11708–11713.

Stachenfeld, K. L., Botvinick, M., & Gershman, S. J. (2014). Design principles of the hippocampal cognitive map. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 27, 2528-2536.

Tomlin, D., Nedic, A., Prentice, D. A., Holmes, P., & Cohen, J. D. (2013). The neural substrates of social influence on decision making. PLoS ONE, 8(1), e52630.

Tomlin, D., Rand, D.G., Ludvig, E.A., & Cohen, J.D. (2015). The evolution and devolution of cognitive control: the costs of perfection in an imperfect world. Scientific Reports, 5:11002, 1-11.

Turk-Browne, N. B. (2013). Functional interactions as big data in the human brain. Science, 342, 580-584.

Wang, Y., Cohen, J. D., Li, K., & Turk-Browne, N. B. (2015). Full correlation matrix analysis (FCMA): A high-performance toolbox and case study for unbiased functional connectivity in human brain imaging.  Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 251, 108-119.

Wilson, R.C., Geana, A., White, J.M., Ludvig, E.A. & Cohen, J.D. (2014). Humans use directed and random exploration to solve the explore-exploit dilemma. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143(6), 2074–2081.

Technical Report:

Wang, Y., Cohen, J. D., Li, K., & Turk-Browne, N. B. (2014). Full correlation matrix analysis of fMRI data. PNI Technical Report 001.

Forthcoming articles:

Cohen, J.D., Ericson, K.M., Laibson, D. & White, J.M. (under review). Measuring time preferences.

Eldar, E., Niv, Y. & Cohen, J.D. (under review).  Do you see the forest or the trees? Neural gain and integration during perceptual processing.

Horga G., Mian M. K., Patel, S. R., Eskandar, E. N., Botvinick, M. M., & Sheth, S. A. (under review). A pure representation of conflict in human anterior cingulate cortex.

Krueger, P. M., Oliver, A., Cohen, J. D., Wilson, R. C. (submitted). The grass really is greener on the other side of the fence: directed and random exploration in realistic environments.

Krueger, P. M., Wilson, R. C., & Cohen, J. D. (submitted). Strategies for exploration in the domain of losses.

Manning, J. R., Hulbert, J. C., Williams, J., Piloto, L., Sahakyan, L., & Norman, K. A. (under review). A neural signature of intentional forgetting via contextual flushing.Oud, B., Krajbich, I., Miller, K., Cheong, J. H., Botvinick, M., & Fehr. E. (under review). Irrational deliberation in decision-making.

Schapiro, A., Rogers, T., Cordova, N., Turk-Browne, N., & Botvinick, M. (in press). Representations and dynamics supporting event learning in the hippocampus.  Hippocampus.

Wilson, R. C., & Cohen, J. D. (under review). Humans tradeoff information seeking and randomness in explore-exploit decisions.