99. “Moral and Physical Thermometer”


Benjamin Rush ’1760, the great eighteenth-century American scientist, doctor and social activist, was one of the earliest supporters of the temperance movement.  His “moral and physical thermometer,” which was published in The Columbian Magazine, was designed to equate water with saintliness, while distilled spirits were likened to sin, vice, and disease.  Rush’s distinguished and multifaceted professional career began upon his graduation from Princeton at the age of 14.