the restoration of the Chapel 2001-2002
on each image to see an enlargement, 27 in all
restoration of the University Chapel, a 1925 Gothic Revival structure
built of limestone, sandstone, and granite, was an all-encompassing
orchestration of highly skilled stone- and stained-glass specialists,
scaffolding, materials, and documentation. On any given day, Masonry
Preservation Group, the general contractor, employed 30 stoneworkers,
who repointed masonry joints, removed and then reinstalled deteriorated
stone units, replaced missing stone units, repaired cracks and losses
in the stone, and carved in situ. The time-consuming job of cleaning
the exterior was accomplished by workers using a German Jos microabrasive
cleaning machine, which power shoots a narrow spray of air and water.
craftsmen from Femenella and Associates, of Clinton, New Jersey,
restored the stained glass and leaded glass windows. Approximately
90% of the windows were removed, transported, taken apart, repaired,
re-leaded, cleaned, reassembled, and reinstalled. From beginning
to end, documentation included photography, full-size archival rubbings,
window mapping and labeling, plus individual day books kept by each
artisan. Windows that were not removed were cleaned using warm soft
water with alcohol and ammonia, applied gently to the exterior of
windows using soft cloth. Missing and broken glass was replaced.
Execution of all replacement painting on glass was done in the style
and manner of the original artist under the directive "no modern
hand shall be visible."
and interior scaffold was designed and placed for the convenience
of the masonry restoration and stained glass removal and reinstallation.
the major portion of the restoration is now complete, the refinishing
of the exterior doors and restoration of the site and landscaping
following construction is scheduled to be finished this spring.
courtesy Masonry Preservation Group.
West entrance prior to cleaning, which started in spring 2001
The exterior prior to cleaning was sooty with extensive biological
Deteriorated bluestone to be replaced by new, seen in crates to
The cleaning and the restoration of the exterior included the stone
detail around the windows
Cleaning the stone
Stoneworker removing mortar joints
Stoneworker removing mortar joints at window traceries
preparing stone prior to limestone dutchman installation
A stoneworker recarving the stone to match original
Typical mortar joint removal
New west balcony stone pinnacles laid out prior to installation
Jos cleaning at west portal turret
Jos cleaning of exterior
New mortar in the joints
Sculpture on west tympanum, main entrace, prior to being cleaned,
patched, and pointed
Stained glass craftsmen remove glass panels of the Great West Window
from the outside.
Window removal in progress
Stained glass craftsman inside, looking out, after glass removal
Window tracery prior to removal of stained glass panels
Stained glass removal in progress
Stained glass restoration workers remove glass panels of a window
example of glass that has been removed, releaded, and reinstalled
Interior stained glass windows
Scaffolding and interior dust protection is built at the Great West
(Photo by Ricardo Barros)