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Eric D. Larson

Senior Research Engineer

Eric Larson

Princeton Environmental Institute
Guyot Hall, Washington Road
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544
Phone:  (609) 258-4966 
Fax: (609) 258-7715

Abbreviated CV

Larson is a senior member of the Energy Systems Analysis Group at the Princeton Environmental Institute (PEI) at Princeton University and (since 2004) an affiliated faculty in the University’s Science, Technology, and Environmental Policy Program of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Larson also spends some time with Climate Central (, a non-profit, non-partisan science and media organization created to provide clear and objective science-based information to diverse audiences about climate change and its potential solutions.

Larson’s research interests include engineering, economic, and policy-related assessments of advanced clean-energy systems, especially for electric power and transport fuels production from carbonaceous fuels (biomass, coal, natural gas) and for efficient end use of energy. His work addresses technologies of relevance to developed and developing countries. He has participated in collaborative research efforts with colleagues across the United States, and in Brazil, Cuba, India, Italy, Jamaica, Sweden, and elsewhere. He collaborates on analysis of low-emission energy strategies and technologies for China with colleagues at Tsinghua University and North China Electric Power University (Beijing).

He is also involved in research efforts focusing on analysis of production and conversion systems for modernizing renewable-biomass as an energy source, including advanced gasification-based technologies for power generation (various advanced gas turbine cycles) and for production of transportation fuels. These efforts have included assessments of potential gas-turbine based biomass electricity supply and use in sugarcane industries, in pulp and paper industries, and in stand-alone electric power generation.

Larson supervises graduate and undergraduate thesis research and occasionally teaches courses in the engineering and in the public policy schools at Princeton.



  • Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1983 (Mechanical Engineering)
  • M.S., University of Minnesota, 1981 (Mechanical Engineering)
  • B.S., Washington University, St. Louis, 1979 (Mechanical Engineering)

Selected Talks

“Biofuels: Systems Perspectives and Thermochemical Production,” Andlinger Center for Energy & Environment, E-ffiliates Retreat, Chauncey Conference Center, Princeton, NJ, February 5, 2015.

“Water Challenges for Electricity Generation,” guest lecture in Princeton course ELE 547C, Contemporary Challenges in Electric Power, 25 Feb 2014.

“Climate Change: How bad is it?” Westminster Place Presbyterian Homes, Evanston, Illinois, 28 Dec. 2013.

“Techno-Economic Systems Analysis of Jet Fuel and Electricity Co-Production from Biomass and Coal with CO2 Capture: an Ohio River Valley (USA) Case Study,” System and Integration Aspects of Biomass-Based Gasification Joint Workshop between IEA Bioenergy Task 33 and IEA Industrial Energy-Related Technologies and Systems, Gothenburg, Sweden, 19 November 2013.

“Shale Gas and Global Warming,” Energy Lunch seminar, Princeton Environmental Institute, Princeton, NJ, 26 April 2013.

Decarbonized Electricity and Fuels from Coal and Biomass,” Sixth Sino-US Joint Conference on Chemical Engineering, Beijing, China, 8 November 2011.

Resource-Efficient Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels from Biomass,” Department of Chemical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, 6 October 2011.

Low-GHG Hydrocarbon Biofuels Using Less Biomass,” Risø DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Roskilde, Denmark, 27 September 2011.

“Using Biomass Efficiently to Make Hydrocarbon Fuels,” Institute for Renewable Energy and the Environment, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 15 June 2011.

Perspectives on Energy Supply: ‘Green’ Transportation Fuels,” closing plenary, Topsøe Catalysis Forum: Catalysis in New Environmental Processes, Munkerupgaard, Denmark, 28 August 2009.

"Making Better Use of Biomass for Energy,” D.W. Brooks Lecture, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, 2 October 2007.

Synfuels from Coal and Coal/Biomass: Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Policy Implications,” Gasification Technologies Council Spring Meeting, Williamsburg, VA, 17-18 May 2007.

Pulp Mill Integrated Gasification-Based Liquid Biofuels Production,” TAPPI International Conference on Renewable Energy, Atlanta, GA, 10-11 May 2007

CO2 for EOR from Coal Gasification,” PetroChina-BP CCS/EOR Seminar, Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development (RIPED), Beijing, 24-25 April 2007.


Selected Publications

G. Liu, E.D. Larson, R.H. Williams, and X. Guo, “Gasoline from Coal and/or Biomass with CO2 Capture and Storage, 1. Process Designs and Performance Analysis,” Energy and Fuels, February 2015. (DOI: 10.1021/ef502667d)

G. Liu, E.D. Larson, R.H. Williams, and X. Guo, “Gasoline from Coal and/or Biomass with CO2 Capture and Storage, 2. Economic Analysis and Strategic Context,” Energy and Fuels, February 2015. (DOI: 10.1021/ef502668n)

G. Liu and E.D. Larson, “Comparison of Coal/Biomass Co-processing Systems with CCS for Production of Low-carbon Synthetic Fuels: Methanol-to-Gasoline and Fischer-tropsch,” Energy Procedia, 63: 7315-7329, 2014.

G. Liu and E.D. Larson, “Gasoline from Coal via DME with Electricity Co-production and CO2 Capture,” Energy Procedia, 63: 7367-7378, 2014.

E.D. Larson, “Natural Gas and Climate Change,” Climate Central, May 2013.

E.D. Larson and Z. Li (Co-Convening Lead Authors), T. Fleisch, G. Liu, G. Nicolaides, X. Ren, and R.H. Williams, “Fossil Energy Systems,” Chapter 12, The Global Energy Assessment, Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 2012.

E.D. Larson and A. Faaij (Lead Authors, Bioenergy), “ “Renewable Energy Systems,” (W. Turkenburg Convening Lead Author), Chapter 11, The Global Energy Assessment, Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 2012.

X. Guo, G. Liu and E.D. Larson, “High octane gasoline production by upgrading low-temperature Fischer-Tropsch syncrude,” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 50(16): 9743-9747, 2011.

G. Liu, E.D. Larson, R.H. Williams, T.G. Kreutz, and X. Guo, “Making Fischer-Tropsch Fuels and Electricity from Coal and Biomass: Performance and Cost Analysis,” Energy and Fuels, 25(1): 415-437, 2011 (DOI:10.1021/ef101184e).

Z. Zheng, E.D. Larson, Z. Li, G. Liu, and R.H. Williams, “Near-Term Mega-Scale CCS Demonstrations in China,” Energy and Environmental Science, 3(9): 1153-1169, 2010.

G.Liu, E.D. Larson, R.H. Williams, and T.G. Kreutz, “Design/economics of low-carbon power generation from natural gas and biomass with synthetic fuels co-production,” Proceedings of the 10th International Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference, Amsterdam, 19-23 September, 2010.

E.D. Larson, G. Fiorese, G. Liu, R.H. Williams, T.G. Kreutz, and S. Consonni, “Co-Production of Synfuels and Electricity from Coal + Biomass with Zero Net Carbon Emissions: An Illinois Case Study,” Energy and Environmental Science, Vol. 3: 28-42, 2010.

S. Consonni, R.E. Katofsky, and E.D. Larson, “A Gasification-Based Biorefinery for the Pulp and Paper Industry,” Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 87(9): 1293–1317, 2009.

Tilman, D. Socolow, R., Foley, J., Hill, J., Larson, E., Lynd, L., Pacala, S., Reilly, J., Searchinger, T., Sommerville, C., and Williams, R., “Beneficial Biofuels – The Food, Energy, and Environment Trilemma,” Science, Vol. 325: 270-271, 17 July 2009.

E.D. Larson, H. Jin, and F.E. Celik, “Large-Scale Gasification-Based Co-Production of Fuels and Electricity from Switchgrass,” Biofuels, Bioproducts, and Biorefining, 3(2): 174-194, March/April 2009.

L.R. Lynd, E. Larson, N. Greene, M. Laser, J. Sheehan, B.E. Dale, S. McLaughlin, and M. Wang, “The Role of Biomass in America's Energy Future: Framing the Analysis,” Biofuels, Bioproducts, and Biorefining, 3(2): 113-123, March/April 2009.