related topics
{school, student, university}
{church, century, christian}
{god, call, give}
{government, party, election}
{work, book, publish}
{language, word, form}
{album, band, music}
{area, part, region}
{land, century, early}
{group, member, jewish}
{country, population, people}
{theory, work, human}
{system, computer, user}

An academy (Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of higher learning, research, or honorary membership. The name traces back to Plato's school of philosophy, founded approximately 385 BC at Akademia, a sanctuary of Athena, the goddess of wisdom and skill, north of Athens, Greece.

In the western world "academia" is the commonly-used term for the collective institutions of higher learning.


The original Academy

Before Akademia was a school, and even before Cimon enclosed its precincts with a wall,[1] it contained a sacred grove of olive trees dedicated to Athena, the goddess of wisdom, outside the city walls of ancient Athens.[2] The archaic name for the site was Hekademia, which by classical times evolved into Akademia and was explained, at least as early as the beginning of the 6th century BC, by linking it to an Athenian hero, a legendary "Akademos". The site of Akademia was sacred to Athena and other immortals.

Plato's immediate successors as "scholarch" of Akademia were Speusippus (347–339 BC), Xenocrates (339–314 BC), Polemon (314–269 BC), Crates (ca. 269–266 BC), and Arcesilaus (ca. 266–240 BC). Later scholarchs include Lacydes of Cyrene, Carneades, Clitomachus, and Philo of Larissa ("the last undisputed head of the Academy").[3][4] Other notable members of Akademia include Aristotle, Heraclides Ponticus, Eudoxus of Cnidus, Philip of Opus, Crantor, and Antiochus of Ascalon.

Full article ▸

related documents
Hertford College, Oxford
St Benet's Hall, Oxford
Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
St Hugh's College, Oxford
Rugby School
Pembroke College, Oxford
University of Cologne
Loyola University Chicago
Victoria University of Wellington
Fudan University
Tsinghua University
Massey University
Pembroke College, Cambridge
Rock Bridge High School
DuPont Manual High School
Palos Heights, Illinois
North Bergen, New Jersey
Little Falls, New Jersey
Brick Township, New Jersey
Cape Breton University
New College, Oxford
Lavallette, New Jersey
United Negro College Fund
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
Long Hill Township, New Jersey
Rockland, Massachusetts
Green Brook Township, New Jersey
King's College, Cambridge
Stockholm University
Linacre College, Oxford