Danish (free-bass): Accordeon. Danish (standard-bass), Hungarian & Icelandic: Harmonika French: Accordéon German: Akkordeon Italian: Fisarmonica Norwegian: Trekkspill Polish: Akordeon, harmonia Russian: Bajan Swedish: Dragspel
Depends on configuration: Right-hand manual
Hand-pumped: Bandoneón, Concertina, Flutina, Garmon, Trikitixa, Indian harmonium
Foot-pumped: Harmonium, Reed organ
Mouth-blown: Melodica, Harmonica, Laotian Khene, Chinese Shêng, Japanese Shō
Electronic reedless instruments: Electronium, MIDI accordion, Roland Virtual Accordion
Combination acoustic/electronic instruments:
The accordion is a box-shaped musical instrument of the bellows-driven free-reed aerophone family, sometimes referred to as a squeezebox. A person who plays the accordion is called an accordionist.
It is played by compressing or expanding a bellows whilst pressing buttons or keys, causing valves, called pallets, to open, which allow air to flow across strips of brass or steel, called reeds, that vibrate to produce sound inside the body.[notes 1]
The instrument is sometimes considered a one-man-band as it needs no accompanying instrument. The performer normally plays the melody on buttons or keys on the right-hand manual, and the accompaniment, consisting of bass and pre-set chord buttons, on the left-hand manual.
The accordion is often used in folk music in Europe, North America and South America. It is commonly associated with busking. Some popular music acts also make use of the instrument. Additionally, the accordion is sometimes used in both solo and orchestra performances of classical music.
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