Acomb, Yorkshire

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Coordinates: 53°57′18″N 1°07′34″W / 53.955°N 1.126°W / 53.955; -1.126

Acomb is a suburb within the City of York Unitary Authority, to the western side of York, England. It covers the site of the original village of the same name, as mentioned in the Domesday Book. It is bordered by the suburbs of Holgate, to the east, Clifton, to the north and Woodthorpe to the south. The boundary to the west is the A1237, York Outer Ring Road.

The name is derived from the Old English acum,[1] meaning 'at the oak trees', and indicates that the original village was first established in a heavily wooded area of oaks. There are at least 19 Grade II Listed Buildings.[2] It was made a Conservation Area in 1975, with the historic area along Front Street and the Green retaining its village character. It is also an Area of Archaeological Importance under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

As of the 2001 Census of England and Wales, it had a population of 21,419.[3] Though it no longer has any large scale manufacturing, it does have a diverse retail centre. There are six Primary Schools and one Comprehensive School. There are also a variety of Sporting Clubs and one Public Sports Centre.

Contents

History

Acomb existed before the Norman Conquest, is mentioned in the Domesday Book and was the property of the Dean and Chapter of York Minster. The Roman Emperor Septimius Severus was reputed by some historians to have been cremated in a Military Funeral[4] near the site of modern day Acomb. Acomb Grange[5] was the residence of the masters of the medieval hospital of St Leonard, the lands having been given to the Order by Henry II.[4] There are two 15th century timber-framed houses in Acomb.

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