Adrian, Texas

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Adrian is a city in Oldham County, Texas, United States. The population was 159 at the 2000 census. A July 1, 2008 U.S. Census Bureau estimate placed the population at 149.[3]



Adrian is located at 35°16′28″N 102°39′59″W / 35.27444°N 102.66639°W / 35.27444; -102.66639 (35.274489, -102.666385)[4]. It is situated along Interstate 40 (Old Route 66) in south central Oldham County, approximately 47 miles west of Amarillo.[5] Adrian is the geo-mathematical midpoint of Route 66, positioned 1,139 miles from both Chicago, Illinois and Los Angeles, California.[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²), all of it land.


The community originated in 1900, when the Rock Island Railroad survey marked the site as a future station and shipping point. Former Texas Ranger Calvin G. Aten was one of the area's first settlers. He built a dugout west of the site for his family.[7] The town was named after another early settler, Adrian Cullen. In 1909, the Chicago, Rock Island and Gulf Railway was completed through Adrian. The Iowa-based American-Canadian Land and Townsite Company attracted prospective farmers and businessmen to the community.[7] J.P. Collier set up a printing press and dug a water well, running water pipe for the town's first infrastructure.[5] By 1910, Adrian had a post office, several stores, and a newspaper – the Adrian Eagle. Approximately 50 people were living in the community in 1915. The slow growth rate was attributed to a lengthy drought and the difficulty of maintaining a sufficient water supply. Adrian became a stopping point for travelers on Route 66 and a shipping point for area wheat growers. A grain elevator was built in 1929 and the community organized a volunteer fire department during the 1940s.

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