Akhiok, Alaska

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Akhiok is a 2nd class city in Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska, United States. Akhiok is Kodiak's southernmost village. The population was 80 at the 2000 census. Akhiok, which does not have a post office, is a rural location in postal code 99615 which belongs to Kodiak. The village is sometimes called Alitak, after a nearby bay.

Contents

Location and Climate

Akhiok is located at 56.945560° North, 154.17028° West (Sec. 28, T037S, R031W, Seward Meridian)[2]. Akhiok is in the Kodiak Recording District, and the 3rd Judicial District.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.4 square miles (26.9 km²), of which, 7.9 square miles (20.5 km²) of it is land and 2.5 square miles (6.4 km²) of it (23.65%) is water.

Akhiok is located at the southern end of Kodiak Island at Alitak Bay. It lies 80 miles (130 km) southwest of the City of Kodiak, and 340 miles (550 km) southwest of Anchorage. The area encompasses 7.9 square miles (20 km2) of land and 2.5 square miles (6 km2) of water.

The climate of the Kodiak Islands is dominated by a strong marine influence. There is little or no freezing weather, moderate precipitation, and frequent cloud cover and fog. Severe storms are common from December through February. Annual precipitation is 35 inches (890 mm). Temperatures remain within a narrow range, from 25 to 54 °F (12 °C).

History and culture

Akhiok is an Alutiiq village dependent upon fishing and subsistence activities. The original village of Kashukugniut was occupied by Russians in the early 19th century. The community was originally a sea otter hunting settlement, located at Humpy Cove. The name Akhiok was reported in the 1880 Census. In 1881, residents relocated to the present site at Alitak Bay. The relocation was, in part, based on the switch to a fishing economy. Most families gain their livelihood from fishing, either directly by fishing for salmon and halibut or by working in a near-by cannery. The community's Russian Orthodox church, Protection of the Theotokos Chapel, was built around 1900 at the site of an earlier structure. A post office was established in 1933. Residents of nearby Kaguyak relocated to Akhiok after the 1964 earthquake and tsunami destroyed their village. The City was incorporated in 1972.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 80 people, 25 households, and 17 families residing in the city. The population density was 10.1 people per square mile (3.9/km²). There were 34 housing units at an average density of 4.3/sq mi (1.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 2.50% White, 86.25% Native American, 3.75% Asian, and 7.50% from two or more races. 1.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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