Albia, Iowa

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Albia is a city in Monroe County, Iowa, United States. The population was 3,706 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Monroe County[1].

Contents

Geography

Albia is located at 41°1′36″N 92°48′19″W / 41.02667°N 92.80528°W / 41.02667; -92.80528 (41.026600, -92.805262)[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.1 km²), all of it land.

History

On Feb. 14, 1893, there was a coal mine explosion in Chicago and Iowa mine, about 2.5 miles west of Albia. This room and pillar mine opened around 1877, and by the time of the explosion, mining extended more than 1000 yards from the hoisting shaft and the mine employed 60 miners and 20 other men. One miner was killed outright and seven died later of their injuries, after a "shot" (gunpower charge used to bring down the coal) ignited a dust explosion in the mine. This was one of only two major mine disasters in Iowa between 1888 and 1913.[3][4]

In the early 20th century, the region around Albia was dotted with coal mining camps and company towns. Of these, Buxton, 9 miles north, is the most widely studied.[5] Other former coal camps in the area include Hiteman, Bluff Creek, Lockman, Coalfield, Hocking, and Hynes.

Demographics

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 3,706 people, 1,531 households, and 943 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,184.8 people per square mile (457.2/km²). There were 1,708 housing units at an average density of 546.0/sq mi (210.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.92% White, 0.32% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.

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