Alfalfa County, Oklahoma

related topics
{household, population, female}
{county, mile, population}

Alfalfa County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of 2000, the population is 6,105. Its county seat is Cherokee[1]. Alfalfa County was formed in 1907 from Woods County. The county is named after William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murray, the president of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention and ninth governor of Oklahoma.[2]

Contents

History

Indigenous peoples inhabited and hunted in this area for thousands of years. By 1750, the Osage had become a dominant tribe in the area. About one third belonged to the band led by Chief Black Dog (Manka - Chonka). Before 1800 they made the Black Dog Trail starting east of Baxter Springs, Kansas and going northwest to their summer hunting grounds at the Great Salt Plains in present-day Alfalfa County.[3] The Osage stopped at the springs for its healing properties on their way to hunting at the plains, which attracted migratory birds and varieties of wildlife. The Osage name for this fork of the Arkansas River was Nescatunga (big salt water), what European-Americans later called the Salt Fork. The Osage cleared the trail of brush and large rocks, and made ramps at the fords. Wide enough for eight men riding horses abreast, the trail was the first improved road in Kansas and Oklahoma.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 881 square miles (2,280 km2), of which 867 square miles (2,250 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (1.68%) is water.

Major highways

Full article ▸

related documents
Scott County, Arkansas
Page County, Iowa
Green County, Kentucky
Isanti County, Minnesota
Garza County, Texas
Fremont County, Colorado
Red Lake County, Minnesota
Delta County, Colorado
Monroe County, Arkansas
Taylor County, Iowa
Morris County, Texas
Marion County, West Virginia
Trinity County, Texas
Clearwater County, Minnesota
Jones County, Iowa
Montague County, Texas
Hall County, Texas
Floyd County, Kentucky
Pulaski County, Missouri
Scotland County, Missouri
Glacier County, Montana
Baca County, Colorado
Jackson County, Iowa
Cullman County, Alabama
Meeker County, Minnesota
Ohio County, Kentucky
Briscoe County, Texas
Nobles County, Minnesota
Jones County, Texas
Lemhi County, Idaho