Alfred Rosenberg

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About this sound Alfred Rosenberg (12 January 1893 – 16 October 1946) was an early and intellectually influential member of the Nazi Party. Rosenberg was first introduced to Adolf Hitler by Dietrich Eckart; he later held several important posts in the Nazi government. He is considered one of the main authors of key Nazi ideological creeds, including its racial theory, persecution of the Jews, Lebensraum, abrogation of the Treaty of Versailles, and opposition to "degenerate" modern art. He is also known for his rejection of Christianity,[1] having played an important role in the development of Positive Christianity, which he intended to be transitional to a new Nazi faith.[2] At Nuremberg he was tried, sentenced to death and executed by hanging as a war criminal.

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Early career

Rosenberg was born in 1893 in Reval (today's Tallinn, in Estonia, then part of the Russian Empire) to a family of Baltic Germans. Tallinn archivist J. Rajandi claimed in the 1930s that his family had Estonian origins.[3] His father was a wealthy merchant from Latvia, his mother from Estonia. Rosenberg studied architecture at the Riga Polytechnical Institute and engineering at Moscow Highest Technical School[4][5] completing his Ph.D. studies in 1917. During the Russian Revolution of 1917 Rosenberg supported the counter-revolutionaries; following their failure he emigrated to Germany in 1918 along with Max Scheubner-Richter who served as something of a mentor to Rosenberg and his ideology. He arrived in Munich and contributed to Dietrich Eckart's publication, the Völkischer Beobachter (People's Observer). By this time, he was both an anti-Semite - influenced by Houston Stewart Chamberlain's book The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century (one of the key proto-Nazi books of racial theory) - and an anti-bolshevist (as a result of his family's exile).[6]

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