Allegany Indian Reservation

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Allegany Reservation (Uhì·yaʼ[1] in Tuscarora) is an American Indian reservation in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. The population was 1,099 at the 2000 census. The reservation is primarily occupied by members of the Seneca of the Iroquois, but a smaller number of Cayuga, another Iroquois tribe, also reside there. Historically, the reservation's land was home to the Wenrohronon, whom the Senecas eliminated during the Beaver Wars in the 1650s.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Indian reservation has a total area of 43.7 mi² (113.1 km²). 36.4 mi² (94.2 km²) of it is land and 7.3 mi² (18.8 km²) of it (16.65%) is water.

The reservation borders both banks of the Allegheny River and is within several of the towns in the south part of the county (South Valley, Cold Spring, Salamanca, Great Valley, Red House, Carrollton, and Allegany). The City of Salamanca, with the exception of a northern spur along U.S. Route 219, is also within the reservation.

The governmental headquarters for the Allegany Reservation are located in a small community known as Jimerson Town, an unincorporated hamlet located west of Salamanca on a stretch of dead-end road that formerly was part of New York State Route 17. The government rotates between Jimerson Town and Irving on the Cattaraugus Reservation every two years, its current term began in November 2010 when Robert Odawi Porter took office.

Much of the western portion of the reservation was flooded in 1961 as a result of the construction of the Kinzua Dam and the subsequent formation of the Allegheny Reservoir.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,099 people, 410 households, and 280 families residing in the Indian reservation. The population density was 30.2/mi² (11.7/km²). There were 459 housing units at an average density of 12.6/mi² (4.9/km²). The racial makeup of the Indian reservation was 42.13% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 53.78% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 2.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.00% of the population.

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