Allen County, Ohio

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Allen County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. Its population was 108,473 as of the 2000 census. It is included in the Lima, Ohio Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Lima–Van WertWapakoneta Combined Statistical Area.

It is named for Colonel John Allen, who was killed leading his men at the Battle of Frenchtown, during the War of 1812. Although it has also been claimed the county was named for Revolutionary War soldier Ethan Allen,[2] the weight of the evidence in favor of John Allen led the General Assembly to declare that the county was named for him.[3] The county seat is Lima.[4]

Contents

History

Under the terms of the Treaty of Greenville signed in 1795, northwestern Ohio was reserved for Native Americans. Thus the area now comprising Allen County was off-limits to European settlement until the Treaty of Maumee Rapids in 1817.[5] Under the terms of this treaty, the Shawnee tribe was assigned reservations at Wapakonetta and at their "Hog Creek" settlement along the Ottawa River which comprised most of what is the present-day Shawnee Township. The latter treaty opened the way for the Ohio Legislature on March 1, 1820 to create fourteen counties, including Allen,[5] which was defined as Ranges 5 through 8 east and Towns 3 through 6 south.

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