American Falls, Idaho

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American Falls is a city in and the county seat of Power County, Idaho, United States.[1] The population was 4,111 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Pocatello, Idaho Metropolitan Statistical Area.



American Falls was a landmark waterfall on the Snake River, named after a party of American trappers whose boat went over the falls. The Wilson Price Hunt expedition in 1811 camped at the falls one night and the expedition of John C. Frémont was here in 1843. The Oregon Trail passed north of town, through the present-day reservoir. Power plants first sprung up at the falls in 1901. American Falls was the first town in the U.S. to be entirely relocated; it was moved in 1925 to facilitate construction of the nearby American Falls Dam. The old townsite sits at the bottom of the reservoir, northeast of the present city. A larger dam was completed in 1978, downstream from the deteriorating 1927 structure, which was later demolished.[2]


American Falls is located at 42°46′52″N 112°51′20″W / 42.78111°N 112.85556°W / 42.78111; -112.85556 (42.781121, -112.855694),[3] at an altitude of 4406 feet (1343 m).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km²), all of it land.


As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 4,111 people, 1,429 households, and 1,063 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,674.5 people per square mile (1,030.7/km²). There were 1,557 housing units at an average density of 1,012.9/sq mi (390.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.56% White, 0.15% African American, 1.00% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 15.15% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.83% of the population.

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