Anaktuvuk Pass, Alaska

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Anaktuvuk Pass is a city and mountain pass in North Slope Borough, Alaska, United States. The population was 249 at the 2007 Census Bureau estimate.[1]

Contents

Geography

Anaktuvuk Pass is slightly north of the Brooks Range on the divide between the Anaktuvuk River and the John River, located at an elevation of 2,200 ft (670 m). Anaktuvuk Pass is the last remaining settlement of the Nunamiut (People of the Land) Inupiat Eskimo in Alaska.

The community lies at approximately 68.143330° North Latitude and 151.735830° West Longitude. It lies in Section 18, Township 15 South, Range 2 East, Umiat Meridian, and is located within the Barrow Recording District. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.9 sq mi (12.7 km2), of which 4.8 sq mi (12.4 km2) is land and 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2) (1.63%) is water.

Climate

The climate of Anaktuvuk Pass is strongly continental, due to its high elevation; summers are cool. The average temperature in January is −14 °F (−26 °C) while temperatures in the summer only reach 50 °F (10 °C). Extremes recorded in Anaktuvuk Pass are the maximum low being −56 °F (−49 °C) and the maximum high being 91 °F (33 °C). Anaktuvuk Pass receives about 11 in (280 mm) of rain a year, with snowfall averaging about 63 in (160 cm) per year. The area is known for its intense winds and 50-below winters and the generic, framed houses built there in 1970s. The houses are inefficient for such a climate, according to a Fairbanks Daily News Miner story.

Demographics

At the 2000 census[2], there were 282 people, 84 households, and 57 families residing in the city. The population density was 58.2 per sq mi (22.5 per km2). There were 101 housing units at an average density of 20.8 sq mi (54 km2). The racial makeup of the city was 9.57% White, 1.42% Black or African American, 87.59% Native American, 0.71% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races, 0.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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